Manuscript PreparationManuscripts should be prepared using the AMA Style Guide (10th Edition).
One inch margins are required around the text.
Single space is required within the abstract, notes, titles and headings, block quotes, tables and figures, and references etc; double space is required before and after each single spaced block.
Text should be in 10-point or 12-point, Times New Roman.
Half-inch indents are standard.
All the pages must be numbered sequentially.
The manuscript should include four major sections (in this order): Title Page, Abstract, Main Body, and References.
Sections in a manuscript may include the following (in this order): (1) Title page, (2) Abstract, (3) Keywords, (4) Text, (5) References, (6) Tables, (7) Figures, and (8) Appendices.
1. Title page. Please include the following:
2. Abstract. Abstracts should be structured for reports of original data, systematic reviews (including meta-analyses), and clinical reviews (word limit shotld be 250-300, depending on the journal style) and should be unstructured for other major manuscripts (word limit should be 150, depending on the journal style).
Type the abstract on a separate page headed by the full article title. Omit author(s)’s names.
Abstracts are not required for special features such as letters, news articles, editorial etc.
References should not be cited in abstract.
3. Keywords: A short list of keywords should be given at the end of the abstract.4. Text. Begin article text on a new page headed by the full article title.
Centered / Flush Left
Upper lower case, bold
First Level Heading
Upper lower case, bold
Second Level Heading
Upper lower case, italics
Third Level Heading
Upper lower case, italics, end with a dot and run-on with the next para
Items to Avoid in Headings:
For each text citation there must be a corresponding citation in the reference list and for each reference list citation there must be a corresponding text citation.
Cite references in consecutive order using superscript Arabic numbers.
Each superscript must match one reference in the References list.
Use commas to separate multiple citation numbers in text. Corresponding references should be listed in numeric order at the end of the document. Unpublished works and personal communications (oral, written, and electronic) should be cited parenthetically (and not on the reference list). Superscript numbers are placed outside periods and commas, and inside colons and semicolons.
When more than 2 references are cited at a given place in the manuscript, use hyphens to join the first and last numbers of a closed series; use commas without space to separate other parts of a multiple citation.
For eg., As reported previously, 1,3-8,19
The derived data were as follows3,4
Page numbers may be used in the superscript numbers; they are enclosed in parentheses.
Page numbers are required for direct quotations.
Basic rules for the reference list
Do not use “et al.” in the Reference list at the end; names of all authors of a publication should be listed there.
Here are a few examples of commonly found references. For more examples please check AMA (10th Ed).
Author(s) separated by commas. Title of Book. Place of publication: Publisher; year.
Goldberg L, Elliot DL. Exercise for Prevention and Treatment of Illness. Philadelphia, Pa: FA Davis Co; 1994.
Author(s), eds. Title of Book. Place of publication: Publisher; year.
Armitage JO, Antman KH, eds. High Dose Cancer Therapy: Pharmacology, Hematopoietins, Stem Cells. Baltimore, Md: Williams & Wilkins; 1995.
Chapter or article from a book
Author(s) of article. Title of article. In: Editor's name, ed. Title of Book. Place of publication: Publisher; Year: Chapter or page number.
Gamble VN. On becoming a physician: a dream not deferred. In: White EC, ed. The Black Women's Health Book: Speaking for Ourselves. Seattle, Wash: Seal Press; 1990:52-64.
Articles in journals
AMA style requires the use of standard abbreviations for all references, when applicable. Abbreviations for many common medical journals can be found in the AMA Manual of Style (pp.473-479). Additional abbreviations can be searched in the PubMed Journal Database (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/journals?itool=sidebar).
(do not include issue number or month unless volumes are not consecutively numbered)
Author. Article title. Journal Title. Month Year; Volume: Inclusive page numbers.
Angelo J. A survey of persons who use integrated control devices. Assist Technol. 1998;10:77-83.
Articles in Online Journals
The preferred citation style for an electronic journal uses a DOI (digital object identifier). The DOI provides a persistent link to the electronic item and is considered to be more stable than a URL. If the DOI is not given on the full text article or in the citation, use a DOI lookup tool to locate it (http://www.crossref.org/guestquery/) or use the format for an article without a DOI.
Article from online journals with DOI available.
Note that when using a DOI, no access date or URL are used.
Author. Title of article. Name of Journal. Year;vol(issue):pages. doi:xx.xxxx.
Florez HR, Martinez RL. Outdoor exercise reduces the risk of hypovitaminosis D in the obese. J Steroid Biochem Mol Bio. 2007;103(3-5):679-681. doi:10.1016 /j.jsbmb.2006.12.032.
Article from online journals without DOI available.
The accessed date will often be the only date available.
Author. Title of article. Name of Journal. Year;vol(issue);pages. URL. Published date. Updated date. Accessed date.
Hay PJ. Understanding bulimia. Aust Fam Physician. 2007;36(9):708-712. http://www.racgp.org.au/afp/200709/18554. Accessed October 11, 2009.
Author or responsible body. Title of item cited. Name of website. URL. Published date. Updated date. Accessed date.
World Health Organization. Saving the future generation in Darfur. World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/features/2007/ child_health/en/index.html. Published July 7, 2007. Accessed October 11, 2009.
Use for DVDs, videos, cd-roms, and other media formats.
Author. Title [format]. Publisher place: Publisher; Year.
Holzknect J. History of physical therapy in the United States [DVD]. New York, NY: Insight Media; 2007.
IMPORTANT NOTE: To encourage a faster production process of your article, you are requested to closely adhere to the points above for references. Otherwise, it will entail a long process of solving copyeditor’s queries and may directly affect the publication time of your article. In case of any question, please contact the journal editor at firstname.lastname@example.org
6. Tables. They should be structured properly. Each table must have a clear and concise title.
They should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text.
For each Table, there must be a corresponding citation in the text and for each Table citation here must be a corresponding Table.
IMPORTANT: PERMISSION- The author(s) are responsible for securing permission to reproduce all copyrighted figures or materials before they are published in (journal acronym). A copy of the written permission must be included with the manuscript submission.
8. Appendices. They should be lettered to distinguish from numbered tables and figures. Include a descriptive title for each appendix (e.g., “Appendix A. Variable Names and Definitions”).
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