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This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics.

Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of SAGE Open will be reviewed.

As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

SAGE Open is an open access publication from SAGE. It publishes peer-reviewed, original research and review articles in an interactive, open access format. Articles may span the full spectrum of the social and behavioral sciences and the humanities. SAGE Open seeks to be the world's premier open access outlet for academic research. As such, it evaluates the scientific and research methods of each article for validity and accepts articles solely on the basis of the research. This approach allows readers greater access and gives them the power to determine the significance of each article through SAGE Open's interactive comments feature and article-level usage metrics. Likewise, by not restricting papers to a narrow discipline, SAGE Open facilitates the discovery of the connections between papers, whether within or between disciplines.

For general information on Open Access at SAGE and Open Access FAQs, please visit this page.

Manuscript Submission

Before submitting your manuscript, please ensure you carefully read and adhere to all the guidelines and instructions to authors provided below.

SAGE Open receives manuscript submissions online through SAGE Track, powered by ScholarOne Manuscripts™. Authors should register for an account at, where they will create a login ID and password. SAGE Track will serve as the center for editorial staff to communicate with authors, editors, and reviewers electronically, and it will function as the platform for the review process.

Peer Review

Each article undergoes a rigorous double-blind peer review process, in which the reviewer and author’s names and information is withheld from the other. The approach of SAGE Open's peer review process, however, differs from that of traditional journals. Rather than assessing the relative 'importance' of a given article to its respective field, peer review will instead focus solely on determining the quality of research methodology, that is, determining whether the research was conducted properly, the discussion accurately summarizes the research, and the conclusion follows logically from the research. Readers and the academic community at large will then have the power to continue the peer review process after online publication, helping to determine the significance of each article through the ability to share a discuss articles freely and through article-level usage metrics.

As part of the submission process you will be given the option to provide the names of 3 peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interst include (but are not limited to) the following:

The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission

The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors

Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted

Please note that the Editors are not obligated to invite any recommended reviewers or to exclude any opposed reviewers from assessing your manuscript.

Publication Fee
SAGE Open accomplishes global open access by using a business model in which its expenses are recovered by an author publication fee charged after acceptance. The fee currently stands at the rate of $195 for each published article. Authors who do not have the means to cover the publication fee may request a waiver after acceptance.

Manuscript Preparation
Articles should not exceed 10,000 words (excluding references) and may present original research or literature reviews. The word count (which includes all text including the abstract, manuscript, notes, tables, figures, etc.) should appear on the title page.

Manuscripts should include an abstract of approximately 150 words, and, beneath the abstract, 4-5 keywords. All manuscripts should follow the style guidelines set forth in the sixth edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. Journal policy prohibits an author from submitting the same manuscript for consideration by another journal and does not allow publication of a manuscript that has been published in whole or in part by another journal.

Corresponding author contact details
Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.

At the end of your article Acknowledgments should appear first, followed by your Declaration of Conflicting Interests, funding acknowledgment, any notes and then your references.

All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an ‘Acknowledgments’ section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support. Authors should disclose whether they had any writing assistance and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.

Please supply your acknowledgements section separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

Declaration of conflicting interests
SAGE Open encourages authors to include a declaration of any conflicting interests and recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

Please include any declaration at the end of your manuscript after any acknowledgements and prior to the references, under a heading ‘Conflict of interests’. If no declaration is made the following will be printed under this heading in your article: ‘None declared’. Alternatively, you may wish to state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.

When making a declaration the disclosure information must be specific and include any financial relationship that all authors of the article has with any sponsoring organization and the for-profit interests the organization represents, and with any for-profit product discussed or implied in the text of the article.

Any commercial or financial involvements that might represent an appearance of a conflict of interest need to be additionally disclosed in the covering letter accompanying your article to assist the Editor in evaluating whether sufficient disclosure has been made within the Declaration of Conflicting Interests provided in the article.

For more information please visit the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

Funding acknowledgments
To comply with the guidance for research funders, authors and publishers issued by the Research Information Network (RIN), Journal Title additionally requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit Funding Acknowledgment on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state in your acknowledgments that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

English language editing services
Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using the services offered by SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.Any inquiries regarding manuscript submission may be directed to the editorial office at

Contributor’s Publishing Agreement
Before publication SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE Open publishes manuscripts under a Creative Commons by Attribution (CC BY), which allows others to re-use the work without permission as long as the work is properly referenced. For more information, you are advised to visit SAGE's OA licenses page.

SAGE Open and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of articles published in the journal. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked using duplication-checking software. Where an article is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article (removing it from the journal); taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author’s institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; banning the author from publication in the journal or all SAGE journals, or appropriate legal action.

SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.

Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. N.B. If an author is using their own work they will still require permission if they did not retain copyright of the previously published article. Papers will not be accepted for publication without the correct permissions. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

Further Information
Any correspondance, queries or additional requests for information on the Manuscript Submission process should be emailed to the SAGE Open editorial office:

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