Learning From SAGE Journal Articles
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Chapter 1: Introduction and Overview of White-Collar Crime: A Systems Perspective
Sills, S. J. & Chunyan, S. (2002). Innovations in survey research: An application of web-based surveys. Social Science Computer Review, 20(1), 22-30.
- What are some problems associated with using web-based surveys?
- How can researchers improve the response rate for web-based surveys?
- What are some of the advantages of using a survey administered through the internet?
Calvey, D. (2008). The art and politics of covert research: Doing ‘situated ethics’ in the field. Sociology, 42(5), 905-918.
- What are some of the ethical concerns associated with covert research?
- What are some of the advantages of conducting covert research?
- What is meant by the concept of "situated ethics"?
- How could covert research be applied to the study of white-collar offending?
Chapter 2: Understanding White-Collar Crime: Definitions, Extent, and Consequences
Piquero, N. L., Carmichael, S., & Piquero, A. R. (2008). Research note: Assessing the perceived seriousness of white-collar and street crimes. Crime and Delinquency, 54(2), 291-312.
- Why is it important to understand public perceptions of white-collar offending?
- According to the findings of this study, did the public view white-collar crime as less than street crime?
- Which variables were associated with an individual's perception of the seriousness of white-collar crime?
Moore, E. & Mills, M. (1990). The neglected victims and unexamined costs of white-collar crime. Crime & Delinquency, 36(3), 408-418.
- What are the primary costs associated with white-collar victimization?
- What are the secondary consequences of white-collar crime and how do they affect society?
- According to the authors, why has the victim's movement traditionally overlooked white-collar crime victims?
Robin, G. D. (1974). White-collar crime and employee theft. Crime & Delinquency, 20(3), 251-262.
- How did Sutherland originally define white-collar crime?
- Why is there so much confusion about the definition of white-collar crime?
- What is occupational deviance?
Copes, H. & Vieraitis, L. M. (2009). Understanding identity theft: Offenders' accounts of their lives and crime. Criminal Justice Review, 34(3), 329-349.
- What are the differences between the populist and the patrician definitions of white-collar crime?
- How common is identity theft?
- What are the typical methods used by identity thieves to commit their crime?
Chapter 3: Crimes in Sales-Related Occupations: A Systems Perspective
Krippel, G. L., Henderson, L. R., Keene, M. A., Levi, M., & Converse, K.(2008). Employee theft and the coastal South Carolina hospitality industry: Incidence, detection, and response (survey results 2000,2005). Tourism and Hospitality Research, 8(3), 226-238.
- Why is the hospitality industry particularly susceptible to employee theft?
- What did the authors find was the most common item stolen by employees?
- What was the demographic profile of employee thieves that emerged in this study?
Ghiselli, R. & Ismail, J. A. (1998). Employee theft and efficacy of certain control procedures in commercial food and service operations. Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research, 22(2), 174-187.
- What were the three most common types of theft reported by food service employees in this study?
- How is age related to employee theft?
- What are some of the theft prevention measures recommended by the authors?
Chapter 4: Crimes in the Health Care System
Payne, B. K. & Gray, C. (2001). Fraud by home health care workers and the criminal justice response. Criminal Justice Review, 26(2), 209-232.
- What are the seven forms of Medicaid fraud discussed in this article?
- How has the criminal justice system reacted to Medicaid fraud?
- What did the authors find to be the most common form of Medicaid fraud?
Vaughn, M. S. & Collins, S. C. (2004). Medical malpractice in correctional facilities: State tort remedies for inappropriate health care administration to prisoners. The Prison Journal, 84(4), 505-534.
- What is medical malpractice?
- What are the four categories of medical malpractice examined within this article?
- What are some of the possible paths of recourse available to inmates who are victims of medical malpractice within a correctional institution?
Dabney, D. A. & Hollinger, R. C. (1999). Illicit prescription drug use among pharmacists: Evidence of a paradox of familiarity. Work and Occupations, 26(1), 77-106.
- What factors contribute to illegal drug use by pharmacists?
- How did the pharmacists interviewed justify their drug use?
- The authors discuss the "paradox of familiarity". What do they mean by this phrase and how does it apply to pharmacists' drug use?
Dabney, D. A. & Vaughn, M. S. (2000). Incompetent jail and prison doctors. The Prison Journal, 80(2), 151-183.
- How is the socialization process of doctors employed in correctional institutions different from doctors employed in the free world?
- What were some of the consequences that prisoners encountered due to inadequate medical care?
- According to the findings of this study, were incompetent prison doctors punished harshly for their behavior?
Chapter 5: Crime in Systems of Social Control: White-Collar Crime in Criminal Justice, Political, and Religious Systems
Wolfe, S. E. & Piquero, A. R. (2011). Organizational justice and police misconduct. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 38(4), 332-353.
- What are the three key elements to the organizational justice paradigm?
- How does the organizational justice model contribute to an understanding of police officer deviance?
- According to the results, how do peer associations influence police misconduct?
Kramer, R. C., Michalowski, R. J., & Kauzlarich, D. (2002). The origins and development of the concept and theory of state-corporate crime. Crime & Delinquency, 42(2), 263-282.
- How is occupational crime different from corporate crime?
- How is state corporate crime defined and how has this definition evolved?
- What are the three key features of the concept of state corporate crime?
Terry, K. J. (2008). Stained glass: The nature and scope of child sexual abuse in the Catholic Church. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 35(5), 549-569.
- Why is difficult to identify the rate of child sexual abuse committed by religious officials?
- What was the Church's common response to abusers?
- Who were the most common victims of sexual abuse within the Catholic Church?
Chapter 6: Crimes in the Educational System
Kalof, L., Eby, K. K., Matheson, J. L., & Kroska, R. J. (2001). The influence of race and gender on student self-reports of sexual harassment by college professors, Gender & Society, 15(2), 282-302.
- What is sexual harassment?
- What was the most common form of harassment found by the researchers?
- Why might students be reluctant to report sexual harassment committed by a faculty member?
Perry, B. (2010). Exploring academic misconduct: Some insights into student behavior, Active Learning in Higher Education, 11(2), 97-108.
- How does the author define plagiarism?
- What contributes to students' confusion about the definition of plagiarism?
- What are the different typologies of cheaters outlined in the article?
- What can be done to prevent the different types of plagiarism on college campuses?
Chapter 7: Crime in the Economic and Technological Systems
Selwyn, N. (2008). A safe haven for misbehaving?: An investigation of online misbehavior among university students. Social Science Computer Review, 26(4), 446-465.
- How is cyber-crime different from "cyber-misbehavior"?
- Did respondents report widespread online misbehavior?
- How did students defend their actions?
Morris, R. G. & Higgins, G. E. (2009). Neutralizing potential and self-reported digital piracy: A multitheoretical exploration among college undergraduates. Criminal Justice Review, 34(2), 173-195.
- What is digital piracy and what are the costs of this type of crime?
- Which theoretical models found support within this study and how did they explain digital piracy?
- How did the sample used in this study limit the generalizability of the findings?
Calavita, K. & Pontell, H. N. (1990). "Heads I win, tails you lose": Deregulation, crime, and crisis in the savings and loan industry. Crime & Delinquency, 36(3), 309-341.
- How did deregulation contribute to the savings and loan crisis?
- What is collective embezzlement?
- How does finance capitalism promote corporate crime?
Szockyj, E. (1993). Insider trading: The SEC meets Carl Karcher. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 525(1), 46-58.
- When does insider trading become illegal?
- Who is Carl Karcher and what did he do that was against the law?
- According to the author, what makes a white-collar case, specifically an insider trading case, tough to prosecute?
Chapter 8: Crimes in the Housing System
Aalbers, M. B. (2006). 'When the banks withdraw, slum landlords take over': The structuration of neighbourhood decline through redlining, drug dealing, speculation, and immigrant exploitation. Urban Studies, 43(7), 1061-1086.
- How is "neighborhood decline" conceptualized?
- What is redlining and blockbusting?
- Should these behaviors be considered a form of white-collar crime or just dishonesty on the part of the real estate and loan industry?
Palmer, D. & Maher, M. W. (2010). The mortgage meltdown as normal accident wrongdoing. Strategic Organization, 8(1), 83-91.
- What are the claims of normal accident theory?
- How is wrongdoing distinguished from a "normal accident" and are the two distinct concepts?
- How are "normal accidents" and wrongdoing related?
- How are the two concepts of "normal accident" and wrongdoing evident in the American mortgage crisis?
Hirsch, P. & Morris, M. (2010). Immoral but not illegal: Monies vs. mores amid the mortgage meltdown. Strategic Organization, 8(1), 69-74.
- What is the difference between the legal responsibility and the ethical responsibility of mortgage brokers?
- What is the doctrine of "moral hazard" and how has it protected mortgage brokers from liability?
- How does the particular philosophical stance of a given period influence the judicial response to the actions of businesses, such as the mortgage industry?
Chapter 9: Crimes by the Corporate System
Barnett, H. C. (1981). Corporate capitalism, corporate crime. Crime & Delinquency, 27(1), 4-23.
- How can American corporate capitalism perpetuate corporate crime?
- What are the conflicting goals of the criminal justice response to corporate crime?
- According to the author what must be done to reduce corporate crime?
Williams, J. W. (2008). The lessons of 'Enron': Media accounts, corporate crimes, and financial markets. Theoretical Criminology, 12(4), 471-499.
- Why is it important to examine the media's portrayal of corporate crime scandals?
- Two main themes emerged with regard to media coverage of corporate scandals, attributional and recovery discourses. What characterizes these two distinct themes?
- According to the author, how does the media shape the concept of the American financial market?
Chapter 10: Environmental Crime
Barnett, H. (1999). The land ethic and environmental crime. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 10(2), 161-191.
- What is Leopold's "land ethic" and how does it relate to environmental crime?
- What types of behaviors fall between harmful environmental behaviors and environmental crimes?
- How do American philosophical views of nature conflict with the "land ethic" approach?
Simon, D. R. (2000). Corporate environmental crimes and social inequality: New directions for environmental justice research. American Behavioral Scientist, 43(4), 633-645.
- Why is it important to study the upper classes' role in environmental crime?
- Which industries are responsible for the bulk of environmental crime?
- What is meant by the phrase "environmental racism" and what are some examples of "environmental racism"?
- What is the government's role in environmental crime and how does their role influence the policing of corporate environmental offenders?
Chapter 11: Explaining White-Collar Crime
Braithwaite, J. (1991). Power, poverty, white collar crime, and the paradoxes of criminological theory. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 24(1), 40-58.
- According to Braithwaite, how does inequality lead to crime?
- How does the author reconceptualize the concept of "need" and how is need different from greed?
- What is the role of humiliation in the commission of crime?
Benson, M. L. & Moore, E. (1992). Are white-collar and common offenders the same?: An empirical and theoretical critique of a recently proposed general theory of crime. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 29(3), 251-272.
- What is the underlying proposition of Gottfredson and Hirschi's general theory of crime?
- What assumptions about white-collar and street offenders are derived from the general theory of crime?
- Overall, was support found for Gottfredson and Hirschi's general theory of crime?
Chapter 12: Policing White-Collar Crime
Chapter 13: Judicial Proceedings and White-Collar Crime
Stenning, P. C. & Shearing, C. D. (1984). Corporate justice: Some preliminary thoughts. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 17(2), 79-86.
- What are the core elements of corporate justice and how is it different from the traditional criminal justice approach?
- Why have corporations preferred this method of justice over the criminal justice response?
- Is the corporate justice model better equipped to deal with white-collar offending?
Benson, M. L., Cullen, F. T., & Maakestad, W. J. (1990). Local prosecutors and corporate crime. Crime & Delinquency, 36(3), 356-372.
- Why is it difficult to prosecute white-collar cases?
- Why is it important to understand prosecutor's perceptions of white-collar offending?
- Did prosecutors in this study view white-collar crime as a very serious issue?
- What type of offense is deflecting attention away from white-collar criminal prosecution?
Chapter 14: The Corrections Subsystem and White-Collar Crime
Kerley, K. R. & Copes, H. (2004). The effects of criminal justice contact on employment stability for white-collar and street-level offenders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 48(1), 65-84.
- What are some of the negative effects associated with criminal justice interaction for offenders in general?
- How does race effect job stability after criminal justice contact and are the effects of race different for white-collar and street-crime offenders?
- Which group of offenders were more likely to recover after contact with the criminal justice system?
- How does the number of arrests and age of first arrest influence job stability post-contact with the criminal justice system for white-collar offenders?
Unnever, J. D., Benson, M. L., & Cullen, F. T. (2008). Public support for getting tough on corporate crime: Racial and political divides. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 45(2), 163-190.
- What did the authors discover about public opinion of penalties for white-collar offenders?
- Which characteristics were found to influence an individual's opinion of punishments for white-collar criminals?
- What factors explain the divergent opinions of different groups toward white-collar offending?