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American Government - Interactive eBook
Stories of a Nation

Second Edition


January 2019 | CQ Press

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This dynamic interactive eBook goes way beyond highlighting and note-taking, giving you access to SAGE Premium Video—curated and produced specifically for American Government, Second Edition. Read your mobile-friendly eBook and access SAGE Premium Video and multimedia tools anywhere, anytime across desktop, smartphone, and tablet devices. Simply click on icons in the eBook to experience a broad array of multimedia features, including:

  • VIDEO: Boost learning and bolster analysis with SAGE Premium Video! Recapping the fundamentals in every chapter, each video activity is paired with chapter learning objectives and tied to assessment via SAGE coursepacks, offering an engaging approach that appeals to diverse learners. This Second Edition includes 18 “Topics in American Government” videos—seven of which are brand new to this edition—that cover fundamental topics taught in the course, with associated questions that assess students’ learning across multiple levels of Bloom’s taxonomy. More than three dozen news clips from the Associated Press are also included that cover recent events aligned to course concepts and that include assessment questions tied to multiple levels of Bloom’s.
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Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Author
 
PART I: FOUNDATIONS
 
1. AMERICAN POLITICAL STORIES: CLAIMING RIGHTS, DEMANDING TO BE HEARD
American Students Claim Their Rights

 
American Political Culture Is Built on a Set of Shared of Ideas

 
Politics and Political Action Set the Stage for Revolution

 
The Structure of Institutions Affects How Citizens Participate

 
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s Letter from brimingham Jail Links the Challenge Against Racial Segregation to Core American Ideals

 
Conclusion: The American Experiment, Continued, and You Are Part of It

 
Chapter Review

 
 
2. THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES: A NEW VISION OF REPRESENTATIVE GOVERNMENT
James Madison Plans for a Republic That Will Last

 
The Confederal System Made Coordination between the States Difficult

 
Delegates Reach a Compromise at the Constitutional Convention

 
Delegates Worked Out Details of the New Government

 
Federalists and Anti-Federalists Fought Over Ratification

 
Conclusion: The Motives of the Framers and the Effects of the Constitution Are Still Being Debated

 
Chapter Review

 
 
3. FEDERALISM: THE CHANGING BOUNDARIES BETWEEN THE NATION AND THE STATES
The Fight for Access to Medical Marijuana Reveals Tensions between State and Federal Law

 
The Constitution Divides Power between the Nation and the States

 
For Much of American History the Boundaries between the Nation and the States Were Sharper than they are Today

 
President Franklin Roosevelt's Response to the Great Depression Reshaped American Federalism

 
Modern American Federalism Remains Cooperative But Faces Challenges

 
Conclusion: The Evolution of American Federalism Continues

 
Chapter Review

 
 
4. CIVIL LIBERTIES: BUILDING AND DEFENDING FENCES
Standing Rock: Water Protectors Claim Their Rights and Freedoms in North Dakota

 
Bill of Rights Established Protections for Americans' Civil Liberties

 
The First Amendment's First Two Protections Both Involve Religion

 
The First Amendment Also Protects Speech, Press, Assembly, and Petitioning the Government

 
The Court Also Protects Individuals Involved with the Criminal Justice System

 
The Ninth and Tenth Amendments Help Shape Freedoms in the Nation and Across the States

 
Conclusion: Fences Still under Construction

 
Chapter Review

 
 
5. CIVIL RIGHTS: HOW EQUAL IS EQUAL?
Securing Rights for Americans with Disabilities

 
Civil Rights Amendments Emerge from the Civil War - but Provide Only Imperfect Protection

 
Challenges to Legal Segregation Face Successes and Failures

 
Securing Civil Rights for American Women

 
Americans Confront Overlapping Forms of Discrimination

 
Conclusion: Have Americans' Civil Rights Been Secured?

 
Chapter Review

 
 
PART II: POLITICAL BEHAVIOR AND MASS POLITICS
 
6. POLITICAL PARTICIPATION: CARRY THAT WEIGHT
Two Perspectives on Campus Carry of Firearms in Response to Sexual Violence on College Campuses

 
Political Participation Can Take Many Forms

 
Voting and Not Voting

 
Another Response to Campus Sexual Violence Highlights the Fluidity of Participation

 
Are Young Adult Americans Really Disconnected from the Political Process

 
Conclusion: Carrying the Weight of Self-Governance

 
Chapter Review

 
 
7. PUBLIC OPINION: HOW ARE AMERICANS' VOICES MEASURED, AND DO THEY MATTER
Public Opinion May Be Moved by Important Events Like Ferguson

 
Public Opinion Is the SUm Total of Individual Beliefs and Attitudes

 
Public Opinion Is Transmitted and Measured in Several Ways

 
Political Socialization and Political Ideology Shape Public Opinion

 
Ferguson and the Effects of Public Opinion on Democratic Representation

 
Conclusion: The Meanings of Public Opinion

 
Chapter Review

 
 
8. THE MEDIA: TRUTH, POWER, AND AMERICAN DEMOCRACY
Can a Foreign Government Change a Presidential Election? How Powerful Is the Media?

 
The Evolution of American Media Shows that Issues of Power and Trustworthiness Are Not New

 
Questions of Bias Challenge Americans Trust in the Media's Objectivity

 
Media Ownership and Content Are Subject to Regulation

 
The Power of hte Media to Affect the Public Is Tested

 
Conclusion: Navigating the News

 
Chapter Review

 
 
9. PARTIES: THE INSURGENTS VERSUS THE ESTABLISHMENT
Two Presidential Candidates Shake Up the Field...and Conventional Wisdom About the Power and Cohesion of Their Parties

 
Parties Act to Identify, Support, and Nominate Candidates for Elected Office

 
Parties Provide Labels to Candidates to Assist Voters in Making Their Choices

 
The Presidential Election of 2016 Turns the Parties on Their Heads

 
Political Polarization, Gridlock, and Two-Party Dominance are the Defining Features of Parties in Government Today

 
Conclusion: The Fallout

 
Chapter Review

 
 
10. CAMPAIGNS AND ELECTIONS: CANDIDATES AND VOTERS IN AN ERA OF DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE
Presidential Candidates Address Latino Voters in 2016

 
National Elections Serve to Hold Officials Accountable, But Regulating Them Is Not Always Easy

 
Presidential Elections Have Many Stages and Moving Parts

 
A First-Timer Runs for Congress, Wins, and Then Turns Towards Re-Election

 
The Details of Congressional Elections Differ by State, But Many of the Rules Are the Same

 
Conclusion

 
Chapter Review

 
 
11. INTEREST GROUPS AND SOCIAL MOVEMENTS: COLLECTIVE ACTION, POWER, AND REPRESENTATION
A Housing Bubble Bursts...and INterest Groups Pop OUt: How Wall STreet Responded to a National Financial Crisis

 
Americans Face Challenges in Acting Collectively in a Representative Democracy

 
Interest Group Vary by Type and Tactic

 
Occupy Wall Street Illustrates the Struggles, Successes, and Failures of Social Movements

 
Social Movements Employ Different Tactics from Interest Groups to Make Change and Educate

 
Conclusion: Organizing in American Political Life

 
Chapter Review

 
 
PART III: INSTITUTIONS
 
12. CONGRESS: REPRESENTATION, ORGANIZATION, AND LEGISLATION
The Elections of 2018 Highlight the Connections Between Partisanship, Institutions, and Identities in Congress

 
The Constitution Defines Congress's Shape and Powers

 
Congress Is Organized Around Formal and Informal Rules

 
The Legislative PRocess Is Complex by Design

 
Getting to Congress Involves Personal, Professional, Electoral, and Financial Factors

 
Members Represent Constituents by How They Act and Who They Are

 
Conclusion: The Complexity of Representation

 
Chapter Review

 
 
13. THE AMERICAN PRESIDENCY: INDIVIDUALS, INSTITUTIONS, AND EXECUTIVE POWER
One President's Wars: A Week in the Administration of Donald Trump

 
The Constitution Outlines the Powers of the American Presidency

 
Institutions and Other Informal Sources of Power Shape the Modern Executive Branch

 
The President Has SEveral Tools for Unilateral Action

 
Conclusion: The Paradox of Power

 
Chapter Review

 
 
14. THE FEDERAL BUREAUCRACY: PUTTING THE NATION'S LAWS INTO EFFECT
Federal Bureaucratic Action Consists of Many Actors and Evolves Over Time: Lessons from 21st Century Hurricanes

 
Theories of Bureaucratic Organization Focus on Rules, People, and Tasks

 
The Bureaucracy Has Developed in Response to Demands and Crises

 
A Functioning Bureaucracy Depends Upon Effective Organization

 
The Bureaucracy Is Constrained by Oversight and Reform

 
Conclusion: What Does a "Good" Bureaucracy Look Like?

 
Chapter Review

 
 
15. THE FEDERAL JUDICIARY: POLITICS, POWER, AND THE "LEAST DANGEROUS" BRANCH
Judicial Nominees on "Trial": Politics and Supreme Court Confirmations

 
The Constitution Casts the Judiciary as the Weakest Branch

 
The "Trial" of John Marshall Established the Principle of Judicial Review

 
The American Legal System Is Defined by Federalism

 
Judicial Review Raises Questions of Constitutional Interpretation and Judicial Decision Making

 
Conclusion: The Trial of the Supreme Court Continues

 
Chapter Review

 
 
PART IV: POLICY
 
16. DOMESTIC PUBLIC POLICY: THE POLTIICS OF PROMOTING THE GENERAL WELFARE
American Education Policy about School Choice Involves both Politics and Markets

 
There Is Nothing Tidy about the Domestic Policymaking Process

 
Educational Reform Today Takes a Variety of Types

 
Health Care Policy From the Great Society to the Affordable Care Act and Beyond

 
Other Major Areas of Domestic Policy

 
Conclusion: Domestic Policy and Representative Democracy

 
Chapter Review

 
 
17. ECONOMIC POLICY: REPRESENTING AMERICANS' FINANCIAL INTERESTS
The Problem of Student Debt Threatens the Financial Health of Student Borrowers and the National Economy

 
Fiscal Policy Guides the Nation’s Economy through Decisions on Spending and Taxation

 
Potential Solutions for the Student Debt Crisis Come from a Range of Sources

 
Monetary Policy Is Governed by the Federal Reserve System

 
Conclusion: Can Economic Policy Solve the Student Debt Problem?

 
Chapter Review

 
 
18. FOREIGN POLICY: ADVANCING AMERICAN INTERESTS IN AN UNCERTAIN AND CHANGING WORLD
The End and the Beginning of History

 
U.S. Foreign Policy Has Changed Over Time

 
Conflict in the Middle East in the Early Twenty-First Century Spreads Worldwide

 
American Foreign Policy Is Formulated by Many Actors and Organizations

 
Conclusion: America in Progress

 
Chapter Review

 
 
Appendix
 
Declaration of Independence
 
Constitution of the United States
 
Political Party Affiliations in Congress and the Presidency, 1789–2017
 
Summary of Presidential Elections, 1789–2016
 
Articles of Confederation
 
Glossary
 
Notes
 
Index

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