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Counseling and Educational Research
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Counseling and Educational Research
Evaluation and Application

Fourth Edition
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March 2019 | 416 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Counseling and Educational Research: Evaluation and Application prepares readers to be good consumers and evaluators of research. Using concrete examples from published articles, author Rick A. Houser teaches students to take a systematic approach to evaluating professional literature critically and using it responsibly. The Fourth Edition covers evidence-based research, qualitative methods, program evaluation, and mixed methods; includes new discussions on how national accreditation standards in counseling (CACREP) and education (CAEP) apply to research; and examines how cultural influences can affect the research process.

 
Foreword
 
Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Author
 
Section 1: Introduction to the Research Process
 
Chapter 1. Science and the Research Process
Definitions of Science and Research

 
Practitioner–Scientist

 
Assumptions About Science and Research

 
Plagiarism

 
Steps in the Scientific Process

 
Purpose and Overview of the Text

 
 
Chapter 2. Ethics and Research
Ethical Principles and Guidelines

 
Ethical Research Violations

 
Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating the Research Literature for Ethical Concerns

 
Evaluation of Research Examples Presented in the Professional Literature

 
Tuskegee Syphilis Study

 
Milgram Study

 
 
Chapter 3. Quantitative Research Designs
Strengths and Weaknesses of Quantitative Research

 
Types of Variables

 
Research Designs

 
 
Chapter 4. Qualitative Research Methods
Advantages and Disadvantages of Qualitative Research

 
Traditions or Paradigms in Conducting Qualitative Research

 
Case Study Approach

 
 
Chapter 5. Mixed Methods Research
History of Mixed Methods Research

 
Strengths and Weaknesses of Mixed Methods Research

 
Triangulation

 
Mixed Research Models

 
 
Chapter 6. Single-Case or Single-Subject Research
Guidelines and Procedures in Single-Subject Design

 
Research Designs in Single-Case or Subject Research

 
 
Chapter 7. Basics of Statistical Methods
Measurement Scales

 
Common Statistical Definitions

 
Descriptive Statistics

 
Inferential Statistics

 
Nonparametric Statistics

 
 
Chapter 8. Basics of Qualitative Research Data Analysis
Generating Data: Units of Data Collection

 
Organizing Data

 
Management of Data: Coding and Reducing

 
Interpreting and Reporting

 
 
Section II: Evaluating Articles in the Professional Literature
 
Chapter 9. Evaluating the Literature Review
Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating Research

 
Evaluation of Examples From the Research Literature

 
 
Chapter 10. Evaluating the Purpose Statement and Hypotheses
Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating the Purpose Statement

 
Evaluation of Examples From the Research Literature

 
Section Summary

 
Quantitative Research Hypotheses

 
Indirect Proof: An Orientation to the Scientific Approach

 
Types of Hypotheses

 
Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating Hypotheses: Quantitative Methods

 
Evaluation of Examples From the Research Literature

 
Evaluating a Hypothesis in Qualitative Research Methods

 
Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating Hypothesis or Hypotheses for Qualitative Research

 
 
Chapter 11. Evaluating the Methods Section—Sampling Methods
Sampling Methods Used in Quantitative Research

 
Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating the Methods Section Sample

 
Evaluating Examples From the Research Literature

 
 
Chapter 12. Evaluating the Methods Section—Instruments
Standardization of Instruments

 
Culture, Gender, and Diversity Bias

 
Reliability of Instruments

 
Validity of Instruments

 
Approaches to Measuring the Dependent Variable

 
Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating the Instruments—Quantitative Research

 
Evaluating Examples From the Research Literature—Quantitative Research

 
Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating the Instruments—Qualitative Research

 
Evaluating Single-Subject Research

 
 
Chapter 13. Evaluating the Methods Section—Procedures
Description of Study Variables

 
Random Assignment

 
Internal and External Validity

 
Threats to Internal Validity

 
Threats to Validity with Single-Subject Studies

 
Threats to External Validity

 
Evaluation of Procedures Examples From the Literature

 
 
Chapter 14. Evaluating the Results Section
Part I: Quantitative Research Results

 
Descriptive Statistics

 
Inferential Statistics

 
Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating the Results Section—Quantitative Research

 
Evaluating Examples From the Research Literature—Quantitative Research

 
Single Case Study Example

 
Part II: Qualitative Research Results

 
Coding Data: Data Analysis

 
Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating the Results Section—Qualitative Research

 
Evaluating an Example From the Results Section—Qualitative Research

 
 
Chapter 15. Evaluating the Discussion Section
Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating the Discussion Section

 
Evaluating Examples From the Research Literature

 
Single-Subject Case Example

 
 
Section III: The Application of Research and Evaluation
 
Chapter 16. Evidence-Based Research and Application
Counseling Meta-Analyses

 
Interventions in Schools

 
Integrative Reviews

 
 
Chapter 17. Conducting Research: Cultural Issues
Cultural Neuroscience Research

 
Examples of Cultural and Neuroscience Research

 
 
Chapter 18. Developing a Research Proposal and Conducting Research in Practice
Practitioner–Researchers

 
Developing a Research Proposal

 
Practical Considerations in Conducting Research

 
 
Chapter 19. Development and Application of Program Evaluation Research
Definitions of Program Evaluation Research

 
Professional Standards and Guidelines for Program Evaluation

 
Types of Evaluation

 
Evaluation Models

 
Steps in an Evaluation

 
Examples of Program Evaluation

 
 
Chapter 20. Advances in Technology and Research
Technologies

 
Online Counseling

 
Interactive Video

 
Bug-in-Ear Technology

 
iPads and iPhones

 
Virtual Reality

 
Neuroscience Technologies

 
 
Chapter 21. Current and Future Issues in Counseling and Educational Research
The Practitioner–Scientist Model

 
The Relevance of Research to Practice

 
Value Issues in Counseling

 
Social Justice Issues

 
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Index

Supplements

Instructor Resource Site

study.sagepub.com/houser4e

A test bank for instructors is available with this text on the password-protected Instructor Resource Site. The test bank provides a diverse range of questions with the opportunity to edit any question and/or insert personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.

Key features

NEW TO THIS EDITION:

  • Chapter-ending discussions show how national accreditation standards in counseling (CACREP) and education (CAEP) apply to chapter topics.
  • Discussion of how cultural influences can affect the research process reflect an important sensitivity to cultural factors when studying today's diverse society.
  • New chapters cover cultural issues to consider when conducting research and evidence-based research and application.
  • Additional examples help illustrate how to evaluate research and professional journal articles.

KEY FEATURES:

  • Reader-friendly language helps facilitate understanding without compromising the complexity of content.
  • Exercises and activities provide opportunities for readers to engage with and think critically about chapter content.
  • Summaries allow readers to review chapter content and reinforce their learning.

For instructors

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