You are here

Criminology
Share

Criminology
The Essentials

Third Edition
Additional resources:


February 2017 | 392 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Criminology: The Essentials, Third Edition, introduces students to major theoretical perspectives and criminology topics in a concise, easy-to-read format. This straightforward overview of the major subject areas in criminology still thoroughly covers the most up-to-date advances in theory and research. In the new full-color Third Edition, special features have been added to engage the reader in thinking critically about concepts in criminology. 


 
Preface
 
1. An Overview of Crime and Criminology
What Is Criminology?  
What Is Crime?  
Criminality  
An Excursion Through the American Criminal Justice System  
A Short History of Criminology  
The Role of Theory in Criminology  
Ideology in Criminological Theory  
Connecting Criminological Theory and Social Policy  
SUMMARY  
EXERCISES AND DISCUSSION QUESTIONS  
USEFUL WEBSITES  
CHAPTER TERMS  
 
2. Measuring Crime and Criminal Behavior
Categorizing and Measuring Crime and Criminal Behavior  
Uniform Crime Reports: Counting Crime Officially  
NIBRS: The “New and Improved” UCR  
Crime Victimization Survey Data and Their Problems  
Areas of Agreement Between the UCR and NCVS  
Self-Report Crime Surveys and Their Problems  
Crime Mapping  
White-Collar Crime: The FBI’s Financial Crimes Report  
The Dark Figure of Crime  
What Can We Conclude About the Three Main Measures of Crime in America?  
SUMMARY  
EXERCISES AND DISCUSSION QUESTIONS  
USEFUL WEBSITES  
CHAPTER TERMS  
 
3. Victimology: Exploring the Experience of Victimization
The Emergence of Victimology  
Who Gets Victimized?  
Victimization in the Workplace  
Victimization in Schools  
Human Trafficking  
Sexual Assault of Children: Who Gets Victimized?  
Domestic Violence Victimization  
Identity Theft and Other Forms of Cybervictimization  
Victimization Theories  
Is Victimology “Blaming the Victim”?  
The Consequences of Victimization  
Victimization and the Criminal Justice System  
Victim–Offender Reconciliation Programs  
SUMMARY  
EXERCISES AND DISCUSSION QUESTIONS  
USEFUL WEBSITES  
CHAPTER TERMS  
 
4. The Early Schools of Criminology
Preclassical Notions of Crime and Criminals  
The Classical School: The Calculating Criminal  
The Rise of Positivism  
Deterrence and Choice: Pain Versus Gain  
Evaluation of the Classical and Early Positivist Schools  
Policy and Prevention: Implications of Deterrence Theories  
SUMMARY  
EXERCISES AND DISCUSSION QUESTIONS  
USEFUL WEBSITES  
CHAPTER TERMS  
 
5. Crime as Choice: Rationality, Emotion, and Criminal Behavior
Returning to Classic Assumptions of Human Nature  
Rational Choice Theory  
Cultural Criminology  
Emotions and Their Functions  
Policy and Prevention: Implications of Rational Choice and Routine Activities Theories  
Policy and Prevention: Implications of Cultural Criminology  
SUMMARY  
EXERCISES AND DISCUSSION QUESTIONS  
USEFUL WEBSITES  
CHAPTER TERMS  
 
6. Social Structural Theories
The Social Structural Tradition  
The Chicago School of Ecology  
Social Disorganization  
Evaluation of Social Ecology/Social Disorganization Theory  
The Anomie/Strain Tradition  
Extending Anomie: Subcultural Theories  
Street Gangs Today  
Evaluation of the Anomie/Strain and Subcultural Tradition  
Policy and Prevention: Implications of Social Structural Theories  
SUMMARY  
EXERCISES AND DISCUSSION QUESTIONS  
USEFUL WEBSITES  
CHAPTER TERMS  
 
7. Social Process Theories
The Social Process Tradition  
Differential Association Theory  
Social Learning Theory  
The Social Control Tradition  
Labeling Theory: The Irony of Social Reaction  
Policy and Prevention: Implications of Social Process Theories  
SUMMARY  
EXERCISES AND DISCUSSION QUESTIONS  
USEFUL WEBSITES  
CHAPTER TERMS  
 
8. Critical and Feminist Theories
The Conflict Perspective of Society  
Karl Marx and Revolution  
Conflict Theory: Max Weber and Power and Conflict  
Other Critical Criminologies  
Evaluation of Critical Theories  
Policy and Prevention: Implications of Critical Theories  
Feminist Criminology  
Evaluation of Feminist Theories  
Policy and Prevention: Implications of Feminist Theories  
SUMMARY  
EXERCISES AND DISCUSSION QUESTIONS  
USEFUL WEBSITES  
CHAPTER TERMS  
 
9. Psychosocial Theories: Individual Traits and Criminal Behavior
The Two “Great Pillars of Psychology”  
Intelligence  
The IQ–Crime Connection  
Temperament and Personality  
Glen Walters’s Lifestyle Theory  
The Antisocial Personalities  
Evaluation of the Psychosocial Perspective  
Policy and Prevention: Implications of Psychosocial Theories  
SUMMARY  
EXERCISES AND DISCUSSION QUESTIONS  
USEFUL WEBSITES  
CHAPTER TERMS  
 
10. Biosocial Approaches
The Biosocial Approach  
Behavior Genetics  
Molecular Genetics  
The Neurosciences  
Evolutionary Psychology  
Other Biosocial Risk Factors for Criminality  
Evaluation of the Biosocial Perspective  
Policy and Prevention: Implications of Biosocial Theories  
SUMMARY  
EXERCISES AND DISCUSSION QUESTIONS  
USEFUL WEBSITES  
CHAPTER TERMS  
 
11. Developmental Theories: From Delinquency to Crime to Desistance
The Developmental Perspective: Continuity and Change  
Risk and Protective Factors for Serious Delinquency  
Major Developmental Theories  
Evaluation of Developmental Theories  
Policy and Prevention: Implications of Developmental Theories  
SUMMARY  
EXERCISES AND DISCUSSION QUESTIONS  
USEFUL WEBSITES  
CHAPTER TERMS  
 
12. Crimes of Violence
Violence in History  
Murder  
Mass, Spree, and Serial Murder  
Rape  
Robbery  
Aggravated Assault  
Gun Violence  
Theories of Violence  
SUMMARY  
EXERCISES AND DISCUSSION QUESTIONS  
USEFUL WEBSITES  
CHAPTER TERMS  
 
13. Terrorism
What Is Terrorism?  
Is There a Difference Between Terrorists and Freedom Fighters?  
The Extent of Terrorism  
Al-Qaeda  
Hezbollah  
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant  
Domestic Terrorism  
Other Domestic Groups  
Is There a Terrorist Personality?  
Terrorism and Common Crime  
Theories of Terrorism  
Law Enforcement Response and Government Policy  
SUMMARY  
EXERCISES AND DISCUSSION QUESTIONS  
USEFUL WEBSITES  
CHAPTER TERMS  
 
14. Property Crime
What Is a Property Offense?  
Larceny–Theft  
Burglary  
Motor Vehicle Theft  
Arson  
Crimes of Guile and Deceit: Embezzlement, Fraud, and Forgery/ Counterfeiting  
SUMMARY  
EXERCISES AND DISCUSSION QUESTIONS  
USEFUL WEBSITES  
CHAPTER TERMS  
 
15. Public Order Crime
What Are Public Order Crimes?  
Alcohol and Crime  
Illegal Drugs and Crime  
Prostitution and Commercialized Vice  
SUMMARY  
EXERCISES AND DISCUSSION QUESTIONS  
USEFUL WEBSITES  
CHAPTER TERMS  
 
16. White-Collar Crime
The Concept of White-Collar Crime  
Occupational Crime  
Corporate Crime  
Cybercrime: Oh, What a Tangled World Wide Web We Weave!  
SUMMARY  
EXERCISES AND DISCUSSION QUESTIONS  
USEFUL WEBSITES  
CHAPTER TERMS  
 
17. Organized Crime
What Is Organized Crime?  
Political Corruption and Organized Crime  
A Brief History of Organized Crime in the United States  
Affirming the Existence of Organized Crime  
Other Organized Crime Groups  
Theories of Organized Crime  
Law Enforcement’s Response to Organized Crime  
SUMMARY  
EXERCISES AND DISCUSSION QUESTIONS  
USEFUL WEBSITES  
CHAPTER TERMS  
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Index
 
About the Authors

Supplements

Instructors Resource Site
The open-access Instructor Resource Site includes the following:
  • A Microsoft® Word® test bank is available, containing multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter. The test bank provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer you complete flexibility in easily creating a multimedia presentation for your course. Highlight essential content and features.
  • Lecture notes summarize key concepts on a chapter-by-chapter basis to help with preparation for lectures and class discussions.
  • Lively and stimulating ideas for class activities that can be used in class to reinforce active learning. The activities apply to individual or group projects.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to certain full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected for each chapter. Each article supports and expands on the concepts presented in the chapter. This feature also provides questions to focus and guide student interpretation. Combine cutting-edge academic journal scholarship with the topics in your course for a robust classroom experience.
  • Carefully selected, web-based video resources feature relevant interviews, lectures, personal stories, inquiries, and other content for use in independent or classroom-based explorations of key topics.

  • Web resources are included for further research and insights.

Student Study Site

The open-access Student Study Site includes the following:

  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards reinforce understanding of key terms and concepts that have been outlined in the chapters.
  • Mobile-friendly web quizzes allow for independent assessment of progress made in learning course material.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to certain full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected for each chapter. Each article supports and expands on the concepts presented in the chapter. This feature also provides questions to focus and guide student interpretation. Combine cutting-edge academic journal scholarship with the topics in your course for a robust classroom experience.
  • Carefully selected, web-based video resources feature relevant interviews, lectures, personal stories, inquiries, and other content for use in independent or classroom-based explorations of key topics.
  • Web resources are included for further research and insights.

"The Instructors guide gives me an array of teaching options and it will assist the instructor with a clear outline of each chapter . This has provided me with the added tools to make the textbook relative to current events in Criminology with the benefits passed on to the Graduate Student at AIC ."

Jaime Bruno
American International College
Key features

NEW TO THIS EDITION

  • New “Research Snippets” and “Critical Thinking” exercises encourage students to take a deeper look at the concepts being presented and develop a more critical understanding of the issues.
  • New co-author Cody Jorgensen brings expertise in forensic science, biosocial criminology, and policing.
  • New sections about recent research, topics, and events such as green criminology, convict criminology, and ISIL familiarize students with the latest advances in criminology. 
  • “Theory in Action” boxes have been updated to reflect the most current and interesting real life cases to help students make connections between theory and modern practice (such as deterrence theory and the death penalty).
  • Statistical information gathered from official sources (e.g., UR, NCVS, NIBRS) has been updated from the most recent sources available to reflect the latest developments in criminology.

KEY FEATURES

  • Full-color page design uses an extensive photo and illustration program to enliven the content.

  • End-of-chapter summaries of theory tables ensure students understand the main differences between the theories.

  • End-of-chapter Policy and Prevention sections describe the implications of each theoretical perspective.
  • Learning Objectives have been added to the start of each chapter to help students focus on the key content
  • Chapter Opening Vignettes pull students into the material and provide motivation for discussion.
  • Key Terms and Discussion Questions at the end of the chapter provide bulleted summary points.
  • Web resources and exercises at the end of each chapter provide additional opportunities for learning.
  • An accompanying instructor and student study site provide ample resources and support.
  • The Theory in Action boxes illustrate chapter material with interesting case studies and now include review questions
  • Research Snippets offer students brief overviews of interesting research that demonstrates important finding in criminology
  • Critical Thinking exercises include added material on convict criminology and green criminology to other critical theories in chapter eight.

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 5

Chapter 9


Preview this book

For instructors

Review and Desk copies for this title are available digitally via VitalSource.

Request e-review copy

If you require a print review copy, please call: (800) 818-7243 ext. 6140 or email textsales@sagepub.com.

Select a Purchasing Option

Electronic version
Prices from
$39.00*
*180 day rental