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Educational Administration

Educational Administration
Concepts and Practices

Seventh Edition

February 2021 | 560 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Now with SAGE Publishing!

The bestselling Educational Administration: Concepts and Practices has been considered the standard for all educational administration textbooks for three decades. A thorough and comprehensive revision, the Seventh Edition continues to balance theory and research with practical application for prospective and practicing school administrators. While maintaining the book’s hallmark features—a friendly and approachable writing style, cutting-edge content, and compelling pedagogy—authors Frederick C. Lunenburg and Allan Ornstein present research-based practices while discussing topical issues facing school administrators today.

Included with this title:  


The password-protected Instructor Resource Site (formally known as SAGE Edge) offers access to all text-specific resources, including a test bank and editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides. Learn more. 

PART I Fundamental Principles and Concepts
Chapter 1: Development of Administrative Theory
What Is Theory?

The Functions of Theories

Classical Organizational Theory

Human Relations Approach

Behavioral Science Approach

Post-Behavioral Science Era

Emergent Nontraditional Perspectives Schools as Open Systems

The Learning Organization

Chapter 2: Organizational Structure
What is Organizational Structure?

The Bureaucratic Model

The Participatory Management Model

Alternative Models of Organizational Structure

The School as a Social System

Chapter 3: Organizational Culture
What is Organizational Culture?

Creating, Maintaining, and Changing Organizational Culture

Effects of Organizational Culture

Organizational Climate

PART II: Administrative Process
Chapter 4: Motivation
Defining Motivation

Content Theories

Process Theories

Chapter 5: Leadership
The Nature of Leadership

Trait Theories

Behavior Theories

Contingency Theories

Leadership Styles

Other Contemporary Perspectives

Chapter 6: Decision Making
The Nature of Decision Making

Types of Decisions

How Are Decisions Made?

Benefits of Group Decision Making

Problems with Group Decision Making

Chapter 7: Communication
The Importance of Communication

The Communication Process

Nonverbal Communication

Direction of Communication

Communication Networks

Communication and Technology

Barriers to Communication

Overcoming Barriers to Communication

Chapter 8: Organizational Change
Forces for Change

Resistance to Change

Overcoming Resistance to Change

Managing Change

Organizational Development

PART III: The Structural Framework for Education
Chapter 9: Government and Education
The Federal Role in Education

Changing Roles in the Federal Government and Education

Federal Programs and Activities in Education

State Government and Education

State Education Agencies

State Reform Movements

Organization of School Districts

Local School Boards

The School Superintendent

The Central Staff

The Principal and the School

Chapter 10: School Finance and Productivity
Education and Economics

Tax Sources of School Revenues

Local Financing of Public Schools

State Financing of Public Schools

State Financial Responsibility

School Effectiveness and Productivity

School Finance Trends

Financing School Construction

International Comparisons of Education Spending

Chapter 11: Legal Considerations and Education
Legal Framework for Public Education

American Judicial System

The Law and Professional Personnel

The Law and Students

The Law and State Issues

PART IV: Administration of Programs and Services
Chapter 12: Curriculum Development and Implementation
Curriculum Definitions and Approaches

Curriculum Development

Components of Curriculum Development

Definitions of Knowledge

The Roles of the Curriculum Worker

Implementation as a Change Process

Chapter 13: Analyzing and Improving Teaching
Review of the Research on Teaching

Teacher Styles

Teacher Interaction

Teacher Characteristics

Teacher Effects

Teacher Contexts: New Research, New Paradigms

Reconceptualizing Teaching

Aptitude and Achievement

Chapter 14: Human Resources Administration
The Human Resource Management Process

Human Resource Planning



Professional Development

Performance Appraisal


Collective Bargaining

The Bargaining Process

Bargaining Tactics

New Bargaining Strategies



Instructor Resource Site

Online resources included with this text 


The online resources for your text are available via the password-protected Instructor Resource Site, which offers access to all text-specific resources, including a test bank and editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides. 

Educational Administration is the perfect text for Introduction to Educational Leadership students.”

Myron B. Labat
University of Southern Mississippi
Key features
  • Details highlighting the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) of 2015 and the changes to educational administration resulting from it are featured.
  • New modes of communication and leadership are woven throughout relevant chapters, including 360-degree feedback, management by walking around, and strategic communication.
  • New sections on diversity, institutional racism, gender expression, cross-cultural differences, ethnocentrism, and changing demographics offer modern perspectives on the social dimensions of educational administration.
  • New changes to school finances and legal issues at the local, state, and federal levels are reflected.
  • New research on value-added components of teacher evaluations is offered.
  • This new edition is updated to reflect the most recent research and theories within the field of educational administration.


  • Chapter openings begin with focusing questions designed to direct the reader’s attention on the major issues within the chapter.
  • Administrative Advice sections demonstrate how significant concepts can be applied to administrative practice.
  • PRO/CON Debates illustrate opposing perspectives on major issues facing educational administrators.
  • End-of-chapter summaries highlight critical points and relevant issues in theory, research, and applications.
  • Extensive documentation throughout and suggestions for additional readings at the end of each chapter encourage readers to pursue further exploration of significant subject matter.
  • Lists of key terms and discussion questions at the end of each chapter stimulate application of concepts and enhance understanding of the chapter.

For instructors

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