“[Gangs in America's Communities] is one of the most comprehensive treatments of gangs in the marketplace. . . . I highly recommend its adoption as you will not be disappointed and, most importantly, neither will your students.”
—Elvira White-Lewis, Texas A&M University-Commerce
Gangs in America's Communities, Third Edition blends theory with current research to help readers identify essential features associated with youth violence and gangs, as well as apply strategies for gang control and prevention. Authors Dr. James C. Howell and Dr. Elizabeth Griffiths introduce readers to theories of gang formation, illustrate various ways of defining and classifying gangs, and discuss national trends in gang presence and gang-related violence across American cities. They also offer evidence-based strategies for positioning communities to prevent, intervene, and address gang activity.
New to the Third Edition:
- A series of new case studies document the evolution of numerous gangs in large cities, including the community aspect, evolutionary nature, and how cities influence levels of violence.
- New discussions highlighting the role of social media, insights into how gangs use it to recruit members, and the response from law enforcement.
- Current nationwide gang trends are discussed to encourage readers to analyze and interpret the most recent statistics for which representative data is available.
- Updated macro and micro gang theories enable readers to explore a recent encapsulation of leading developmental models.
- New discussions around female gang members offer readers potentially effective programs for discouraging females from joining gangs—along with highly regarded delinquency prevention and reduction programs that have the potency to be effective in reducing gang crimes among young women.
- A comprehensive gang prevention, intervention, and suppression program in Multnomah County, Oregon shows how theory was successfully applied to reduce gang activity in a local community.
- New research on “gang structures” and their rates of crime illustrate the connections between violent crimes and the amount of violent offenders within a gang.
- Additional discussion of distinguishing features (e.g., typologies) of major gangs, and numerous examples of gang symbols, tattoos, and graffiti has been added to help readers identify and differentiate various types of gangs.
Instructors, sign in at study.sagepub.com/howell3e for a Microsoft Word test bank, Microsoft PowerPoint slides, and more!
|Street Gang Emergence in the Northeast|
|Street Gang Emergence in the Midwest|
|Street Gang Emergence in the West Region|
|Street Gang Emergence in the South|
|Another Wave of Immigrant Groups|
|The Institutionalization of Street Gangs|
|Consideration of Key Myths About Gangs|
|Typologies of Gang Members and Gang Structures|
|A European Gang Definition|
|A Recommended Gang Definition for Practical Purposes|
|Defining Gang Members|
|Demographic Characteristics of U.S. Gangs and Gang Members|
|The Chicago School and Development of the Social Disorganization Perspective|
|Application of Social Disorganization Theory to Gangs|
|A General Explanation of Gang Origins, Expansion, and Violence|
|Other Macro-Level Theories|
|Location of Gang Membership in Developmental Pathways|
|An Illustration of the Life-Course Model of Gang Involvement|
|A Broad Developmental Gang Theory|
|The Gang Joining Process|
|“The Digital Street”: Gangs on Social Media|
|Apex of Gang Member Criminal Activity|
|Long-Term Impact of Gang Membership on Participants|
|Desistance From Gang Membership|
|Other Micro-Level Gang Theories|
|Females in Early Gang Studies|
|Modern-Day Studies of Female Gang Members|
|Level of Female Gang Involvement and Seriousness of Crimes|
|The Question of Increasing Female Gang Involvement|
|The Importance of Gang Gender Composition|
|Female Associates of Gang Members: Risks and ReVictimization|
|Girls’ Unique Treatment Needs and Implications for Prevention and Treatment|
|An Overview of Nationwide Gang Activity in the Modern Era|
|Nationally Reported Youth Gang Activity From the Mid-1990s|
|Patterns in U.S. Localities’ Histories of Gang Activity|
|Patterns of Gang Presence in Larger Cities|
|Regional Variations in Gang Presence|
|Explaining the Emergence, Persistence, and Decline of Gang Activity|
|The Intensity of Gangs in Cities|
|Serious Gang Problem Trends|
|A National Perspective of Gang Structures|
|Key Structural Features of Violent Gangs Nationwide|
|A Social Network Approach to Gang Cohesion|
|Gunshot Injury Risk Associated with Social Networks|
|Case Studies of Gang Problems in Large Cities|
|Contextual Characteristics That Contribute to Serious Gang Problems|
|Risk-Focused, Data-Driven, and Research-Based Gang Prevention|
|A Framework for Prevention and Early Intervention|
|Building a Continuum of Effective Delinquency Prevention and Early-Intervention Programs|
|Evidence-Based Gang Programs|
|Promising Gang Programs|
|The Utility of Gang Intelligence Databases|
|The Comprehensive, Community-Wide Gang Program Model|
|The Evidence-Based Comprehensive Gang Program Model|
|Project Safe Neighborhoods|
Calling all instructors!
It’s easy to log on to SAGE’s password-protected Instructor Teaching Site for complete and protected access to all text-specific Instructor Resources. Simply provide your institutional information for verification and within 72 hours you’ll be able to use your login information for any SAGE title!
Password-protected Instructor Resources include the following:
- A Microsoft® Word® test bank, is available containing multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter. The test bank provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
- Editable, chapter-specific Microsoft® PowerPoint® slides offer you complete flexibility in easily creating a multimedia presentation for your course. Highlight essential content, features, and artwork from the book.
- Carefully selected video links feature relevant interviews, lectures, personal stories, inquiries, and other content for use in independent or classroom-based explorations of key topics.
- EXCLUSIVE! Access to certain full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected for each chapter. Each article supports and expands on the concepts presented in the chapter. This feature also provides questions to focus and guide student interpretation. Combine cutting-edge academic journal scholarship with the topics in your course for a robust classroom experience.
- A list of additional readings that provide supplementary information on key concepts in the text.