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In the Beginning
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In the Beginning
Development from Conception to Age Two


October 1995 | 592 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
"Reviewing a 600 page textbook might not be everybody's favorite job for July, but I have to say that it was one I thoroughly enjoyed. This is the best possible kind of textbook, and I found it both very informative and a real pleasure to read... Much of the pleasure I got from reading this book came from its production. It is clearly laid out and beautifully printed on high quality paper, with black and white photographs and simple, elegant line drawings. Referencing is encyclopedic... Judy Rosenblith's writing is adult and courteous in tone. She leaves open issues that need to be left open, and gives firm opinions where firm opinions are possible... These are few areas of major practical or theoretical importance that are not covered in this book, and the balance between the two is excellent, as is the way their treatment is integrated. Key terms are first printed in bold, and carefully defined. As the preface correctly points out, the student needs to be aware when what they might take to be mere vocabulary represents a major concept, essential to the understanding of a point central to infancy. Throughout we have not only a summary of what is known but also a careful and clear account of the research methods used, and data are presented at an appropriate level of detail. It is these characteristics, especially, that will make this book an invaluable source for advanced undergraduate, or even graduate level teaching. Treat yourself. --R.F. Drewett in Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology Popular for its presentation of current data and its focus on methods for studying infants, the best-selling infancy text is now available in a thorough revision! New to this edition are alternative birthing techniques and their effects, neuropsychological tests for premature infants, the effects of cocaine and other ingested substances on fetal development and the infant, the latest research on the consequences of alcohol and smoking on the newborn, extended coverage of temperament, an updated look at the attachment controversy, and the most current coverage on the issue of day care for infants. Additionally, the book has been thoroughly reorganized and rewritten based on readers' feedback on the first edition. Aimed at helping students evaluate new research and understand the major issues of the field, In the Beginning, Second Edition, retains such pedagogically effective features as: presentation of major theories in the context of the general or specific issues to which they are relevant; summaries of contradictory research results with Rosenblith's view of which interpretation is best supported by the data; and practical implications of infancy research. And, whenever appropriate, cultural comparisons are made of various infant and care-giver behaviors, such as ways in which to soothe a crying infant. If you want your students to have the latest and most effectively presented look at infancy research, you'll want to reserve your copies of In the Beginning, Second Edition, today. "The strength of this book lies within the developmental theories, particularly the application of prenatal environment and its implication on subsequent development. It is thought-provoking and is of particular interest for students who would like to develop in this field." --Midwifery Digest "This book draws on research and experience in a variety of fields and thereby provides the kind of broad-gauged assessment so badly needed for these crucially formative years. It provides a superbly informative account of existing knowledge. Anyone interested in child development, child health, and the underpinnings of education will find it valuable." --David A. Hamburg, M.D., President Carnegie Corporation of New York "For those of us who used the first edition of this masterful book on infant development, the second edition has been well worth the wait. The revised text has been completely updated, so much so that it may be a bit of an embarrassment to those of us who thought they knew the field of infant development. The book is comprehensive in its coverage of the first two years of life, yet does so without compromising the detail that each facet of development deserves--and receives. Perhaps as importantly, the book is also exceedingly well-written and organized. As a result, it should prove to be very accessible to a broad audience that may well include advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and research faculty on the one hand, and very possibly the interested 'parent-to-be' on the other. I recommend this book in the very highest terms." --Charles A. Nelson, Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota "The wonderful value of this volume is not in theory but in evidence. Rosenblith and Sims-Knight have reviewed their world of research in infancy in exquisite detail. They have scoured the journals, organised the findings, interpreted the conclusions, weighed the balance of the evidence, and presented a compendium which is invaluable. . . . It is superbly edited." --European Journal for High Ability "The wonderful value of this volume . . . [is] in evidence. Rosenblith has overviewed the world of infancy research in exquisite detail. . . . The author has scoured the journals, organised the findings, interpreted the conclusions, weighed the balance of evidence, and presented a compendium which is invaluable. . . . It is superbly edited and published." --British Journal of Psychiatry "The heart of [my] course continues to be [In the Beginning] and I continue to find that undergraduates--even those who are not necessarily shining stars--can read, enjoy, and comprehend it. In fact, I have been using a strategy in which the students divide particularly demanding chapters . . . into two or three sections which will be read carefully by only a subset of students who are responsible for coming to class ready to describe the issue and evidence they find most important. I have been ecstatic that even methodological issues have surfaced without my prompt and have received clear exposition. All of which is testimony to the clarity of the writing an even multilayered, complex subjects." --Derek Price, Wheaton College

David A Hamburg
Foreword
 
Historical and Methodological Introduction
 
PART ONE: CONCEPTION THROUGH BIRTH
 
Development from Conception to Birth
 
Genetic Abnormalities
 
Influence of Prenatal Environment on Constitution
 
Perinatal Events That Affect Consititution or Mother-Infant Interaction
 
PART TWO: EARLY CHARACTERISTICS AND DEVELOPMENT
 
The Development of Basic Characteristics of Infants
 
Sensory and Perceptual Abilities
 
Developmental Milestones
 
The Basic Mechanisms
 
PART THREE: THE FUNDAMENTAL PROCESSES
Judith E Sims-Knight
Cognitive Development
Paula N Menyuk
Early Communicative and Language Behavior
 
Social Development of the Infant
 
PART FOUR: THE SOCIAL CONTEXT
 
Influence of Environment
Deprivation and Enrichment  
· Chapter One: Historical and Methodological Introduction
Reasons for Studying Infants
 
The Beginnings of Behavioral Study of Infants
 
Modern Research Techniques
 
Research Issues
 
Summary
· Chapter Two: Development from Conception to Birth
Overview of Prenatal Development
 
Development of Organ Systems of Special Interest
 
Variants of Prenatal Development
 
Summary
 
Embryology Sources
· Chapter Three: Genetic Abnormalities
Heredity, Environment, and Constitution
 
Specific Disorders
 
Genetic Diagnosis
 
Genetic Counseling
 
Summary
· Chapter Four: Influence of Prenatal Environment on Constitution
Maternal Diseases
 
Chronic Conditions of the Mother
 
Other Possible Factors
 
Effects of Nonpsychotropic Drugs
 
The Problems of Psychotropic Drugs and Their Study
 
Legal Psychotropic Drugs
 
Illegal Psychotropic Drugs
 
Direct Effects of External Environment
 
Prenatal Stress
 
Issues in Teratology
 
Summary
· Chapter Five: Perinatal Events That Affect Constitution or Mother-Infant Interaction
Complications of Delivery
 
Ways to Avoid or Counteract Complications
 
Drugs Used during Delivery
 
Effects of Drugs
 
Childbirth Practices
 
Mother-Infant Bonding
 
Summary
· Chapter Six: The Development of Basic Characteristics of Infants
How Babies Spend Their Time
 
Rhythmic Activities
 
Affective Behaviors
 
Traits or Temperament
 
Summary
· Chapter Seven: Sensory and Perceptual Abilities
Importance of Studying Sensory and Perceptual Development
 
Research Techniques
 
Tactile Sensitivity (The Skin Senses)
 
Taste
 
Smell
 
Audition
 
Vision
 
Responses to Visual Stimuli in Relation to Other Senses
 
Summary
· Chapter Eight: Developmental Milestones
Physical Development
 
Motor Development
 
Developmental Testing
 
Summary
· Chapter Nine: The Basic Mechanisms
Habituation of the Orienting Response
 
Conditioning
 
Imitation
 
Memory
 
Summary
· Chapter Ten: Cognitive Development
Historical Perspective
 
Piaget's Interactionist Theory
 
Research Testing Piaget's Theory
 
Skills Theory
 
Categorization
 
Summary
· Chapter Eleven: Early Communicative and Language Behavior
Introduction and Overview
 
From Prelanguage to Language Behavior
 
Language Behavior
 
Factors That Affect Language Development
 
Summary
· Chapter Twelve: Social Development of the Infant
Attachment
 
Early Social Interactions
 
Fathers' Role in Infants' Social Development
 
Peer Relations and Play
 
Summary
· Chapter Thirteen: Influence of Environment: Deprivation and Enrichment
Institutionalization
 
Multiple Mothering
 
Preventing or Overcoming Deprivation Effects through Intervention Programs
 
Biology and the Effects of Experience
 
Summary

Really excellent book with everything you need, a comprehensive text!

Ms Julie Burton
School of Health & Social Care, Lincoln University
June 13, 2016

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ISBN: 9780761903123
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