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Introduction to Criminology

Introduction to Criminology
Theories, Methods, and Criminal Behavior

Tenth Edition
Experience with SAGE edge

January 2019 | 592 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

This is one of the best texts I have seen in a while...It makes the world of criminology less daunting and more relevant.”

—Allyson S. Maida, St. John’s University


Introduction to Criminology, Tenth Edition, is a comprehensive introduction to the study of criminology, focusing on the vital core areas of the field—theory, method, and criminal behavior. With more attention to crime typologies than most introductory texts, Hagan and Daigle investigate all forms of criminal activity, such as organized crime, white collar crime, political crime, and environmental crime. The methods of operation, the effects on society and policy decisions, and the connection between theory and criminal behavior are all explained in a clear, accessible manner.



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Psychological Theories  
Part I: Foundations of Criminology
Chapter 1: Introduction to Criminology
Crime and Deviance  
Social Change and the Emergence of Law  
The Crime Problem  
Chapter 2: Research Methods in Criminology
The Research Enterprise of Criminology  
Operationalization- Who is Criminal?  
Official Police Statistics- The Uniform Crime Report (UCR)  
Alternative Data- Gathering Strategies  
Experiments and Evidence- Based Research in Criminology  
Participant Observation  
Case Study or Life History  
Unobtrusive Measures  
Validity, Reliability, and Triangulation  
Chapter 3: General Characteristics of Crime and Criminals
Caution in Interpreting Crime Data  
International Variations in Crime  
Trends in Crime  
Institutions and Crime  
Chapter 4: What is Victimology?
Nature of Victimization  
Costs of Victimization  
Theories of Victimization  
Victimes' Rights  
Part II: Theories of Criminology
Chapter 5: Early and Classical Criminological Theories
Demonological Theory  
Classical Theory  
Neoclassical Theory  
Ecological Theory  
Economic Theory  
The Theory–Policy Connection  
Chapter 6: Biological and Psychological Theories
Positivist Theory  
Biological Theories  
More Recent Biological Theories  
Chapter 7: Sociological Mainstream Theories
Anomie Theories  
Social Process Theories  
Social Control Theories  
Developmental and Life Course (DLC) Theories  
The Theory–Policy Connection  
Chapter 8: Sociological Critical Theories and Integrated Theories
Mainstream Versus Critical Criminology  
Labeling Theory  
Conflict Criminology  
Feminist Criminology  
New Critical Criminology  
Radical Marxist Criminology  
Integrated Theories of Crime  
Criminal Typologies  
Theoretical Range and Criminological Explanation  
The Theory–Policy Connection  
Chapter 9: Violent Crime
History of Violence in the United States  
Homicide and Assault Statistics  
Patterns and Trends in Violent Crime  
Typology of Violent Offenders  
Sexual Assault  
Domestic Violence  
Criminal Careers of Violent Offenders  
Societal Reaction  
Theory and Crime  
Chapter 10: Property Crime: Occasional, Conventional, and Professional
Occasional Property Crimes  
Conventional Property Crimes  
Arson: A Special-Category Offense  
Criminal Careers of Occasional and Conventional Property Criminals  
Professional Crime  
Criminal Careers of Professional Crime  
Societal Reaction  
Theory and Crime  
Chapter 11: White-Collar Crime: Occupational and Corporate
White-Collar Crime— The Classic Statement  
Measurement and Cost of Occupational and Corporate Crime  
History of Corporate, Organizational, and Occupational Crime  
Cons and Scams  
Big Cons  
Legal Regulation  
Occupational Crime  
Corporate Crime  
Criminal Careers of Occupational and Organizational Offenders  
Societal Reaction  
Theory and Crime  
Chapter 12: Political Crime and Terrorism
Political Crime: A Definition  
Legal Aspects  
Crimes by Government  
Crimes Against Government  
Crime Careers of Political Criminals  
Societal Reaction  
Theory and Crime  
Chapter 13: Organized Crime
Sources of Information on Organized Crime  
Types of Organized Crime  
Organized Crime Continuum  
Street Gangs  
International Organized Crime  
Nature of Organized Crime  
Money Laundering  
Drug Trafficking  
Theories of the Nature of Syndicate Crime in the United States  
Classic Pattern of Organized Crime  
Crime Careers of Organized Criminals  
Societal Reaction  
Theory and Crime  
Chapter 14: Public Order Crime
Broken Windows  
Sexual Offenses  
Drug Abuse  
Societal Reaction  
Theory and Crime  
Chapter 15: Cybercrime and the Future of Crime
Types of Cybercrime  
Types of Attacks on Computer Systems  
Argot of Cybercrime  
Online Predators  
Societal Reaction  
The Future of Crime  
Theory and Crime  


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    • Criminology news clips that bring extra coverage of current events into the book, connecting multiple brief news clips to core chapter content.
    • Theory in Action videos featuring engaging interviews with former offenders and criminal justice professionals to help students develop a deeper, more applied understanding of criminology
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This is one of the best texts I have seen in a while. It is comprehensive, somewhat conversational in its writing style, and provides a point of view that marries yesterday and today. It makes the world of criminology less daunting and more relevant.”

Allyson S. Maida
St. John’s University

The textbook provides a comprehensive overview and discussion of the key components in criminology. The book is clearly written, covers major topics in the discipline, and is user friendly for students.”

Jonathan Intravia, Ph.D
Ball State University

Text is thorough, well-researched, attractively presented, appropriate for the selected audience, and accompanied by instructor and student resources to enhance the learning experience.”

Thomas G. Ziesemer
College of Central Florida

Detailed, informative, driven by theory and examples.”

Dr. Amy Baumann Grau
Shawnee State University

This is a wonderful introduction to criminology that is written in a student-friendly manner. The text and supplemental materials allow for a comprehensive overview of the field and will encourage students to begin to think about areas that they would like to pursue in greater detail in future courses. The book is priced much lower than the competition, yet offers similar or better quality.”

Mark A. Winton
University of Central Florida

I would describe this as a comprehensive introductory text to criminology. I would include that this text offers useful instructor resources and includes several resources throughout the text that help to enhance student understanding. "

Racheal Pesta
The University of Akron
Key features


  • New Applying Theory scenarios are included with the theory chapters in Part II. These application exercises encourage critical thinking by asking students to use criminological theory to explain the criminal behavior of Aileen Wuornos. 
  • Updated Crime and the Media boxes highlight the effect that the media has on public perception of crime.  New topics include the #MeToo movement, media coverage of the opioid crisis, popular shows like Breaking Bad and The Wire, online dating fraud, and cyberbullying.
  • Over 170 new Learning Check questions and answers have been added throughout the book to help students review their understanding of key concepts and increase reading comprehension.
  • Examination of important new topics, like what works in criminology, the relationship between immigration and crime, the impact of neuroscience and genetic studies on criminology, recent shootings and terrorist attacks, and the continuing battle between over-criminalization and under-criminalization, deepens the student’s understanding of the field.
  • Updated figures, tables, and statistics throughout the book ensure that students have access to the most current information available.


  • Comprehensive coverage of the foundational material and often-neglected areas of study introduces students to important topics around organized crime, terrorism, white-collar crime, environmental crime, political crime, and gangs.
  • “Theory and Crime” and “The Theory-Policy Connection” sections in all the chapters in Parts I and II help students understand the integration of theory and crime and its effects on the world around them.
  • A standalone chapter on cybercrime helps students develop a well-rounded perspective of the future of crime.
  • “Crime in the Media” boxes highlight the increasing attention and effect that the media has on public perception of crime.
  • “Crime Files” boxes bring concepts to life with engaging real-world stories.
  • “Criminology in Context” boxes provide further information on important concepts discussed in the text.
  • SAGE coursepacks allows instructors to import high-quality content into their school’s learning management system (LMS) with no access codes.
  • SAGE edge provides students helpful tools, including eFlashcards, practice quizzes, and more, in one easy-to-use online environment.

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