Global Business Review is designed to be a forum for the wider dissemination of current management and business practice and research drawn from around the globe but with an emphasis on Asian and Indian perspectives.
An important feature is its cross-cultural and comparative approach. Multidisciplinary in nature and with a strong practical orientation, this refereed journal publishes surveys relating to and report significant developments in management practice drawn from business/commerce, the public and the private sector, and non-profit organisations. The journal also publishes articles which provide practical insights on doing business in India/Asia from local and global and macro and micro perspectives.
To this end, Global Business Review invites contributions from professionals from both host and guest countries. Among the regular features are CEOs forum, policy debate, review articles and book reviews. Special theme focused and guest-edited issues are also planned.
Global Business Review is available electronically on SAGE Journals Online at http://journals.sagepub.com/home/GBR.
Global Business Review provides an outlet for research and scholarship on management-related themes and topics. It publishes articles which are of a multi-disciplinary, interdisciplinary, and internationally significant nature. Thus our major objectives are to attract thoughtful scholarship that matters to corporate and other institutions, for their overall development, as well as to society at large. We encourage contributions from around the globe, with special emphasis on emerging economies. The journal includes empirical, conceptual and methodological articles across the full range of business and management disciplines, including general management, human resource management, organizational behavior, management development, accounting and finance, business ethics, equality, diversity and inclusion, strategic management, marketing, operations management, technology management, information technology, business economics, public sector management, management of non-government organizations and research methods. Among the regular features are Chief Executive Officer’s Forum, Policy Debate, Review Articles and Book Reviews. This is a refereed journal. Papers are reviewed by eminent academicians and professionals from various places of the world.
|Arindam Banik||International Management Institute, New Delhi, India|
|Ruby Thakur||International Management Institute, New Delhi, India|
|Umesh Bamel||International Management Institute, New Delhi|
|Baidyanath Biswas||DCU Business School, Dublin City University, Ireland|
|Kakali Kanjilal||International Management Institute, New Delhi, India|
|Manit Mishra||International Management Institute, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India|
|Rohit Singh||International Management Institute, Kolkata, India|
|Beatrice Avolio Alecchi||Centrum Centro Negocios, Lima, Peru|
|Kaushik Basu||Cornell University, New York, USA|
|Pradip K Bhaumik||International Management Institute, New Delhi, India|
|Gary Campbell||Professor of Natural Resource Economics, College of Business, Michigan Tech University, USA|
|Amitava Chattopadhyay||INSEAD-The Asia Campus, Singapore|
|S G Deshmukh||Professor, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, India|
|Raj S Dhankar||Vice Chancellor, Amity University, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India|
|Avijit Ghosh||Hospital & Health Sciences System, University of Illinois, Chicago, United States of America, USA|
|Harukiyo Hasegawa||Doshisha University, Kyoto, Japan|
|Rolph van der Hoeven||Institute of Social Studies, Erasmus University, Netherlands|
|Shozo Inouye||Ibaraki Christian University, Hitachi, Japan|
|Thomas Kochan||Sloan School of Management, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA|
|Sarosh Kuruvilla||Cornell University, USA|
|Joseph S Lee||National Central University, Taiwan, Republic of China|
|Fernando Padovani||The Universidade Do Rio De Janeiro, Brazil|
|Padma Prakash||IRIS Knowledge Foundation, Mumbai, India|
|Ranjan Ray||Monash University, Victoria, Australia|
|Thomas P Gehrig||University of Vienna, Austria|
|Louise Whittaker||GIBS Business School, University of Pretoria, South Africa|
|Yang Yao||Peking University, Beijing, China|
|Amos Owen Thomas||Stockholm Business School, Stockholm University, Sweden|
Global Business Review
This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics
Global Business Review is hosted on SAGE Peer Review, a web-based online submission and peer review system. Please read the Manuscript Submission Guidelines below, and then visit https://peerreview.sagepub.com/gbr to login and submit your article online. Remember you can log in to the submission site at any time to check on the progress of your paper through the peer review process.
Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Global Business Review will be reviewed.
There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this Journal.
As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere.
If you have any questions about publishing with SAGE, please visit the SAGE Journal Solutions Portal
1.1 Aims & scope
Before submitting your manuscript to Global Business Review, please ensure you have read the ‘Aims & Scope’ of the journal
Original Article (Empirical Research Papers on Management-related Areas)
Articles should not exceed 9000-10,000 words. All regular articles must be accompanied by an abstract of 150–200 words and 4–6 keywords.
The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources.
1.3.1 Make your article discoverable
For information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords, have a look at this page on the Gateway: How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online
Global Business Review adheres to a rigorous double-anonymize reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are always concealed from both parties.
Global Business Review is committed to delivering high quality, fast peer-review for your paper, and as such has partnered with Publons. Publons is a third party service that seeks to track, verify and give credit for peer review. Reviewers for Global Business Review can opt in to Publons in order to claim their reviews or have them automatically verified and added to their reviewer profile. Reviewers claiming credit for their review will be associated with the relevant journal, but the article name, reviewer’s decision and the content of their review is not published on the site. For more information visit the Publons website.
The Editor or members of the Editorial Board may occasionally submit their own manuscripts for possible publication in the Journal. In these cases, the peer review process will be managed by alternative members of the Board and the submitting Editor/Board member will have no involvement in the decision-making process.
All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.
All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.
Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.
2.3.1 Writing assistance
Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.
Global Business Review requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state: ‘This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
Global Business Review encourages authors to include a declaration of any conflicting interests and recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway
Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.
The journal is committed to facilitating openness, transparency and reproducibility of research, and has the following research data sharing policy. For more information, including FAQs please visit the SAGE Research Data policy pages.
Subject to appropriate ethical and legal considerations, authors are encouraged to:
- share your research data in a relevant public data repository
- include a data availability statement linking to your data. If it is not possible to share your data, we encourage you to consider using the statement to explain why it cannot be shared.
- cite this data in your research
3.1 Publication ethics
SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway
Global Business Review and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of Journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.
3.1.2 Prior publication
If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.
3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement
Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information, please visit the SAGE Author Gateway
3.3 Open access and author archiving
Global Business Review offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information, please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit the SAGE Author Gateway on our Journal Author Gateway.
The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and LaTex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.
The manuscript should be structured as follows:
- Contributors must provide their affiliations, complete postal addresses and emails with their articles.
- Notes should be numbered serially and presented at the end of the article. Notes must contain more than a mere reference.
- Use ‘z’ spellings instead of ‘s’ spellings. This means that words ending with ‘-ise’, ‘isation’, etc., will be spelt with ‘z’ (e.g., ‘recognize’, ‘organize’, ‘civilize’).
- Use British spellings in all cases rather than American spellings (hence, ‘programme’ not ‘program’, ‘labour’ not ‘labor’, and ‘centre’ and not ‘center’).
- Use single quotes throughout. Double quotes only to be used within single quotes. Spellings of words in quotations should not be changed. Quotations of 45 words or more should be separated from the text and indented with one space with a line space above and below.
- Use ‘twentieth century’, ‘1980s’. Spell out numbers from one to nine, 10 and above to remain in figures. However, for exact measurements, use only figures (3 km, 9 per cent, not %). Use thousands and millions, not lakhs and crores.
- Ranges should not be truncated in the text.
- Use of italics and diacriticals should be minimized, but used consistently.
- Tables and figures to be indicated by numbers separately (see Table 1), not by placement (see table below). Present each table and figure on a separate sheet of paper, gathering them together at the end of the article. All figures and tables should be cited in the text. Source for figures and tables should be mentioned irrespective of whether or not they require permissions.
- Use full points after the source as well as note.
- All photographs and scanned images should have a resolution of minimum 300 dpi/1500 pixels and their format should be TIFF or JPEG.
- A consolidated listing of all books, articles, essays, theses and documents referred to (including any referred to in the tables, graphs and maps) should be provided at the end of the article.
- Book reviews must contain name of author/editor and book reviewed, place of publication and publisher, year of publication, number of pages and price.
4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines
- Figures, including maps, graphs and drawings, should not be larger than page size. They should be numbered and arranged as per their references in the text. All photographs and scanned images should have a resolution of minimum 300 dpi and 1,500 pixels and their format should be TIFF or JPEG.
- Due permissions should be taken for copyright protected photographs/images. Even for photographs/images available in the public domain, it should be clearly ascertained whether or not their reproduction requires permission for purposes of publishing (which is a profit-making endeavour).
- All photographs/scanned images should be provided separately in a folder along with the main article.
Please Note: All figures and tables should be cited in the text and should have the source (a specific URL, a reference or, if it is author’s own work, ‘The Author’) mentioned irrespective of whether or not they require permissions.
Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.
4.3 Supplemental material
This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g., data sets, podcasts, videos, images, etc.) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information, please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files
4.4 Reference style
Global Business Review adheres to the APA reference style. View the APA guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.
4.5 English language editing services
Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit Global Business Review ’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.
5. Submitting your manuscript
Global Business Review is hosted on SAGE Peer Review, a web based online submission and peer review system. Please read the manuscript submission guidelines, and then visit https://peerreview.sagepub.com/gbr to login and submit your article online.
IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.
As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.
The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.
5.2 Information required for completing your submission
You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. The affiliation listed in the manuscript should be the institution where the research was conducted. If an author has moved to a new institution since completing the research, the new affiliation can be included in a manuscript note at the end of the paper. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).
Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway
6.1 SAGE Production
Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be made available to the corresponding author via email, and corrections should be made directly or notified to us promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorising the change.
6.2 Author Accepted Manuscript (AAM) Express Publication
This journal publishes Author Accepted Manuscripts. An Author Accepted Manuscript (AAM) is the final accepted version of a manuscript before it goes through the production steps (copyediting, typesetting and proofing). Author Accepted Manuscripts are posted online in PDF format and identified as unedited manuscripts. Authors can correct minor errors within their article when reviewing proofs during the copy-editing process but no changes can be made to the AAM PDF. AAMs can be cited with their assigned Digital Object Identifier (DOI). Once the manuscript has gone through copy-editing, typesetting, and proof review, the AAM is replaced by the Online First version of the paper with the same DOI.
6.3 Online First publication
Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the SAGE Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.
6.5 Promoting your article
Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.
The Editor, Global Business Review, International Management Institute, B-10, Qutab Institutional Area, Tara Crescent, New Delhi 110 016.