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Scandinavian Journal of Public Health

Scandinavian Journal of Public Health

Published on Behalf of the Associations of Public Health in the Nordic Countries

eISSN: 16511905 | ISSN: 14034948 | Current volume: 48 | Current issue: 7 Frequency: 8 Times/Year

If you wish your article to be freely available online immediately upon publication (as some funding bodies now require), you can opt for it to be included in SAGE Choice upon payment of a publication fee. Manuscript submission and refereeing procedure is unchanged, but on acceptance of your article you will be asked to let SAGE know directly if you are choosing SAGE Choice.

If funding has been provided for your research, convention dictates that you acknowledge the source and grant information in the Acknowledgements section of your article. Please note that in some cases, grant funders require authors to attribute the funding source, describe the role of the study funding body and include the relevant grant reference numbers.

For further information please visit http:/

The Scandinavian Journal of Public Health is an international forum of Nordic as well as international public health research and policy. This peer-reviewed journal will be of interest to researchers and practitioners in academia, government and health care working in the fields of social medicine, epidemiology, public health, health services research and preventive medicine.

"The Public Health system in the Nordic countries is well known worldwide and the wealth of population based health registers provides unique research opportunities. Readers with an interest in public health systems and population based epidemiology should turn to the Scandinavian Journal of Public Health to keep track on what research is done and what research can be done." Jorn Olsen, Professor and Chair, Dept of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, UCLA, Los Angeles

"The Scandinavian Journal of Public Health is extremely useful for public health provisionals in many settings. Not only does it reflect the wide range of high quality research conducted in Scandinavian countries but frequently also reports on research in developing settings. The editorials often provide key discussion points for teaching public health and the in-depth insights of the supplements frequently address cutting edge issues in current public health thinking." Professor Krisela Steyn, Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

The Editorial Board is always looking for good quality articles on all aspects of public health for publication. If you are an author who wishes to submit an article for publication, or if you wish to join our panel of peer reviewers and help maintain the high quality of our publication, please contact the Editorial Office at:

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

While SJPH has mostly published peer-reviewed original articles (both qualitative and quantitative), short reports and commentaries in the past, we also welcome literature reviews (for which the word limit is increased to 6000 words and 60 references), glossaries and lectures by leading international scholars. Further, while SJPH particularly focuses on the Nordic regions, we will increasingly publish research from other European and non-European countries, which also should be of interest and relevance to our Nordic audience.

We encourage contributors to take an interdisciplinary approach involving, for example, sociology, psychology, technology, social medicine, epidemiology, public health and preventive medicine, but also an inter-sectoral approach, including of course academia, but also people working in governments, NGOs, think-tanks, the UN and in health care.

The unequal distribution of health and its determinants (both within and outside the health care system) taps into many other areas of public health, which will allow for a large variety of research topics, however SJPH will focus particularly on (in alphabetical order):

• Ageing and health
• Global health/child health
• Mental health
• Migration/ethnicity/refugee health
• Occupational health

However, when the editorial board first came together, we also agreed upon a wider research agenda which is not restricted to these areas. We are interested in publishing work that focuses on a broad range of health outcomes, including mortality, self-reported health, mental health, cardiovascular health, cancer, infectious diseases, non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and disability/functional limitations. We are interested in determinants, including but not limited to housing and living conditions, occupational health, including working conditions, lifestyle, stigma, childhood conditions, social capital and institutional arrangements (such as the welfare state).

We also welcome contributions on both formal and informal health care, and health services research in general. Regarding study groups, we wish to focus on the whole life course, from children and childhood conditions, to adolescents/youth, and ageing. More broadly speaking, we welcome contributions with a global health/child health focus, cross-national research, and theory and methods in public health research. We are also very interested in studies that take advantage of Nordic health registers, which provide unique research opportunities within many of our key areas.

Finally, regarding the stratification of study populations, we welcome contributions focusing on migration/ethnicity/refugees, and we also encourage our authors to submit work split by socioeconomic status and gender. Intersectionality, which explores how these different ‘axes of inequality’ are experienced, not just separately but in combination, is also appreciated.

Read Prof. Terje Andreas Eikemo’s full editorial on the new aims & scope for Scandinavian Journal of Public Health.

Editor in Chief
Terje Andreas Eikemo Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway
Kristian Heggebø Center for Welfare and Labor Research, NOVA, OsloMet
Christopher Jamil de Montgomery University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Signe Smith Jervelund University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Mats Målqvist Uppsala University, Sweden
Sigrún Ólafsdóttir University of Iceland, Iceland
Bjørn Heine Strand The Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Norway
Marianna Virtanen Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Finland
Assistant Chief Editor
Executive Board
Camilla Ihlebæk Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norway
Mette Kjølby Center for Folkesundhed, Denmark
Jesper Löve University of Gothenburg, Sweden
Camilla Palmhoj Nielsen Central Denmark Region and Aarhus University, Denmark
Sakari Suominen University of Turku, Finland
Kristinn Tómasson Administration for Occupational Health and Safety, Iceland
Deputy Members
Valgerður Gunnarsdóttir DeCode Genetics inc., Iceland
Finn Kamper-Jorgensen University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Ilmo Keskimäki National Institute for Health and Welfare, Finland
Johan Lund University of Oslo, Norway
Per-Olof Östergren Lund University, Sweden
Editorial Committee
Ruth Bonita World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Debbie Bradshaw Medical Research Council, Burden of Disease Research Unit, South Africa
Haraldur Briem Landlaeknisembaettid, Iceland
Finn Diderichsen Karolinska Institute, Sweden
Vinod Diwan Karolinska Institute, Sweden
Vilius Grabauskas Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Lithuania
Berit Heitmann Research Unit of Dietary Studies, Parker Institute, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, Denmark
Gunnel Hensing The Sahlgrenska Academy at Goteborg University Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Sweden
Gerd Holmboe-Ottesen University of Oslo, Norway
Gillian Lewando Hundt The University of Warwick, UK
Jussi Huttunen National Public Health Institute, Finland
Eero Lahelma University of Helsinki, Finland
Olle Lundberg Stockholm University, Sweden
Jørn Olsen Aarhus University, Denmark
Merete Osler Research center for Prevention and Health, Denmark
Prof Elianne Riska Abo Akademi University, Finland
Aina Schiøts University of Oslo, Norway
  • Abstracts on Hygiene & Communicable Diseases
  • Applied Social Sciences Index & Abstracts (ASSIA)
  • Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature CINAHL
  • Current Contents / Clinical Medicine
  • Current Contents / Life Sciences
  • Current Contents / Social and Behavioral Sciences
  • Current Titles in Dentistry
  • International Bibliography of the Social Sciences
  • Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDRO)
  • PsycINFO
  • Research Alert
  • Risk Abstracts
  • Safety and Health at Work - ILO-CIS Bulletin
  • SciSearch
  • Science Citation Index
  • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE)
  • Social SciSearch
  • Tropical Diseases Bulletin
  • Manuscript Submission Guidelines: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics.

    This Journal recommends that authors follow the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Scandinavian Journal of Public Health will be reviewed.

    There are no fees payable to submit to this journal. Lengthy articles may be subject to page charges upon publication. Please see section 1.2 for more details.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

    1. What do we publish?
      1.1 Aims & Scope
      1.2 Article types
      1.3 Writing your paper
    2. Editorial policies
      2.1 Peer review policy
      2.2 Authorship
      2.3 Acknowledgements
      2.4 Funding
      2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
      2.6 Research ethics and patient consent
      2.7 Clinical trials
      2.8 Reporting guidelines
      2.9 Data
    3. Publishing policies
      3.1 Publication ethics
      3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
      3.3 Open access and author archiving
    4. Preparing your manuscript
      4.1 Formatting
      4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
      4.3 Supplementary material
      4.4 Reference style
      4.5 English language editing services
      4.6 Layout
    5. Submitting your manuscript
      5.1 ORCID
      5.2 Information required for completing your submission
      5.3 Permissions
    6. On acceptance and publication
      6.1 SAGE Production
      6.2 Online First publication
      6.3 Access to your published article
      6.4 Promoting your article
    7. Further information

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope

    Before submitting your manuscript to Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.

    1.2 Article Types

    Scandinavian Journal of Public Health publishes original research, review and study design articles on all aspects of public health. The Journal considers the following kinds of article for publication:

      1. Original articles, describing new experimental findings. 
        Word limit: 3000 words. This does not include text in the abstract, headings, references, figures and tables. Original articles can contain a maximum of 30 references and five figures/tables. For manuscripts exceeding five printed pages (including abstract, tables, figures and references) the charge is $100 USD (excluding VAT) per excess page. As a guide, one journal page is approximately 800 words.
      2. Literature Review articles. Word limit: 6000 words and 60 references. This limit does not include text in the abstract, headings, references, figures and tables. For manuscripts exceeding six printed pages (including abstract, tables, figures and references) the charge is $100 USD (excluding VAT) per excess page. As a guide, one journal page is approximately 800 words.
      3. Design articles. The Editors wish to encourage the submission of study design articles. These articles should include the rationale for the study, design and measurement procedures, population and sample size considerations and some basic characteristics of the study. The articles should end with a discussion on the potential of the study.
        These articles should not normally exceed 3000 words. The word limit does not include text in the abstract, headings, references, figures and tables. For manuscripts exceeding six printed pages (including abstract, tables, figures and references) the charge is $100 USD (excluding VAT) per excess page. As a guide, one journal page is approximately 800 words.
      4. Letters to the Editors. The decision to publish is made by the Editors.
        Word limit: 800 words
      5. Short communications, Debate articles. 
        Word limit: 1200 words and have no more than 3 tables/figures.
      6. Supplements. Thematic sets of papers, symposium reports as well other documents of Public Health relevance may be published as supplements, the full cost being borne by the authors. Please contact the Editorial Office for further information.
      7. Glossary. Manuscripts containing definitions of relevant terms in a defined field of public health, which relate to one of the key areas of SJPH (see Aims & Scope here). Longer glossaries may be considered in agreement with the E-i-C.
      8. Commentary. Manuscripts either in the form of a critical analysis of an article published in the journal or in the form of a research piece presenting new thoughts (either conceptually, theoretically or methodologically) related to one or several of the key areas of the journal (see Aims & Scope here).

    1.3 Writing your paper

    The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources.

    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable

    When writing up your paper, think about how you can make it discoverable. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article through search engines such as Google. For information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords, have a look at this page on the Gateway: How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

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    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    Scandinavian Journal of Public Health operates a conventional single-blind reviewing policy in which the reviewer's name is always concealed from the submitting author. Decisions of publication of full length original contributions are generally reviewed by at least two external reviewers. All manuscripts are reviewed as quickly as possible, we endeavour to reach an editorial decision within 3 months, though on average it takes just 30 days to reach a decision.

    Authors are requested to suggest the names, affiliations and contact information, including email address, of 3-4 individuals who may be suitable to serve as reviewers. These individuals should have no conflict of interest, i.e. close links with the study or author and preferably be from a different country to the author(s). However, the Editors are under no obligation to use any of the suggested individuals as reviewers.

    All manuscripts are reviewed initially by the Editors and only those papers that meet the scientific and editorial standards of the journal, and fit within the aims and scope of the journal will be sent for outside review.

    Recommended Reviewers
    As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below:

    As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below:

      • The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission
      • The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors
      • Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted

    Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.

    2.2 Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.

    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

      1. Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,
      2. Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
      3. Approved the version to be published,
      4. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    [FOR SINGLE BLIND JOURNALS: Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.]

    [FOR DOUBLE BLIND JOURNALS: Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.]

    2.3.1 Third party submissions

    Where an individual who is not listed as an author submits a manuscript on behalf of the author(s), a statement must be included in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript and in the accompanying cover letter. The statements must:

    • Disclose this type of editorial assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input
    • Identify any entities that paid for this assistance
    • Confirm that the listed authors have authorized the submission of their manuscript via third party and approved any statements or declarations, e.g. conflicting interests, funding, etc.

    Where appropriate, SAGE reserves the right to deny consideration to manuscripts submitted by a third party rather than by the authors themselves.

    2.3.2 Writing assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    2.4 Funding

    Scandinavian Journal of Public Health requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    It is the policy of Scandinavian Journal of Public Health to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.

    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’. For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here.

    2.6 Research ethics and patient consent

    Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.

    Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.

    For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.

    Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative.

    Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants.

    All research involving animals submitted for publication must be approved by an ethics committee with oversight of the facility in which the studies were conducted. The journal has adopted the Consensus Author Guidelines on Animal Ethics and Welfare for Veterinary Journals published by the International Association of Veterinary Editors.

    2.7 Clinical trials

    Scandinavian Journal of Public Health conforms to the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment as a condition of consideration for publication. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.

    2.8 Reporting guidelines

    The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed CONSORT flow chart as a cited figure and the completed CONSORT checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses should include the completed PRISMA flow chart as a cited figure and the completed PRISMA checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. The EQUATOR wizard can help you identify the appropriate guideline.

    Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives.

    2.9 Data

    SAGE acknowledges the importance of research data availability as an integral part of the research and verification process for academic journal articles.

    Scandinavian Journal of Public Health requests all authors submitting any primary data used in their research articles alongside their article submissions to be published in the online version of the journal, or provide detailed information in their articles on how the data can be obtained. This information should include links to third-party data repositories or detailed contact information for third-party data sources. Data available only on an author-maintained website will need to be loaded onto either the journal’s platform or a third-party platform to ensure continuing accessibility. Examples of data types include but are not limited to statistical data files, replication code, text files, audio files, images, videos, appendices, and additional charts and graphs necessary to understand the original research. The editor may consider limited embargoes on proprietary data. The editorcan also grant exceptions for data that cannot legally or ethically be released. All data submitted should comply with Institutional or Ethical Review Board requirements and applicable government regulations. For further information, please contact the editor at

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    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

    3.1.1 Plagiarism

    Scandinavian Journal of Public Health and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication

    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway.

    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    Scandinavian Journal of Public Health offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

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    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission

    4.1 Formatting

    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article. 

    4.3 Supplementary material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files.

    4.4 Reference style

    Scandinavian Journal of Public Health adheres to the SAGE Vancouver reference style. View the SAGE Vancouver guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    If you use EndNote to manage references, you can download the SAGE Vancouver EndNote output file.

    4.5 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information. 

    4.6 Layout

    Type the manuscript with double-spacing, allowing margins of at least 2.5 cm. Page 1 should bear: a brief but informative title; first name, middle initial, and surname of each author; institution(s) to which the author(s) is/are affiliated; name and address of author responsible for correspondence, and of author to whom requests for offprints should be sent.

    Abstract. Page 2 should carry an abstract of no more than 250 words structured according to Aims, Methods, Results and Conclusions. List up to ten key words below the abstract, using terms from the Medical Subject headings list from Index Medicus whenever possible. Provide a word count for the whole manuscript, excluding the abstract, references, figures and tables. 

    Text. Organise the main text under such suitable headings as Background, Aims, Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgements and References, with figure captions and tables separate. Begin each of the following sections on a new page: title page, abstract, main text, acknowledgements, references, individual tables and list of figure captions. Appendices and footnotes in the text are not allowed.

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    5. Submitting your manuscript

    Scandinavian Journal of Public Health is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created. For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne OnOnline Help.

    5.1 ORCID

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

    The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID iD please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

    5.2 Information required for completing your submission

    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    5.3 Permissions

    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

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    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 SAGE Production

    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly.  Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorising the change.

    6.2 Online First publication

    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be publis​hed online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the SAGE Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

    6.3 Access to your published article

    SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.4 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice. 

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    7. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Scandinavian Journal of Public Health editorial office as follows:

    Assistant Chief Editor: Sigurd Oppegaard

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