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Television & New Media

Television & New Media

eISSN: 15528316 | ISSN: 15274764 | Current volume: 25 | Current issue: 4 Frequency: 8 Times/Year

Television & New Media is an international journal showcasing key intellectual developments in television and new media studies.

The journal focuses on critical and cultural studies approaches to media and their application across social science and humanities disciplines. TVNM is particularly focused on scholarship that addresses the power dynamics of media cultures, industries, networks, and audiences.

Topics of interest include (but are not limited to):
• the past, present, and future of television and the televisual
• critical analysis of genres, programs, and content
• digitalization, digital media, and theories of convergence
• broadcast and post-broadcast technologies, infrastructures, and platforms
• creative, cultural, aesthetic, affective, and digital labor
• transnational media, identity and global culture
• media audiences and fandom
• production and industry studies
• surveillance technologies and cultures
• media policy, ownership, and intellectual property
• social movements, activism, and media power
• citizenship and media
• datafication, gamification and algorithmic governance

Article submissions can address any aspect of television and new media, but should take up questions that point to both the specificities of the object of study and the broader implications of historical conjunctures, cultural formations, political regimes, geopolitics, and/or economic forces.

Recent Special Issues include:
• Genre After Media
• Gender and Sexuality in Live Streaming
• Nationalisms and Racisms on Digital Media
• Contemporary Irish Television
• Digital Politics in Millennial India
• Reactionary Fandom

Questions about submissions can be directed to Laurie Ouellette at

Please direct correspondence regarding book reviews to the editor listed below:

Hollis Griffin
University of Michigan
Department of Communication and Media
North Quad, Room 5370
105 South State Street
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1285

Television & New Media is an international journal devoted to key developments in television and new media studies. The journal focuses on critical and cultural studies approaches to media and their application across social science and humanities disciplines. TVNM is particularly focused on scholarship that addresses the power dynamics of media cultures, industries, networks, and audiences.

Laurie Ouellette University of Minnesota, USA
Managing Editor
Caroline Bayne University of Minnesota, USA
Associate Editors
Aymar Jean Christian Northwestern University, USA
Nick Couldry London School of Economics, UK
Deborah Jaramillo Boston University, USA
Victoria Johnson University of California, Irvine, USA
Vicki Mayer Tulane University, USA
Roopali Mukherjee City University of New York, Queens College, USA
Book Review Editor
Hollis Griffin University of Michigan, USA
Editorial Board
Crystal Abidin Curtin University, Australia
Aubrey Anable Carleton University, Canada
Tim J. Anderson Old Dominion University, USA
Ruoyun Bai University of Toronto, Scarborough, Canada
Sarah Banet-Weiser University of Pennsylvania, USA
Justice N. Bawole University of Ghana Business School, Ghana
Sandra Braman Texas A&M University, USA
Ergin Bulut Koç University, Turkey
Milly Buonanno University of Rome, La Sapienza, Italy
Silvia Pereira de Castro Casa Nova University of São Paulo, Brazil
Paula Chakravartty New York University, USA
Stuart Cunningham Queensland University of Technology, Australia
Lina Dencik Cardiff University, UK
Rachel E. Dubrofsky University of South Florida, USA
Elizabeth Ellcessor University of Virginia, USA
Jorge A. González Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
Nitin Govil University of Southern California, USA
Jonathan Gray University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA
Mary Gray Microsoft Research New England, USA and Indiana University, USA
Tim Gruenewald Hong Kong University, Hong Kong
Nour Halabi University of Leeds, UK
Hannah Hamad Cardiff University, UK
Hunter Hargraves California State University, Fullerton, USA
Amy Hasinoff University of Colorado, Denver, USA
Alison Hearn University of Western Ontario, Canada
Annette Hill Lund University, Sweden
Tanya Horeck Anglia Ruskin University, UK
Aniko Imre University of Southern California, USA
Marina Levina University of Memphis, USA
Elana Levine University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, USA
Tim Markham Birkbeck University of London, UK
Alice Marwick University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
Nick Marx Colorado State University, USA
Guillermo Mastrini University of Buenos Aires, Argentina
Toby Miller Loughborough University in London, England; and Murdoch University, Australia
Sujata Moorti Middlebury College, USA
Diane Negra University College, Dublin, Ireland
Eve Ng Ohio University, USA
Kaarina Nikunen University of Tampere, Finland
Safiya Umoja Noble University of California Los Angeles, USA
Jonathan Corpus Ong University of Massachusetts at Amherst, USA
Tasha Oren Tufts University, USA
Allison Page Old Dominion University, USA
Lisa Parks University of California - Santa Barbara, USA
Aswin Punathambekar University of Pennsylvania, USA
Jack Qiu National University of Singapore, Singapore
Swapnil Rai University of Michigan, USA
Kristina Riegert Stockholm University, Sweden
Bo Ruberg University of California, Irvine, USA
Suzanne Scott University of Texas at Austin, USA
Limor Shifman Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
Shawn Shimpach University of Massachusetts at Amherst, USA
Geng Song The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Jinna Tay National University of Singapore, Singapore
Graeme Turner University of Queensland, Australia
Sahana Udupa Ludwig Maximilians University, Germany
Jose van Dijck University of Utrecht, Netherlands
Patrick Vonderau University of Halle, Germany
Kristen Warner University of Alabama, USA
Helen K. Wood Lancaster Univeristy, UK
Angela Xiao Wu New York University, USA
Audrey Yue National University of Singapore, Singapore
Hannah Zeavin University of California, Berkeley, USA
Jamie J. Zhao City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Jack Bratich Rutgers University, USA
Eva Hageman University of Maryland, USA
Juan Llamas-Rodriquez University of Pennsylvania, USA
  • CAB Abstracts Database
  • CSA Worldwide Political Science Abstracts
  • Clarivate Analytics: Arts & Humanities Citation Index (AHCI)
  • Clarivate Analytics: Current Contents - Arts & Humanities
  • Clarivate Analytics: Current Contents - Social & Behavioral Sciences
  • Clarivate Analytics: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI)
  • ComAbstracts
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  • EBSCO: Communication Abstracts
  • EBSCO: Leadership & Management Source
  • Journal Citation Reports/Social Sciences Edition
  • Leisure, Recreation and Tourism Abstracts (in CAB Abstracts Database)
  • NISC
  • ProQuest: CSA Sociological Abstracts
  • ProQuest: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
  • Professional Development Collection - Ebsco
  • Rural Development Abstracts
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  • All manuscripts are judged on their contributions to the advancement of the study of television and media studies and should follow accepted standards for scholarly work. It is the goal of Television and New Media to send decision and review comments to author(s) within 10 weeks of receipt of the manuscript. Manuscripts are considered for publication if they have not been published or accepted for publication elsewhere and have not been concurrently submitted elsewhere.

    Send submissions electronically through SAGE Track at by creating an account and logging in using your User Name and Password

    Questions about submissions can be directed to editor Laurie Ouellette at

    Submission Requirements:

    1. Submission documents must remain anonymous. (These should not contain author’s/authors’ name in file name.)

    2. Submissions may include a cover letter (not mandatory unless part of a special issue).

    3. A title page must be sent as a separate document and must include, in the following order:

    a. All authors’ names, academic affiliations, and e-mail addresses;

    b. Corresponding author’s address, phone numbers (work and home), fax number, vacations or other dates when he or she might be unavailable and addresses and phone numbers for those dates, and any other pertinent contact information, if different than above;

    c. Author biography/ies, which should be no more than 70 words in length regardless whether the article is singly or jointly authored;

    d. Essay abstract, which should be a maximum of 150 words in length;

    e. A list of six keywords, for online searches.

    4. Submissions must be sent as an electronic Word (.doc) file; PDFs are not accepted.

    5. Text in the main body, as well as in endnotes, references, and block in-text quotes, must be double-spaced throughout.

    6. Submissions must be kept at a maximum of 7500 words, which includes the abstract, main text, references, endnotes, and tables. If submissions exceed this limit, a justification must be provided in the cover letter.

    7. The same font type and size must be maintained throughout the document. This includes in-text block quotations, references, and endnotes.

    8. Any references to the author’s/authors’ name/work must be replaced with “Author.” Acknowledgements should not be included at the time of submission (but can be after manuscript acceptance).

    9. Endnotes are grouped on a separate page after the references, at the end of the main document; do not use footnotes. Endnotes must be identified with superscript Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3…) in the text; do not bold, italicize, or bracket numbers.

    10. All in-text citations are represented in the reference list; all references should have a corresponding citation in-text.

    11. Authors must follow the Author-Date referencing format outlined in the most recent edition of the Chicago Manual of Style. A quick reference is available at

    12. Artwork submission guidelines must be met both in image quality and in terms of best practices for fair use. Artwork is high resolution (3MB or 300 dpi), publishable in black and white, and is submitted as separate JPG, JPEG, TIFF, or EPS documents, with a call-out in the main document for suggested location. Captions address the analytic value of the image to the author(s)’ argument.

    13. Tables should be formatted in table form with separate cell divisions and rows, and are double-spaced throughout. Tables are listed at the end of the Main Document, with callouts in the text, and are attached as separate documents. Tables must be editable; therefore, PDFs are not accepted. Please submit tables as Word (.doc) files.

    14. Electronic figures must be high resolution (3MB or 300 dpi) and publishable in black and white; they appear exactly as they should in the journal. Figures are listed at the end of the electronic article file, with callouts in the text, and are attached as separate JPG, JPEG, TIFF or EPS documents. PDFs are not accepted.

    15. Written, signed permission for copyrighted material (i.e. artwork) must be obtained where necessary per guidelines.

    TVNM Reference Style:

    (Source: The Chicago Manual of Style)

    Journal article

    Blair, Walter. 1977. “Americanized Comic Braggarts.” Critical Inquiry 4 (2): 331-49.

    In text: (Blair 1977, 331-32)

    Journal consulted online

    Novak, William J. 2008. “The Myth of the ‘Weak’ American State.” American Historical Review 113: 752-72. doi:10.1086/ahr.113.3.752.

    In text: (Novak 2008, 758)


    Pollan, Michael. 2006. The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals. New York: Penguin.

    In text: (Pollan 2006, 99–100)

    Chapter or other part of a book

    Kelly, John D. 2010. “Seeing Red: Mao Fetishism, Pax Americana, and the Moral Economy of War.” In Anthropology and Global Counterinsurgency, edited by John D. Kelly, Beatrice Jauregui, Sean T. Mitchell, and Jeremy Walton, 67–83. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    In text: (Kelly 2010, 77)

    Editor, translator, or compiler instead of author

    Lattimore, Richmond, trans. 1951. The Iliad of Homer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    In text: (Lattimore 1951, 91–92)

    Thesis or dissertation

    Choi, Mihwa. 2008. “Contesting Imaginaires in Death Rituals during the Northern Song Dynasty.” PhD diss., University of Chicago.
    In text: (Choi 2008)

    Paper presented at a meeting or conference

    Adelman, Rachel. 2009. “ ‘Such Stuff as Dreams Are Made On’: God’s Footstool in the Aramaic Targumim and Midrashic Tradition.” Paper presented at the annual meeting for the Society of Biblical Literature, New Orleans, Louisiana, November 21–24.

    In text: (Adelman 2009)

    Google. 2009. “Google Privacy Policy.” Last modified March 11.
    In text: (Google 2009)

    McDonald’s Corporation. 2008. “McDonald’s Happy Meal Toy Safety Facts.” Accessed July 19.
    In text: (McDonald’s 2008)


    Movie title. Directed by John Smith. 1992. Culver City, CA: MGM/UA Home Video. DVD.

    In text: (Movie title 1992)

    TV series

    TV show name. 1992-1996. Broadcast studio. Produced by John R. Smith. Culver City, CA.

    In text: (TV Show name 1992-1996)

    TV episode

    TV show name. Episode no. 153, first broadcast 16 November 2000 by NBC. Directed by John R. Smith and written by Sophia Jones.

    In text: (TV Show name 2000, episode no. 153)

    Newspaper article

    Mendelsohn, Daniel. 2010. “But Enough about Me.” New Yorker, January 25.

    In text: (Mendelsohn 2010, 68)

    Interview (published and/or broadcast)

    Bundy, McGeorge. 1990. Interviewed by Robert MacNeil, In News Hour, PBS, February 7.

    In text: (Bundy 1990)

    Interview (unpublished and/or unbroadcast)

    Smith, John. R. 1973. Interview by author, 26 July. Tape recording. Millington, MD.

    In text: (Smith 1973)

    Other Reminders:

    1. Use the form of authors’ names as they appear on the title page or at the head of an article or chapter. First names may be given in full in place of initials.

    2. In-text citations of specific pages should follow publication date and comma (2001, 5; 2009, 17, 32; 2010, 764-765).

    3. In-text citations with multiple references should be in alphabetical (not chronological) order, and separated by semicolons. For example: Smith 1996; Zilman 1994, 34.

    4. For in-text citations, list only the first author followed by “et al.” For more than three authors (or in some science publications, more than two), only the name of the first author is used, followed by "et al." [e.g., (Sechzer et al. 1996, 243)]. Note that et al. is not italicized in in-text citations. In references, list up to 10 authors; if more, list the first seven followed by "et al.”

    5. For references with two authors, use “and”, rather than “&” (e.g., Smith and Johnson 2009).

    6. Publication dates are not in brackets and come after the author names.

    7. Endnotes in tables can be, (1) source notes (e.g., Sources: Data from Adams 1998) or, (2) explanations and definition such as UV = ultraviolet. In table text, superscript notes as 1, 2, 3. Do not superscript numbers in notes section.

    8. Spell out numbers one to ninety-nine; spell out rounded numbers after one hundred. Spell out centuries (e.g., twentieth century); spell out percent.

    9. Hyphenate written-out fractions (e.g., one-third of the participants).


    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process Sage is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

    The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID iD please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.


    SAGE Artwork Submission Guidelines:

    Artwork includes charts and graphs, maps, photographs, line art, and tables with 17 or more columns.

    Electronic Art

    Acceptable submissions include the following:

    TIFF, EPS, JPEG, and PDF. Use the following checklist to ensure proper submission of artwork:

    Resolution: Images should be supplied with a resolution of at least 300 dpi.

    Color: Please note that color images will be published in color online and black and white in print (unless otherwise arranged). Therefore, it is important that you supply images that are legible in black and white as well (i.e., by using color with a distinctive pattern or dotted lines). The captions should reflect this by not using words indicating color.

    Dimension: Check that the artwork supplied matches or exceeds the dimensions of the journal. Images cannot be scaled up after origination.

    Fonts: The lettering used in the artwork should not vary too much in size and type (usually sans serif font as a default).

    Word Files (Word, Excel, PowerPoint)

    Microsoft Office is essentially a family of applications that can be used to produce a variety of document types, including written documents, spreadsheets, presentations, and databases.

    Microsoft Application Files are acceptable for vector art (line art).

    Although we prefer artwork files in TIFF, EPS or PDF formats, we are also aware that a number of authors already (for convenience) submit their artwork in Microsoft Office formats; therefore, we will continue to support these submission types now and in the future. Use the following checklist to ensure proper submission of artwork in Word files:

    Dimension: Once you have imported/inserted an image into a Microsoft Office application, do not change its size

    Fonts: Please use only standard fonts, i.e., Arial, Courier, Helvetica, Symbol, Times.

    Scanned Images

    Line Art (black and white) should be scanned as a bitmap at 900ppi and photos should be scanned as a grayscale or CMYK at 300ppi.

    Helpful Hints

    • Sage Journals Production has prepared a separate “Artwork Submission Guidelines” form to answer this question. For this form, go to Resources for Journal Editors/Authors at
    • If applicable, charges for color figures are $800 for the first color figure and $200 for each additional color figure.
    • Images are best submitted separately from the text document. Embedding image files in Word or similar programs automatically reduces the resolution below what is needed for quality print publication.
    • Did you know that you can confirm that your artwork is print-ready? Sheridan Press, one of SAGE’s printers, preflights artwork for authors for free. We encourage you to take advantage of this service, DigitalExpert, at There you can upload your artwork and Sheridan will send you an e-mail letting you know if your artwork is ready for press. The service is free and only requires you to sign on and give them an e-mail address where they can reach you.

    Authors who would like to refine the use of English in their manuscripts might consider using the services of a professional English-language editing company. We highlight some of these companies at

    Please be aware that SAGE has no affiliation with these companies and makes no endorsement of them. An author's use of these services in no way guarantees that his or her submission will ultimately be accepted. Any arrangement an author enters into will be exclusively between the author and the particular company, and any costs incurred are the sole responsibility of the author.


    For more information, please refer to the SAGE Manuscript Submission Guidelines.

    SAGE Choice

    If you or your funder wishes your article to be freely available online to nonsubscribers immediately upon publication (gold open access), you can opt for it to be included in SAGE Choice, subject to the payment of a publication fee. The manuscript submission and peer review procedure is unchanged. On acceptance of your article, you will be asked to let SAGE know directly if you are choosing SAGE Choice. To check journal eligibility and the publication fee, please visit SAGE Choice. For more information on open access options and compliance at SAGE, including self/author archiving deposits (green open access) visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

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