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Law and Society
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Law and Society

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September 2014 | 592 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Law and Society offers a contemporary yet concise description of the structure and function of legal institutions, along with a lively discussion of both criminal and civil law, as well as basic legal doctrine. Unlike comparable books on law and society available today, Matthew Lippman takes an interdisciplinary approach to integrate distinctive coverage of diversity, inequality, and globalism through an organized theme in a strong narrative. This practical and invigorating text provides readers with a better understanding of the connection between law and society and the impact recent literature on crime, justice, international human rights, and law has had to promote that connection.

 
Preface
 
CHAPTER 1: AN INTRODUCTION TO LAW AND SOCIETY
An Introduction to Law and Society

 
Definitions of Law

 
Norms, Mores, and Folkways

 
Approaches to Defining Law

 
Summary of Definitions of Law

 
Families of Law

 
The Common Law

 
The Civil Law Tradition

 
The Socialist Legal Tradition

 
The Islamic Legal Tradition

 
International Law

 
The Functions of Law

 
Dispute Resolution

 
Social Change

 
The Disfunctions of Law

 
The Study of Law

 
The Study of Legal Doctrine

 
The Study of Jurisprudence

 
Law and Society

 
Two Perspectives on Law and Society

 
A Consensus Perspective

 
A Conflict Perspective

 
 
CHAPTER 2: THEORIES OF LAW AND JUSTICE
Legal Systems

 
Natural Law

 
Legal Positivism

 
Utilitarianism

 
The Categorical Imperative

 
Historical School

 
Classical Sociological Theorists

 
Legal Realism

 
Sociological Jurisprudence

 
Functionalism

 
Legal Behavioralism

 
Libertarianism

 
Critical Legal Studies

 
Critical Race Theory

 
Feminist Jurisprudence

 
 
CHAPTER 3: THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF COURTS, LEGISLATURES, AND ADMINISTRATIVE AGENCIES
Courts and Conflict Resolution

 
The Development of Federal Courts

 
The Structure of the Judicial System

 
Judicial Gatekeeping

 
The Jurisdiction of Federal Courts

 
Federal District Courts’

 
Federal Courts of Appeal

 
The U.S. Supreme Court

 
The Background of Supreme Court Judges

 
Judicial Review

 
The Supreme Court and Congress

 
The Organization of State Courts

 
State Courts of Limited Jurisdiction

 
State Courts of General Jurisdiction

 
State Appellate Courts

 
State Supreme Courts

 
State Judicial Selection

 
How Judges Decide Disputes

 
Legislation

 
The Constitutional Role of the Legislature

 
The Function of the Legislature

 
Interest Groups and Lobbyists

 
Administrative Agencies

 
The Legal Basis of Administrative Agencies

 
Controlling Administrative Decision-Making

 
Administrative Agencies and Regulated Industries

 
Administrative Regulation of Sexual Harassment on Campus

 
Law Enforcement

 
A Profile of the Police

 
State and Local Police

 
Federal Law Enforcement

 
Private Security

 
International Perspective: The United Nations System

 
 
CHAPTER 4: THE LEGAL PROFESSION
Perspectives on the Legal Profession

 
The Historical Development of the English Legal Profession

 
The Growth of the American Legal Profession

 
The Early Years

 
The Middle Years

 
The Contemporary Legal Profession

 
The American Bar Association

 
The Contemporary Legal Profession

 
Solo Practitioners and Small Firm Lawyers

 
Large Corporate Law Firms

 
Government Lawyers

 
In-House Corporate Counsel

 
Women Lawyers

 
African-American Lawyers

 
Professional Satisfaction

 
International Perspective on the Legal Profession in China

 
 
CHAPTER 5: LAW SCHOOLS, ACCESS TO JUSTICE, AND LEGAL ETHICS
Admission to Law School

 
The Law School Experience

 
Admission to the Bar

 
Lawyers, Clients, and Access to Justice

 
Advertising

 
Contingent Fee

 
Legal Service Plans

 
Meeting the Legal Needs of the Poor

 
Pro Bono

 
Cause Lawyers

 
Self-Representation

 
Ethics Complaints

 
International Perspective on Legal Education

 
 
CHAPTER 6: DISPUTE RESOLUTION
Stages of Disputing

 
Methods of Dispute Resolution

 
Preconditions for Adjudication

 
Social Influences on Disputing

 
American Attitudes Towards the Law

 
The Debate Over Litigation in America

 
Alternative Dispute Resolution

 
A History of Alternative Dispute Resolution

 
International Perspective: Gacaca Courts in Rwanda

 
 
CHAPTER 7: CRIMINAL COURTS
The Adversarial Trial

 
Crime Control and Due Process

 
Defense Attorneys

 
Indigent Defense

 
Prosecutor

 
Prosecutors and The Dismissal Of Cases

 
The Grand Jury

 
Plea Bargaining

 
The Development of Plea Bargaining

 
Working Groups

 
The Mutuality of Advantage in Plea Bargaining

 
International Perspective Inquisitorial Legal Systems

 
 
CHAPTER 8: JURIES
The Jury in Criminal Cases

 
The Development of The American Jury

 
Jury Decision-Making

 
Judges and Juries

 
Jury Nullification

 
Jury Selection

 
Social Science and Jury Selection

 
The Jury and The Death Penalty

 
Sentencing

 
Types of Sentences

 
Factors in Sentencing

 
Sentencing Reform and Three Strikes Laws

 
Wrongful convictions

 
International Perspective The International Criminal Court

 
 
CHAPTER 9: LAW AND SOCIAL CONTROL
Informal and Formal Social Control

 
Legal Controls

 
Criminal Penalties

 
Deterrence

 
Requirements for Deterrence

 
General Deterrence

 
Evaluating General Deterrence

 
Types of Crime and Genera Deterrence

 
Specific Deterrence

 
The Ethics of Deterrence

 
Capital Punishment

 
Executions

 
The Application of the Death Penalty

 
Public Opinion and the Death Penalty

 
The Debate Over Capital Punishment

 
Capital Punishment and Deterrence

 
International Perspectives on Capital Punishment

 
Victimless Crimes

 
Prostitution

 
Gambling

 
White Collar Crime

 
International Perspective: Genocide

 
 
CHAPTER 10: THE IMPACT OF LAW ON SOCIETY
The Impact of Society on the Law

 
Law as the Cause of Social Change

 
Compliance, Rejection and Evasion of the Law

 
Courts and Social Change

 
School Integration

 
Abortion

 
Same-Sex Marriage

 
The Impact of Law on Criminal Justice

 
Interrogations and Confessions

 
Prison Reform

 
Law and Social Movements

 
Civil Disobedience and Social Change

 
The International Law of Human Rights

 
FGM and the Implementation of International Human Rights

 
 
CHAPTER 11: LAW AND RACIAL AND ETHNIC INEQUALITY
Critical Race Theory

 
Driving While Black (DWB) and Racial Profiling

 
Race and Stand Your Ground Laws

 
Race and the War on Drugs

 
Mass Incarceration and Crack Cocaine

 
Race and Crack Cocaine

 
Hate Crimes

 
The Color of Immigration Law

 
The Cultural Defense

 
International Perspective: Global Sex Trafficking

 
 
CHAPTER 12: INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS AND INTERNATIONAL CRIME
The Evolution of the International Law of Human Rights

 
The United Nations and Human Rights

 
The United Nations Human Rights System

 
Domestic Enforcement of International Human Rights

 
Conflicting Perspectives on International Human Rights

 
Domestic Courts and Human Rights

 
U.S. Congressional Statutes on International Human Rights

 
Child Soldiers and the Humanitarian Law of War

 
Corporations and Human Rights

 
Drones and Counter-Terrorism

 
Torture and Crimes Against Humanity

 
The United States and Enhanced Interrogation

 
 
CHAPTER 13: PRIVACY AND SURVEILLANCE
Does Privacy Matter

 
A Brief History of The Law of Privacy

 
The Law of Privacy

 
Intimate Relationships

 
Reproductive Rights

 
Personal Information

 
Searches and Seizures

 
Statutory Protections

 
The Constitutional Right To Privacy

 
The Panopticon Society

 
Governmental Surveillance

 
Private Sector On-Line Data Collection

 
Identity Theft

 
Cybercrime

 
A Digital Constitution

 
Drug Testing

 
DNA

 
Fingerprints and Biometric Identification

 
International Perspective: Internet Surveillance

 
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Index
 
About the Author

Supplements

Instructor Resource Site

 Password-protected Instructor Resources include the following:

  • A Microsoft® Word® test bank is available containing multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter. The test bank provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • A Respondus electronic test bank is available and can be used on PCs. The test bank contains multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter and provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding. Respondus is also compatible with many popular learning management systems so you can easily get your test questions into your online course.
  • Editable, chapter-specific Microsoft® PowerPoint® slides offer you complete flexibility in easily creating a multimedia presentation for your course. Highlight essential content, features, and artwork from the book.
  • Lecture notes summarize key concepts on a chapter-by-chapter basis to help with preparation for lectures and class discussions.
  • Sample course syllabi for semester and quarter courses provide suggested models for use when creating the syllabi for your courses.
  • Complete answers to all “You Decide” boxes within the text.
  • Each chapter includes author podcast links that cover the important topics within the text.
  • Carefully selected, video links feature relevant interviews, lectures, personal stories, inquiries, and other content for use in independent or classroom-based explorations of key topics.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to certain full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected for each chapter. Each article supports and expands on the concepts presented in the chapter. This feature also provides questions to focus and guide student interpretation. Combine cutting-edge academic journal scholarship with the topics in your course for a robust classroom experience.
  • Student Study Site

     The open-access Student Study Site includes the following:

    • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards reinforce understanding of key terms and concepts that have been outlined in the chapters.
    • Mobile-friendly web quizzes allow for independent assessment of progress made in learning course material.
    • Each chapter includes author podcast links that cover the important topics within the text.
    • Carefully selected, video links feature relevant interviews, lectures, personal stories, inquiries, and other content for use in independent or classroom-based explorations of key topics.
    • EXCLUSIVE! Access to certain full-text SAGE journal articles have been carefully selected for each chapter. Each article supports and expands on the concepts presented in the chapter. This feature also provides questions to focus and guide your interpretation.

    A good read but not instrumental to our course

    Ms Lorna Harris
    Hillsborough College, Sheffield College
    September 5, 2016

    The content is relevant to the course objectives

    Mr Andrew Hicks
    Faculty of Social Sciences/Department of Sociology, University of Guyana
    October 21, 2015
    Key features

    KEY FEATURES:

    • An interdisciplinary approach integrates various intellectual perspectives and traditions to provide extensive coverage of the legal profession, juries, criminal courts, and racial and ethnic inequality.
    • The important area of gender is covered throughout the text, and particular attention is devoted to abortion, human trafficking, the global exploitation, and sexual abuse of women, as well as the role of women in the justice system.
    • A distinction between legal myth and “reality” is analyzed throughout the text using contemporary media examples.
    • International Perspective sections offer relevant cross-cultural and international studies to provide students with a unique global viewpoint.
    • Test Your Knowledge questions open chapters to show students what they may and may not know prior to reading the chapters.
    • You Decide cases are presented throughout the book to sharpen critical thinking skills by applying the chapter contents to contemporary issues.
    • A comprehensive Student Study Site in an easy-to-use learning environment offers additional study tools, including mobile-friendly eFlashcards and Web quizzes as well as links to SAGE journal articles,  video and audio links, hyperlinks for Law and Society on the Web, and other tools to help students accomplish their coursework goals. 

    Sample Materials & Chapters

    Chapter 1


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