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Making Diplomacy Work

Making Diplomacy Work
Intelligent Innovation for the Modern World

A must-have volume for any student of diplomacy.

February 2015 | 416 pages | CQ Press
Making Diplomacy Work: Intelligent Innovation for the Modern World is a critical and comprehensive survey of how diplomacy works. While most discussions of diplomatic reform stop short of proposing concrete ideas to make diplomacy work better, this text suggests doable initiatives that could make diplomacy more versatile, more attuned to modern realities, and more capable of confronting the shared problems that no state can solve on its own. It takes a fresh look at the practice of diplomacy, sets its achievements and failures in a contemporary context, and analyzes the major factors that have changed the way it is conducted.  The book is built on the premise that diplomacy must adapt some of its ritualistic and stale procedures to become more effective in the modern world, given the growing number of international actors, the expansion of global non-governmental organizations, and the continuing communications and information revolution. Providing a thorough examination of current issues from a diplomatic perspective, it offers an extensive array of real-world examples and case studies, including the United Nations during the Iraq crises, the efforts to ”state-build” in Afghanistan, and the public diplomacy results of the Shanghai World Expo 2010. Paul Webster Hare brings decades of diplomatic experience to this title; it is a must-have volume for any student of diplomacy.

About the Author
Chapter 1: Diplomacy in History
The Building Blocks of Modern Diplomacy  
Diplomacy and Collective Action  
Revolutions, Wars, and the Changing World  
States and Leaders Decline  
Diplomacy and Foreign Policy  
Suggestions for Further Reading  
Chapter 2: Who Are the Diplomats and How Do They Operate?
The Evolution of the Diplomatic Cadre  
The Use of Intelligence  
Professionals or Politicians?  
Diplomatic Privileges and Immunities  
The VCDR and VCCR  
What Is Changing In Diplomats’ Behavior?  
Diplomatic Asylum  
Case Studies  
… And Personally  
Suggestions for Further Reading  
Chapter 3: The Institutions of Bilateral Diplomacy – Precedence, Protocol, Ministries, Embassies
The Modern Ministries of Foreign Affairs  
Examples of Ministries of Foreign Affairs in Action  
Roles of Embassies and Consulates  
Embassies Losing Their Grip?  
How Are Embassies Staffed?  
New and Old Tasks  
The Future of Diplomatic Missions  
Case Studies – How Embassies Operate  
Nevertheless Useful  
Suggestions for Further Reading  
Chapter 4: The Institutions of Multilateral Diplomacy
The United Nations  
The Charter of the United Nations  
The Organs of the UN  
The Security Council  
International Court Of Justice  
The UN Secretariat  
Diplomats and the UN  
The UN’s Development  
Different Worlds: Different UN  
Case Studies: The Charter And The UNSCR: The Iraq Crises of 1990-2001 and 2003  
Following Diplomatic and Military Success: New Tasks  
UNSCOM and UNMOVIC Success  
Suggestions for Further Reading  
Chapter 5: Regional Diplomacy and the Gs. The Rise of Summitry
The Non-Aligned Movement  
The European Union  
Special Competencies  
The EU and Domestic Policies  
The EU Institutions: A Modern Crisis of Supranational Diplomacy?  
Is Accountability a Part of the EU?  
The EU’s Success in Diplomacy  
The EU as a Diplomatic Service  
The EU Case Studies  
The EU Case Studies  
The African Union  
Latin America  
Other Regions  
Other Groups  
Summits and the Gs  
Innovation from Groups  
Issue Groups  
Suggestions for Further Reading  
Chapter 6: Negotiations
Framing an Issue  
The Raw Material of Diplomatic Negotiations  
Elements Required For Success: Pre-Negotiations  
Strategy and Progress  
Case Study: The INF Negotiation 1980-1987  
Continuous Negotiation  
Case Study: Negotiation in Cuba  
Suggestions for Further Reading  
Chapter 7: Public Diplomacy
Public Diplomacy in the Past  
Public Diplomacy for Today’s World  
Effective Public Diplomacy  
Public Diplomacy in Practice  
Conclusions and Case Studies  
Unlimited Ideas  
Suggestions for Further Reading  
Chapter 8: Public Goods: Treaties and International Law
Laws, Rules, and Diplomacy  
War and Its Rules  
The United Nations  
Human Rights  
Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons  
Climate Change  
World Trade/World Finance  
Diplomacy and Law: The Problem of Enforcement and Implementation  
Suggestions for Further Reading  
Chapter 9: The New Diplomatic Agenda: The Challenges for Diplomatic Reform
Why Reform?  
Diplomatic Priorities  
The New Agenda – Corruption  
Decline of Sovereign States  
The New Agenda? Diplomacy Steps Up  
Diplomatic Reform  
Sovereign Wealth Funds  
Development Assistance in the Diplomatic Agenda  
Case Study of the New Agenda – Nation Building in Afghanistan  
Suggestions for Further Reading  
Chapter 10: The Non-State Actors: Global Citizens and Global Diplomacy
The Globalization of Identity – The International Community?  
The Non-State Actors  
Global Citizens?  
States and Non-States in Diplomacy  
Beyond States – The Non-State Advantage?  
The Battle Of Ideas – States v. Non-States?  
Common Need: Common Reform  
Case Study – Haiti and the Earthquake – State and Non-State, The Republic Of NGOs, The Alms  
Haiti and Rwanda  
Suggestions for Further Reading  
Chapter 11: The Continuing Information and Communication Revolution – Awaiting the Response of Diplomacy
The ICR and E-Diplomacy  
International Chatter  
The ICR and A Shrinking World  
Diplomacy and the Apps  
Oh – And What about Radio and Television?  
Global Governance of the ICR  
The Positives and Negatives For Diplomacy – Communications Unlocks Potential And Produces  
New Weapons  
Communications: It’s A Small World: The Global Whistle Blower and Global Activism  
Suggestions for Further Reading  
Chapter 12: Diplomacy in 2025
Diplomacy in 1945  
The Reassertion of Diplomacy  
Diplomacy Still Valid for 2025  
Looking At the Future – The Issue of Stovepipes  
Complex Issues or Inadequate Diplomacy?  
The Forums for Discussion  
Permanent Crises  
Future Crises  
Intelligent, Versatile, Resourceful: The Diplomat In 2025  
Suggestions for Further Reading  
Chapter 13: Diplomacy for the Ages
15 Ideas to Raise Diplomacy’s Batting Average  
Final Thoughts  

"A superb and compelling treatment of diplomacy's evolution as a dynamic institution. Hare provides an unvarnished look at diplomacy's continued relevance as well as its severe challenges in a world populated by diverse actors, including governments, companies, and NGOs. An essential primer for anyone entering this ancient and noble profession."

Dr. Parag Khanna
author, How to Run the World: Charting a Course to the Next Renaissance

Making Diplomacy Work is extremely comprehensive; it is clearly written by someone who has direct first-person experience in the practice of diplomacy. It covers territory that I have not seen in other textbooks. This is a welcomed addition to the textbook landscape.”

Marcus Holmes
Fordham University – Rose Hill

“The case studies are excellent and add a great deal to the book. The author's discussions about his own experience as a diplomat are also quite interesting. The author is clearly an accomplished expert in his field.”

Aaron Zack
CUNY Baruch College
Key features


  • A thorough survey of the diplomatic practice provides complete course material for undergraduate and graduate study, including numerous contemporary examples and suggestions for further reading
  • Inspires students to make a critical appraisal of all aspects of diplomacy and to explore avenues that could make diplomacy more productive for the modern world
  • Real-world case studies show diplomacy at work
  • A chapter devoted to public diplomacy, which targets average residents of foreign nations, explains its necessity and the ways it is accomplished
  • Includes an evaluation of the impact and growing presence of new technologies in modern diplomacy
  • Final chapters look to the future of diplomacy, with the author’s suggestions for improvement, including “15 Steps to Raise Diplomacy's Batting Average”

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 2

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