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Methods in Psychological Research
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Methods in Psychological Research

Fourth Edition


August 2018 | 400 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Methods in Psychological Research introduces students to the rich world of research in psychology through student friendly writing, compelling real-world examples, and frequent opportunities for practice. Using a relaxed yet supportive tone that eases student anxiety, the authors present a mixture of conceptual and practical discussions, and spark reader interest in research by covering meaningful topics that resonate with today’s students. In-text features like Conceptual Exercises, FYI sections, and FAQ sections with accompanying visual cues support learning throughout the research experience. The Fourth Edition equips students with the tools they need to understand research concepts, conduct their own experiments, and present their findings.


 
Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Authors
 
About the Contributors
 
1. Introduction to Research in Psychology
Objectives  
Acquiring Knowledge About the World  
Psychology—Science and Art  
Critical Thinking  
Objectives of Science  
The Tenets of Science  
The Scientific Method  
Theories, Concepts, and Hypotheses  
Why We Do Research  
Approaches to Research  
Steps in Planning and Doing Research  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
 
2. Understanding the Research Literature
Objectives  
Searching the Literature  
The Research Article  
Basic Statistical Procedures  
More Complex Statistical Procedures  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
 
3. Research in Psychology: An Ethical Enterprise
Objectives  
Are Ethical Codes Necessary?  
General Principles  
Ethical Standards  
Special Populations  
Internet Research  
Bias and Intellectual Honesty  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
 
4. Hypothesis Testing, Power, and Control: A Review of the Basics
Objectives  
Three Levels of Hypotheses  
Testing the Null Hypothesis  
Statistical Significance  
Inferential Errors: Type I and Type II  
Power and How to Increase It  
Effect Size  
The Role of Replication in Research  
External and Internal Validity  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
 
5. Measuring Variables
Objectives  
Ways of Asking Questions  
Social Desirability and Response Set  
Measuring Observed Behavior  
The Importance of Precision in Measurement  
Tests, Scales, and Inventories  
Commercially Available Tests and Inventories  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
 
6. Selecting Research Participants
Objectives  
Sampling Methods  
Recruitment  
Sample and Effect Size  
Power Revisited  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
 
7. Experimental Design: Independent-Groups Designs
Objectives  
Why We Do Experiments  
How We Do Experiments: Independent-Groups Designs  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
 
8. Experimental Design: Dependent-Groups and Mixed-Groups Designs
Objectives  
Dependent-Groups Designs  
Mixed Designs  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
 
9. Experimental Design: Single-Participant Designs/The Operant Approach
Objectives  
Single-Participant Design and the Experimental Analysis of Behavior  
Concepts in the Experimental Analysis of Behavior  
ABA and ABAB Withdrawal Designs  
Multiple-Baseline Design  
Alternating-Treatment Design  
Changing-Criterion Design  
Advantages and Disadvantages of Single-Participant Designs  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
 
10. Nonexperimental Research: Finding Relationships Among Variables
Objectives  
Quasi-Experiments  
Longitudinal Research  
Cross-Sectional Research  
Case Studies  
Correlational Research  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
 
11. Data Collection Methods
Objectives  
Observational Research: Observing the Behavior of Individuals  
Advantages and Disadvantages of Observational Research  
Survey Research: Asking People Questions About Their Behavior  
Observing Group Behavior: The Focus Group  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
 
12. Program Evaluation, Archival Research, and Meta-Analytic Designs
Objectives  
Program Evaluation  
Archival Research  
Meta-Analysis  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
 
13. Your Research Project: Analyzing, Interpreting, and Presenting Your Research
Objectives  
What Are Statistics and Why Are They Necessary?  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
 
14. Communicating in Psychology
Objectives  
Writing in Psychology  
Presenting Research in Writing  
Other Ways of Presenting Research  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Index
Key features
NEW TO THIS EDITION:
  • Coverage of new content includes experimental designs and nonexperimental research, Google Scholar, the replication crisis, recruitment of research participants, and anonymity in data collection.
  • New compelling examples include research from the field’s literature and real student research projects.
  • Updated learning objectives at the beginning of chapters reflect refreshed chapter content.

KEY FEATURES:
  • Conceptual exercises ask students to reflect on the material they have just read to build critical thinking skills. Suggested answers to conceptual exercises appear at the end of each chapter.
  • FAQ sections compile questions most often asked by students in their own words along with accompanying answers.
  • A refresher chapter on basic introductory statistics offer instructors flexibility to skip the chapter or cover it in their course depending on whether students are expected to conduct or propose a research project.
  • Chapter summaries, chapter exercises, and chapter projects allow readers to easily review, engage in, and master course content.



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