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Qualitative Research
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Qualitative Research
Analyzing Life

First Edition
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January 2017 | 472 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Qualitative Research: Analyzing Life presents a fresh approach to teaching and learning qualitative methods for social inquiry—one that focuses on analysis from the very beginning of the text. By exploring qualitative research through a unique analytic lens, then cumulatively elaborating on methods in each successive chapter, this innovative work cultivates a skill set and literacy base that prepares readers to work strategically with empirical materials in their own fieldwork. Renowned authors Johnny Saldaña and Matt Omasta combine clear, accessible writing and analytic insight to show that analysis, in its broadest sense, is a process undertaken throughout the entire research experience.

 
List of Displays
 
Preface
The Organization and Through-Line of the Book

 
The Coauthors’ Approach

 
To the Instructor

 
 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Authors
 
PART I—ANALYZING QUALITATIVE DATA
 
Chapter 1—Introduction: Analyzing Life
Introduction

 
Developing Fundamental Qualitative Analytic Skills

 
On Qualitative Data Analysis—and Life

 
Closure and Transition

 
Resources for an Introduction to Qualitative Analysis

 
Analytic Exercises

 
Sample Data for Analysis

 
 
Chapter 2—Analyzing Field Sites
Introduction

 
On Culture

 
Observation Settings

 
The Observer’s Frames

 
Field Notes

 
Technical Matters of Fieldwork and Field Notes

 
Analyzing Observations of Social Life

 
Closure and Transition

 
Resources for Participant Observation

 
Analytic Exercises for Participant Observation

 
Sample Field Notes for Analysis

 
 
Chapter 3—Analyzing Documents, Artifacts, and Visual Materials
Introduction

 
On Values, Attitudes, and Beliefs

 
Analyzing Manifest and Latent Contents

 
The Materials and Meanings of Human Production

 
Analyzing Documents

 
Analyzing Artifacts

 
Analyzing Visual Materials

 
The Routines, Rituals, Rules, Roles, and Relationships in Documents, Artifacts, and Visual Materials

 
Closure and Transition

 
Resources for Analyzing Documents, Artifacts, and Visual Materials

 
Analytic Exercises for Documents, Artifacts, and Visual Materials

 
Sample Photograph

 
 
Chapter 4—Analyzing Interviews: Preparing, Conducting, and Transcribing
Introduction

 
Types of Interviews

 
Participant Selection

 
Interview Preparation, Scheduling, and Arrangements

 
Asking Questions

 
Transcribing

 
Closure and Transition

 
Analytic Exercises for Interviewing

 
 
Chapter 5—Analyzing Interviews: Condensing and Coding
Introduction

 
Interview Condensation

 
Analyzing Interviews Through Codes and Coding

 
Closure and Transition

 
Resources for Interviewing

 
Analytic Exercises for Interviewing

 
Sample Interview Transcript

 
 
PART II—ANALYZING THE FRAMEWORK
 
Chapter 6—Analyzing Qualitative Methodologies
Introduction

 
Theoretical Premises of Qualitative Research

 
A Rationale for Qualitative Research

 
Selected Methodologies of Qualitative Research and Analysis

 
Mixed Methods

 
On Genres

 
Closure and Transition

 
Resources for Analyzing Qualitative Research Methodologies

 
Analytic Exercises for Qualitative Research Methodologies

 
Appendix Readings

 
 
Chapter 7—Analyzing Qualitative Research Design
Introduction

 
Researching and Analyzing the Topic

 
Analyzing the Literature

 
Research Questions

 
Site Selection

 
Participant Selection

 
Data Collection Methods

 
Data Analysis Methods

 
Presentation Modes

 
Timeline Design

 
Conceptual Frameworks

 
Closure and Transition

 
Resources for Analyzing Qualitative Research Design

 
Analytic Exercises for Qualitative Research Design

 
Outline for a Qualitative Research Proposal

 
 
Chapter 8—Analyzing Research Ethics
Introduction

 
The Rules of Research

 
Institutional Review Boards

 
Researcher and Participant Relationships

 
Analyzing Ethical Ambiguity

 
Closure and Transition

 
Resources for Research Ethics

 
Analytic Exercises for Research Ethics

 
 
PART III—ANALYTIC ASSEMBLAGE
 
Chapter 9—Analytic Synthesis: Condensing, Patterning, and Unifying
Introduction

 
On Synthesis

 
Condensing Large Amounts of Data

 
Patterning Textual and Visual Materials

 
Unifying Seemingly Different Things

 
Closure and Transition

 
Analytic Exercises for Analytic Synthesis

 
 
Chapter 10—Analytic Synthesis: Understanding, Interpreting, and Theorizing
Introduction

 
Understanding Social Processes of Human Action, Reaction, and Interaction

 
Interpreting the Routines, Rituals, Rules, Roles, and Relationships of Social Life

 
Theorizing

 
CAQDAS

 
On Credibility and Trustworthiness

 
Closure and Transition

 
Resources for Analytic Synthesis

 
Analytic Exercises for Analytic Synthesis

 
Sample Data for Analytic Synthesis

 
 
Chapter 11—Analytic Write-Ups
Introduction

 
Stylistic Approaches to Research Writing

 
On Writing About the Major Elements of a Study

 
Journal Article Submission and Publication

 
Closure and Transition

 
Resources for Analytic Write-Ups

 
Analytic Exercises for Write-Ups

 
Sample Abstracts for Analysis

 
 
Chapter 12—Analytic Presentations
Introduction

 
Paper Presentations

 
Poster Presentations

 
Dramatic/Staged Readings

 
Presenting Data Effectively

 
Professional Networking

 
Closure and Transition

 
Resources for Presenting Qualitative Research

 
Analytic Exercises for Presentations

 
 
Chapter 13—Closure: Leading an Analytic Life
Introduction

 
Learning More About Qualitative Research

 
On Professional Development

 
Analysis as a Lens, Filter, and Angle on Life

 
Closure

 
Resources for Leading an Analytic Life

 
Analytic Exercises for Leading an Analytic Life

 
 
Appendix—Three Representative Articles in Qualitative Research
 
Introduction
 
“On the Bus With Vonnie Lee: Explorations in Life History and Metaphor”
 
Discussion Topics and Activities for “On the Bus With Vonnie Lee”
 
“Nightmares, Demons, and Slaves: Exploring the Painful Metaphors of Workplace Bullying”
 
Discussion Topics and Activities for “Nightmares, Demons, and Slaves”
 
“‘They Think Minority Means Lesser Than’: Black Middle-Class Sons and Fathers Resisting Microaggressions in the School”
 
Discussion Topics and Activities for “They Think Minority Means Lesser Than”
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Index

Supplements

Instructor Teaching Site

Password-protected Instructor Resources include the following:

  • Premium video, selected by the authors, facilitates further exploration of key topics. 
  • Editable, chapter-specific Microsoft® PowerPoint® slides offer you complete flexibility in easily creating a multimedia presentation for your course.
  • Sample course syllabi for semester and quarter courses provide suggested models for use when creating the syllabi for your courses.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to certain full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected for each chapter. Each article supports and expands on the concepts presented in the chapter. This feature also provides questions to focus and guide student interpretation.
  • Full transcripts of the interviews in the book are provided so students can practice coding more easily.
Student Study Site

The open-access Student Study Site includes the following:

  • A video that provides an overview of qualitative methods.
  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards reinforce understanding of key terms and concepts that have been outlined in the chapters.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to certain full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected for each chapter. Each article supports and expands on the concepts presented in the chapter. This feature also provides questions to focus and guide your interpretation.
  • Full transcripts of the interviews in the book to practice coding more easily.

“Very accessible and comprehensive text with a unique approach to teaching qualitative research.”

Sharon Lynn Casapulla
Ohio University

Qualitative Research: Analyzing Life presents students with the most important dimensions of qualitative research through a unique analytic lens. It offers students an intimate exploration of the fascinating world of naturalistic inquiry through a nuanced examination of material essential to their success as qualitative researchers.”

Nathan R. Durdella
California State University, Northridge

“Johnny Saldaña and Matt Omasta flawlessly weave together powerful examples, valuable sample material, and complex ideas to create a methods text for everyone. It both enriches and demystifies the work of qualitative researchers.”

Sally Campbell Galman
University of Massachusetts Amherst

“This book is exceptional and unique for starting with the basics of doing analysis in the first chapter and then having each chapter add further analysis as more qualitative methods are discussed. I know students will love it.”

Karla B. Hackstaff
Northern Arizona University

“The authors provide accessibility to the topic of scientific research practices for the student qualitative researcher. [Qualitative Research: Analyzing Life] provides interesting activities and nicely articulated step-by-step instructions on major areas of focus including interviewing, coding, and analysis.”

Kristina N. Kahl
Fort Lewis College

“This is a creative and deeply explanatory text that takes new qualitative researchers through the depths of doing methods work.”

Lauren Moret
University of Tennessee

“This book offers a refreshing approach to teaching qualitative research that will most certainly give students a deeper understanding of what it means to engage in qualitative inquiry.”

Eric D. Teman
University of Wyoming

“Saldaña and Omasta have written a user-friendly, comprehensive text with enlightening examples for those desiring to learn how to become qualitative researchers. They remind us at every turn that each aspect of the process is analytical, and they provide the necessary tools for us to be thoughtful, creative, and consistent in our choices as researchers from start to finish.”

Silvia Bettez
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro

“Saldaña and Omasta’s Analyzing Life provides a text for both emerging and experienced scholars.  Through their methodological examples, ontological thinking, and theoretical guiding, this book demystifies the process of analyzing qualitative data.”

Cassie F. Quigley,
Clemson University

“This book marks an important transition in the teaching of qualitative research methods by emphasizing in a clear and practical way the importance of analytic insight throughout the research process.”

Rachel Campbell
Grand Valley State University
Key features
KEY FEATURES:
  • A unique focus on analysis in each chapter allows students to appreciate the “hands-on” aspect of analysis and fieldwork before exploring more conceptual aspects of research design.
  • Introduction to five core analytic principles starting from the very beginning of the text illustrate how they play an integral role in forthcoming data collection and research design. 
  • Highly-accessible material divided into three parts covers methods, research questions and ethical issues, and innovative ideas for synthesis, writing up, and presentation.
  • Expanded discussion on development theory defines and illustrates theory and demonstrates how different methods of data analysis can contribute toward theory building.
  • A wide array of examples from published studies illustrates exemplary works in a variety of disciplines ranging from education to health care to the social sciences.
  • A wealth of pedagogical material throughout includes sample templates and documents, resources lists, and three exemplary qualitative studies printed in an appendix, together with questions for discussion.

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 1

Chapter 3


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