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Right to Work and Rural India
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Right to Work and Rural India
Working of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS)

First Edition
Edited by:

December 2012 | 412 pages | SAGE Publications Pvt. Ltd
The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act aims at enhancing the livelihood security of people in rural areas by guaranteeing 100 days of wage-employment in a financial year to a rural household. It is perhaps the first of its kind in the world when a government has pledged an economic safety net to two-thirds of the country's population.

This comprehensive book is an attempt to understand the working of the operational part of this act—the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Scheme (MGNREGS). The expert contributors to this book have presented evidences of implementation and impact of the scheme across India, including both agriculturally developed states and the backward ones, and states where the scheme is better implemented as well as those where it is not. Their essays go on to explain the meaning, context, issues and development policy implications of MGNREGS through theoretical and empirical papers, thus providing answers to questions regarding:

  1. The timing and purpose of the legislation, and the design and structure of the program
  2. Desirability of state-sponsored employment programs in the era of liberalization
  3. The likely impacts of such a massive wage employment and public works program

This volume offers an insight into the changing thrust of India's anti-poverty program and her experiments with various employment schemes.


 
Preface
 
I: INTRODUCTION
Guranteeing Right to Work in Rural India: Context, Issues and Policies Ashok Pankaj
 
Part II: MGNREGS: Allleviating Poverty Through Employment Generation
MGNREGS: A Component of Full Employment Strategy for India Indira Hirway
Interpreting the Right to Work: What Relevance for Poverty Reduction? Gerry Rodgers
Which Way to Reduce Poverty: Cash Transfers or Employment Guarantee Scheme? Eduardo Zepeda and Diana Alarcón
 
Part III: Working Of The MGNREGS: Regional Variations In Implementation And Impact
Demand and Delivery Gap: A Case for Strengthening Grassroots Institutions in Bihar and Jharkhand Ashok Pankaj
Working of the Employment Guarantee Scheme in Rajasthan Surjit Singh, Varsha Joshi and K N Joshi
MGNREGS in Andhra Pradesh: Examining the Role of State-enabled Institutions S Galab and E Revathi
Employment Guarantee Scheme in Punjab: A Case Study of Hoshiarpur District Ranjit Singh Ghuman and Parvinder Kaur Dua
 
Part IV: MGNREGS And Agents Of Rural Transformation
Asset Creation and Local Economy under MGNREGS: Scope and Challenges Amita Shah
MGNREGS and its Effects on Agriculture: Exploring Linkages T Haque
MGNREGS and Indian Agriculture: Opportunities and Challenges D Narshimha Reddy
Empowerment Effects of the MGNREGS on Women Workers Ashok Pankaj and Rukmini Tankha
 
Part V: Prospects
Overcoming the Governance Challenges of Implementing MGNREGA? Insight from Bihar Using Process-Influence-Mapping Katharina Raabe, Regina Birner, Madhushree Sekher, K.G. Gayathri Devi, Amrita Shilpi and Eva Schiffer
MGNREGA and Rural Governance Reform: Growth with Inclusion through Panchayats Pramathesh Ambasta
 
Index

The book is extremely timely...[and] is a must-read for policy-makers as well researchers who can get a clearer picture on what to evaluate, how to evaluate and how to place a specific national programme in the larger framework of development economics.

Social Change

Right to Work and Rural India is a welcome addition to the literature. This book makes an important contribution to the scholarship on the MGNREGS....this volume is appealing because it asks the bigger questions about what role the scheme can play given the trends of agriculture, unemployment, wage work, and poverty in rural India today. It avoids taking shallow ideological positions, and is generally well-evidenced. It will be useful resource for scholars, researchers and policymakers interested in the Indian economy.

Economic & Political Weekly, Vol 10

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ISBN: 9788132108993
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