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Shadowing Multilingual Learners
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Shadowing Multilingual Learners

Second Edition

The Education Trust-West Promising Practice



March 2021 | 184 pages | Corwin
Walk in your Students’ Shoes with Multilingual Learner Shadowing
 
The need for powerful professional learning to enable Multilingual Learners reach their full potential is more profound than ever. MLL shadowing is a way to create urgency around the instructional and academic needs of Multilingual Learners. The MLL Shadowing protocol is used to collect data on MLL’s opportunities for speaking and listening--the building blocks for reading and writing--in our classrooms.  

Updated after 10 years of research and practice, the second edition of this bestselling resource includes an overview on the importance of oral language development, information on preparing the shadowing experience, the complete shadowing protocol, a guide for analyzing the shadowing experience and key oral language development strategies. The new edition also adds improved data collection for oral language expression, as well as highlights updated research and classroom practice concerning new policies and programs implemented across the country. A comprehensive guide to ELL shadowing is presented alongside:

  • Detailed case studies showing real-world examples
  • Guidelines for analyzing and reflecting on the shadowing experience
  • Guidelines for shadowing in a virtual environment
  • Guidelines for shadowing in a multilingual environment
  • An assets-based orientation to student learning and the use of achievement data to improve ELL education

This book provides an entry point for broader, systemic improvement that will serve ELLs in more varied instructional settings, including monolingual and bilingual programs.
 

 
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
 
WHAT’S NEW IN THIS EDITION
 
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
 
INTRODUCTION
 
SECTION I: PURPOSE OF SHADOWING
 
CHAPTER 1: CREATING A SENSE OF URGENCY
Four Essential Shifts Educators Must Make on Behalf of Multilingual Learners

 
Preparing Teachers to Instruct Multilingual Learners

 
Organization of the Book

 
 
CHAPTER 2: HISTORY AND CONTEXT OF SHADOWING
Development of the Shadowing Process

 
Types of Shadowing Projects

 
MLL Shadowing Processes

 
 
CHAPTER 3: A DAY IN THE LIFE OF JOSUE, A MULTILINGUAL LEARNER
Student Profile of Josue

 
Debriefing the MLL Shadowing Experience

 
 
SECTION II: RESEARCH BASE
 
CHAPTER 4: THE ROLE OF ACADEMIC SPEAKING
The 15-Minute Rule

 
Teacher-Guided Reporting

 
Graphic Organizer for Teacher-Guided Reporting

 
Benefits of Language Talk for MLLs

 
Monitoring Academic Speaking During MLL Shadowing

 
MLL Shadowing Codes for Academic Speaking

 
 
CHAPTER 5: THE IMPORTANCE OF ACTIVE LISTENING
Nunan’s Quadrants of Listening

 
Coding for Academic Listening

 
 
SECTION III: PREPARATION FOR SHADOWING
 
CHAPTER 6: PREPARING FOR A SHADOWING TRAINING
Organizing and Setting Up a Shadowing Project

 
Districtwide MLL Shadowing

 
Data Talk for MLL Shadowing Debriefing

 
Targeting Professional Development According to MLL Needs

 
 
CHAPTER 7: HOW TO USE THE SHADOWING PROTOCOL
MLL Shadowing Protocol Overview

 
 
SECTION IV: DEBRIEFING THE SHADOWING EXPERIENCE
 
CHAPTER 8: ANALYZING AND REFLECTING ON THE RESULTS OF SHADOWING
Debriefing the MLL Shadowing Experience

 
 
CHAPTER 9: USING THE RESULTS TO LEVERAGE CHANGE
MLL Shadowing Next Steps: Needs Assessment

 
 
SECTION V: NEXT STEPS WITH SHADOWING MULTILINGUAL LEARNERS
 
CHAPTER 10: NEXT STEPS AND FOLLOW-UP TO SHADOWING MULTILINGUAL LEARNERS
MLL Follow-Up on Academic Language Development

 
Conclusion

 
 
APPENDIX A: SHADOWING MULTILINGUAL LEARNERS RESOURCES
Road to Reclassification: Academic Goal Setting

 
MLL Shadowing Protocol Form

 
Norwalk–La Mirada Shadowing Multilingual Learners Sample Agenda: Half-Day Schedule

 
Santa Barbara County Shadowing Multilingual Learners Sample Agenda

 
Shadowing Multilingual Learners Next Steps: Needs Assessment

 
Shadowing Multilingual Learners Experience: Reflection

 
Blank MLL Student Profile for Shadowing

 
Norwalk–La Mirada Shadowing Multilingual Learners Sample Agenda: Full-Day Schedule

 
 
APPENDIX B: ACADEMIC LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT RESOURCES
Think-Pair-Share

 
Discourse Sentence Frames for Multiple Purposes

 
Listening and Speaking Visual Reminders

 
FRAYER MODEL—Strategy for Vocabulary Development

 
Reciprocal Teaching Organizer

 
Reciprocal Teaching Role Cards

 
Questioner/Connector Cards

 
Teacher-Guided Reporting Organizer

 
Academic Language Development Lesson Plan

 
The Tuning Protocol

 
 
INDEX

For instructors

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