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Theories and Applications of Counseling and Psychotherapy
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Theories and Applications of Counseling and Psychotherapy
Relevance Across Cultures and Settings

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April 2018 | 640 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Theories and Applications of Counseling and Psychotherapy provides students with the foundational knowledge needed to implement various therapeutic approaches in individual and family counseling. The dynamic author team presents theories through a multicultural and social justice-oriented lens, including evidence to support each theory. Students will embrace chapter concepts through vibrant illustrations and relevant examples from movies, TV shows, photographs, paintings, musical lyrics, news articles, and other sources presented throughout.



 
Foreword
 
Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Authors
 
Chapter 1. Introduction and Overview
The Start of Contemporary Therapy and Theory

 
Therapy’s Relationship to Theory

 
Attributes Used to Judge the Soundness of a Theory

 
The Authors’ Approach to Writing This Textbook

 
Connecting the Dots: Seeing the Big Picture

 
Reappearing Case Study Used in Each Theoretical Chapter

 
Ongoing Exercise That Concludes in Chapter 15

 
 
Chapter 2. Counselor Role and Functions, Professional Ethics, Stress, and Self-Care
Introduction

 
Professional Ethics

 
ACA Code of Ethics

 
APA Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct

 
Ethical Decision Making: Professional Counselors and Counseling Psychologists

 
Therapist Well-Being and Burnout

 
What Is Self-Care?

 
 
Chapter 3. Psychoanalytic Theory
Introduction

 
Historical Context

 
Sigmund Freud’s Contribution

 
Basic Concepts

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Beyond Freud

 
Appropriate Client Populations

 
Multiculturalism and Social Justice

 
Limitations and Criticisms of Psychoanalysis

 
Contemporary Research Support

 
Relevance of Psychoanalytic Theory

 
Special Ethical Considerations

 
Application: Psychoanalytic Theory

 
 
Chapter 4. Adlerian Theory
Individual Psychology: An Introduction

 
Alfred Adler: Inside and Outside the Inner Circle

 
The Adlerian Approach: Individual Psychology

 
Major Concepts

 
Therapy

 
Research Support

 
Individual Psychology and Social Justice

 
Multicultural Perspective

 
Relevance of the Adlerian Approach

 
Special Ethical Considerations

 
Criticisms of the Adlerian Approach

 
Application: Adlerian Theory

 
 
Chapter 5. Existential Theory
Introduction

 
Key Players of Existentialism

 
Historical Context

 
Basic Concepts of Existential Therapy

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Multiculturalism and Social Justice

 
Ethical Considerations

 
Evaluating Existential Theory

 
Limitations and Criticisms of Existentialism

 
Relevance to Current Practice

 
Applying Theory to Practice

 
 
Chapter 6. Person-Centered Theory
Introduction

 
Historical Context

 
Carl Rogers: The Person and Founder of Person-Centered Therapy

 
Basic Concepts

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Variants and Extensions of Person-Centered Therapy

 
Multiculturalism and Social Justice

 
Special Ethical Considerations

 
Research Support

 
Limitations and Criticism

 
Relevance to Current Practice

 
Applying Person-Centered Theory

 
 
Chapter 7. Gestalt Theory
Introduction

 
Historical Context

 
Legacy

 
Basic Concepts

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Limitations and Criticisms of Gestalt Therapy

 
Application of Gestalt Therapy to Multicultural Populations

 
Social Justice

 
Research Support

 
Relevance of Theory

 
Special Ethical Considerations

 
Application: Gestalt Theory

 
 
Chapter 8. Behavioral Theory
Introduction

 
Historical Context

 
Key Players

 
Basic Concepts

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Terminology

 
Multiculturalism and Social Justice

 
Research: Evaluating Behavioral Approaches

 
Limitations and Criticisms of Behavioral Approaches

 
Relevance of Theory

 
Special Ethical Considerations

 
Application: Behavioral Approaches

 
 
Chapter 9. Cognitive-Behavioral Theory
Introduction

 
Key Players of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy

 
Historical Context

 
Basic Concepts

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Currently Popular Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies

 
Multiculturalism and Social Justice

 
Special Ethical Considerations

 
Evaluating the Theory

 
Limitations and Criticisms of the Theory

 
Relevance to Current-Day Practice

 
Applying Theory to Therapy

 
 
Chapter 10. Reality Therapy and Choice Theory
Introduction

 
The Roots of Reality Therapy and Choice Theory: William Glasser

 
Reality Therapy and Choice Theory

 
Major Concepts

 
Therapy

 
Moving Beyond the Reality Therapy of the 1960s

 
Research Support

 
Relevance of Theory

 
Social Justice and Multiculturalism

 
Criticisms of Reality Therapy and Choice Theory

 
Application: Reality Therapy and Choice Theory

 
 
Chapter 11. Feminist Therapy Approaches
Introduction

 
Key Players in Feminist Therapy

 
Historical Context

 
Basic Concepts

 
Therapeutic Process

 
Techniques and Strategies

 
Multiculturalism and Social Justice

 
Ethical Considerations

 
Evaluating Theory

 
Limitations and Criticisms

 
Relevance of Theory to Current-Day Practice

 
Applying Theory to Practice

 
 
Chapter 12. Postmodernism: Constructivism and Social Constructionism
Introduction

 
Key Players of Constructivism and Social Constructionism

 
Historical Context

 
Constructivism

 
Social Constructionism

 
Narrative Theory

 
Basic Concepts

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Multiculturalism and Social Justice

 
Ethical Considerations

 
Evaluating Theory

 
Limitations and Criticisms of Theory

 
Current Mental Health Delivery System

 
Applying Theory to Practice

 
 
Chapter 13. Family Therapy Approaches
Introduction

 
Returning to the Issue of Defining the Word Family

 
Family Therapy

 
Between Family and Individual Therapy: Differences

 
Family Therapy: Historical Context and Points of Origin

 
Contemporary Family Therapy

 
Five Approaches to Family Therapy

 
Solution-Focused Therapy

 
Bowen Family Systems Therapy

 
Structural Therapy

 
Experiential Approach

 
Appropriate Client Populations: Family Therapy

 
Multiculturalism

 
Social Justice

 
Special Ethical Considerations

 
Research Findings

 
Limitations and Criticisms

 
Application: Family Therapy

 
 
Chapter 14. Multicultural and International Approaches
Introduction

 
Key Players

 
Historical Context

 
Basic Concepts

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Social Justice

 
Ethical Considerations

 
Evaluating Theory

 
Limitations of the Multicultural Theory

 
Relevance to Current Practice

 
Applying Theory to Practice

 
 
Chapter 15. Moving Toward a Personal Theory of Counseling and Psychotherapy
A Wealth of Theories and Therapies

 
The Journey to Find One’s Own Theoretical Approach

 
Elements That Make a Theory a Theory: A Much Maligned Term Defined

 
The Tangible Value of Operating From a Theoretical Position

 
Boxing Differences Among the Theories Covered

 
Common Factors: Corralling Similarities Among the Theories

 
The Master Therapist: A Blending of Science and Art

 
Integration’s Role in Constructing a Personal Approach

 
Future Directions in Counseling and Psychotherapy

 
 
References
 
Index

Supplements

Instructor Resource Site

The password-protected Instructor Resource Site provides a test bank with a diverse range of pre-written options, as well as editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides that offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation.

Student Study Site
The Student Study Site provides open access media that explores concepts, as well as suggested readings for further exploration.

This was a great text and student feedback was very positive. The supplemental resources allowed for students to hear and see many of the theorists covered, which enhanced their understanding of the material.

Courtney Edwards
Education, Suny College At New Paltz
April 17, 2019
Key features

KEY FEATURES: 

  • An ongoing case centered on a Mexican-American immigrant family is examined in every chapter through different theoretical lenses, illustrating differences in theory as well as the intersectionality of theory with multiculturally informed practice.
  • A second unique case in every chapter expands students’ ability to conceptualize and intervene with diverse clients.
  • Ethics coverage includes a section on ethics in every chapter, as well as an early chapter that discusses the ethics codes of the American Counseling Association and the American Psychological Association, illustrated with many examples of ethical dilemmas.
  • Integration of multicultural and social justice topics helps students understand the interaction between diversity, social justice, and how to conceptualize, assess, and intervene with clients from various backgrounds.
  • Discussion of the relevance of each theory to current practice shows students how each theory is currently used, including service delivery setting, population served, type and severity of presenting problems, and whether certification in the method is offered.
  • Biographies of major leaders/contributors to a theory draw students into each theory chapter through an effective storytelling approach.
  • Vibrant illustrations and relevant examples from movies, TV shows, photographs, paintings, musical lyrics, news articles, and other sources are presented throughout to enhance learning.

Preview this book

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 4 - Alderian Theory

Chapter 1 - Introduction and Overview


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