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Understanding and Shaping Curriculum
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Understanding and Shaping Curriculum
What We Teach and Why



February 2006 | 480 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Understanding and Shaping Curriculum: What We Teach and Why introduces readers to curriculum as knowledge, curriculum as work, and curriculum as professional practice. Author Thomas W. Hewitt discusses curriculum from theoretical and practical perspectives to not only acquaint readers with the study of curriculum, but also help them to become effective curriculum practitioners.  

Key Features:
  • Emphasizes the various dimensions of curriculum practice: Becoming a curriculum practitioner requires understanding academic-practice knowledge, the forces shaping curriculum, the array of curriculum work from policymaking to evaluation, and how those are integrated forming a sense of professional practice. This book examines curriculum knowledge that is both academic and practice based.
  • Brings theoretical concepts to life: 'Perspective into Practice' sections illustrate the relevance of the material to both elementary and secondary school settings and contexts. In addition, end-of-chapter resources provide ideas for further discussion and assignments that address different roles and the various dimensions of curriculum practice.
  • Examines current issues: Part of being a good practitioner is understanding the inevitability of change and the necessity to keep current about issues and trends that affect both the knowledge and the work of curriculum. Separate chapters on issues and trends give students the opportunity to explore what is happening in today's schools and curriculum.  

Intended Audience: This is an ideal text for masters and doctoral-level courses on Curriculum, Curriculum Development, and Curriculum Design.


 
INTRODUCTION
Society And Schooling  
The Importance of the Critical Perspective  
PERSPECTIVE INTO PRACTICE: Domains of Knowledge in a Social Studies Lesson  
Key Ideas to Guide Study  
 
THE WORLD OF CURRICULUM
 
IN SEARCH OF CURRICULUM
Historical Constructions of Curriculum  
Curriculum Inquiry and the Tyler Rationale  
Curriculum Reconceptualized and Redefined  
PERSPECTIVES INTO PRACTICE: Curriculum Reconceptualized and Redefined  
Perceptions About Curriculum  
Envisioning Curriculum Study  
 
CURRICULUM WORK AND PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE
Curriculum Workers  
Curriculum Work  
Settings for Curriculum Work  
Becoming a Professional Curriculum Practitioner  
PERSPECTIVE INTO PRACTICE: Application of Personal and Professional Perspectives in an Elementary and Secondary Classroom  
Doing Curriculum Work  
 
CREATING CURRICULUM
Origins of Curriculum Development as Curriculum Work  
Key Factors in Curriculum Development  
Expanding the Conception of Curriculum Development  
Essential Knowledge for Doing Curriculum Development Work  
PERSPECTIVE INTO PRACTICE: How Selected Knowledge Essentials Apply to Elementary and Secondary Curriculum  
 
KNOWLEDGE BASES THAT SERVE CURRICULUM
 
KNOWLEDGE AND THEORIES ABOUT CURRICULUM
The Curriculum Knowledge Base  
PERSPECTIVE INTO PRACTICE: Applying discipline knowledge in development of a lesson in geography  
Discipline Perspectives  
Curriculum Orientations and Interests  
Learning Theory and Curriculum  
Inquiry Traditions and Curriculum  
 
METHODS AND TOOLS FOR CURRICULUM WORK
Knowledge Tools and Curriculum Tools  
Curriculum Theory  
Curriculum Models  
PERSPECTIVE INTO PRACTICE: Curriculum Models in a Language Arts Lesson  
Curriculum Critique  
 
HISTORICAL FOUNDATIONS OF CURRICULUM
Roots of American Curriculum  
18th Century Curriculum in America  
19th Century Curriculum in the United States  
20th Century Curriculum: The Progressive Movement and After  
Into the 21st Century: New Policy Initiatives and the Curriculum  
PERSPECTIVE INTO PRACTICE: Examples from the History of Curriculum Change  
 
SOCIAL, CULTURAL, AND INTELLECTUAL FOUNDATIONS OF CURRICULUM
Curriculum and Episodes of Social and Cultural Change  
Impact of Social Sciences on Curriculum  
Curriculum Content and the Humanities  
Philosophy and Curriculum Knowledge  
Educational Philosophies and Curriculum  
PERSPECTIVE INTO PRACTICE: Ideas from the Social Sciences, the Humanities, and their Application in Elementary and Secondary Curriculum  
 
WHAT CURRICULUM PRACTITIONERS DO
 
POLICYMAKING AND PLANNING IN CURRICULUM
Policymaking in Curriculum Work  
PERSPECTIVE INTO PRACTICE: Policy Examples at the Elementary and Secondary Level  
Planning in Curriculum Work  
State and Local Policy and Planning  
National and Regional Policy and Planning  
 
DEVELOPING AND ADAPTING CURRICULUM
Creating Curriculum Development  
A Sample Curriculum Development Process  
Curriculum Adaptation  
PERSPECTIVE INTO PRACTICE: Classroom Adaptations of Elementary and Secondary Curriculum  
Curriculum Alignment  
Assessing Curriculum Development and Adaptation  
 
IMPLEMENTING AND MANAGING THE CURRICULUM
Management in Curriculum Work  
Managing the Curriculum Mission  
Forming a Curriculum Management Strategy  
Curriculum Management Tools  
Managing for Quality  
PERSPECTIVE INTO PRACTICE: Quality Control in K-12 Curriculum Management  
Key Issues in Management: The Reality and the Ideal  
 
EVALUATION IN CURRICULUM WORK
Curriculum and Accountability  
The Processes of Assessment and Evaluation  
Doing Evaluation in Curriculum Work  
PERSPECTIVE INTO PRACTICE: Examples of Curriculum Assessment-Evaluation Tasks at the Elementary and Secondary Level  
 
CHALLENGES OF CURRICULUM CHANGE
 
INTERPRETING CONTEMPORARY CURRICULUM ISSUES
Theme: Control of Schooling and Curriculum  
Theme: Schooling, Curriculum, and Reform  
Theme: Accountability in Schooling and Curriculum  
Theme: Effects of Social Change on Schooling and Curriculum  
PERSPECTIVE INTO PRACTICE: How Selected Issues Might Affect Elementary and Secondary Schooling  
 
INTERPRETING TRENDS IN CURRICULUM
What is a Trend?  
Trend: Technology and Reticulation  
Trend: Shifting Ideologies and Change  
Trend: The Impulse of Globalization  
Trend: Re-thinking Schools and Schooling  
Trend: The Rising Importance of Curriculum  
PERSPECTIVE INTO PRACTICE: Selected Trends and Their Possible Impact at the Elementary and Secondary Level  

Understanding and Shaping Curriculum provides an up-to-date, comprehensive, and accessible introduction, overview, explanation, and exploration of the historical and evolving roles and processes of curriculum.”

Christopher R. Gareis
The College of William and Mary

“This text offers cogent practical discussion about the American school curriculum while providing a sound theoretical framework for advanced study. It is a text that is fresh in perspective and accessible to a larger group of practitioners and researchers.”

Cynthia J. Chapel
Lincoln University

"Liberal use of examples and summary charts provide excellent touchstones. This textbook is ideal for graduate-level courses in curriculum."

S. Buczynski
Univeristy of San Diego

“Excellent book. Hewitt explains the social cultural implication of curriculum theory and its application to teaching and learning in a very magestral fashion”.

Alberto Lopez-Carrasquillo
Northeastern Illinois University
Northeastern Illinois University
Key features
  • The book emphasizes the various dimensions of curriculum practice.
  • A separate chapters on issues and trends gives students the opportunity to explore what is happening in schools and curriculum right now.
  • Rich examples help to bring theoretical concepts to life.
  • Perspective in to Practice boxes illustrate the elementary and secondary applications of key ideas.
  • End-of-chapter resources provide ideas for further discussion and assignments.

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 3

Chapter 6

Chapter 9


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Hardcover
ISBN: 9780761928683
$129.00

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