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Understanding Second Language Learning Difficulties
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Understanding Second Language Learning Difficulties


September 1996 | 364 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

"This volume has some really nice features such as: the discussion of audio-lingual theory as deriving from behaviorism, the terrific discussion of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation--that is discussed here in a manner superior to any I've seen, the discussion of over-motivated students; the relation between self-esteem and self-efficacy, disabilities and language learning, and the provision of specific tips for learning vocabulary, grammar etc. The case studies are also wonderful. "
Robert Sternberg, Department of Psychology
Yale University

"The case studies are among the most appealing characteristics of the book. They present readily identifiable, relatively easy-to-understand types of learners, and they include a vast range of possible types. The questions and prods related to the case studies are very valuable. The tables are very handy. I love the table on defense mechanisms and the chart about the intriguing metaphors for language learning."
Rebecca L. Oxford, Ph.D, Area Head, Teacher Education
University of Alabama

Why is it so difficult for adults to learn a second language? How can we get to the source of these difficulties, diagnose the learner, and help them achieve their goals? Understanding Second Language Learning Difficulties addresses these questions, demonstrating some of the insights, techniques, and skills needed to understand adult students who are having problems learning a second language. Author Madeline E. Ehrman provides a deep examination of the source of difficulty, taking into consideration such issues as learning styles, personality dispositions, motivation, learning strategies, self-efficacy, and anxiety.

Helpful summaries, case studies, and exercises are included, giving the reader a firm grasp of the complex issues involved. This new volume presents multiple theories and models for each of the cases discussed, showing the reader how to evaluate observations in terms of individual difference dimensions. Scholars, researchers, and professionals in linguistics, communication, English as a second language, as well as teachers and trainers will value the thorough examination, and unique viewpoints this book offers.

 
Introduction
What Is This Book For?  
 
Direct Data Collection
Observation  
 
Direct Data Collection
Interviewing Students.  
 
Cognitive Learning Styles
Field Independence and Field Sensitivity  
 
Personality Models
 
The Affective Dimension
Motivation, Self-Efficacy, and Anxiety  
 
Biographic Background Information and Student Learning Strategies
 
Using Information from Questionnaires and Tests and Language Aptitude
 
Students in Context
 
When You Need Outside Help
 
On Your Own

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