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Urban Planning and the African-American Community
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Urban Planning and the African-American Community
In the Shadows

Edited by:
  • June Manning Thomas - University of Michigan, USA, Michigan State University, USA, Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA
  • Marsha Ritzdorf - Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, USA

December 1996 | 331 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
How have urban planning policies contributed to racial injustices in American cities? Does contemporary urban planning really address and attempt to solve the social and economic problems of African Americans in cities, or does it just perpetuate ghetto conditions? What have African Americans done to confront injustices in planning? Historically, race and city design are linked, and Urban Planning and the African American Community aims to clarify the historical connections between the African American population and the urban planning profession and to suggest means by which cooperation and justice may be increased. The book focuses on the areas of zoning and real estate, planning and public policy, African American initiatives and responses to urban planning, and urban planning education. Individual chapters examine the racial origins of zoning in American cities; how Eurocentric family models have shaped planning policies applied to African American families; the rise of equity planning and its effects; the role of race and empowerment in the Model Cities experiment; African American experiences with shaping the planning of such cities as Los Angeles, Greensboro, and Birmingham; and provides a plan for diversifying planning education in order to advance the profession. The editors also include a chapter of excerpts from important court cases and government reports that have shaped or reflected the racial aspects of urban planning. This important new volume bridges the gap between urban planning and issues of race and will be an essential resource for academics and students in urban studies, urban planning, and race/ethnic studies.

June Manning Thomas and Marsha Ritzdorf
Introduction
 
PART ONE: ZONING AND REAL ESTATE
Christopher Silver
The Racial Origins of Zoning in American Cities
Marsha Ritzdorf
Locked Out of Paradise
Contemporary Exclusionary Zoning, the Supreme Court, and African-Americans, 1970-Present

 
Raymond A Mohl
The Second Ghetto and the `Infiltration Theory' in Urban Real Estate, 1940-60
Marsha Ritzdorf
Family Values, Municipal Zoning, and African-American Family Life
 
PART TWO: PLANNING AND PUBLIC POLICY
Yale Rabin
The Persistence of Racial Isolation
The Role of Government Action and Inaction

 
Norman Krumholz
Urban Planning, Equity Planning, and Racial Justice
Robert Catlin
Gary, Indiana
Planning, Race, and Ethnicity

 
June Manning Thomas
Model Cities Revisited
Issues of Race and Empowerment

 
 
PART THREE: AFRICAN-AMERICAN INITIATIVES AND RESPONSES
Jacqueline Leavitt
Charlotta A Bass, The California Eagle, and Black Settlement in Los Angeles
Sigmund C Shipp
Winning Some Battles but Losing the War? Blacks and Urban Renewal in Greensboro, NC, 1953-1965
Charles E Connerly and Bobby Wilson
The Roots and Origins of African-American Planning in Birmingham, Alabama
Robert W Collin and Robin Morris Collin
Urban Environmentalism and Race
 
PART FOUR: PLANNING EDUCATION
Siddhartha Sen
The Status of Planning Education at Historically Black Colleges and Universities
The Case of Morgan State University

 
June Manning Thomas
Coming Together
Unified Diversity for Social Action

 
 
PART FIVE: EXCERPTS FROM SELECTED PLANNING-RELATED DOCUMENTS

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ISBN: 9780803972346
$90.00