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A Brief Introduction to Corrections - Interactive eBook

A Brief Introduction to Corrections - Interactive eBook

January 2020 | SAGE Publications, Inc
This Interactive eBook includes access to SAGE Premium Video and much more!

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This dynamic, mobile-friendly Interactive eBook version of A Brief Introduction to Corrections goes way beyond highlighting and note-taking, giving you access to SAGE Premium Video—curated specifically for this text. Simply click on icons in the eBook to experience a broad array of multimedia features, including: 

  • VIDEO: Boost learning and bolster analysis with SAGE Premium Video. Recapping the fundamentals in every chapter, each video activity is paired with chapter learning objectives and tied to assessment via SAGE Coursepacks.
  • OFFLINE READING: Using the VitalSource Bookshelf® platform, download your book to a personal computer and read it offline.
  • SOCIAL SHARING AND FOLLOWING: Share notes and highlights with instructors and classmates who are using the same eBook, and “follow” friends and instructors as they make their own notes and highlights.
  • ONLINE CONTENT: Access more online content via links to important data, relevant background, and profiles that enrich key concepts in the text.

Chapter 1: Early History of Punishment and the Development of Prisons in the United States
Defining Corrections: A Variety of Possibilities

The Notion of Punishment and Corrections Throughout History

The Enlightenment and Correctional Reform

Punishment During Early American History: 1700s–1800s

The Age of the Reformatory in America

Prisons in America: 1900s to the End of World War II

Modern-Day Systems: Federal and State Inmate Characteristics

Chapter 2: Ideological and Theoretical Underpinnings to Sentencing and Correctional Policy
Philosophical Underpinnings

Types of Sanctions

The Death Penalty

Arguments For and Against the Death Penalty

Brutalization Hypothesis

Sentencing Models

Criminological Theories and Corrections

Chapter 3: Correctional Law and Legal Liabilities
The Hands-Off Doctrine

The Emergence of Inmate Rights

Corrections and the Constitution

Constitutionality of the Death Penalty

A Restrained Hands-On Perspective and Court Deference to Prisons

State and Federal Legal Liabilities

Compliance With Judicial Orders

Chapter 4: Jail and Detention Facilities
Jails in the Past

The Modern Jail

Jails as Short-Term Institutions

Jails as Long-Term Facilities

Health Care in Jails

Jail Training Standards

Specialized Types of Jail Sentences

Special Issues in Jails

Chapter 5: Probation and Intermediate Sanctions
A Brief History of Probation

Contemporary Probation: When the Jail Is Full

Characteristics of Probationers

Probation Officers

Probation Revocation

Types of Intermediate Sanctions

Chapter 6: Facility Design and Classification in Jails and Prisons
Prison Facility Designs Throughout History

The Rise of the Supermax

Prison Designs

Internal Security

Technology Systems in Prisons

Rationale for Classification

The Goals of Classification Systems

Special Housing Assignments

Chapter 7: Prison Subculture and Prison Gang Influence
Theories of Prison Subculture

The Inmate Subculture of Modern Times

The Impact of the Inmate Subculture on Corrections Staff


The Guard Subculture

The Impact of Gangs Upon Prison Subculture

Major Prison Gangs in the United States

Chapter 8: Female Offenders in Correctional Systems
Female Offenders Behind Bars: A Detailed Look at Percentages and Rates

History of Women Behind Bars

Issues Related to the Modern-Day Female Offender Population

Considerations for Female Offenders

Conditions of Care for Female Offenders

Female Offenders and Treatment Implications

Chapter 9: Specialized Inmate Populations & Juvenile Correctional Systems
Administrative Considerations

Prison Subculture and Special Needs Offenders

Mentally Ill Offenders

Sex Offenders

Elderly Offenders

Screening and Classification of Juvenile Offenders

Detention Versus Incarceration

Incarceration of Juveniles

Chapter 10: Correctional Administration and Prison Programming
Federal Bureau of Prisons Administration

Correctional System Administration

The Corrections Workforce

Prison Programming

Prison Programming

Medical Care

Educational Programs

Drug Treatment Programs

Recreational Programs

Religious Programs

Chapter 11: Parole and Reintegration
Parole and Parolee Characteristics

The Beginning History of Parole

Parole at the State Level

Parole as the Correctional Release Valve for Prisons

The Role of Institutional Parole Officers

Common Conditions of Parole

Reentry Initiatives

The Use of Reentry Councils

Violations of Parole, Parole Warrants, and Parole Revocation Proceedings

Chapter 12: Program Evaluation, Evidence-Based Practices, and Future Trends in Corrections
Evaluation Research

Evidence-Based Practice

The Future of Corrections

Key features
  • Content includes timely legislation, examples, and topics, such as sentencing practices, technological innovations, and offenders with special needs.
  • Learning objectives that utilize Bloom’s taxonomy prepare students for forthcoming material and let them know what is critical to the reading.
  • Up-to-date statistics provide students a contemporary snapshot of the status of corrections today.
  • Chapter-opening vignettes highlight important issues in corrections and allow students to understand the challenges corrections practitioners face each day.
  • Focus Topic boxes reinforce learning objectives by providing additional insight on specific points in the chapter that are considered important or interesting from a learning perspective.
  • “What Would You Do?” exercises present modern-day correctional scenarios for students to apply and synthesize chapter material to ensure higher-order learning.
  • Applied Exercise Features allow students to demonstrate their understanding by performing activities that integrate the material with the hands-on world of the practitioner.
  • Chapter-ending Discussion Questions prompt students to review and think through chapter content that is relevant to chapter-opening learning objectives. 
  • Key Terms/Key Cases at the end of each chapter help supplement information relevant to chapter learning objectives. The terms and cases are in bold throughout the text and are included in the glossary.

For instructors

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ISBN: 9781071807354