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Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development

Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development


Chairperson and Editor
Tevita G Boseiwaqa Taginavulau Director General, Centre on Integrated Rural Development for Asia and the Pacific (CIRDAP), Bangladesh


eISSN: 20740131 | ISSN: 10185291 | Current volume: 29 | Current issue: 1 Frequency: Bi-annually

Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development (APJORD), a bi-annual academic journal, is a flagship publication of CIRDAP. It is devoted to the issues and discussions on rural development, primarily in the Asia-Pacific region.

The journal provides a platform for the academicians, policymakers, NGOs, research scholars and other stakeholders interested in Integrated Rural Development (IRD) to exchange and share ideas, opinions, field observations and empirical findings on various facets of rural development.

APJORD focuses on Integrated Rural Development keeping in view the six programme priorities of CIRDAP. These are: (a) sustainable development and efficient use of natural resources (e.g. land administration and management, waste management and natural resource management); (b) livelihoods (e.g. poverty reduction, economic productivity through technological innovation, upgrading and diversification and related policies, skill development, entrepreneurship, access to financial services and sustainable tourism); (c) access to basic services (e.g. food and nutrition security, safe and affordable drinking water and sanitation, health and education, affordable reliable and modern renewable energy, access to information, decent housing, and rural transportation access); (d) climate change (e.g. strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate change, and mitigation of adverse impact); (e) governance (e.g. strengthening local governance and CBO/CSOs, and gender inclusive governance) and (f) management of rural areas in transition.

With this interdisciplinary journal, CIRDAP fulfils its mandate as a service institution to its member countries for promoting sustainable integrated rural development through dissemination of knowledge and promotion of policy dialogue.

Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development is a peer-reviewed journal that provides a platform for publication of articles in all areas of rural development. The aim of this journal is to provide a platform for policymakers and academicians to promote, share, and discuss various new issues and developments in different areas of rural development. The journal publishes conceptual, empirical and review papers in the form of research articles, reports of ongoing research, analyses of current and topical practice, policy issues relating to rural development field notes, and book reviews. APJORD is a peer-reviewed journal and adheres to a rigorous double-blind reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are always concealed from both parties.

Subject areas include any thematic areas related to sustainable integrated rural development aligned with Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The thematic areas are including but not limited to the following:

• Sustainable use of natural resources
• Management of rural areas in transition
• Land and water resources management
• Agro processing and rural market
• Rural livelihoods and poverty reduction
• Education and skill development
• Entrepreneurship and financial inclusion
• Climate change
• Local governance
• Food and nutrition
• Health and hygiene
• ICT and geospatial technology for rural development
• Renewable energy for rural consumption
• Rural transportation
• Sustainable rural tourism

Editorial Board
Tahrunessa Abdullah Development Consutlant, Ramon Magsaysay Awardee for Community Leadership, Bangladesh
Qazi Kholiquzzaman Ahmad Chairman, Palli Karma-Sahayak Foundation (PKSF); Member of the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize Winning, UN IPCC Team, Bangladesh
Momtaz Uddin Ahmed Professor, Department of Economics, University of Dhaka; Former Member, Planning Commission, Bangladesh
Salehuddin Ahmed IRD Expert, Centre on Integrated Rural Development for Asia and the Pacific (CIRDAP); Professor, BRAC University; Former Governor, Bangladesh Bank, Bangladesh
Mohammed Farashuddin Founder President and Vice-Chancellor, East West University; Former Governor, Bangladesh Bank, Bangladesh
Jayant K Routray Professor and Academic Senate Chair, Regional and Rural Development Planning, Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand
Editorial Coordinator
M H Kawsar Rudro Communications Officer, Centre on Integrated Rural Development for Asia and the Pacific, Bangladesh
Editorial Advisory Board
Edna A Aguilar Research and Extension, University of the Philippines, Los Baños (UPLB) College, The Philippines
A T Ariyaratne Founder and President, Sarvodaya Headquarters, Sri Lanka
Ganesh Chand Vice Chancellor, Fiji National University, Fiji
S Mahendra Dev Director (Vice Chancellor), Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, India
Agus Dwiyanto National Institute of Public Administration, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia
Md Rafiqul Hoque Vice Chancellor, Bangladesh Agriculture University, Bangladesh
Khalid Johari Head of Unit, Unit for Rural Education Research, School of Education and Social Development, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia
Nowshad Khan Dean F/O Sciences/Chairman, Department of Agricultural Sciences, Allama Iqbal Open University, Pakistan
Myo Kywe Rector, Yezin Agricultural University (YAU), Myanmar
Motiei Langrodi Professor and Academic Member, Center of Excellence for Rural Studies and Planning, University of Tehran, Iran
Somkit Lertpaithoon Rector, Thammasat University, Thailand
Hira Bahadur Maharjan Vice-Chancellor, Tribhuvan University, Nepal
Worsak Kano-Nukulchai President, Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Thailand
Hoang Manh Quan Director, Centre for Rural Development, Vietnam
Wakil Ahmad Sarhadi Dean of Agriculture Faculty, Kabul University, Afghanistan
Sithong Thongmanyvong Director, Research Division, Faculty of Forestry, National University of Laos, Lao PDR
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  • Manuscript Submission Guidelines: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development (APJORD)

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

    Manuscripts and all editorial correspondence should be submitted at apjord@cirdap.org

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development will be reviewed.

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this journal.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope
    1.2 Article types
    1.3 Writing your paper

    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy
    2.2 Authorship
    2.3 Acknowledgements
    2.4 Funding
    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    3. Publishing polices

    3.1 Publication ethics
    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement
    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    4. Preparing your manuscript

    4.1 Formatting
    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
    4.3 Supplementary material
    4.4 Reference style
    4.5 Book Reviews
    4.6 English language editing services

    5. Submitting your manuscript

    5.1 Information required for completing your submission
    5.2 Permissions

    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 SAGE Production
    6.2 Online First publication
    6.3 Access to your published article
    6.4 Promoting your article

    7. Further information

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope

    Before submitting your manuscript to Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope

    1.2 Article types

    There could be following types of manuscripts in the journal:

    • Research Articles
    • Reports
    • Analyses
    • Field Notes
    • Book Reviews

    Manuscripts should normally not exceed 6,000 words and should be submitted in duplicate with the cover page bearing only the title of the article, author/s’ names, designations, official addresses, phone/fax numbers, and email addresses. Also, the Book Review and Notes from the Field should not be longer than 3,000 words.  In case there are two or more authors, then the corresponding author’s name and address details should be clearly specified on the first page of the article.

    1.3 Writing your paper

    The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources.

    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable
    When writing up your paper, think about how you can make it discoverable. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article through search engines such as Google. For information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords, have a look at this page on the Gateway: How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online

    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development adheres to a rigorous double-blind reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are always concealed from both parties.

    2.2 Authorship

    All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.

    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.
    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    2.3.1 Writing assistance
    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    2.4 Funding

    Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development encourages authors to include a declaration of any conflicting interests and recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway

    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway

    3.1.1 Plagiarism
    Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication
    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement      

    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway

    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission                                                             

    4.1 Formatting

    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    The manuscript should be structured as follows:

    • The cover page should carry the title of the article, the author(s)’ name(s), institutional affiliation(s), address(es) (postal, email and web), and phone and fax numbers. In case there are two or more authors, then corresponding author’s name and address details must be clearly specified on the first page itself; all correspondence, including those of the proof of the article would be sent to her/him.
    • All articles must be accompanied by an abstract of 150–200 words and 4–6 keywords.
    • The main body of the text may be divided into sections with appropriate headings and subheadings. Please note that the headings and subheadings should be typed on a separate line. Do not number, indent or use bold or italic typeface for headings and subheadings.
    • The author identifying information should not appear on any other page of the manuscript, except for the first (cover) page.
    • Headings: Limit the levels of heading within an article to two, or at most three. Avoid lengthy headings and do not number them. The printed style will distinguish their weighting adequately without recourse to an explicit structure such as 1.1.1.
    • Notes should be numbered serially and presented at the end of the article. Notes must contain more than a mere reference.
    • The language and spellings used should be British (UK), with ‘s’ variant, e.g., globalisation instead of globalization, labour instead of labor.
    • Single quotes should be used throughout. Double quote marks are to be used within single quotes. Spellings of words in quotations should not be changed. Quotations of 45 words or more should be separated from the text.
    • Use of italics and diacriticals should be minimized but consistent. For non-English and uncommon words and phrases, use italics throughout the text. Meaning of non-English words should be given in parenthesis just after the word when it is used for the first time.
    • Ibid should not be used.
    • Please pay attention to consistency in the hyphenation of words. Do not alternate, for example, between ‘psycho-social’ and ‘psychosocial’, ‘decision making’ and ‘decision-making’. (A distinction is, however, often made between noun and attributive adjective: for example: ‘the middle class’ but ‘middle-class ethics’.)
    • Use capitals sparingly and double-check the logical application of any distinctions you wish to make between specific and general use.
    • Abbreviations are spelled out at first occurrence. Very common ones (US, GDP, BBC) need not be spelled out.
    • Spell out numbers from one to nine, 10 and above to remain in figures. However, for exact measurements use only figures (3 km; 9 per cent). Use thousands and millions, not lakhs and crores.
    • Use ‘per cent’ instead of ‘%’ in the text. In tables, graphs, etc., % can be used.
    • Give specific dates in the form 22 November 1980. Decades should be referred to as ‘20th century’, ‘the 1990s’.
    • Tables and figures to be indicated by numbers separately (see Table 1), not by placement (see Table below). Present each table and figure on a separate sheet of paper, gathering them together at the end of the article.

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines  

    • All photographs and scanned images should have a resolution of minimum 300 dpi/1500 pixels and their format should be TIFF or JPEG.
    • Due permissions should be taken for copyright protected photographs/images. Even for photographs/images available in the public domain, it should be clearly ascertained whether or not their reproduction requires permission for purposes of publishing (which is a profit-making endeavour).
    • All photographs/scanned images should be provided separately in a folder along with the main article.

    Please Note: All figures and tables should be cited in the text and should have the source (a specific URL, a reference or, if it is author’s own work, ‘The Author’) mentioned irrespective of whether or not they require permissions.

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    4.3 Supplementary material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files

    4.4 Reference style

    At the end of the article, a consolidated alphabetical list of all books, articles, essays and dissertations referred to (including any cited in the tables, figures, graphs and maps) should be provided. Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development adheres to the APA reference style. View the APA guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    • References: A consolidated listing of all books, articles, essays, theses and documents referred to (including any referred to in the tables, graphs and maps) should be provided at the end of the article.
       
    • Arrangement of references: Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work. In each reference, authors’ names are inverted (last name first) for all authors (first, second or subsequent ones); give the last name and initials for all authors of a particular work unless the work has more than six authors. If the work has more than six authors, list the first six authors and then use et al. after the sixth author’s name.
       
    • Chronological listing: If more than one work by the same author(s) is cited, they should be listed in order by the year of publication, starting with the earliest.
       
    • Sentence case: In references, sentence case (only the first word and any proper noun are capitalized—e.g., ‘The software industry in India’) is to be followed for the titles of papers, books, articles, etc.
       
    • Title case: In references, Journal titles are put in title case (first letter of all words except articles and conjunctions are capitalized—e.g., Journal of Business Ethics).
       
    • Italicize: Book and Journal titles are to be italicized.

    In-text citations:

    • One work by one author: (Kessler, 2003, p. 50) or ‘Kessler (2003) found that among the epidemiological samples..’.
    • One work by two authors: (Joreskog & Sorborn, 2007, pp. 50–66) or Joreskog and Sorborn (2007) found that..
    • One work by three or more authors: (Basu, Banerji, & Chatterjee, 2007) [first instance]; Basu et al. (2007) [Second instance onwards].
    • Groups or organizations or universities: (University of Pittsburgh, 2007) or University of Pittsburgh (2007).
    • Authors with same surname and different or similar year of publication: Include the initials in all the in-text citations even if the year of publication differs, e.g., (I. Light, 2006; M. A. Light, 2008).
    • Works with no identified author or anonymous author: Cite the first few words of the reference entry (title) and then the year, e.g., (‘Study finds’, 2007); (Anonymous, 1998).

    If abbreviations are provided, then the style to be followed is: (National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2003) in the first citation and (NIMH, 2003) in subsequent citations.

    • Two or more works by same author: (Gogel, 1990, 2006, in press)
    • Two or more works with different authors: (Gogel, 1996; Miller, 1999)
    • Secondary sources: Allport's diary (as cited in Nicholson, 2003).
    • Films: (Name of the Director, Year of release)
    • Mere URLs can be provided as notes before the references.

    Reference Examples:

    • Books:
      Patnaik, U. (2007). The republic of hunger. New Delhi: Three Essays Collective.
       
    • Edited Books:
      Amanor, K. S., & Moyo, S. (Eds.). (2008). Land and sustainable development in Africa. London/New York, NY: Zed Books.
       
    • Translated books:
      Amin, S. (1976). Unequal development (trans. B. Pearce). London and New York, NY: Monthly Review Press.
       
    • Book chapters:
      Chachra, S. (2011). The national question in India. In S. Moyo & P. Yeros (Eds.), Reclaiming the nation (pp. 67–78). London: Pluto Press.
       
    • Journal articles:
      Foster, J. B. (2010). The financialization of accumulation. Monthly Review62(5), 1−17.
       
    • Newsletter article, no author:
      Six sites meet for comprehensive anti-gang intiative conference. (2006, November/December). OOJDP News @ a Glance. Retrieved from http://www.ncrjs.gov/html

    [Please do not place a period at the end of an online reference.]

    • Newspaper article:
      Schwartz, J. (1993, September 30). Obesity affects economic, social status. The Washington Post, pp. A1, A4.

    [Please provide a URL if the page numbers of the article are not available.]

    • In-press article:
      Briscoe, R. (in press). Egocentric spatial representation in action and perception. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research. Retrieved from http://cogprints.org/5780/1/ECSRAP.F07.pdf
       
    • Non-English reference book, title translated into English: 
      Real Academia Espanola. (2001). Diccionario de la lengua espanola [Dictionary of the Spanish Language] (22nd ed.). Madrid, Spain: Author.
       
    • Special issue or section in a journal: 
      Haney, C., & Wiener, R. L. (Eds.) (2004). Capital punishment in the United States [Special Issue]. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law10(4), 1−17.
       
    • Online article:
      Robert, R. (2018). Egocentric spatial representation in action and perception. Retrieved from http://cogprints.org/5780/1/ECSRAP.F07.pdf

    Please Note: For each in-text citation there must be a corresponding reference in the reference list and for each reference there must be a corresponding in-text citation.

    4.5 Book Reviews

    The title of these must contain the name of the author and the book being reviewed, the place of publication and the publisher details (name and location), year of publication, number of pages, price and binding (hardbound/paperback) set as follows:

    Mark David Chong and Abraham P. Francis (Eds.), Demystifying Criminal Justice Social Work in India. New Delhi: SAGE Publications, 2017, xlix + 297 pp., ₹ 950 (hardback). ISBN: 978-93-860-6247-5.

    Reviewer’s name must be provided at the end of the book review along with the e-mail address and the affiliation.

    4.6 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

    5. Submitting your manuscript 

    The paper, in MS Word, should be submitted electronically to: apjord@cirdap.org

    Authors will be provided with a copyright form once the contribution is accepted for publication. The submission will be considered as final only after the filled-in and signed copyright form is received. In case there are two or more authors, the corresponding author needs to sign the copyright form.

    5.1 Information required for completing your submission

    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    5.2 Permissions

    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway

    6. On acceptance and publication           

    6.1 SAGE Production

    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly.  Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorising the change.

    6.2 Online First publication

    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the SAGE Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

    6.3 Access to your published article

    SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.4 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice. In addition, SAGE is partnered with Kudos, a free service that allows authors to explain, enrich, share, and measure the impact of their article. Find out how to maximise your article’s impact with Kudos.

    7. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development editorial office as follows:

    Editor
    Asia Pacific Journal of Rural Development (APJORD)
    Centre on Integrated Rural Development for Asia and the Pacific (CIRDAP)
    Chameli House, 17 Topkhana Road
    GPO Box 2883, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
    E-mail: apjord@cirdap.org
    Telephone: 880-2-9558751

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