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Behavior Change in the Human Services
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Behavior Change in the Human Services
Behavioral and Cognitive Principles and Applications

Sixth Edition


February 2017 | 472 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Using a unique behavioral assessment and treatment planning framework, the updated Sixth Edition provides a systematic overview of behavioral and cognitive principles and their applications to a wide range of issues and situations encountered in human services professions. Up-to-date practice examples drawn from eight diverse case studies illustrate the range and versatility of the behavior change approach in an increasingly diverse and multicultural society, while an innovative chapter on clinical applications of behavioral and cognitive intervention techniques also addresses current influences in the field. This edition embraces the rigorous empirical foundations that have made this approach such a significant contributor to the national and international therapeutic milieu of the 21st century.


 
Preface
 
To the Student: How to Use This Book
Course Materials

 
Case Examples

 
The Chapters

 
The Course Posttest

 
Scoring the Pretest and Posttests

 
Recommendations for Instructor Use of This Book

 
 
Introduction
Three Generations of Behavior Change

 
Origins of the Behavior Change Approach

 
Characteristics of the Behavior Change Approach

 
Applications of the Behavior Change Approach

 
Journals and Professional Organizations

 
References and Resources

 
 
1. Specifying Behavior
Objectives

 
Overt and Covert Behaviors

 
Clarifying Vague Terms and Fuzzy Language

 
Target Behavior

 
Measuring Response Strength

 
The Behavioral Assessment Approach

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
Chapter Posttest Questions

 
References and Resources

 
 
2. Positive Reinforcement
Objectives

 
Reinforcing Stimuli

 
Examples of Positive Reinforcement

 
Reinforcers and Rewards

 
Factors That Influence Reinforcer Effectiveness

 
How to Identify Potential Reinforcers

 
Reinforcer Sampling

 
How to Evaluate the Effect of a Stimulus as a Positive Reinforcer

 
Reinforcement of Behavior: Social, Tangible, and Self-Administered

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
Chapter Posttest Questions

 
References and Resources

 
 
3. Extinction
Objectives

 
Decreasing Response Strength

 
Single-Subject Evaluation Designs

 
Applying Extinction to Decrease Undesired Behaviors

 
Ethical Considerations

 
Effects of Extinction

 
Consistency and Control of Reinforcement

 
Positive Reinforcement of Appropriate Behaviors

 
Spontaneous Recovery

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
Chapter Posttest Questions

 
References and Resources

 
 
4. Positive Reinforcement Contingencies
Objectives

 
Behavioral Contingencies and Positive Reinforcement

 
Contingency Contracting

 
Accidental Reinforcement Contingencies

 
Self-Control Reinforcement Contingencies

 
The Premack Principle

 
Continuous and Intermittent Reinforcement

 
Characteristics of Various Schedules of Reinforcement

 
Matching Law

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
Chapter Posttest Questions

 
References and Resources

 
 
5. Shaping and Response Differentiation
Objectives

 
Differential Reinforcement

 
Response Class

 
The DRO Procedure

 
Shaping With Successive Approximations

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
Chapter Posttest Questions

 
References and Resources

 
 
6. Stimulus Control: Discrimination and Generalization
Objectives

 
Antecedents

 
The Discrimination Training Procedure

 
Stimulus Control

 
Rule-Governed Behavior

 
Stimulus Fading

 
Stimulus Generalization

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
Chapter Posttest Questions

 
References and Resources

 
 
7. Conditioned Reinforcement and Chaining
Objectives

 
Conditioned Reinforcement

 
Simple and Generalized Conditioned Reinforcers

 
Establishing a Conditioned Reinforcer

 
Reinforcement History

 
Establishing Relationships With Clients

 
Fading Out Unconditioned Reinforcers

 
Token Economy

 
Stimulus-Response Chains

 
Developing New Behaviors Using Chaining

 
Response Priming

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
Chapter Posttest Questions

 
References and Resources

 
 
8. Modeling and Imitation
Objectives

 
The Role of Modeling and Imitation in the Acquisition of Behaviors

 
Modeling Versus Shaping

 
The Modeling Plus Positive Reinforcement Procedure

 
Social Skills Training

 
Assertiveness Training

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
Chapter Posttest Questions

 
References and Resources

 
 
9. Punishment
Objectives

 
Punishment Defined

 
Aversive Stimuli and Punishers

 
Positive Punishment

 
Physical Punishment and Spanking

 
Negative Punishment

 
Extinction and Negative Punishment

 
Time-Out

 
Maximizing the Effectiveness of Punishment

 
Overcorrection

 
Punishment and Self-Control

 
Disadvantages of Punishment

 
Alternatives to Punishment

 
The Future of Punishment

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
Chapter Posttest Questions

 
References and Resources

 
 
10. Negative Reinforcement
Objectives

 
Negative Reinforcers, Punishers, and Aversive Stimuli

 
Escape Behavior

 
Escape and Punishment

 
Avoidance Behavior

 
Phobias and Negative Reinforcement

 
Superstitious Behavior and Negative Reinforcement

 
Negative Reinforcement and Interpersonal Relationships

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
Chapter Posttest Questions

 
References and Resources

 
 
11. Respondent Conditioning
Objectives

 
Respondent Behavior

 
Respondent Conditioning

 
Emotional Behavior

 
Respondent Conditioning of Phobias

 
Escape, Avoidance, and Respondent Conditioning

 
Operant and Respondent Control of Behaviors

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
Chapter Posttest Questions

 
References and Resources

 
 
12. Generalization and Maintenance of Behavior Change
Objectives

 
Generalization and Maintenance of Behavior Change

 
Obstacles to the Generalization and Maintenance of Behavior Change

 
Strategies for Promoting the Generalization and Maintenance of Behavior Change

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
Chapter Posttest Questions

 
References and Resources

 
 
13. Behavioral Assessment
Objectives

 
Introduction to Behavioral Assessment

 
Cultural Diversity and Cultural Competency

 
Elements of Behavioral Assessment

 
Collecting RAC-S Data

 
Interviews and Assessment Instruments

 
Functional Behavioral Assessment

 
Identifying Controlling Relationships With RAC-S

 
Case Study

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
Chapter Posttest Questions

 
References and Resources

 
 
14. Goal Setting, Intervention Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation
Objectives

 
Formulating Behavior Change Goals

 
Developing the Intervention Plan

 
Implementation of the Behavior Change Program

 
Evaluating the Effectiveness of the Behavior Change Program

 
Behaviorally Oriented Record Keeping

 
Client Satisfaction

 
Social Validity

 
Outline of the Problem-Solving Framework

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
Chapter Posttest Questions

 
References and Resources

 
 
15. Clinical Application of Behavioral and Cognitive Intervention Techniques
Objectives

 
Exposure Techniques

 
Habit Reversal Training

 
Aversion Therapy

 
Cognitive-Behavioral Techniques

 
Behavioral Activation Therapy

 
Third-Generation Behavior Change Approaches

 
Mindfulness-Based Interventions

 
Considerations in Choosing Intervention Techniques

 
Conclusion

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
Chapter Posttest Questions

 
References and Resources

 
 
Appendix 1: Case Examples
 
Appendix 2: Chapter Pretest Questions
 
Appendix 3: Chapter Pretest Answers
 
Appendix 4: Chapter Posttest Answers
 
Appendix 5: Course Posttest Questions
 
Appendix 6: Course Posttest Answers
 
Appendix 7: Notational Symbols and Behavioral Diagrams
 
Glossary
 
Author Index
 
Subject Index
 
About the Authors
Key features

 NEW TO THIS EDITION: 

  • New coverage of third generation behavior change techniques exposes readers to state-of-the-art techniques in behavioral and cognitive-behavioral practice. Techniques include Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction, Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, and Dialectical Behavior Therapy
  • Updated references and resources in each chapter direct readers to the latest developments in the field.
  • Recent research on cultural diversity and multicultural practice enriches the chapters on assessment and goal setting, intervention planning, implementation, and evaluation.
  • An expanded discussion of biofeedback and behavioral medicine now includes the use of new and emerging technology, including mobile applications.
  • New coverage of advances in evidence-based and evidence-informed practice in Chapter 14: Intervention Planning and Evaluation strengthens the discussion.
  • Additional innovative applications of the behavior change approach include integration of cognitive principles.
  • New graphs throughout the text expand the visual presentation of case material.
  • Post-test questions now appear at the end of each chapter to facilitate assessment of content mastery.
  • Updated examples reflect current use of technology.

KEY FEATURES: 

  • A systematic, sequential organizational model helps readers move through material of increasing complexity while testing their knowledge of course content.
  • Realistic case studies provide compelling examples of applications of behavior change principles and concepts.
  • Objectives and pre- and post-tests provide readers with clear goals and feedback on progress. 


Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 1

Chapter 9

Chapter 13


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