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Careers In and Out of Organizations

Careers In and Out of Organizations

December 2001 | 368 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

What are the individual and organizational influences on career choices and adult development?

Careers In and Out of Organizations provides an overview of the changing context of careers and describes the role of interpersonal relationships as influences on development of a person's identity and learning. The author examines the nature of the new career contract and the different approaches that have been taken to studying career decision making. He explores how career choices are made, the developmental stages people pass through during the course of their working lives in organizations, and the factors related to career effectiveness including integrating career and personal life. The latter third of the book turns from research to the practical issues involved in applying theory including a look at how an understanding of career dynamics can be employed to make careers work better for individuals and for the work communities where they are employed. 

Introduction to the Series
1. The Study of Careers
The Changing Context of Careers

Why Study Careers?

What Is a Career?

A Working Definition of Career

Why Are Careers Important?


2. The Protean Career Contract
The Nature of a Psychological Contract

The Nature of the New Contract

Stages of Adaptation: Three Types of Companies

Continuous Learning via Psychological Success

Implications for Organizational Career Management

Questions for Further Research


3. Career Choice and Decision Making
Eras of Career Research

Matching People and Occupations

Process Models: How Are Career Choices Made?

How People Choose Organizations


4. Life, Career, and Learning Stages
Are Career and Life Stages Still Relevant Today?

Life Stages

Schein's Model of the Organizational Career

The Early Career Years: Becoming Established

Midlife and Midcareer: Maintenance and Reexamination

A New Stage Model for the Middle and Later Career Years and Beyond: Learning Cycles

Later Career and Adjustment Into Retirement

Summary of Developmental Needs in Early, Middle, and Late Career

Research Issues


5. Predicting Career Effectiveness: Performance
What Is Career Effectiveness?

Understanding How the Process of the Career Affects Performance

Research Issues


6. The Protean Career Identity and Attitudes
Career Identity

Career Attitudes


R.F. Morrison & D.T. Hall
7. Career Adaptability
Why Adaptability Is Critical to Contemporary Career Development

Observing the Experience of Adaptability

A General Model of Adaptability

An Integrated Model of Adaptability

Questions for Future Research


8. Managing Protean Career and Life Roles
Early Work: Interrole Analysis and Dual-Career Couples

Protean Careers and Dual-Career Relationships



9. Reflection: Self-Development for the Growth of Identity and Adaptability
What is Reflection?

Reflection: Stereotype Versus Reality

How a CEO Reflects

Relfection in the Heat of Battle

Identity Growth Through Self-Reflection

Steps for Leveraging Learning Through Reflection and Questions for Research


10. Toward More Strategic and Self-Directed Careers
The Business Need for a Career Development Plan

A Strategic Framework for Career Development

Priorities and Recommendations: Seven Steps to Growth for Career Practice and Research

Steps for Guiding the Protean Careerist: Questions for Career Self-Reflection or a Career Discussion

11. Looking Back at Careers in Organizations and Looking Ahead: Toward More Spiritual Careers
Looking Back at Careers in Organizations: Then and Now and Beyond


About the Author
Key features
  • Offers thorough coverage of careers from an individual development perspective
  • Meshes important classical work with current research in ways that guide doctoral students toward promising avenues for future theory development and empirical application
  • Provides an excellent discussion on how organizations can put systems and processes in place to ensure individual and career development and illustrates how to connect career planning with business and corporate strategies.

Sage College Publishing

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