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Counseling and Educational Research
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Counseling and Educational Research
Evaluation and Application

Fourth Edition


March 2019 | 416 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Counseling and Educational Research: Evaluation and Application prepares readers to be good consumers and evaluators of research. Using concrete examples from published articles, author Rick A. Houser teaches students to take a systematic approach to evaluating professional literature critically and using it responsibly. The Fourth Edition covers evidence-based research, qualitative methods, program evaluation, and mixed methods; includes new discussions on how national accreditation standards in counseling (CACREP) and education (CAEP) apply to research; and examines how cultural influences can affect the research process.
 
Foreword
 
Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Author
 
Section 1: Introduction to the Research Process
 
Chapter 1. Science and the Research Process
Definitions of Science and Research  
Practitioner–Scientist  
Assumptions About Science and Research  
Plagiarism  
Steps in the Scientific Process  
Purpose and Overview of the Text  
 
Chapter 2. Ethics and Research
Ethical Principles and Guidelines  
Ethical Research Violations  
Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating the Research Literature for Ethical Concerns  
Evaluation of Research Examples Presented in the Professional Literature  
Tuskegee Syphilis Study  
Milgram Study  
 
Chapter 3. Quantitative Research Designs
Strengths and Weaknesses of Quantitative Research  
Types of Variables  
Research Designs  
 
Chapter 4. Qualitative Research Methods
Advantages and Disadvantages of Qualitative Research  
Traditions or Paradigms in Conducting Qualitative Research  
Case Study Approach  
 
Chapter 5. Mixed Methods Research
History of Mixed Methods Research  
Strengths and Weaknesses of Mixed Methods Research  
Triangulation  
Mixed Research Models  
 
Chapter 6. Single-Case or Single-Subject Research
Guidelines and Procedures in Single-Subject Design  
Research Designs in Single-Case or Subject Research  
 
Chapter 7. Basics of Statistical Methods
Measurement Scales  
Common Statistical Definitions  
Descriptive Statistics  
Inferential Statistics  
Nonparametric Statistics  
 
Chapter 8. Basics of Qualitative Research Data Analysis
Generating Data: Units of Data Collection  
Organizing Data  
Management of Data: Coding and Reducing  
Interpreting and Reporting  
 
Section II: Evaluating Articles in the Professional Literature
 
Chapter 9. Evaluating the Literature Review
Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating Research  
Evaluation of Examples From the Research Literature  
 
Chapter 10. Evaluating the Purpose Statement and Hypotheses
Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating the Purpose Statement  
Evaluation of Examples From the Research Literature  
Section Summary  
Quantitative Research Hypotheses  
Indirect Proof: An Orientation to the Scientific Approach  
Types of Hypotheses  
Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating Hypotheses: Quantitative Methods  
Evaluation of Examples From the Research Literature  
Evaluating a Hypothesis in Qualitative Research Methods  
Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating Hypothesis or Hypotheses for Qualitative Research  
 
Chapter 11. Evaluating the Methods Section—Sampling Methods
Sampling Methods Used in Quantitative Research  
Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating the Methods Section Sample  
Evaluating Examples From the Research Literature  
 
Chapter 12. Evaluating the Methods Section—Instruments
Standardization of Instruments  
Culture, Gender, and Diversity Bias  
Reliability of Instruments  
Validity of Instruments  
Approaches to Measuring the Dependent Variable  
Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating the Instruments—Quantitative Research  
Evaluating Examples From the Research Literature—Quantitative Research  
Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating the Instruments—Qualitative Research  
Evaluating Single-Subject Research  
 
Chapter 13. Evaluating the Methods Section—Procedures
Description of Study Variables  
Random Assignment  
Internal and External Validity  
Threats to Internal Validity  
Threats to Validity with Single-Subject Studies  
Threats to External Validity  
Evaluation of Procedures Examples From the Literature  
 
Chapter 14. Evaluating the Results Section
Part I: Quantitative Research Results  
Descriptive Statistics  
Inferential Statistics  
Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating the Results Section—Quantitative Research  
Evaluating Examples From the Research Literature—Quantitative Research  
Single Case Study Example  
Part II: Qualitative Research Results  
Coding Data: Data Analysis  
Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating the Results Section—Qualitative Research  
Evaluating an Example From the Results Section—Qualitative Research  
 
Chapter 15. Evaluating the Discussion Section
Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating the Discussion Section  
Evaluating Examples From the Research Literature  
Single-Subject Case Example  
 
Section III: The Application of Research and Evaluation
 
Chapter 16. Evidence-Based Research and Application
Counseling Meta-Analyses  
Interventions in Schools  
Integrative Reviews  
 
Chapter 17. Conducting Research: Cultural Issues
Cultural Neuroscience Research  
Examples of Cultural and Neuroscience Research  
 
Chapter 18. Developing a Research Proposal and Conducting Research in Practice
Practitioner–Researchers  
Developing a Research Proposal  
Practical Considerations in Conducting Research  
 
Chapter 19. Development and Application of Program Evaluation Research
Definitions of Program Evaluation Research  
Professional Standards and Guidelines for Program Evaluation  
Types of Evaluation  
Evaluation Models  
Steps in an Evaluation  
Examples of Program Evaluation  
 
Chapter 20. Advances in Technology and Research
Technologies  
Online Counseling  
Interactive Video  
Bug-in-Ear Technology  
iPads and iPhones  
Virtual Reality  
Neuroscience Technologies  
 
Chapter 21. Current and Future Issues in Counseling and Educational Research
The Practitioner–Scientist Model  
The Relevance of Research to Practice  
Value Issues in Counseling  
Social Justice Issues  
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Index

Supplements

Instructor Resource Site

study.sagepub.com/houser4e

A test bank for instructors is available with this text on the password-protected Instructor Resource Site. The test bank provides a diverse range of questions with the opportunity to edit any question and/or insert personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.

Key features

NEW TO THIS EDITION:

  • Chapter-ending discussions show how national accreditation standards in counseling (CACREP) and education (CAEP) apply to chapter topics.
  • Discussion of how cultural influences can affect the research process reflect an important sensitivity to cultural factors when studying today's diverse society.
  • New chapters cover cultural issues to consider when conducting research and evidence-based research and application.
  • Additional examples help illustrate how to evaluate research and professional journal articles.

KEY FEATURES:

  • Reader-friendly language helps facilitate understanding without compromising the complexity of content.
  • Exercises and activities provide opportunities for readers to engage with and think critically about chapter content.
  • Summaries allow readers to review chapter content and reinforce their learning.

For instructors

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