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Crime and Criminal Justice

Crime and Criminal Justice
Concepts and Controversies

Second Edition
Experience with SAGE edge

January 2019 | 440 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

“The text is logically organized and easy to read and understand. Students will find the text intriguing as they move through the coverage of the controversies from the text.”—Michelle L. Foster, Kent State University

Updated with new content and current controversies that facilitate critical thinking, debate, and application of the concepts, Mallicoat’s Crime and Criminal Justice, Second Edition, provides accessible and concise coverage of all relevant aspects of the criminal justice system, as well as unique chapters on victims and criminal justice policy. Using an innovative format designed to increase student engagement and critical thinking, each chapter is followed by two Current Controversy debates that dive into a critical issue in criminal justice. These features challenge misconceptions by providing a balanced debate of both the pros and the cons of each issue and are followed by probing questions to help students think critically about timely topics. With contemporary examples that students can easily apply and a broad range of effective learning tools, this practical text helps students go beyond the surface toward a deeper understanding of the criminal justice system.

A Complete Teaching & Learning Package

SAGE Premium Video
Included in the interactive eBook! SAGE Premium Video tools and resources feature criminal justice in action, career insights, animated decision-making scenarios, and news clips of current events to boost comprehension and bolster analysis. Preview a video now.

Interactive eBook
Includes access to SAGE Premium Video, multimedia tools, and much more! Save when you bundle the interactive eBook with the new edition. Order using bundle ISBN: 978-1-5443-6575-6 Learn more.

SAGE coursepacks
FREE! Easily import our quality instructor and student resource content into your school’s learning management system (LMS) and save time. Learn more.

SAGE edge
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SAGE course outcomes: Measure Results, Track Success
Outlined in your text and mapped to chapter learning objectives, SAGE course outcomes are crafted with specific goals in mind and vetted by advisors in the field. See how SAGE course outcomes tie in with this book’s chapter-level objectives at




Part I: Foundations of Criminal Justice
Chapter 1: Crime and Criminal Justice
Stages of the Criminal Justice System  
Discretion and Ethics in the Criminal Justice System  
The Wedding Cake Model of Justice  
Models of Criminal Justice  
The Influence of the Media on the Criminal Justice System  
Chapter 2: Concepts of Law and Justice
Types of Law  
Sources of Law  
Case Law  
Criminal Law  
Criminal Defenses  
Chapter 3: Defining and Measuring Crime
Defining Crime  
Uniform Crime Reports  
National Incident-Based Reporting System  
National Crime Victimization Survey  
Self-Reported Offending Datasets  
Chapter 4: Explanations of Criminal Behavior
What Is a Theory of Crime?  
Classical Theories of Crime  
Biological and Psychological Theories of Crime  
Sociological Theories of Crime  
Contemporary Theories of Crime  
Chapter 5: Victims and the Criminal Justice System
Victims and Crime  
Theories of Victimization  
History of Victims’ Rights  
Victims in the Criminal Justice System  
Chapter 6: Criminal Justice Policy
What Is Policy?  
Why Do We Need Criminal Justice Policies?  
How Do Criminal Justice Policies Develop?  
Politics and Criminal Justice Policy  
Research and Criminal Justice Policies  
Part II: Policing
Chapter 7: Policing Organizations and Practices
A Brief History of Policing  
Types of Police Organizations  
Women in Policing  
Racial and Ethnic Diversity in Policing  
What Do the Police Do?  
Strategies and Tactics of Policing  
Chapter 8: Issues in Policing
Policing and the Law  
Ethical Dilemmas and Corruption  
Racial Profiling  
Use of Force  
Police Legitimacy  
Police Occupational Stress  
Part III: Courts
Chapter 9: Courts and Crime
Criminal Versus Civil Courts  
Jurisdiction and the Courts System  
Structure of the Courts  
Courtroom Participants and Their Duties  
Stages of a Criminal Court Case  
Chapter 10: Punishment and Sentencing
Correctional Philosophies  
Determinate Sentencing  
Indeterminate Sentencing  
Mandatory Sentences  
Capital Punishment  
Part IV: Corrections
Chapter 11: Prisons and Jails
History of Jails and Prisons  
Types of Prisons  
Prison Security Levels  
Issues in Incarceration  
Legal Rights of Prisoners  
Chapter 12: Community Corrections
Intermediate Sanctions  
Issues in Reentry  
Part V: Special Topics in Criminal Justice
Chapter 13: Juvenile Justice
History of the Juvenile Justice System  
Structure of the Juvenile Court  
Juvenile Waiver  
Demographics of Juvenile Offenders  
Chapter 14: Transnational Criminal Justice
Transnational Crime  
Homeland Security  
Border Control  


Instructor Resource Site

Instructors: The following online resources are included FREE with this text. For a brief demo, contact your sales representative today. mallicoatccj2e

SAGE COURSEPACKS FOR INSTRUCTORS makes it easy to import our quality content into your school’s learning management system (LMS)*. Intuitive and simple to use, it allows you to



Say NO to…

  • required access codes
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  • using only the content you want and need
  • high-quality assessment and multimedia exercises


*For use in: Blackboard, Canvas, Brightspace by Desire2Learn (D2L), and Moodle

 Don’t use an LMS platform? No problem, you can still access many of the online resources for your text via SAGE edge.

 SAGE coursepacks includes

  • Our content delivered directly into your LMS
  •  Intuitive, simple format that makes it easy to integrate the material into your course with minimal effort
  •  Assessment tools that foster review, practice, and critical thinking, and offer a more complete way to measure student engagement, including

o    Diagnostic chapter pre tests and post tests that identify opportunities for improvement, track student progress, and ensure mastery of key learning objectives

o    Test banks built on Bloom’s Taxonomy that provide a diverse range of test items with ExamView test generation

o    Activity and quiz options that allow you to choose only the assignments and tests you want

o    Instructions on how to use and integrate the comprehensive assessments and resources provided

  • Chapter-specific discussion questions to help launch engaging classroom interaction while reinforcing important content
  • Assignable SAGE Premium Video (available via the interactive eBook version, linked through SAGE coursepacks) that is tied to learning objectives and produced exclusively for this text to bring concepts to life and appeal to different learning styles, featurin
    • Corresponding multimedia assessment options that automatically feed to your gradebook
    • Comprehensive, downloadable, easy-to-use Media Guide in the Coursepack for every video resource, lists the chapter to which the video content is tied, matches learning objectives and course outcomes, and provides a helpful description of the video content as well as assessment questions
    • Career insights from professionals in the field that expose students to the opportunities and challenges of potential careers in criminal justice
    • Criminal Justice news clips that bring extra coverage of current events into the book, connecting multiple brief news clips to core chapter content
    • Criminal Justice in Practice: Decision Making Scenarios that encourage a deeper understanding of key concepts by placing students in the role of criminal justice professionals in real-life situations
  • EXCLUSIVE, influential SAGE journal articles, built into course materials and assessment tools, that tie important research and scholarship to chapter concepts to strengthen learning
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides that offer flexibility when creating multimedia lectures so you don’t have to start from scratch but can customize to your exact needs
  • Lecture notes that summarize key concepts on a chapter-by-chapter basis to help you with preparation for lectures and class discussions
  • Integrated links to the interactive eBook that make it easy for your students to maximize their study time with this “anywhere, anytime” mobile-friendly version of the text. It also offers access to more digital tools and resources, including SAGE Premium Video
  • All tables and figures from the textbook





Student Study Site

SAGE edge for Students provides a personalized approach to help students accomplish their coursework goals in an easy-to-use learning environment.

  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts.
  • Mobile-friendly practice quizzes allow for independent assessment by students of their mastery of course material.
  • Learning objectives reinforce the most important material.
  • Multimedia resources include timely and relevant video, audio, and web links to further explore topics and highlight responses to critical thinking questions.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter.

“A well-written, concise overview of the main components of the CJS – not a lot of filler, does a great job of getting the basic elements like history and terminology across without being dry, focusing instead on issues.”

Dan Dexheimer
Boise State University

“An excellent text for both instructor and students. Very contemporary and useful in today’s CJ world. I would adopt over my current book for sure.”

Jeffrey M. O’Donnell
Community College of Allegheny County

“The book is exceptional and affordable for my students. And it had an entire chapter devoted to the nature of crime and criminality.”

Mario Cano
University of Texas at El Paso

“The text is logically organized and easy to read and understand. Students will find the text intriguing as they move through the coverage of the controversies from the text.”

Michelle L. Foster
Kent State University

“I would describe this textbook as being capable to deliver the basic information regarding the functions, procedures, and systems related to the criminal justice system. Additionally, this book is contemporary and relatable to students, and also easy for them to read and comprehend.”

Rebecca Headley Konkel
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

“Concise, informative, student friendly, and intelligent.”

Robert M. Clark, Ph.D
Pennsylvania Highlands Community College

“…the book presents the most important information the Intro to CJ students need without overwhelming students with details.  Chapters are a reasonable length and easy to read.  And it is a reasonable price”

Stacy K. Parker
Associate Professor, Muskingum University
Key features


  • Nearly 50% of the Current Controversy essays have been updated to expand student engagement and critical thinking skills as they explore the pros and cons of key issues in criminal justice, such as: Is Media a Credible Source on Crime?, Should the United States Increase Laws on Gun Control?, and Are Colleges and Universities the Best Place to Respond to Sexual Assault?
  • New Spotlight boxes provide additional examples to engage and inform students on important topics, such as: Sexual Harassment in Hollywood, Mandatory Arrest Policies, Lynching and Mass Incarceration, Michelle Carter, and the Boston Marathon Bombings. Each box includes critical thinking questions that help students apply the material and make important connections.
  • New content enables students to explore crucial topics in today’s field such as feminist criminology, the juvenile justice process, transnational crime, and the Trump Administration.
  • Updated statistics, graphs, and tables demonstrate to students the most recent data and trends in criminal justice.


  • Current Controversy debates written by recognized experts in their field encourage student engagement and critical thinking skills as they explore the pros and cons of emerging issues in criminal justice. 
  • Careers in Criminal Justice boxes offer students information on a broad range of careers from Research Analyst to Drug and Alcohol Counselor to help them start planning ahead for a future career in criminal justice.
  • Around the World boxes, followed by critical thinking questions that help students really apply the material, approach criminal justice from a real-world and international perspective using examples of criminal justice systems in countries outside the US.
  • Opening vignettes hook students' attention from the start by providing interesting examples that provoke student thinking about how the chapter material relates to the real world.
  • Unique chapters on Victims and Policy demonstrate how these often-overlooked topics impact the criminal justice system and broaden students’ understanding of the pivotal role of victims and policy. 
  • In-text learning tools, including learning objectives that guide students through the chapter, discussion questions and learning activities that further enhance application and recall, and recommended websites for further exploration, help students develop an in-depth understanding of the material.
  • An interactive eBook with original videos (including career videos, SAGE News Clips, and Criminal Justice in Practice: Decision-Making Scenarios) provide flexibility for different modes of instruction and appeals to students of all learning styles.
  • SAGE coursepacks allows instructors to import high-quality content into their school’s learning management system (LMS) with no access codes.
  • SAGE edge provides students helpful tools, including eFlashcards, practice quizzes, and more, in one easy-to-use online environment. 

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 2: Concepts of Law and Justice

Chapter 11: Prisons and Jails

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