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Ethical Reasoning for Mental Health Professionals
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Ethical Reasoning for Mental Health Professionals



January 2006 | 408 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
"I would really recommend this as an excellent class text and desk reference. I would describe this as a very comprehensive, up to date text on ethics that includes most mental health professionals. This was very thorough and well written….the inclusion of case examples throughout the chapters really brought home the points that the author was trying to make. The author was very skilled at going into depth while covering the ethical dimensions and did not merely provide superficial discussion." -- Kathleen M. Salyers, The University of Toledo
-- Kathleen M. Salyers,

Ethical Reasoning for Mental Health Professionals addresses a fundamental need of ethics training in psychology and counseling: the development of reasoning skills to resolve the complex professional ethical issues that arise. Author Gary G. Ford provides readers with a background in ethical reasoning and introduces them to an easy-to-follow eight step model of ethical decision making.

Key Features:

  • Covers philosophical models of ethical reasoning: Readers are provided with the needed background for understanding sources of ethical duties and the metaethical justification underlying the ethical code of their profession.
  • Addresses APA and ACA ethics codes: A greater understanding between the professions of psychology and counseling is illustrated by covering current versions of ethical codes for both fields (APA, 2002 & ACA, 2005). Recommendations are given for those who wish to pursue certification, degree, or licensure in the other field.
  • Exemplifies ethical dilemmas and ethical responses: Treats the issue of ethical dilemmas, in which two or more ethical duties actually conflict. Other texts present issues one at a time, supplemented by case examples involving ‘right’ and ‘wrong’ answers, leaving professionals ill-equipped to apply ethical principles to novel circumstances, particularly where multiple ethical duties conflict.
  • Reflects the complexity of real-life situations: Numerous thought-provoking case examples help students apply ethical principles to novel professional circumstances. In-depth coverage of ethical concerns in assessment, therapy, industrial/organizational, teaching, research, and forensic activities is provided, as well as in emerging areas such as e-therapy and Internet research.
  • Addresses multicultural concerns: The ubiquitous nature of cultural influences in our lives and professional activities is demonstrated. Readers are guided to identify cultural biases in their own life and the ethical principles and practices of the mental health professions.

Intended Audience:

This text is perfect for students studying ethical issues in psychology and counseling, as well as a great resource for clinical/counseling psychologists, psychotherapists, and practitioners.

This text is perfect for students studying ethical issues in psychology and counseling, as well as a great resource for clinical/counseling psychologists, psychotherapists, and practitioners.

 
Preface
 
Ch 1. Introduction
What is Ethics  
Ethics and Personal Values  
The Role and Values in the Practice of a Mental Health Profession  
Why do Professions Develop Ethical Standards?  
The History of Ethics in Psychology  
"Ethical Principals of Psychologists and Code of Conduct"  
Counseling: Code of Ethics  
Psychiatry: The Principles of Medical Ethics, With Annotations Especially Applicable to Psychiatry  
Social Work: Code of Ethics of the National Association of Social Workers  
The Limitations of Ethical Codes  
Ethics and Law  
Summary  
 
Ch 2. "Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct"
Introduction and Applicability  
Preamble  
General Principles  
Summary  
 
Ch 3. Counseling's Code of Ethics
Preamble  
ACA Code of Ethics Sections  
 
The Existence of Ethical Conflict
Summary  
 
Ch 4. Models of Ethical Reasoning and Their Effectiveness in Resolving Ethical Conflict
The Philosophical Basis of Ethical Judgments  
Utilitarianism  
Kant's Formalist Ethical Theory  
The Need for Ethical Problem-Solving Skills to Address Conflicts Between Ethical Principles  
Ethical Relativism  
Ethical Contextualism  
Summary  
 
Ch 5: A Model of the Ethical Decision-Making Process
The Purpose of the Model  
The Model  
A Case Example Applying the Model of Ethical Decision Making  
Summary  
 
Ch 6: Ethical Issues in Psychotherapy and Counseling
Informed Consent  
Confidentiality  
Multiple Relationships  
Conflict of Interest  
Competence  
Respect for Clients' Autonomy  
Termination  
Practice Case Involving the Model of Ethical Decision Making  
Summary  
 
Ch 7: Organizational Settings and Special Populations
Working Within an Organization  
Conflict of Interest  
Working in a Psychiatric Hospital  
Managed Care Practice  
Working in Forensic (Correctional) Settings  
Mental Health Professionals in the Military  
Psychotherapy With Children  
School Psychology and Counseling  
Practice Case Involving the Model of Ethical Decision Making  
Summary  
 
Ch 8: Ethical Issues in Assessment and Testing
The Value and Ethical Implications of Psychiatric Diagnoses  
Psychological and Educational Assessment and Testing  
Multicultural Issues in Psychological Assessment  
Ethics and Test Validity  
Use of Computerized Test Administration, Scoring, and Interpretation  
Report Writing  
Special Considerations in College Orientation Testing  
Practice Case Involving the Model of Ethical Decision Making  
Summary  
 
Ch 9: The Use of Computer Technology in Professional Practice
Specialty Guidelines for E-Therapy  
Beneficence  
Nonmaleficence  
Integrity  
Competence  
Informed consent  
Confidentiality  
Conducting Assessments Using the Internet  
Conclusion  
Practice Case Involving the Model of Ethical Decision Making  
Summary  
 
Ch 10: Practice and Assessment in Organizational and Business Settings
Working for a Business Organization  
Competence  
Consulting Relationships  
Special Considerations in Industrial/Organizational Assessment  
Entrepreneurial Practice of a Mental Health Profession  
Practice Case Involving the Model of Ethical Decision Making  
Summary  
 
CH 11: Ethical Issues in Teaching and Supervision
Competence  
Informed Consent  
Multiple Relationships  
Confidentiality  
Professional and Scientific Responsibility  
Teaching Students About Values and Professional Ethics  
Ethical and Legal Issues in Supervision  
Practice Case Involving the Model of Ethical Decision Making  
Summary  
 
Ch 12: Ethical Issues in Research
Ethics, Values, and Theory Construction  
Conducting Research With Human Participants  
Protecting Research Participants From Harm  
Informed Consent  
Special Considerations in Conducting Research With Children  
The Use of Deception in Research  
Confidentiality  
Ethical Issues Concerning the Use of Student Subject Pools  
Ethics and Scientific Merit of Research  
Ethical Issues in Data Collection and Analysis  
Ethical Issues in Publishing Research Results  
Ethical Issues in Conducting Research on the Internet  
Ethical Issues in Conducting Animal Research  
Practice Case Involving the Model of Ethical Decision Making  
Summary  
 
Ch 13: Mental Health Professions and the Law
Legal Issues in Hospital Admission for Psychiatric Treatment  
Involuntary Hospitalizations: The Psychiatric Commitment Process  
The Rights of Psychiatric Inpatient Clients  
Ethical Considerations in Suicide Preventions  
Forensic Practice in the Mental Health Professions  
What if Ethics and the Law Conflict?  
Practice Case Involving the Model of Ethical Decision Making  
Summary  
 
Ch 14: State Boards, Ethics Committees, and Ethics Complaints
When Professionals Identify Unethical Conduct  
State Boards of Psychology and Counseling  
Professional Organizations' Ethics Committees  
Dealing Appropriately With a State Board of Ethics Committee Inquiry  
Legal Complaints Against Mental Health Professionals  
Avoiding Difficulties by Functioning as an Ethical Professional  
Practice Case Involving the Model of Ethical Decision Makings  
Summary  
References  
 
Appendices
 
A: "Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct"
 
B: ACA Code of Ethics

"I would really recommend this as an excellent class text and desk reference. I would describe this as a very comprehensive, up to date text on ethics that includes most mental health professionals.

This was very thorough and well written….the inclusion of case examples throughout the chapters really brought home the points that the author was trying to make. The author was very skilled at going into depth while covering the ethical dimensions and did not merely provide superficial discussion."

Kathleen M. Salyers
The University of Toledo

"A comprehensive description of the ethical issues in clinical and counseling psychology grounded in a philosophical approach to thinking about ethics. The approach it takes of emphasizing ethical theory and reasoning is strong and more useful than the more typical code based approach."

Donald Brunnquell
Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota and University of Minnesota

.

Professor Minnie Wagner
Lakeville Health care Management and Business, Minnesota School of Business - Richfield
July 11, 2012

Excellent book for the professor and the students. The information is updated.

Dr Maria Mangual
Counseling, University of Puerto Rico
November 6, 2010
Key features
  • Survey of major principles and methods of ethical reasoning
  • Innovative framework to support individual ethical reasoning and decision making
  • A comprehensive presentation of ethical issues pertaining to therapy, assessment, industrial/organizational work, teaching, and research
  • A cutting edge chapter on ethics and the use of technology in clinical practice.
  • Numerous case situations to exemplify ethical dilemmas and ethical responses
  • Inclusion of ethical codes pertaining to both counseling and psychotherapy

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