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Human Bondage
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Human Bondage
Tracing its Roots in India

First Edition

Courses:
Social Problems

July 2011 | 512 pages | SAGE Publications Pvt. Ltd

Human Bondage: Tracing its Roots in India is an in-depth study of bonded labor with special focus on how the system exists in India. The book provides us with a detailed analysis of the historical, social and cultural context in which bondage has developed.

The author discusses the socio-economic characteristics that accompany bondage: caste, illiteracy, landlessness and land tenure issues, alienation of land, lack of skills, poor employment and wage conditions, indebtedness, migration, and globalization.

Extreme forms of bondage, including child labor, trafficking in women and children, and social forms like devadasis and yoginis have also been covered.

The book explores important factors like the legal framework, policy interventions, solutions and the role of the various stakeholders—media, government, trade unions and NGOs—in tackling this issue.

The book is essentially about human freedom and dignity—the quintessence of human existence—and the forces that rob them, the dispossessed victims, consequences of dispossession, and ways and means of restoration.


 
Foreword Justice Shri M N Venkatachaliah
 
I: AN OVERVIEW
Historical Perspective

 
Concept and Definition

 
Unemployment, Underemployment, and Income Insecurity

 
Poverty, Population Explosion, Hunger, and Malnutrition

 
Minimum Wage

 
Migration

 
Caste Hierarchy

 
 
II: ISSUES
Land Tenurial System

 
Tribal Land Alienation

 
Illiteracy

 
Child Labour and Trafficking

 
Devdashis and Yoginis

 
Credit and Indebtedness

 
Globalisation, State, and Market

 
 
III: POLICY INITIATIVES
Constitutional and Legal Provisions

 
National Policy and Implementation of the Programme at the State Level

 
International Instruments and Initiatives

 
Public Interest Litigation and Judicial Activism

 
Role of Voluntary Organizations

 
Role of Trade Unions of Workers and Employer's Organizations

 
Role of Media and Communication Agencies

 
In Retrospect and Prospect

 
 
Bibliography
 
Index

The book provides thoughtful insights into many dimensions of the social evil of bonded labour. [It] is a great eye-opener for economists, leaders and policy-makers who have become complacent because of their satisfaction with India’s growth story…The author has done a brilliant work by agitating the consciousness of all sensitive human beings in our society…this book draws the attention of those who matter and acts as a ray of hope for economically exploited helpless and weaker sections of society.

The Tribune

Combining humanist sensitivity with the diligence of a committed public servant, and a careful reading of the law, [Mishra’s] book is an encyclopaedic record of labour unfreedoms, past and present. [The author] traces ancient roots to contemporary forms of bonded labour in India...  [He] unravels the riddle of the perpetuation of unfree labour in free India.

The Hindu

A well-documented volume, brought up to date, and an important addition to the hitherto published major critical studies on bonded labour...Mishra’s analysis is illuminated by flashes of direct encounters with bonded labourers, migrants, members of depressed castes and women workers, enabling readers to listen to their voices- complaining, angry and rebellious.
Economic & Political Weekly, Vol 48, 22 June 2013

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ISBN: 9788132105602
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