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Business Perspectives and Research

Business Perspectives and Research


eISSN: 23949937 | ISSN: 22785337 | Current volume: 9 | Current issue: 2 Frequency: Bi-annually
Business Perspectives and Research (BPR) is the management journal of K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai. It aims to publish empirically, applied, and conceptual research in the field of management. The journal aims to expand and enhance the understanding of business and management through empirical investigation and theoretical analysis. BPR is also a platform for insightful and theoretically strong conceptual and review papers that would contribute to the body of knowledge. BPR adheres to a rigorous double-blind reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are always concealed from both parties. Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online before their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. The journal is fully integrated with the Publons platform.

Business Perspectives and Research started in the year 2002 under the name ‘Synergy’. In 2011 it was registered under the new title ‘Business Perspectives and Research’. The first issue of BPR published under SAGE Publications was Volume 3, issue 1 (Jan 2015). At present, the journal is Scopus indexed and is also part of multiple indexed databases like the Australian Business Deans Council (ABDC), Indian Citation Index (ICI), UGC-CARE (GROUP II), J-Gate DeepDyve, Portico, Dutch-KB, EBSCO, OCLC, Ohio. From January 2021, BPR is published thrice a year.

The journal periodically comes out with special issues under Guest Editors.
• In 2016 David R. Caruso, Yale University, USA wrote the Guest Editorial note for a special issue on emotional intelligence.
• In 2020 the special issue on Contemporary Issues in Management and Marketing Research was guest-edited by Demetris Vrontis University of Nicosia Nicosia Cyprus
• In 2021 the special issue on ‘Era of Disruption: Opportunities and Challenges for Businesses in India’ is guest-edited by a team comprising of Vishal Gupta, IIM Ahmedabad, Upam Pushpak Makhecha, IIM Tiruchirappalli, and Farheen Fatima Shaik, IIM Tiruchirappalli India.

As economies around the world undergo a huge transformation, the importance of studying and attempting to understand all aspects of businesses from the perspective of consumers, stakeholders, employees, and society at large has increased. This presents new opportunities to research industries like Information technology, media, health care, consumer products, startups, government, etc. The journal encourages submission that focuses on a unique contribution to contemporary business practices.

Business Perspectives and Research (BPR) aims to publish empirically, applied, and conceptual research in the field of management. The goal is to expand and enhance the understanding of business and management through empirical investigation and theoretical analysis. BPR is also a platform for insightful and theoretically strong conceptual and review papers that would contribute to the body of knowledge. BPR adheres to a rigorous double-blind reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are always concealed from both parties.

BPR welcomes research articles that draw upon, but not restricted to:

-Advances in operations, logistics, and supply chain management
-Business performance and innovativeness
-Contemporary issues in management
-Contours of marketing, customer engagement and loyalty
-Digital disruptions
-Economic growth, development and market dynamics
-Entrepreneurial ventures including start-ups
-Management of professional services such as healthcare and sports
-Organizational and human resource perspective in business
-Organizational psychology
-Research methods and analytics
-Retailing and services marketing
-Strategic decisions in finance and risk management
-Strategy and business decisions

The journal seeks to advance the understanding of for-profit and not-for-profit organizations through empirical and conceptual work. It also publishes a critical review of newly released books under the Book Review section. The aim is to popularize and encourage discussion on ideas expressed in newly released books connected to management and allied disciplines.

BPR also periodically publishes management cases grounded in theory and communications in the form of research notes or comments from researchers and practitioners on published papers for critiquing and/or extending thinking on the area under consideration. The overarching aim of Business Perspectives and Research is to encourage original/innovative thinking through a scientific approach.

The journal provides access to the latest research work with practical applications, aiding academic researchers, young scholars and business managers to leverage valuable insights at their academic institutions and business organizations.

Editor
Preeti S Rawat K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
Associate Editors
Rushi Anandan K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
Prema Basergekar K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
Anjali Chopra K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
Ashish S Galande Indian Institute of Management Udaipur, India
Salil Khetani Heidelberg University, Ohio, United States
Shiji Lyndon K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
Prerna Mahindroo K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
Upam Pushpak Makhecha Indian Institute of Management, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India
Amit Jayant Mokashi New Jersey City University, United States
Shalini Talwar K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
Editorial Advisory Board
Beverlee B Anderson California State University, USA
Noor Azizi Othman Yeop Abdullah Graduate School of Business, Malaysia
Pawan Budhwar Aston Business School, Birmingham, United Kingdom
Peter W. Cunningham Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, South Africa
Amit K Ghosh Cleveland State University, Nance College of Business Administration, USA
Mitsuhiko Iyoda Momoyama Gakuin University St Andrew’s University, Osaka, Japan
M Jayadev Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore, India
Hans Rask Jensen Departement of Border Region Studies, University of Southern Denmark, Sønderborg, Denmark
Sajal Kabiraj International Center for Organization and Innovation Studies, Dongbei University of Finance and Economics, China
Sudhir Kale Bond University, School of Business, Queensland, Australia
Silas N Onyango School of Business & Public Management, KCA University, Nairobi, Kenya
Ramon Rico University of Western Australia, Australia
Sanjit Roy The University of Western Australia, Australia
O B Sayeed ICFAI Business School, Hyderabad, India
Sim Sitkin Duke University, The Fuqua School of Business, USA
Editorial and Reviewer Board
Kirti Aarekar K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
Amir A Abdulmuhsin Department of Management Information Systems College of Administration & Economics University of Mosul (UoM)
Suresh Advani Mody University, Rajasthan, India
Rajiv Agarwal S P Jain Institute of Management and Research, Mumbai, India
Upasna A Agarwal National Institute of Industrial Engineering (NITIE), Mumbai, India
Sugandha Aggarwal Lal Bahadur Shastri Institute of Management, Delhi, India
Jashim Uddin Ahmed Department of Management, School of Business & Economics, North South University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Jabir Ali Indian Institute of Management, Lucknow, India
Adarsh Anand University of Delhi, Delhi, India
Amitabh Anand SKEMA Business School, France
Vishal Arghode Indian Institute of Management, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
Usama Awan Lappeenranta-Lahti University of Technology LUT, Finland
Shivani Bali Lal Bahadur Shastri Institute of Management, Delhi, India
Varadraj Bapat SJM School of Management, Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai, India
Anil Behel Fielding Graduate University, School of Human & Organizational Development
Hemangi Bhalerao K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
Vibha Bhandari College of Applied Sciences, Oman
Nupur Gupta Bhattacharya Freelance Research in Finance, India
Brajesh Bolia K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
Debarun Chakraborty Symbiosis Institute of Business Management (SIBM), Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
Poonam Chauhan K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
John P Christie School of Liberal Arts, Education, and Social Sciences, Weston, Massachusetts, USA
Chirag Dabar Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, India
Vandita Dar Freelance Research in Economics, India
Bhaskar Das Bennett and Coleman Co Ltd, Mumbai, India
Ganesh Dash College of Administration and Finance Saudi Electronic University, Saudi Arabia
Tanmoy De Symbiosis Institute of Business Management, Hyderabad, India
Vedant Dev Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, India
Raj Devasagayam School of Business, SUNNY Old Westbury, Old Westbury, Long Island, New York
Himanshu Dhaka Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai, India
Maithili Dhuri IES Management College and Research Centre, Mumbai, India
Shweta Dixit K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
Ganesh L Christ University Institute of Management Bangalore, India
Debraj Ghosal S P Jain Institute of Management and Research, Mumbai, India
Sumona Ghosh St Xavier’s College, Kolkata, India
Meghna Goswami Indian Institute of Management Jammu, India
Deepak Gupta Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Amrita Schools of Business, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India
Megha Gupta K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
Ruchi Gupta Shaheed Bhagat Singh College, New Delhi, India
Mohammad Wahidul Habib ASA University Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Mohammad Hamdoun College of Commerce and Business Administration Dhofar University, Salalah, Sultanate of Oman
Laxmikanth Hari K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
Radha Iyer K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
Isaac Jacob K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
Srinath Jagannathan Indian Institute of Management, Indore, India
Rinku Jain K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
Varsha Jain Mudra Institute of Communications, Ahmedabad, India
J D Jayaraman New Jersey City University, United States
D G Jha K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
Sumi Jha National Institute of Industrial Engineering, Mumbai, India
Vidyanand Jha Indian Institute of Management Calcutta, India
Amrita Joshi Indian Institute of Management, Indore, India
Jayasimha K R Indian Institute of Management, Indore, India
Shiva Kakkar Indian Institute of Management, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
Bharathi Kamath Department of Economics, University of Mumbai, Mumbai, India
Maureen Kangu The Management University of Africa, Bellevue, South C, Kenya
Bhargavi Karamcheti K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
Shailaja Karve K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Somaiya Vidyavihar University, Mumbai, India
Monica Khanna K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
Binil Kumar National Institute of Industrial Engineering, Mumbai, India
Narayanan Krishna Kumar State Bank Institute of Leadership (SBIL), West Bengal, India
Rajiv Kumar Indian Institute of Management, Calcutta, India
S N V Siva Kumar K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Somaiya Vidyavihar University, Mumbai, India
Sanjiwani Kumar K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
Satishchandra Kumar Dept of Applied Psychology, University of Mumbai, Mumbai, India
Samvet Kuril Ahmedabad University, Ahmedabad, India
J S Lamba K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
Fend Lars Technical University Ingolstadt (THI), Business School, University in Ingolstadt, Germany
Suman Lodh Middlesex University Business School, London
Gunjan Malhotra Institute of Management Technology, Ghaziabad, India
Tanvi Mankodi Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, India
Pallavi Mhatre MET Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai, India
Hory Sankar Mukerjee Infosys Limited, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
Indrajit Mukherjee XLRI School of Business and Human Resource Management, Jamshedpur, India
Zubin R Mulla Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai, India
Bala Mulloth University of Virginia, USA
Rahul Nair Marketing and Inside Sales Manager for Cummins Inc. a Fortune 150 Company in the USA
Shreekumar nair National Institute of Industrial Engineering, Mumbai, India
Bindu K Nambiar SCMS Cochin School of Business, Kerala, India
Ranjeet Nambudiri Indian Institute of Management, Indore, India
Monomita Nandy Brunel University, UK
Nilakantan Narasinganallur K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
Krishna Kumar Narayanan Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai, India
R C Natarajan T A Pai Management Institute, Manipal, India
Ajinkya Navare Indian Institute of technology Bombay, Mumbai, India
Mohammed Abdul Nayeem IBS, IFHE, Hyderabad, India
Neena Prasad M S Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences, Bangalore, India
Nilam Panchal Institute of Management, Nirma University, Ahmedabad, India
Abhishek Nirjar IFIM Business School, Bangalore, India
Mohammad Nurunnabi FHEA FRSA Associate Professor in Accounting, Prince Sultan University, Saudi Arabia
Silas N Onyango KCA University, Nairobi, Kenya
Raghukumari P S K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
Sasmita Palo Tata Institute of Social Sciences,(TISS), Mumbai, India
Neeraj Pandey National Institute of Industrial Engineering, Mumbai, India
R K Pattanaik S P Jain Institute of Management and Research, Mumbai, India
Harsh Pradhan Indian Institute of Management, Bhubaneswar, India
Manas Ranjan Pradhan Department of Fertility Studies, International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, India
Asha Prasuna K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
Pooja Purang Dept of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai, India
Anjali Radkar Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics, Pune, India
Smita Ramakrishnan K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
K S Ranjani National Institute of Industrial Engineering, Mumbai, India
Sandeep Vyas IIIM, Mansarovar (ISIM) Jaipur, India
Sangeeta Sharma Birla Institute of Technology & Science, Pilani, Rajasthan, India
Deepak Shah Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics, Pune, India
Shailja Dixit Amity Business School, Lucknow, India
Kiran Sharma K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
Binod Shrestha Kathmandu University School of Management, Nepal
Shuchi Singhal International School of Informatics & Management, Rajasthan, India
Smita Shukla Alkesh Dinesh Modi Institute for Financial and Management Studies, Mumbai, India
Ganesh Singh All India Management Association, New Delhi, India
Sindhu Singh K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
Rashmi Soni K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
Manjeri Srivastava Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies
Arhan Sthapit Faculty of Management, Tribhuvan University, Nepal
Hari Sundar TKM Institute of Management, Kerela, India
Biranchi Narayan Swar Symbiosis Institute of Business Management (SIBM), Bangalore, India
Mamta Tripathi Indian Institute of Management Jammu, India
Pankaj Trivedi K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
Rajesh Srinivas Upadhyayula Indian Institute of Management, Kozhikode, India
Poonam Vatharkar MES Institute of Management and Career Courses, Pune, Maharashtra, India
Archana Vaze College of Insurance, Insurance Institute of Mumbai, India
Bhagyalaxmi Venkatesh Visiting Faculty, K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Somaiya Vidyavihar University, Mumbai, India
Neharika Vohra Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, India
Veena Vohra Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, (NMIMS), Mumbai, India
Nalanda Wani Indira College of Commerce & Science, Tathawade, Pune, India
Editorial Assistant
Kritika Jain K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai, India
  • Australian Business Deans Council (ABDC)
  • DeepDyve
  • Dutch-KB
  • EBSCO
  • Indian Citation Index (ICI)
  • J-Gate
  • OCLC
  • Ohio
  • Portico
  • SCOPUS
  • UGC-CARE (GROUP II)
  • Manuscript Submission Guidelines: Business Perspectives and Research

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site https://peerreview.sagepub.com/bpr to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned. 

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Business Perspectives and Research will be reviewed.

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this Journal.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere.

    If you have any questions about publishing with SAGE, please visit the SAGE Journal Solutions Portal

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope
    1.2 Article types
    1.3 Writing your paper

    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy
    2.2 Authorship
    2.3 Acknowledgements
    2.4 Funding
    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
    2.6 Research data

    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics
    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement
    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    4. Preparing your manuscript

    4.1 Formatting
    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
    4.3 Supplemental material
    4.4 Reference style
    4.5 English language editing services

    5. Submitting your manuscript

    5.1 ORCID
    5.2 Information required for completing your submission
    5.3 Permissions

    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 SAGE Production
    6.2 Online First publication
    6.3 Access to your published article
    6.4 Promoting your article

    7. Further information

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope

    Before submitting your manuscript to Business Perspectives and Research, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.

    1.2 Article types
    Types of Manuscripts accepted are:

    • Articles
    • Case Study
    • Book Review

    Contributors must provide their affiliations and complete postal and e-mail addresses with their articles.
    Articles should be strictly between 6000-7500 words only. All articles must be accompanied by an abstract of 150–200 words.

    There is no limit on the number of references allowed.

    1.3 Writing your paper
    The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice on how to get published, plus links to further resources.

    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable
    For information and guidance on how to make your article more discoverable, visit our Gateway page on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online 

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    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy
    Business Perspectives and Research adheres to a rigorous double-blind reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are always concealed from both parties.

    Business Perspectives and Research is committed to delivering high quality, fast peer-review for your paper, and as such has partnered with Publons. Publons is a third party service that seeks to track, verify and give credit for peer review. Reviewers for Business Perspectives and Research can opt in to Publons in order to claim their reviews or have them automatically verified and added to their reviewer profile. Reviewers claiming credit for their review will be associated with the relevant journal, but the article name, reviewer’s decision and the content of their review is not published on the site. For more information visit the Publons website.

    The Editor or members of the Editorial Board may occasionally submit their own manuscripts for possible publication in the Journal. In these cases, the peer review process will be managed by alternative members of the Board and the submitting Editor/Board member will have no involvement in the decision-making process.

    2.2 Authorship
    All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.

    2.3 Acknowledgements
    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.
    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    2.3.1 Writing assistance
    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    2.4 Funding
    Business Perspectives and Research requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
    Business Perspectives and Research encourages authors to include a declaration of any conflicting interests and recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway

    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.

    2.6 Research data
    At SAGE we are committed to facilitating openness, transparency and reproducibility of research. Where relevant, Business Perspectives and Research encourages authors to share their research data in a suitable public repository subject to ethical considerations and where data is included, to add a data accessibility statement in their manuscript file. Authors should also follow data citation principles. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway, which includes information about SAGE’s partnership with the data repository Figshare.

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    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics
    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway 

    3.1.1 Plagiarism
    Business Perspectives and Research and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the Journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication
    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement    
    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway

    3.3 Open access and author archiving 
    Business Perspectives and Research offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

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    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission
                    
    4.1 Formatting 
    The preferred format for your manuscript is MS-Word.

    The manuscript must include the following:

    • Title of the paper, name of author, author’s affiliation and institutional address with pin code, email id and abstract of not more than 200 words. In case there are two or more authors, then corresponding author’s name and postal address details must be clearly specified.
    • The contributors should provide 4–6 keywords for online searchability.

    For each text citation there must be a corresponding citation in the reference list and for each reference list citation there must be a corresponding text citation. Tables should be provided in editable format. Both tables and figures should be referred to in the text by number separately (e.g., Table 1) not by placement (e.g., see Table below).

    All figures and tables should be cited in the text and should have the source (a specific URL, a reference or, if it is author’s own work, ‘The author(s)’) mentioned irrespective of whether or not they require permissions.

    • The Use American spellings rather than British throughout (“labor” not “labour,” “center” not “centre”; universal “-ize” and “-zation” of words). Use serial comma. For non-English and uncommon words and phrases, use italics throughout the text. Meaning of non-English words should be given in parentheses just after the word when it is used for the first time. 
    • Articles should use non-sexist and non-racist language.
    • Spell out numbers from one to nine, 10 and above to remain in figures. However, for exact measurement (e.g., China’s GDP growth rate 9.8 per cent) use numbers. Very large round numbers, especially sums of money, may be expressed by a mixture of numerals and spelled-out numbers (India’s population 1.2 billion). Use thousands and millions, not lakhs and crores.
    • Double quotes should be used throughout. Single quote marks are to be used within double quotes. Spellings of words in quotations should not be changed. Quotations of 45 words or more should be separated from the text.
    • Notes should be numbered serially and presented at the end of article. Notes must contain more than a mere reference. However, mere URLs may be incorporated in the endnotes.
    • Use ‘per cent’ instead of % in the text. In tables, graphs, etc., % can be used. Use ‘twentieth century’, ‘the 1990s’.
    • Abbreviations are spelled out at first occurrence. Very common ones (US, GDP, BBC) need not be spelled out.

    References should come at the end of the manuscript. 

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines  

    • Figures, including maps, graphs and drawings, should not be larger than page size. They should be numbered and arranged as per their references in the text. All photographs and scanned images should have a resolution of minimum 300 dpi and 1,500 pixels and their format should be TIFF or JPEG. 
    • Due permissions should be taken for copyright protected photographs/images. Even for photographs/images available in the public domain, it should be clearly ascertained whether or not their reproduction requires permission for purposes of publishing (which is a profit-making endeavour).
    • All photographs/scanned images should be provided separately in a folder along with the main article.

    Please Note: All figures and tables should be cited in the text and should have the source (a specific URL, a reference or, if it is author’s own work, ‘The Author’) mentioned irrespective of whether or not they require permissions.

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    4.3 Supplemental material
    This Journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplemental files

    4.4 Reference style
    Business Perspectives and Research adheres to the APA reference style. View the APA guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    • References: A consolidated listing of all books, articles, essays, theses and documents referred to (including any referred to in the tables, graphs and maps) should be provided at the end of the article.

     

    • Arrangement of references: Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work. In each reference, authors’ names are inverted (last name first) for all authors (first, second or subsequent ones).

     

    • Chronological listing: If more than one work by the same author(s) is cited, they should be listed in order by the year of publication, starting with the earliest.

     

    • Sentence case: In references, sentence case (only the first word and any proper noun are capitalized—e.g., ‘The software industry in India’) is to be followed for the titles of papers, books, articles, etc.

     

    • Title case: In references, Journal titles are put in title case (first letter of all words except articles and conjunctions are capitalized—e.g., Journal of Business Ethics).

     

    • Italicize: Book and Journal titles are to be italicized.

    4.5 English language editing services
    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the Journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

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    5. Submitting your manuscript
    Business Perspectives and Research is hosted on SAGE Track SAGE, a web based online submission and peer review system. Visit https://peerreview.sagepub.com/bpr to login and submit your article online. 

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the Journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.

    5.1 ORCID
    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized. 

    The collection of ORCID IDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this Journal. If you already have an ORCID ID you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID ID will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID ID is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID ID please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

    5.2 Information required for completing your submission
    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. The affiliation listed in the manuscript should be the institution where the research was conducted. If an author has moved to a new institution since completing the research, the new affiliation can be included in a manuscript note at the end of the paper. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    5.3 Permissions
    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway

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    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 SAGE Production
    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be made available to the corresponding author via email, and corrections should be made directly or notified to us promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorising the change.

    6.2 Online First publication
    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the SAGE Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

    6.3 Access to your published article 
    SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.4 Promoting your article
    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.

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    7. Further information
    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Business Perspectives and Research editorial office as follows: 

    Dr Preeti S. Rawat, Professor OB/HR, Editor-Business Perspectives and Research, 'K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Vidyavihar, Mumbai 400077; e-mail: bpr@somaiya.edu

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