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Race & Class

Race & Class

Published in Association with Institute of Race Relations
A Journal on Racism, Empire and Globalisation

eISSN: 17413125 | ISSN: 03063968 | Current volume: 65 | Current issue: 4 Frequency: Quarterly

Winner of University of Texas Best Research Essay: 'Extraordinary Renditions': Tales of Guantanamo," Race and Class, 52:1 (2011) by Barbara Harlow.  Read it for free!

"Combines scholarship, insight and sympathy for the hopes and problems of the poor and oppressed people throughout the world. It is an achievement as significant as it is rare."  Noam Chomsky

Race & Class is a refereed, ISI-ranked publication, the foremost English language journal on racism and imperialism in the world today. For three decades it has established a reputation for the breadth of its analysis, its global outlook and its multidisciplinary approach.

"One of the few scholarly quarterlies that bridges the gap between the academic and the ghetto." Guardian

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This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)

The foremost English language journal on racism and imperialism in the world today

For over four decades, Race & Class has established a reputation for the breadth of its analysis, its global outlook and its multidisciplinary approach. Race & Class is a fully peer-reviewed journal containing contributions from scientists, artists, novelists, journalists, politicians and Black and Third World activists and scholars. It aims to publish new and original thinking and analysis that eschews obscurity for obscurity’s sake, is as free from jargon as possible and accessible to the non-specialist. It aims to identify and speak to the concerns of our world today, the forces that are shaping it, and the resistances to those forces.

Topics covered in Race & Class include, but are not limited to: 

  • globalisation
  • popular culture
  • postcolonialism
  • Black politics
  • European fascism
  • Far Right and Alt-Right
  • debt
  • Indigenous peoples
  • legacies of empire
  • culture and identity
  • the information revolution
  • imperialism
  • migration and trafficking
  • militarism and empire
  • national security
  • religion and race
  • state racism
  • xeno-racism


Jenny Bourne Institute of Race Relations, London, UK
Deputy Editor
Sophia Siddiqui Institute of Race Relations, London, UK
Advisory Editors
Liz Fekete Institute of Race Relations, London, UK
Arun Kundnani New York University, USA
Hazel Waters Institute of Race Relations, London, UK
Founding Editor
A Sivanandan Institute of Race Relations, London, UK
Editorial Working Committee
Cathy Bergin Independent Scholar, UK
Timothy Brennan University of Minnesota, USA
Lee Bridges University of Warwick, UK
Gholam Khiabany Goldsmiths, University of London, UK
Insa Koch University of St Gallen (Switzerland)
Nancy Murray American Civil Liberties Union, USA
John Narayan King's College London, UK
Colin Prescod Institute of Race Relations, London, UK
Barbara Ransby University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
Bill Rolston University of Ulster, UK
Chris Searle Independent Scholar, UK
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  • Manuscript Submission Guidelines: Race & Class

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Race & Class will be reviewed.

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this Journal. Open Access options are available - see section 3.3 below.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

    Please note that Race & Class does not accept submissions of papers that have been posted on pre-print servers.

    1. What do we publish?
      1.1 Aims & Scope
      1.2 Article types
      1.3 Writing your paper
    2. Editorial policies
      2.1 Peer review policy
      2.2 Authorship
      2.3 Acknowledgements
      2.4 Funding
      2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
    3. Publishing policies
      3.1 Publication ethics
      3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
      3.3 Open access and author archiving
    4. Preparing your manuscript
      4.1 Formatting
      4.2 Journal style
      4.3 Artwork, figures and other graphics
      4.4 Supplementary material
      4.5 Reference style
      4.6 English language editing services
    5. Submitting your manuscript
      5.1 Permissions
    6. On acceptance and publication
      6.1 Sage Production
      6.2 Online First publication
      6.3 Access to your published article
      6.4 Promoting your article
    7. Further information

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope

    Before submitting your manuscript to Race & Class, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.

    1.2 Article Types

    Race & Class publishes original articles, commentaries, review essays and book reviews.

    1.3 Writing your paper

    The Sage Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources. Sage Author Services also offers authors a variety of ways to improve and enhance their article including English language editing, plagiarism detection, and video abstract and infographic preparation.

    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable

    When writing up your paper, think about how you can make it discoverable. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article through search engines such as Google. For information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords, have a look at this page on the Gateway: How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

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    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    Sage does not permit the use of author-suggested (recommended) reviewers at any stage of the submission process, be that through the web-based submission system or other communication. Reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Our policy is that reviewers should not be assigned to a paper if:

    •  The reviewer is based at the same institution as any of the co-authors

    •  The reviewer is based at the funding body of the paper

    •  The author has recommended the reviewer

    •  The reviewer has provided a personal (e.g. Gmail/Yahoo/Hotmail) email account and an institutional email account cannot be found after performing a basic Google search (name, department and institution). 

    2.2 Authorship

    All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.

            Please note that AI chatbots, for example ChatGPT, should not be listed as authors. For more information see the policy on Use of ChatGPT and generative AI tools.

    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    2.3.1 Third party submissions

    Where an individual who is not listed as an author submits a manuscript on behalf of the author(s), a statement must be included in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript and in the accompanying cover letter. The statements must:

    • Disclose this type of editorial assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input
    • Identify any entities that paid for this assistance
    • Confirm that the listed authors have authorized the submission of their manuscript via third party and approved any statements or declarations, e.g. conflicting interests, funding, etc.

    Where appropriate, Sage reserves the right to deny consideration to manuscripts submitted by a third party rather than by the authors themselves.

    2.4 Funding

    Race & Class requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the Sage Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    Race & Class encourages authors to include a declaration of any conflicting interests and recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the Sage Journal Author Gateway.

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    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    Sage is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the Sage Author Gateway.

    3.1.1 Plagiarism

    Race & Class and Sage take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication

    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a Sage journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the Sage Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication, Sage requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. Sage’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants Sage the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than Sage. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the Sage Author Gateway.

    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    Race & Class offers optional open access publishing via the Sage Choice programme and Open Access agreements, where authors can publish open access either discounted or free of charge depending on the agreement with Sage. Find out if your institution is participating by visiting Open Access Agreements at Sage. For more information on Open Access publishing options at Sage please visit Sage Open Access. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit Sage’s Author Archiving and Re-Use Guidelines and Publishing Policies.

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    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission

    4.1 Formatting

    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    4.2 Journal Style

    General style points

    Race & Class uses minimal capitalisation; e.g., for the first word of a heading, title of an article; lower case for terms like prime minister, mayor, etc. unless the individual is named, eg., Prime Minister Sunak; author’s preference is followed for terms such as black/Black, Indigenous/indigenous, etc. Exceptions are `Third World' and `Left' and `Right' as political entities.

    Use British spelling, not US, except where necessary in quotations. Use -ise form, not -ize.

    US, not U.S. or USA, except in direct quotations; Mr not Mr. but Arthur A. Jones, not Arthur A Jones.

    Numbers one to a hundred should be spelt out, otherwise given in figures, except for ages, percentages and statistical material. Use per cent (two words) not %.

    A comma, colon or semi-colon should not precede a bracket.

    Punctuation will normally follow a quotation mark. The only exception is if a complete sentence is quoted.

    Endnote numbers always fall outside punctuation, except when to a point made inside a bracket.

    Book, magazine and play titles are always italicised.

    Song and poem titles are given in quote marks, with initial caps, except for long and epic poems which are italicised

    For parentheses, use space, en-dash, space, not em dash without spaces.

    Race & Class does not normally use the Oxford comma.


    For short quotes, use single quotation marks, except for quotes within quotes, for which use double quotation marks. Punctuation should normally follow quotation marks, except when the quotation itself forms a complete sentence. Quotes of more than three or four lines will normally be indented. Please use (or convert) ‘straight’ quotes to ‘smart’ quotes.

    Use square brackets [ ] to indicate matter inserted into a quotation, and a space followed by three stops and a space to indicate matter omitted. Do not use square brackets around an ellipsis. Please indicate where emphasis is added in any quotation.

    4.3 Supplementary material

    Race & Class does not currently accept supplemental files.

    4.4 Reference style

    Notes and references should be placed at the end of an article, indicated by continuous, consecutive numbering throughout the text. Reference numbers should be placed after punctuation, except when the reference falls within a bracket.

    Please note, Race & Class follows Chicago (Notes and Bibliography) styling for endnote references; the author-date or Harvard system is never used; nor do we have an additional Bibliography. References do not need to be made to every point, though direct quotes and controversial points should be referenced. Separate bibliographies containing material not directly referenced in the text are not normally included. Please note: it is not necessary to reference points of information that are generally accepted in the field, or, usually, to provide a brief background overview. References do need to be made to contentious points and direct quotes, or valuable supplementary information. Please format as follows:


    Zadie Smith, Swing Time (New York: Penguin Press, 2016), 315–16.

    Brian Grazer and Charles Fishman, A Curious Mind: The Secret to a Bigger Life (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2015), 12.

    Shortened notes

    Smith, Swing Time, 320.

    Grazer and Fishman, Curious Mind, 37

    Chapter or other part of an edited book

    In a note, cite specific pages.

    Henry David Thoreau, “Walking,” in The Making of the American Essay, ed. John D’Agata (Minneapolis: Graywolf Press, 2016), 177–78.

    Shortened note

    Thoreau, “Walking,” 182.

    Journal article

    In a note, cite specific page numbers. For articles consulted online, include a URL or the name of the database. Many journal articles list a DOI (Digital Object Identifier). A DOI forms a permanent URL that begins This URL is preferable to the URL that appears in your browser’s address bar.

    Susan Satterfield, “Livy and the Pax Deum,” Classical Philology 111, no. 2 (April 2016): 170.

    Shao-Hsun Keng, Chun-Hung Lin, and Peter F. Orazem, “Expanding College Access in Taiwan, 1978–2014: Effects on Graduate Quality and Income Inequality,” Journal of Human Capital 11, no. 1 (Spring 2017): 9–10,

    Peter LaSalle, “Conundrum: A Story about Reading,” New England Review 38, no. 1 (2017): 95, Project MUSE.

    Shortened notes

    Satterfield, “Livy,” 172–73.

    Keng, Lin, and Orazem, “Expanding College Access,” 23.

    LaSalle, “Conundrum,” 101.

    News or magazine article

    Articles from newspapers or news sites, magazines, blogs, and the like are cited similarly. Page numbers, if any, can be cited in a note. If you consulted the article online, include a URL or the name of the database.

    1. Rebecca Mead, “The Prophet of Dystopia,” New Yorker, April 17, 2017, 43.

    2. Farhad Manjoo, “Snap Makes a Bet on the Cultural Supremacy of the Camera,” New York Times, March 8, 2017,

    3. Rob Pegoraro, “Apple’s iPhone Is Sleek, Smart and Simple,” Washington Post, July 5, 2007, LexisNexis Academic.

    4. Tanya Pai, “The Squishy, Sugary History of Peeps,” Vox, April 11, 2017,

    Shortened notes

    5. Mead, “Dystopia,” 47.

    6. Manjoo, “Snap.”

    7. Pegoraro, “Apple’s iPhone.”

    8. Pai, “History of Peeps.

    Website content

    It is often sufficient simply to describe web pages and other website content in the text (“As of May 1, 2017, Yale’s home page listed . . .”). If a more formal citation is needed, it may be styled like the examples below. For a source that does not list a date of publication or revision, include an access date (as in example note 2).

    1. “Privacy Policy,” Privacy & Terms, Google, last modified April 17, 2017,

    2. “About Yale: Yale Facts,” Yale University, accessed May 1, 2017,

    3. Katie Bouman, “How to Take a Picture of a Black Hole,” filmed November 2016 at TEDxBeaconStreet, Brookline, MA, video, 12:51,

    4.5 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using Sage Language Services. Visit Sage Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

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    5. Submitting your manuscript

    Before submitting your manuscript, please ensure you carefully read and adhere to all the guidelines and instructions to authors provided above. Manuscripts should be submitted double-spaced and emailed as an attachment to in Microsoft Word. Formatting should be kept to the minimum.  Articles may be between 5,000–10,000 words; commentary pieces are usually between 2,000–4,000, though submissions outside these parameters will be considered. Please include a brief, two- or three-line author description, an abstract and keywords. Book reviews may be between 1,000 – 2,000 words; or longer if a review article covering more than one book.

    Books for review should be sent to:

    Race & Class,

    The Institute of Race Relations
    2-6 Leeke Street
    King's Cross Road
    WC1X 9HS
    Tel: +44 (0)20 7837 0041

    5.1 Permissions

    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the Sage Author Gateway.

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    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 Sage Production

    Your Sage Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly.  Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate.

    6.2 Online First publication

    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the Sage Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

    6.3 Access to your published article

    Sage provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.4 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The Sage Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.

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    7. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Race & Class editorial office as follows:

    The Institute of Race Relations, 2-6 Leeke Street, King's Cross Road, London WC1X 9HS, UK. Fax: +44 (0)20 7278 0623; Tel: +44 (0)20 7837 0041.

    Personal subscribers can now access Race & Class online for only £18! Please visit for more information.

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