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Social Psychology Quarterly

Social Psychology Quarterly

An official journal of the American Sociological Association
Other Titles in:
Social Psychology | Sociology

eISSN: 19398999 | ISSN: 01902725 | Current volume: 87 | Current issue: 2 Frequency: Quarterly

Social Psychology Quarterly (SPQ) publishes theoretical and empirical papers on the link between the individual and society. This includes the study of the relations of individuals to one another, as well as to groups, collectivities, and institutions. It also includes the study of intra-individual processes as they substantially influence, or are influenced by, social structure and process. SPQ is genuinely interdisciplinary and publishes works by both sociologists and psychologists.

The American Sociological Association (ASA), founded in 1905, is a non-profit membership association dedicated to advancing sociology as a scientific discipline and profession serving the public good. With 12,000 members, ASA encompasses sociologists who are faculty members at colleges and universities, researchers, practitioners, and students. About 20 percent of the members work in government, business, or non-profit organizations. ASA hosts an annual meeting with more than 6,000 participants and publishes 14 professional journals and magazines.

As the national organization for sociologists, ASA, through its Executive Office, is well positioned to provide a unique set of services to its members and to promote the vitality, visibility, and diversity of the discipline. Working at the national and international levels, ASA aims to articulate policy and implement programs likely to have the broadest possible impact for sociology now and in the future.

Social Psychology Quarterly (SPQ) publishes theoretical and empirical papers on the link between the individual and society. This includes the study of the relations of individuals to one another, as well as to groups, collectivities, and institutions. It also includes the study of intra-individual processes as they substantially influence, or are influenced by, social structure and process. SPQ is genuinely interdisciplinary and publishes works by both sociologists and psychologists.

Jody Clay-Warner University of Georgia
Justine E. Tinkler University of Georgia
Deputy Editors
Corey D. Fields Georgetown University
Matthew O. Hunt Northeastern University
Stefanie Mollborn Stockholm University
Editorial Board Members
Malissa Alinor University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill
Weihua An Emory University, USA
Kelly Bergstrand University of Texas-Arlington
Elisa Jayne Bienenstock Arizona State University-Downtown Phoenix
Jamillah E. Bowman Williams Georgetown University
Kait M. Boyle University of South Carolina-Columbia
Celeste Campos-Castillo University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Bryan Christopher Cannon Franklin and Marshall College
Lynn Gencianeo Chin Washington & Lee University, USA
Steven E. Clayman University of California-Los Angeles
Kristen Annette Clayton Friends School of Atlanta
Trenton D. Mize Purdue University
Sarah K. Harkness University of Iowa
Elizabeth Hordge-Freeman University of Southern Florida
Crystal L. Hoyt University of Richmond, USA
Freda B. Lynn University of Iowa, USA
Bianca Manago Vanderbilt University
Kristen Marcussen Kent State University
Guadalupe Marquez-Velarde Utah State University
Ludwin E. Molina University of Kansas
Ellis Prentis Monk, Jr. Harvard University, USA
Chantrey J. Murphy California State University-Long Beach
Shira Offer Bar-Ilan University
David Pedulla Harvard University
Brian Powell Indiana University-Bloomington
Craig M. Rawlings Duke University
Scott V. Savage University of Houston, USA
Jason Schnittker University of Pennsylvania
Doug Schrock Florida State University, USA
Christie Sennott Purdue University, USA
Allison Skinner-Dorkenoo University of Georgia
Shane D. Soboroff University of Iowa
Mieke B. Thomeer University of Alabama at Birmingham
Lisa Slattery Walker University of North Carolina-Charlotte, USA
Monica M. Whitham Oklahoma State University
Jun Zhao Georgia State University
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    1. Ethics: Submission of a manuscript to another professional journal while it is under review by SPQ is regarded by the ASA as unethical. Significant findings or contributions that have already appeared (or will appear) elsewhere must be clearly identified. All persons who publish in ASA journals are required to abide by ASA guidelines and ethics codes regarding plagiarism and other ethical issues. This requirement includes adhering to ASA’s stated policy on data-sharing: “As a regular practice, sociologists share data and pertinent documentation as an integral part of a research plan. Sociologists generally make their data available after completion of a project or its major publications, except where proprietary agreements with employers, contractors, or clients preclude such accessibility or when it is impossible to share data and protect the confidentiality of the research participants (e.g., field notes or detailed information from ethnographic interviews)” (ASA Code of Ethics, 2018).

    2. Submitting Your Manuscript:

    a. SPQ uses an online submission process for all peer review. Authors can submit and upload their manuscript at If an author experiences any difficulty in the online submission process, please contact the editorial office for advice at Further directions regarding the online submission procedure for Manuscript Central (Scholar One/SageTrack) are below.

    b. The manuscript submission must contain a separate file in .doc, .docx, or .rtf format for the title page, acknowledgments and MS proper. The remainder of the manuscript should be in one file of the above listed formats containing: title, abstract, running text, references, acknowledgments, and all tables, figures, and appendices. We will also accept .pdf and LaTeX but, as these can cause difficulties with the submission system, it is advisable to email the managing editor prior to submission.

    c. The manuscript file should be blind of all author-identifying information. Please do not include a header in this main document. If you need to reference your own work, please use the third-person narrative voice - i.e., in Smith's work (2004), NOT in my work (Smith 2004). Likewise, please avoid including personal details that could facilitate deductive disclosure. If these are useful to the work, we will consider adding them following acceptance. Finally, any references that are omitted for the sake of blinding should be explicitly identified in the cover letter.

    d. A $25 manuscript processing fee is required for submission to any journal of the American Sociological Association. First submission of all papers must be accompanied by this fee. No processing fee is required for revised and resubmitted manuscripts, or for manuscripts submitted by student members of ASA. All authors will have an opportunity to submit this payment through Manuscript Central (Scholar One/SageTrack). To waive payment, please select the category of manuscript type as ASA Student Member Submission.

    3. Manuscript Central (Scholar One/SageTrack Procedures):

    a. If you have not used Manuscript Central for another ASA journal, you will need to create a user account to submit your manuscript to SageTrack. Once your user account has been created, you will be able to track your manuscript at all steps of the submission process. If you review for SPQ, you will also use Manuscript Central to complete the review process. You will not need to create another account. If you choose to submit another new or revised manuscript to SPQ, you will be able to maintain the same user account.

    b. When you first submit, the system will ask you the type of article you are submitting. All authors should choose Original Substantive Article. If you are a student member of ASA, please select ASA Student Member Submission so that you will not be required to submit payment information.

    c. Each manuscript submission must contain separate files for the title page and the main manuscript. You also have the opportunity to upload a cover letter with your submission, though it is not required.

    d. As you complete the submission process, you have the opportunity to save and quit before completing the submission. You will be able to resume the file submission by logging in again with your user account. Once you have completed the submission, the editorial office will begin the review process for your article.

    e. If the manuscript submitted is not sufficiently blinded, the editorial office will temporarily reject the manuscript and send it back to you for proper reformatting. Once the correctly blinded version is received, the review process will resume.

    f. Once the review process has begun, an author can log into their user account at any time to see how the manuscript is proceeding in the process. Any questions regarding the use of Manuscript Central or the submission process can be answered by Tenshi Kawashima, Managing Editor of SPQ,

    Preparation of Manuscripts

    Manuscript pages should be easy for reviewer and editors to read and allow space for marginal notes. All pages must be typed or printed (12-point type is preferred), double-spaced (including notes and references) on either 8-1/2 by 11 inch or A4 white paper. Margins must be at least 1-1/4 inches on all four sides (i.e., line length must not exceed six inches). If you cannot print italic or bold type, indicate italic characters by underlining them.

    SPQ publishes papers in both article and note formats. Initial submissions for articles should be 10,000 words or less, including all parts and excluding supplementary materials. We also invite notes, which are manuscripts in which the contribution can be communicated in no more than 5,000 words. Notes may provide new empirical tests of existing theory, replicate previous empirical findings, primarily make a theoretical contribution, or offer a methodological advance. Your manuscript may have up to eight separate sections, including: (1) title page, (2) abstract, (3) text, (4) notes, (5) references, (6) tables, (7) figures, illustrations, or photographs, and (8) appendices. Organizing the parts in that order is recommended. For both articles and notes, we encourage authors to make use of online-only appendices as needed to elaborate on methods, procedures, data, code, instruments, as well as to present any supplemental analyses and/or discussion. There is no word limit for the online-only component.

    Sound or video files can be hosted on the publisher's website for a reasonable period of time.

    SPQ encourages researchers to make their data, code, and other materials available for others to review and use. We are happy to assist authors in locating a suitable depository for these materials and will be pleased to add footnotes pointing to these deposits in the published article. Because we know that not all areas of social psychology are able to provide these materials, practically or ethically, this is not a requirement and willingness to publicly release data and other materials will have no impact on the likelihood of acceptance.

    1. The title page should include the full title of the article, the author(s)'s name(s) (listed vertically if more than one), and institutional affiliation(s), a running head, and the approximate word count for the manuscript (including notes and references). Use an asterisk (*) to add a title footnote that gives the address of the author to whom communications about the article can be sent. In the same footnote, list acknowledgments, credits, and/or grant numbers.

    2. Print the abstract (no more than 150 words) on a separate page headed by the title. Omit author(s)'s names on this page. Please include a few keywords to describe the article after the abstract.

    3. Begin the text of your manuscript on a new page headed by the title. SPQ uses anonymous peer reviewers to evaluate manuscripts, so please make an effort to keep the text of your manuscript anonymous. For example, if you cite your own work, write "Smith (1992) concluded . . ," not "I concluded (Smith 1992) . . . "

    a. Citations in the text give the last name of the author(s) and year of publication. Include page numbers whenever you quote directly from a work or refer to specific passages. Cite only those works needed to provide evidence for your assertions and to guide readers to important sources on your topic. In the following examples of text citations, ellipses (. . .) indicate manuscript text:

    * If an author's name is in the text, follow it with the year in parentheses: . . . Duncan (1959). If an author's name is not in the text, enclose the last name and year in parentheses: . . . (Gouldner 1963).

    * Pages cited follow the year of publication after a colon: . . . (Ramirez and Weiss 1979:239–40).

    * Give both last names for joint authors: . . . (Martin and Bailey 1988).

    * For works with three authors, list all three last names in the first citation in the text: . . . Carr, Smith, and Jones 1962). For all subsequent citations use "et al.": . . . (Carr et al. 1962).

    * For works with four or more authors, use "et al." throughout.

    * For institutional authorship, supply minimal identification from the complete citation: . . . (U.S. Bureau of the Census 1963:117).

    * List a series of citations in alphabetical order or date order separated by semicolons: . . . (Burgess 1968; Marwell et al. 1971).

    * Use "forthcoming" to cite sources scheduled for publication. For dissertations and unpublished papers, cite the date. If no date, use "n.d." in place of the date: . . . Smith (forthcoming) and Oropesa (n.d.).

    * For machine-readable data files, cite authorship and date: . . . (Institute for Survey Research 1976).

    b. Number notes in the text consecutively throughout your article using superscript Arabic numerals. If you refer to a note again later in the text, use a parenthetical note: . . . (see note 3).

    c. Equations in the text should be typed or printed. Use consecutive Arabic numerals in parentheses at the right margin to identify important equations. Align all expressions and clearly mark compound subscripts and superscripts. Clarify all unusual characters or symbols with notes circled in the margin.

    4. Notes (footnotes or endnotes) should be typed or printed, double-spaced in a separate "ENDNOTES" section. Begin each note with the superscript numeral to which it is keyed in the text (e.g., "1 After 1981, there were . . . "). Notes can (a) explain or amplify text, (b) cite materials of limited availability, or (c) append information presented in a table or figure. Avoid long notes.

    5. References are presented in a separate section headed "REFERENCES." All references cited in the text must be listed in the reference section, and vice versa. Publication information for each must be complete and correct.

    List the references in alphabetical order by authors' last names; include first names and middle initials for all authors when available. List two or more entries by the same author(s) in order of the year of publication. If the cited material is not yet published but has been accepted for publication, use "forthcoming" in place of the date and give the journal name or publishing house. For dissertations and unpublished papers, cite the date and place the paper was presented and/or where it is available. If no date is available, use "n.d." in place of the date.

    If two or more cited works are by the same author(s) within the same year, list them in alphabetical order by title and distinguish them by adding the letters a, b, c, etc., to the year (or to "forthcoming"). For works with more than one author, only the name of the first author is inverted (e.g., "Jones, Arthur B., Colin D. Smith, and James Petersen"). List all authors; using "et al." in the reference list is not acceptable.

    The first letter of each word in the title of an article should be capitalized and the title enclosed in quotations. Titles of books and journals should be italicized or underlined. Publisher's names should be stated in as brief a form as is fully intelligible. For example, John A. Wiley and Sons should be "Wiley."

    A few examples follow. Refer to the ASA Style Guide (7th ed., 2022) for additional examples:

    * Books: Bernard, Claude. [1865] 1957. An Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine. Translated by H. D. Greene. New York: Dover.
    Mason, Karen O. 1974. Women's Labor Force Participation and Fertility. Research Triangle Park, NC: National Institutes of Health.
    U. S. Bureau of the Census. 1960. Characteristics of Population. Vol. 1. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

    * Periodicals: Goodman, Leo A. 1947a. "The Analysis of Systems of Qualitative Variables When Some of the Variables Are Observable. Part I–A Modified Latent Structure Approach." American Journal of Sociology 79:1179–1259.
    ———. 1947b. "Exploratory Latent Structure Analysis Using Both Identifiable andUnidentifiable Models." Biometrika 61:215–31.
    Szelényi, Szonja and Jacqueline Olvera. Forthcoming. "The Declining Significance of Class: Does Gender Complicate the Story?" Theory and Society.

    * Collections: Clausen, John A. 1972. "The Life Course of Individuals." Pp. 457–514 in Aging and Society, vol. 3, A Sociology of Age Stratification, edited by M. W. Riley, M. Johnson, and A. Foner. New York: Russell Sage.
    Sampson, Robert J. 1992. "Family Management and Child Development: Insights from Social Disorganization Theory." Pp. 63–93 in Advances in Criminology Theory, vol. 3, Facts, Frameworks, and Forecasts, edited by J. McCord. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.

    * Dissertations: Charles, Maria. 1990. "Occupational Sex Segregation: A Log-Linear Analysis of Patterns in 25 Industrial Countries." PhD dissertation, Department of Sociology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA.

    * Machine-readable files:
    American Institute of Public Opinion. 1976. Gallup Public Opinion Poll #965 [MRDF]. Princeton, NJ: American Institute of Public Opinion [producer]. New Haven, CT: Roper Public Opinion Research Center, Yale University [distributor].

    6. Number tables consecutively. Type or print each on a separate page. Insert a note in the text to indicate table placement (e.g.,"Table 2 About Here").
    * Each table must include a descriptive title and headings for all columns and rows.

    * General notes to a table should be listed directly under the table as "Note: . . ."; specific notes should be lettered consecutively within each table with superscript lowercase letters. Use asterisks *, **, and/or *** to indicate significance at the p < .05, p < .01, and p < .001 levels, respectively, and always specify one-tailed or two-tailed tests.

    7. Number figures, illustrations, or photographs consecutively. Include a title or caption for each. Insert a note in the text to indicate placement (e.g., "Figure 1 About Here").

    * If your manuscript is accepted for publication, all artwork must be submitted in camera-ready form: Figures and illustrations must be executed by computer or by a graphic artist in black ink on white paper with clear lines; lettering on figures and illustrations must be typeset or done in pen and ink; photographs must be black-and-white on glossy paper.

    * IMPORTANT: All figures, illustrations, and photographs (including all type) must be legible when reduced or enlarged to fit one or two column widths, 2-9/16 and 5-5/16 inches wide, respectively. Authors are responsible for securing permission to reproduce all copyrighted figures, illustrations, and photographs before they are published by SPQ.

    8. Appendices should be lettered, rather than numbered, to distinguish them from numbered tables and figures in the text. Each appendix should include a descriptive title (e.g., "Appendix A. Variables Names and Definitions"). Any online appendices will be hosted on SAGE’s website and should be submitted as supplemental material.

    NOTE: Additional details on preparing and submitting manuscripts to SPQ are published in the ASA Style Guide (7th ed., 2022) available from the American Sociological Association.

    Name Change Policy

    SAGE has introduced a policy to enable name and pronoun changes for our authors. ASA journals published by SAGE follow this policy. Going forward, all requests to make a name or pronoun change will be honored. This includes, but is not limited to, name changes because of marriage, divorce, gender affirmation, and religious conversion. For more information, read SAGE’s Name Change Policy


    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

    The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID iD please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

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