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Strategic Organization

Strategic Organization

Strategic Organization

eISSN: 1741315X | ISSN: 14761270 | Current volume: 21 | Current issue: 2 Frequency: Quarterly

Strategic Organization is devoted to publishing high-quality, peer-reviewed, discipline-grounded conceptual and empirical research of interest to researchers, teachers, students, and practitioners of strategic management and organization. The journal also aims to be of considerable interest to senior managers in government, industry, and particularly the growing management consulting industry.

Strategic Organization provides an international, interdisciplinary forum designed to improve our understanding of the interrelated dynamics of strategic and organizational processes and outcomes. The journal is international and interdisciplinary in its appeal.

"This is exactly what the field of strategy needs - a journal devoted to the intersection of organizational research and strategic management, with an emphasis on rigor in theory and method, but open to the diversity of approaches taken by researchers in the field of strategic organization." Henrich R Greve

"This journal is timely, topical, and has the potential to cross-fertilize research in business schools. The editors and the editorial board represent a superb cross-section of theorists and empiricists!" Hayagreeva Rao

"If I had to pick one new area of strategy where there is great scholarly interest, a wide spectrum of new scholarship, and commitments being made across both sides of the Atlantic, then that area would be at the boundaries of strategy and organization. This journal has the focus right and I certainly support its birth." Andrew Pettigrew

Electronic Access:

Strategic Organization is available online.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Strategic Organization is devoted to publishing high-quality, peer-reviewed, discipline-grounded conceptual and empirical research of interest to researchers, teachers, students, and practitioners of strategic management and organization. The journal also aims to be of considerable interest to senior managers in government, industry, and particularly the growing management consulting industry.

Strategic Organization provides an international, interdisciplinary forum designed to improve our understanding of the interrelated dynamics of strategic and organizational processes and outcomes.

Oliver Alexy TUM School of Management, Germany
Luca Berchicci Rotterdam School of Management, Netherlands
Charlotte Cloutier HEC Montréal, Canada
Glen W.S. Dowell Cornell University, USA
Paula Jarzabkowski (SO!apbox Essay Coordinator) Bayes Business School, UK and University of Queensland Business School, Australia
Ann Langley HEC Montreal, Canada
Caterina Moschieri IE Business School, Spain
Amit Nigam Bayes Business School, UK
Margarethe Wiersema University of California Irvine, USA
Social Media Editor
Lorenzo Skade Europa-Universität Viadrina Frankfurt (Oder). Germany
Past Editors
Joel A C Baum University of Toronto, Canada
Russell Coff University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA
Robert David McGill University, Canada
Teppo Felin University of Oxford, UK
Royston Greenwood University of Alberta, Canada
Deveraux Jennings University of Alberta, Canada
Tim Rowley Rotman School of Management, Canada
Gianmario Verona Bocconi University, Italy
International Editorial Board
John Amis University of Edinburgh, UK
Richard Arend University of Southern Maine, USA
Jean-Luc Arrègle EMLYON Business School, France
Rebecca Bednarek Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
Janet Bercovitz University of Colorado Boulder, USA
Hans Berends Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands
Donald Bergh University of Denver, USA
Marie-Ann Betschinger HEC Montréal, Canada
Alexander Bitektine Concordia University, Canada
Daniela Blettner Simon Fraser University, Canada
Christophe Boone University of Antwerp, Belgium
Anne Bowers University of Toronto, Canada
Flore Bridoux Erasmus University, the Netherlands
Stefano Brusoni ETH Zurich, Switzerland
Laure Cabantous Bayes Business School, UK
Giulia Cappellaro Bocconi University, Italy
Chad Carlos Brigham Young University, USA
Gino Cattani New York University, USA
Jianhong Chen University of New Hampshire, USA
Theresa Cho Seoul National University, Republic of Korea
Magdalena Cholakova Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
You-Ta Chuang York University, Canada
Daisy Chung Bayes Business School, UK
Donal Crilly London Business School, UK
Felipe Csaszar University of Michigan, USA
Elena Dalpiaz Imperial College London, UK
Erwin Danneels University of South Florida, USA
Mark de Rond University of Cambridge, UK
Maria Andrea de Villa University EAFIT, Colombia
David Deephouse University of Alberta, Canada
Fleur Deken Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands
Timothy Devinney University of Manchester, UK
Giada Di Stefano Bocconi University, Italy
Nilanjana Dutt Bocconi University, Italy
Bernadine Dykes Shenandoah University, USA
Mark Ebers University of Cologne, Germany
Kimberley Ellis Florida Atlantic University, USA
Moshe Farjoun York University, Canada
Bernard Forgues EMLYON Business School, France
Nicolai J. Foss Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
Martin Friesl Otto-Friedrich-University Bamberg, Germany
Santi Furnari Bayes Business School, UK
Raghu Garud Penn State Smeal College of Business, USA
Richard Gentry University of Mississippi, USA
Vern Glaser University of Alberta, Canada
Melissa E. Graebner University of Illinois, USA
Robert Grant Bocconi University, Milan, Italy
Thomas Greckhamer Louisiana State University, USA
Henrich R.Greve INSEAD, Singapore
Michael Hadani Saint Mary's College of California, USA
Ralph Hamann University of Cape Town, South Africa
Koen Heimeriks Warwick Business School, UK
Aaron Hill University of Florida, USA
Glenn Hoetker University of Melbourne, Australia
Young Chul Jeong Concordia University, Canada
Candace Jones University of Edinburgh, UK
Priya Kannan-Narasimhan University of San Diego, USA
Samina Karim Northeastern University, USA
Arvind Karunakaran Stanford University, USA
Aseem Kaul University of Minnesota, USA
Brayden G King Northwestern University, USA
Patricia Klarner WU Vienna, Austria
Ronald Klingebiel Frankfurt School of Finance & Management, Germany
Saouré Kouamé HEC Montreal, Canada
Sergio G. Lazzarini Western University, Canada
Jane Lê WHU, Otto Beisheim School of Management, Germany
Ben Lewis Brigham Young University, USA
Jean-Baptiste Litrico Queen's University, Canada
Danielle Logue University of Technology Sydney, Australia
Johannes Luger Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
Fabrice Lumineau University of Hong Kong, China
Jukka Luoma Aalto University, Finland
Shenghui Ma Fudan University, China
Ravi Madhavan University of Pittsburgh, United States
Tammy Madsen University of Santa Clara, USA
Livia Markoczy University of Texas Dallas, USA
David Maslach Florida State University, USA
Kyle J Mayer University of Southern California, USA
Kent Miller Michigan State University, USA
Anna Nadolska-den Ouden Radboud University, Netherlands
Jackson Nickerson Washington University in St.Louis, USA
Siobhan O'Mahony Boston University, USA
Jonathan P O’Brien University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA
Ilya Okhmatovskiy Nova School of Business and Economics, Portugal
Joanne Oxley University of Toronto, Canada
Sun Hyun Park Seoul National University, South Korea
Anne Parmigiani University of Oregon, USA
Kelly Patterson Santa Clara University, USA
Stevo Pavicevic Frankfurt School of Finance and Management, Germany
Nelson Phillips Imperial College Business School, London, UK
Jo-Ellen Pozner Santa Clara University, USA
Camille Pradies EDHEC Business School, France
Kunyuan Qiao Georgetown University, USA
Madeleine Rauch Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
Davide Ravasi University College London, UK
Patrick Reinmöller Cranfield School of Management, UK
Eunice Rhee Seattle University, USA
Linda Rouleau HEC Montréal, Canada
Philip Roundy University of Tennessee Chattanooga, USA
Oliver Schilke University of Arizona, USA
Victor Seidel Babson College, USA
David Seidl University of Zurich, Switzerland
Matthew Semadeni Arizona State University, USA
Viviane Sergi Université du Québec à Montréal, Canada
Nicolaj Siggelkow University of Pennsylvania, USA
Brian S. Silverman University of Toronto, Canada
Yuliya Snihur TBS Education, France
Sara Soderstrom University of Michigan, USA
Christian Stadler University of Warwick, UK
Jennifer Tae Temple University, USA
PuayKhoon Toh University of Texas at Austin, USA
Paul Tracey University of Cambridge, UK
Wenpin Tsai Pennsylvania State University, USA
Juha Uotila Warwick Business School, UK
Eero Vaara University of Oxford, UK
Gordon Walker Southern Methodist University, USA
Judith Walls University of St. Gallen, Switzerland
Danqing Wang Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, China
Matthias Wenzel Leuphana University, Germany
James Westphal University of Michigan, USA
Filippo Carlo Wezel Universita de la Svizzera Italiana, Lugano, Switzerland
Richard Whittington University of Oxford, UK
Frank Wijen RSM Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Maciej Workiewicz ESSEC Business School, France
Zheng (Jackie) Yan Hong Kong University, China
Tieying Yu Boston College, USA
Aks Zaheer University of Minnesota, USA
Maggie Zeng University of Kent, UK
Chenjian Zhang University of Bath, UK
Cyndi Man Zhang Singapore Management University, Singapore
Tammar Zilber Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
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  • Manuscript Submission Guidelines: Strategic Organization

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Strategic Organization will be reviewed.

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this journal.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

    Please see our guidelines on prior publication and note that Strategic Organization may accept submissions of papers that have been posted on pre-print servers; please alert the Editorial Office when submitting (contact details are at the end of these guidelines) and include the DOI for the preprint in the designated field in the manuscript submission system. Authors should not post an updated version of their paper on the preprint server while it is being peer reviewed for possible publication in the journal. If the article is accepted for publication, the author may re-use their work according to the journal's author archiving policy.

    If your paper is accepted, you must include a link on your preprint to the final version of your paper.

    1. What do we publish?
      1.1 Aims & Scope
      1.2 Article types
      1.3 Writing your paper
    2. Editorial policies
      2.1 Peer review policy
      2.2 Authorship
      2.3 Acknowledgements
      2.4 Funding
      2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
    3. Publishing policies
      3.1 Publication ethics
      3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
      3.3 Open access and author archiving
    4. Preparing your manuscript
      4.1 Formatting
      4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
      4.3 Supplementary material
      4.4 Reference style
      4.5 English language editing services
    5. Submitting your manuscript
      5.1 ORCID
      5.2 Information required for completing your submission
      5.3 Permissions
    6. On acceptance and publication
      6.1 SAGE Production
      6.2 Author Accepted Manuscript (AAM) Express Publication
      6.3 Online First publication
      6.4 Access to your published article
      6.5 Promoting your article
    7. Further information

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope

    Before submitting your manuscript to Strategic Organization, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.

    1.2 Article Types

    Research Articles
    Full papers are articles that aim to make a conceptual or empirical contribution at the intersection of strategic management and organization theory. Manuscripts should be formatted double-spaced in 12-point font and should generally include no more than 12,000 words inclusive of abstract, references and tables. Slightly longer manuscripts may be permissible occasionally (e.g., for qualitative papers displaying large amounts of textual data), but please justify the additional length in your cover letter. We are reluctant to burden our referees with very long manuscripts. Authors who suspect that their articles will have to be cut anyway should make the required deletions before submitting.

    SO!APBOX Editorial Essays
    Strategic Organization encourages expression of informed opinion and thoughtful reflection. In addition to regular refereed articles, each issue of Strategic Organization will include one or more ‘SO!APBOX’ editorial essays. A soapbox is a platform used by a self-appointed, spontaneous, or informal orator, or, more broadly an outlet for delivering opinions. These editorial essays are intended to provide a forum in which interdisciplinary bridges can be forged, methodological traditions discussed, and the field of Strategic Organization staked out. 
    Essay Topics and Submission Topics may include a wide range of issues and concerns pertinent to Strategic Organization. Authors should contact the Coeditor responsible for essays directly to discuss their proposed topic prior to initial submission. Before doing so, authors are encouraged to read several past essays. Submitted essays should be no more than 6000 words long inclusive of abstract, references and tables.

    Like regular articles, essays should be submitted on the submission website: When asked to identify manuscript type, select "essay." Upload an electronic copy of your submission including a title page containing author-identifying contact information in Word. Your submission will be acknowledged electronically when editor and reviewers are assigned, usually within a day or two of receipt.

    1.3 Writing your paper

    The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources. SAGE Author Services also offers authors a variety of ways to improve and enhance their article including English language editing, plagiarism detection, and video abstract and infographic preparation.

    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable

    When writing up your paper, think about how you can make it discoverable. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article through search engines such as Google. For information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords, have a look at this page on the Gateway: How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online

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    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    All submissions to Strategic Organization are subject to a strictly double-blinded peer review process in which the reviewers' names are withheld from the author(s) and, the author's name(s) from the reviewers. Reviewers may, at their own discretion, opt to reveal their identity to the author in their review but our standard policy practice is for both identities to remain concealed; manuscripts prepared in a way that compromises this will be returned for revision prior to review. Publication decisions are based on the recommendations of reviewers. Submissions are usually assigned to one editor and three reviewers;  inappropriate or underdeveloped submissions may be returned promptly without formal review. These will be sent to the author submitting the paper along with a cover letter from the editor conveying the decision whether or not to publish the paper.

    Strategic Organization endeavors to provide constructive and developmental feedback to authors within three months. Publication decisions will be made after no more than one major revision for manuscript content. The quality and development of initial submissions will thus greatly affect their likelihood of publication.

    To permit anonymity, the author's name should not appear on the manuscript. Instead, prepare a separate file giving the title of the article and the name and affiliation of each author. A footnote on this page should contain acknowledgments and information on grants.

    Manuscripts are considered for publication with the understanding that their contents and contributions – both empirical and theoretical – have not been published and are not under consideration for publication elsewhere.  This applies to both regular articles and essay submissions.

    As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below: 

      • The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission
      • The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors
      • Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted

    Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript. 

    2.2 Authorship

    All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.

    Please note that AI chatbots, for example ChatGPT, should not be listed as authors. For more information see the policy on Use of ChatGPT and generative AI tools.

    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    2.3.1 Third party submissions

    Where an individual who is not listed as an author submits a manuscript on behalf of the author(s), a statement must be included in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript and in the accompanying cover letter. The statements must:

    • Disclose this type of editorial assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input
    • Identify any entities that paid for this assistance
    • Confirm that the listed authors have authorized the submission of their manuscript via third party and approved any statements or declarations, e.g. conflicting interests, funding, etc.

    Where appropriate, SAGE reserves the right to deny consideration to manuscripts submitted by a third party rather than by the authors themselves.

    2.3.2 Writing assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    2.4 Funding

    Strategic Organization requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    It is the policy of Strategic Organization to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.

    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’. For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here.

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    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway

    3.1.1 Plagiarism

    Strategic Organization and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication

    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway

    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    Strategic Organization offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information on Open Access publishing options at SAGE please visit SAGE Open Access. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE’s Author Archiving and Re-Use Guidelines and Publishing Policies.

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    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission

    4.1 Formatting

    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines  

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    4.3 Supplementary material

    Strategic Organization does accept supplemental files which may contain supporting data or other items that could be important to complement the published work. These will be included in a folder accompanying the article on the journal’s website.

    4.4 Reference style

    Strategic Organization adheres to the SAGE Harvard reference style. View the SAGE Harvard guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    If you use EndNote to manage references, you can download the SAGE Harvard EndNote output file

    4.5 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

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    5. Submitting your manuscript

    Strategic Organization is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit to login and submit your article online. 

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.  For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    Checklist for All Submissions:

    1. Title Page and Abstract: To permit anonymity, the author's name should not appear on the manuscript. Instead, prepare a separate file giving the title of the article and the name and affiliation of each author. A footnote on this page should contain acknowledgments and information on grants.
      • The title of the manuscript should also be typed on the first page of the anonymized manuscript, along with an informative abstract of about 100-150 words.
    • Literature Review: Discuss only literature that pertains directly to the thesis or research of the paper. Cite a representative set of references when there is a large literature
    • Headings: Organize the paper by using primary, secondary, and tertiary headings.
    • Terminology: Define a term (or mathematical symbol) accurately and use it consistently with that meaning throughout. Use the same term (or mathematical symbol) for the same concept throughout the paper.
    • Writing:
      1. Do not repeat the same idea in different words; find the best way to say it.
      2. Avoid jargon; do not mistake it for technical terminology.
      3. Use the past tense for discussing earlier studies or presenting methods, samples, data, findings, results, conclusions, etc.
      4. Use the active voice whenever possible and avoid using strings of nouns to modify a final noun.
    • Style Format:
      1. Quotation marks – use only for direct quotations.
      2. Italics – omit unless absolutely necessary.
      3. Parentheses – avoid in textual material.
      4. Abbreviations – use those known by the general public; spell out abbreviated terms when first used.
      5. Numbers – spell out those that begin a sentence and numbers from one to nine.
    • Footnotes: Use footnotes sparingly. Except where impossible to do so, important material should be incorporated into the text; material having weak relevance should be deleted. Place footnotes following the last page of text.
    • Typing: Type in block form; do not indent for paragraphs. Type everything, except tables, double-spaced, including footnotes, references, and appendices; double-space between paragraphs. Type tables, figures, footnotes, references, and appendix each on separate pages.
    • Figures and Tables: Figures and tables should be directly pertinent to the discussion. Present graphic material so that the meaning is immediately clear. Each file should contain the entire manuscript. Please place each table and figure on a separate page at the end of the submission file, and indicate their position within the main text clearly. [Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures previously published elsewhere.]

    Checklist for SO!APBOX Essay Submissions

    1. Title Page: Attach a cover page giving the title of the essay and the name and affiliation of each author. A footnote on this page should contain acknowledgments and information on grants.
    2. Length: The length of essays is limited to 6000 words inclusive of references and tables. They should be formatted in double-spaced text in 12-point font.
    3. Headings: Organize the essay, as appropriate by using primary, secondary, and tertiary headings.
    4. Terminology: Write accessibly. Define terms accurately and use them consistently. Use the same term for the same concept throughout the essay.
    5. Writing:
      1. Avoid jargon.
      2. Write in the first person.
      3. Use the active voice whenever possible
      4. Avoid using strings of nouns to modify a final noun.
    6. Style Format:
      1. Quotation marks – use only for direct quotations.
      2. Italics – omit unless absolutely necessary.
      3. Parentheses – avoid in textual material.
      4. Abbreviations – use those known by the general public; spell out abbreviated terms when first used.
      5. Numbers – spell out those that begin a sentence and numbers from one to nine.
    7. Footnotes: Avoid them. Except where impossible to do so, important material should be incorporated into the text; material having weak relevance should be deleted. Place footnotes following the last page of text.

    5.1 ORCID

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities ensuring that their work is recognised.

    The collection of ORCID IDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID ID you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID ID will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID ID is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID ID please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

    5.2 Information required for completing your submission

    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    5.3 Permissions

    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway

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    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 SAGE Production

    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly.  Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate.

    6.2 Author Accepted Manuscript (AAM) Express Publication

    This journal publishes Author Accepted Manuscripts. An Author Accepted Manuscript (AAM) is the final accepted version of a manuscript before it goes through the production steps (copyediting, typesetting and proofing). Author Accepted Manuscripts are posted online in PDF format and identified as unedited manuscripts. Authors can correct minor errors within their article when reviewing proofs during the copy-editing process but no changes can be made to the AAM PDF. AAMs can be cited with their assigned Digital Object Identifier (DOI). Once the manuscript has gone through copy-editing, typesetting, and proof review, the AAM is replaced by the Online First version of the paper with the same DOI.

    6.3 Online First publication

    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the SAGE Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

    6.4 Access to your published article

    SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.5 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.

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    7. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Strategic Organization editorial office as follows:

    Individual Subscription, Print Only

    Institutional Subscription, E-access

    Institutional Subscription, Print Only

    Institutional Subscription, Combined (Print & E-access)

    Individual, Single Print Issue

    Institutional, Single Print Issue