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Juvenile Justice
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Juvenile Justice
An Active-Learning Approach

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August 2019 | 272 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Using an evidence-based approach, Juvenile Justice invites students to take a journey toward understanding the United States juvenile justice system and the response from police, courts, and correctional institutions to crimes committed by juveniles, as well as the strategies used to deter these crimes. Renowned authors Frank Schmalleger and Catherine D. Marcum combine a practical tone with a variety of engaging learning exercises that connect readers with the material. Students are encouraged to put what they learn into action—increasing their ability to comprehend and retain information long after they have completed the course.

Key Features
  • A variety of active-learning exercises developed by the authors, some individual and some group-oriented, enhance student learning.
    • In the Media exercises encourage students to think about the relationship between traditional and social media and how they impact juvenile behavior.
    • Navigating the Field exercises let students explore and evaluate evidence-based strategies that have impacted a juvenile justice program, policy, or practice related to the chapter content.
    • Exploring Juvenile Justice Further application activities at the end of each chapter offer additional opportunities for students to apply what they have learned in class to the real world.
  • A unique chapter on Juveniles and Cybercrime enables students to think critically about cyberbullying, cyberstalking, child pornography, and digital piracy. 
  • Humanizing the individuals involved in the juvenile justice system, each chapter opens with a vignette to highlight a contemporary issue for that particular subject. 
  • Case studies and accompanying questions encourage students to discuss and debate real-world examples of juvenile court cases.

Give your students the SAGE edge!
SAGE edge offers a robust online environment featuring an impressive array of free tools and resources for review, study, and further exploration, keeping both instructors and students on the cutting edge of teaching and learning. Learn more at edge.sagepub.com/schmallegerjj


 
Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Authors
 
PART I: UNDERSTANDING JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY
 
CHAPTER 1. HISTORY OF THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM
Introduction  
Changing Perceptions of Children Over Time  
Creation of the Juvenile Court  
Parens Patriae and the Juvenile Court  
Summary  
Discussion Questions  
Exploring Juvenile Justice Further  
 
CHAPTER 2. MEASUREMENT OF JUVENILE CRIME
Introduction  
Age–Crime Curve and Stages of Delinquency  
Juvenile Arrest Statistics  
Juvenile Court Statistics  
Reports of Juveniles in Custody  
Self-Report Studies  
Victimization Studies  
Summary  
Discussion Questions  
Exploring Juvenile Justice Further  
 
CHAPTER 3. THEORIES OF DELINQUENCY
Introduction  
The Importance of Theory and Research  
The Classical School and Biological Theories  
Psychological Approaches  
Developmental and Sociological Explanations  
Summary  
Discussion Questions  
Exploring Juvenile Justice Further  
 
PART II: NAVIGATING THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM
 
CHAPTER 4. JUVENILES AND THE POLICE
Introduction  
History of Police Interaction With Juveniles  
The Current Role of Police in the Juvenile Justice System  
Police Discretion and the Handling of Juveniles  
Constitutional Rights of Juveniles  
Tools Used by Law Enforcement During Investigation  
Trends in Juvenile Arrests  
Police and Juvenile Relationships and Attitudes  
Proactive Police Methods of Preventing Juvenile Crime  
Summary  
Discussion Questions  
Exploring Juvenile Justice Further  
 
CHAPTER 5. THE JUVENILE COURT SYSTEM
Introduction  
Navigating the Juvenile Court System and Its Stakeholders  
Pretrial Steps in the Juvenile Court Process  
Adjudicatory and Dispositional Hearings  
Constitutional Protections of Juveniles  
Juvenile Transfer Proceedings  
Types of Juvenile Offenders  
Summary  
Discussion Questions  
Exploring Juvenile Justice Further  
 
CHAPTER 6. THE JUVENILE CORRECTIONS SYSTEM
Introduction  
Juvenile Probation  
Intermediate Correctional Options for Juveniles  
Institutionalization  
Legal Rights of Institutionalized Youths  
Aftercare  
Looking Into the Future of Juvenile Correctional Reform  
Summary  
Discussion Questions  
Exploring Juvenile Justice Further  
 
PART III: JUVENILE BEHAVIORS
 
CHAPTER 7. JUVENILES AND GANGS
Introduction  
A History of American Gangs  
Contemporary Gangs in the United States  
Gang Organization  
Gang Demographics  
Illegal Gang Activities  
Gang Presence in Our Schools  
Gang Prevention  
Leaving a Gang  
Summary  
Discussion Questions  
Exploring Juvenile Justice Further  
 
CHAPTER 8. JUVENILES AND VIOLENCE
Introduction  
Juvenile Violence  
Youth Gun Violence  
School Violence and Victimization in Elementary and Secondary Education Settings  
Teen Dating Violence  
Juvenile Violence and the Media  
Summary  
Discussion Questions  
Exploring Juvenile Justice Further  
 
CHAPTER 9. JUVENILES AND CYBERCRIME
Introduction  
The Internet  
Digital Piracy  
Cyberbullying  
Cyberstalking  
Online Sexual Offenses Between Romantic Partners  
Hacking  
Summary  
Discussion Questions  
Exploring Juvenile Justice Further  
 
CHAPTER 10. JUVENILE DRUG USE
Introduction  
Types of Drugs  
Juvenile Drug Courts  
Substance Abuse Treatment for Juveniles  
Summary  
Discussion Questions  
Exploring Juvenile Justice Further  
 
PART IV: MOVING FORWARD
 
CHAPTER 11. EFFECTIVE PROGRAMS FOR JUVENILES
Introduction  
Evidence-Based Strategies in Juvenile Justice  
Juvenile Programming  
Summary  
Exploring Juvenile Justice Further  
 
Appendix A: Girls in the Juvenile Justice System
 
Appendix B: 5 Ways Law Enforcement Agencies Can Use Data on Juveniles
 
Appendix C: Gangs in Schools
 
Appendix D: Juvenile Justice Model Data Project
 
Glossary
 
Notes
 
Index

Supplements

Instructor Resource Site

SAGE edge for instructors supports your teaching by making it easy to integrate quality content and create a rich learning environment for students with:

  • a password-protected site for complete and protected access to all text-specific instructor resources; 
  • test banks that provide a diverse range of ready-to-use options that save you time. You can also easily edit any question and/or insert your own personalized questions;
  • multimedia content featuring videos that meet the learning needs of today’s media-savvy students and bring concepts to life;
  • sample course syllabi for semester and quarter courses that provide suggested models for structuring your courses;
  • editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides that offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation for your course;
  • exclusive access to full-text, influential SAGE journal articles, which have been carefully selected to tie important research and scholarship to chapter concepts;
  • lecture notes that summarize key concepts by chapter to help you prepare for lectures and class discussions; and
  • a course cartridge for easy LMS integration.
Student Study Site

SAGE edge for students enhances learning, it’s easy to use, and offers:

  • an open-access site that makes it easy for students to maximize their study time, anywhere, anytime;
  • eFlashcards that strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts;
  • eQuizzes that allow students to practice and assess how much they’ve learned and where they need to focus their attention;
  • learning objectives that reinforce the most important material;
  • chapter-specific study questions that allow students to engage with the material;
  • exclusive access to influential SAGE journal and reference content that ties important research and scholarship to chapter concepts to strengthen learning; and
  • exercises and meaningful Web links that facilitate student use of Internet resources, further exploration of topics, and responses to critical thinking questions.

Juvenile Justice: An Active-Learning Approach succinctly covers what criminal justice students need to know about the juvenile justice system. This text offers a variety of learning activities that will engage students, making the information more pertinent to what happens in the field.”

Cindy Boyles
The University of Tennessee at Martin

“This is an introductory text for juvenile justice that explains the complexities of the juvenile justice system in a conversational tone. While many terms are introduced, the introduction of each term is fairly subtle and embedded in the discussion itself. The text is designed to be interactive, and includes many activities that push students to explore topics in more depth, assess real-life examples, and apply ideas to new contexts.”

Lacey Wallace
Penn State Altoona
Key features

KEY FEATURES:

  • A unique chapter on Juveniles and Cybercrime enables students to think critically about cyberbullying, cyberstalking, child pornography, and digital piracy. 
  • Humanizing the individuals involved in the juvenile justice system, each chapter opens with a vignette to highlight a contemporary issue for that particular subject. 
  • Case studies and accompanying questions encourage students to discuss and debate real-world examples of juvenile court cases.
  • A variety of active-learning exercises developed by the authors, some individual and some group-oriented, enhance student learning.
    • In the Media exercises encourage students to think about the relationship between traditional and social media and how they impact juvenile behavior.
    • Navigating the Field exercises  let students explore and evaluate evidence-based strategies that have impacted a juvenile justice program, policy, or practice related to the chapter content.
    • Exploring Juvenile Justice Further application activities at the end of each chapter offer additional opportunities for students to apply what they have learned in class to the real world.
  • SAGE edge provides students helpful tools, including eFlashcards, practice quizzes, and more, in one easy-to-use online environment.

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 3. Theories of Delinquency

Chapter 9. Juveniles and Cybercrime


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