You are here

Methods in Psychological Research

Methods in Psychological Research

Fourth Edition

August 2018 | 400 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
This highly applied text introduces students to the rich world of research in psychology through compelling examples, student-friendly writing, and frequent opportunities for practice and reflection. Presented with a mixture of conceptual and practical discussions, Methods in Psychological Research, 4e equips students with the tools they need to understand reseach concepts, conduct their own experiments, and present their findings. FYI boxes and Conceptual Exercises are presented throughout with accompanying visual cues to support student learning. In the updated fourth edition, authors Bryan J. Rooney and Annabel Ness Evans have refreshed content on experimental designs and nonexperimental research. Friendly and supportive in tone, this unique presentation of the basics conveys to students the excitement and fun of the research enterprise.
About the Authors
About the Contributors
1. Introduction to Research in Psychology
Acquiring Knowledge About the World  
Psychology—Science and Art  
Critical Thinking  
Objectives of Science  
The Tenets of Science  
The Scientific Method  
Theories, Concepts, and Hypotheses  
Why We Do Research  
Approaches to Research  
Steps in Planning and Doing Research  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
2. Understanding the Research Literature
Searching the Literature  
The Research Article  
Basic Statistical Procedures  
More Complex Statistical Procedures  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
3. Research in Psychology: An Ethical Enterprise
Are Ethical Codes Necessary?  
General Principles  
Ethical Standards  
Special Populations  
Internet Research  
Bias and Intellectual Honesty  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
4. Hypothesis Testing, Power, and Control: A Review of the Basics
Three Levels of Hypotheses  
Testing the Null Hypothesis  
Statistical Significance  
Inferential Errors: Type I and Type II  
Power and How to Increase It  
Effect Size  
The Role of Replication in Research  
External and Internal Validity  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
5. Measuring Variables
Ways of Asking Questions  
Social Desirability and Response Set  
Measuring Observed Behavior  
The Importance of Precision in Measurement  
Tests, Scales, and Inventories  
Commercially Available Tests and Inventories  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
6. Selecting Research Participants
Sampling Methods  
Sample and Effect Size  
Power Revisited  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
7. Experimental Design: Independent-Groups Designs
Why We Do Experiments  
How We Do Experiments: Independent-Groups Designs  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
8. Experimental Design: Dependent-Groups and Mixed-Groups Designs
Dependent-Groups Designs  
Mixed Designs  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
9. Experimental Design: Single-Participant Designs/The Operant Approach
Single-Participant Design and the Experimental Analysis of Behavior  
Concepts in the Experimental Analysis of Behavior  
ABA and ABAB Withdrawal Designs  
Multiple-Baseline Design  
Alternating-Treatment Design  
Changing-Criterion Design  
Advantages and Disadvantages of Single-Participant Designs  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
10. Nonexperimental Research: Finding Relationships Among Variables
Longitudinal Research  
Cross-Sectional Research  
Case Studies  
Correlational Research  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
11. Data Collection Methods
Observational Research: Observing the Behavior of Individuals  
Advantages and Disadvantages of Observational Research  
Survey Research: Asking People Questions About Their Behavior  
Observing Group Behavior: The Focus Group  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
12. Program Evaluation, Archival Research, and Meta-Analytic Designs
Program Evaluation  
Archival Research  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
13. Your Research Project: Analyzing, Interpreting, and Presenting Your Research
What Are Statistics and Why Are They Necessary?  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
14. Communicating in Psychology
Writing in Psychology  
Presenting Research in Writing  
Other Ways of Presenting Research  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
Key features
  • Illustrative artwork emphasizes pertinent concepts while providing a visual foundation.
  • Conceptual mini-exercises encourage students to stop and think critically about the material they have just read.
  • Expanded discussion of the use of introductory psychology students as participants; mediating and moderating variables; extraneous and confounding variables; and outcome measures in program evaluation.
  • Updated examples in such areas as randomized and individual group design; ABAB design; longitudinal research; using self-administered questionnaires; program evaluation; archival research, and more.
  • End-of-chapter material includes suggested answers to the conceptual exercises, a collection of chapter exercises, and projects voted by students to be the most useful.
  • A popular FAQ section, comprised of the questions asked most often by the authors’ students, anticipates questions and offers solutions.
  • Chapter 13, written specifically for students who are required to conduct or propose a research project, is complete with detailed examples and basic statistical procedures.

Preview this book

For instructors

Select a Purchasing Option

ISBN: 9781506384931