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Military Sociology
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Military Sociology

Four Volume Set
Edited by:

December 2011 | 1 584 pages | SAGE Publications Ltd

Early European sociologists found war, peace, and the effects of both on social development to be important matters for the emerging discipline to explain and understand. Curiously, these issues faded from the sociological agenda after World War I and were not again much studied by sociologists until World War II and the long Cold War that followed. Since then to the present, studies of military sociology have grown in number and scope. Military sociology is now a well-established and respected subfield within sociology.

To survey the field this collection is organized around four major themes: (1) military organization, (2) civil-military relations, (3) the experience of war, and (4) the use and control of force.

Taking the origins of military sociology as a starting point, Volume I examines major trends in military organization, the increased diversity of military forces and the military profession. Volume II considers the military's relationships with the larger society. Sociologists examine how the military is woven into the fabric of society whether as an object of social control or as a representative institution garnering public support. Volume III is concerned with the experience of war, whether the experience is direct, gained (say) as a soldier in combat, or indirect, when it is mediated by social constructions of language and other social symbols. Volume IV studies the concept of force, and the varying intensities of conflict across the spectrum of force. It looks at the effects of war on state formation, the problems posed by chronic war, and the prospects for peacekeeping.


 
VOLUME ONE: ORIGINS OF MILITARY SOCIOLOGY
 
PART ONE: CLASSICAL ANTECEDENTS
Sinisa Malesevic
How Pacifist Were the Founding Fathers? War and Violence in Classical Sociology
Fabrizio Battistelli
War and Militarism in the Thought of Herbert Spencer
With an Unpublished Letter on the Anglo-Boer War  
 
PART TWO: ACADEMIC SPECIALIZATION
Morris Janowitz
Consequences of Social Science Research on the U.S. Military
James Burk
Morris Janowitz and the Origins of Sociological Research on Armed Forces and Society
Bernard Boëne
Social Science Research, War and the Military in the United States
 
PART THREE: WORLD WAR II AS A PIVOT POINT
Samuel Stouffer et al
How These Volumes Came to Be Produced
Robin Williams Jr
Field Observations and Surveys in a Combat Zone
M. Brewster Smith
The American Soldier and Its Critics
What Survives the Attack on Positivism?  
Edward Shils and Morris Janowitz
Cohesion and Disintegration of the Wehrmacht in World War II
George Homans
The Small Warship
 
PART FOUR: THE COLD WAR
Roger Little
Buddy Relations and Combat Performance
Paul Foreman
The Implications of Project Clear
Paul Savage and Richard Gabriel
Cohesion and Disintegration in the American Army
John Faris
An Alternative Perspective to Savage and Gabriel
 
VOLUME TWO: MILITARY ORGANIZATION
 
PART ONE: TRENDS IN MILITARY ORGANIZATION
Morris Janowitz
The Decline of the Mass Army
Jacques van Doorn
The Decline of the Mass Army in the West
 
PART THREE: INSTITUTIONAL/OCCUPATIONAL THESIS
Charles Moskos
From Institution to Occupation
Trends in Military Organization  
David Segal
Measuring the Institutional/Occupational Change Thesis
 
PART FOUR: THE POSTMODERN MILITARY
Charles Moskos
Toward a Postmodern Military
The United States as a Paradigm  
Bradford Booth, Meyer Kestnbaum and David Segal
Are Post-Cold War Militaries Postmodern?
 
PART FIVE: ALTERNATE SOURCES OF PERSONNEL: RESERVES AND CIVILIANS
Louis Zurcher Jr
The Naval Reservist
An Empirical Assessment of Ephemeral Role Enactment  
Ryan Kelty
The U.S. Navy's Maiden Voyage
Effects of Integrating Sailors and Civilian Mariners on Deployment  
 
PART SIX: RECRUITMENT
Jerald Bachman et al
Who Chooses Military Service?
Meredith Kleykamp
College, Jobs or the Military
Enlistment during a Time of War  
 
PART SEVEN: SOCIAL COMPOSITION
Mady Wechsler Segal et al
Hispanics and African Americans in the U.S. Military
Trends in Representation  
Mady Wechsler Segal
Women's Military Roles Cross-Nationally
Aaron Belkin
Don't Ask, Don't Tell
Is the Gay Ban Based on Military Necessity?  
 
PART EIGHT: THE MILITARY PROFESSION
Norbert Elias
Studies in the Genesis of the Naval Profession
Morris Janowitz
Professionals in Violence
Samuel Huntington
Power, Expertise and the Military Profession
Philip Abrams
The Late Profession of Arms
Ambiguous Goals and Deteriorating Means in Britain  
Julia Evetts
Explaining the Construction of Professionalism in the Military
History, Concepts and Theories  
 
VOLUME THREE: CIVIL-MILITARY RELATIONS
 
PART ONE: CIVILIAN CONTROL
Samuel Huntington
Power, Professionalism and Civilian Control
Arthur Larson
Military Professionalism and Civilian Control
Peter Feaver
Crisis as Shirking
An Agency Theory Explanation of the Souring of American Civil-Military Relations  
 
PART TWO: MILITARY FAMILIES
Mady Wechseler Segal
The Military and the Family as Greedy Institutions
Jennifer Hickes Lundquist and Herbert Smith
Family Formation in the U.S. Military
Evidence from the NLSY  
Jennifer Hickes Lundquist
When Race Makes No Difference
Marriage and the Military  
Stephen Cozza, Ryo Chun and James Polo
Military Families and Children during Operation Iraqi Freedom
 
PART THREE: PUBLIC SUPPORT FOR THE MILITARY
Hugh Smith
What Costs Will Democracies Bear? A Review of Popular Theories of Casualty Aversion
James Burk
Public Support for Peacekeeping in Lebanon and Somalia
Assessing the Casualties Hypothesis  
Christopher Gelpi, Peter Feaver and Jason Reifler
Success Matters
Casualty Sensitivity and the War in Iraq  
 
PART FOUR: MILITARIZATION OF SOCIETY
Alfred Vagts
The Idea and Nature of Militarism
Uri Ben-Eliezer
A Nation-in-Arms
State, Nation and Militarism in Israel's First Years  
Michael Mann
The New Militarism
Steve Carlton-Ford
Major Armed Conflicts, Militarization and Life Chances
A Pooled Time-Series Analysis  
 
VOLUME FOUR: EXPERIENCE OF WAR
 
PART ONE: HOW MILITARY SERVICE AFFECTS VETERANS
Ronald Krebs
A School for the Nation? How Military Service Does Not Build Nations, and How It Might
Glen Elder and Elizabeth Clipp
Combat Experience and Emotional Health Impairment and Resilience in Later Life
Richard Cooney et al
Racial Differences in the Impact of Military Service on the Socioeconomic Status of Women Veterans
Simon Wessely
20th Century Theories on Combat Motivation and Breakdown
 
PART TWO: TALKING ABOUT WAR
Philip Wander
The Rhetoric of American Foreign Policy
Hal Brands
Rhetoric, Public Opinion and Policy in the American Debate over the Japanese Emperor during World War II
Giuseppe Caforio
Rhetorical Persuasion and Storytelling in the Military
 
PART THREE: REMEMBERING WAR
Jay Winter
War Poetry, Romanticism and the Return of the Sacred
Kimberly Jensen
Woman, Citizenship and Civic Sacrifice
Engendering Patriotism in the First World War  
Robin Wagner-Pacifici and Barry Schwartz
The Vietnam Veterans Memorial
Commemorating a Difficult Past  
Yinan He
Remembering and Forgetting the War Elite: Mythmaking, Mass Reaction and Sino-Japanese Relations, 1950-2006
 
VOLUME FIVE: THE USE AND CONTROL OF FORCE
 
PART ONE: THE USE OF FORCE
Morris Janowitz
The Logic of War
James Burk
Strategic Assumptions and Moral Implications of the Constabulary Force
Martin Shaw
Theories of the New Western Way of War
Timothy Edmunds
What Are Armed Forces For? The Changing Nature of Military Roles in Europe
 
PART TWO: WAR AND STATE FORMATION IN HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
Charles Tilly
How War Made States and vice versa
Brian Gifford
Why No Trade-off between 'Guns and Butter'? Armed Forces and Social Spending in the Advanced Industrial Democracies, 1960-1993
Gregory Hooks and Brian McQueen
American Exceptionalism Revisited
The Military-Industrial Complex, Racial Tension and the Underdeveloped Welfare State  
 
PART THREE: CHRONIC WARS AND SOCIAL TRANSFORMATION
Harold Lasswell
The Garrison State
C. Wright Mills
The Military Ascendancy
Aaron Friedberg
Why Didn't the United States Become a Garrison State?
 
PART FOUR: PEACEKEEPING
Charles Moskos Jr
U.N. Peacekeepers
The Constabulary Ethic and Military Professionalism  
David Segal
Is a Peacekeeping Culture Emerging among American Infantry in the Sinai MFO?
Donna Winslow
Misplaced Loyalties
The Role of Military Culture in the Breakdown of Discipline in Peace Operations  
Christopher Dandeker and James Gow
Military Culture and Strategic Peacekeeping

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