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Questioning Gender
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Questioning Gender
A Sociological Exploration

Fourth Edition
Additional resources:


August 2020 | 552 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Questioning Gender: A Sociological Exploration serves as a point-of-departure for productive conversations and questions about gender and as a resource for exploring answers to many of those questions. Rather than providing definitive answers, this book takes a global approach and aims to challenge students’ preconceptions about gender and to demonstrate how gender as a system creates and reinforces inequality. Author Robyn Ryle uses both historical and cross-cultural approaches to help students understand the socially constructed nature of gender. With a focus on contemporary topics, including the #MeToo movement, sexual harassment in the workplace, and the gender wage gap, students will be prompted to think critically about past, present, and future gender-related issues.
 
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PART I: What Are the Important Questions to Ask About Gender?
 
Chapter 1: What Is Gender and Why Should We Care About It? Introducing Gender
Swimming With the Fishes: Learning to See Gender

 
Sex or Gender? What’s the Difference?

 
A Word About Biology and Strong Social Constructionism

 
Why Study Gender?

 
Terms

 
Works Cited

 
 
Chapter 2: What’s the “Sociology” in the Sociology of Gender? Understanding Sociology and Gender
Why Do You Need Theory to Understand Gender?

 
Feminist Theories and Their Influence on Sociological Thinking About Gender

 
Sociological Theories of Gender

 
Sex Roles

 
Interactionist Theories

 
Institutional or Structural Approaches

 
Intersectional Feminist Theory

 
Putting It All Together: Integrative Theories

 
Hegemonic Masculinity

 
Conclusion

 
Big Questions

 
Gender Exercises

 
Terms

 
Suggested Readings

 
Works Cited

 
 
Chapter 3: How Do Disciplines Outside Sociology Study Gender? Some Additional Theoretical Approaches
Psychological Approaches to Gender

 
Queer Theory

 
Gender Theories in Global Perspective

 
Ecofeminism and the Environment

 
How Do We Use Theory?

 
Big Questions

 
Gender Exercises

 
Terms

 
Suggested Readings

 
Works Cited

 
 
PART II: How Are Our Lives Filled With Gender?
 
Chapter 4: How Do We Learn Gender? Gender and Socialization
Sorting It All Out: Gender Socialization and Intersex Children

 
Some Theories of Gender Socialization

 
The Early Years: Primary Socialization Into Gender

 
Learning Gender Never Ends: Secondary Socialization

 
What Happens to Gender as We Age?

 
The Gender of Caregiving and Alzheimer’s

 
Summing Up

 
Big Questions

 
Gender Exercises

 
What Can You Do? Resources for Social Change

 
Terms

 
Suggested Readings

 
Works Cited

 
 
Chapter 5: How Does Gender Matter for Whom We Want and Desire? The Gender of Sexuality
Let’s Talk About Sex

 
Does Sexuality Have a Gender?

 
Measuring Sexuality: What Is Sexual Identity?

 
Playing the Part? Sexual Scripts

 
Violating the Scripts

 
Sexuality and Power: Hetero-privilege in Schools

 
Big Questions

 
Gender Exercises

 
What Can You Do? Resources for Social Change

 
Terms

 
Suggested Readings

 
Works Cited

 
 
Chapter 6: How Does Gender Impact the People You Spend Your Time With? The Gender of Friendship and Dating
Love, Inside and Outside the Family

 
My Friend Jane Versus My Friend Joe: Who’s Better at Being Friends?

 
Friendship in Global Perspective

 
The Rules of Attraction

 
The Gender of Love

 
Summing Up

 
Big Questions

 
Gender Exercises

 
What Can You Do? Resources for Social Change

 
Terms

 
Suggested Readings

 
Works Cited

 
 
Chapter 7: How Does Gender Matter for How We Think About Our Bodies? The Gender of Bodies and Health
A Brief History of Bodies

 
The Beauty Myth

 
Gender and Health: Risky Masculinity and the Superman

 
Throwing Like a Girl

 
Big Questions

 
Gender Exercises

 
What Can You Do? Resources for Social Change

 
Terms

 
Suggested Readings

 
Works Cited

 
 
PART III. How Is Gender an Important Part of the Way Our Society Works?
 
Chapter 8: How Does Gender Impact the People We Live Our Lives With? The Gender of Marriage and Families
Something Old, Something New

 
A Brief History of Marriage

 
The Demographics of Marriage

 
Who Does What? The Gendered Division of Labor

 
The Doctrine of Separate Spheres

 
The Division of Household Labor

 
Families in Transition

 
Big Questions

 
Gender Exercises

 
What Can You Do? Resources for Social Change

 
Terms

 
Suggested Readings

 
Works Cited

 
 
Chapter 9: How Does Gender Affect the Type of Work We Do and the Rewards We Receive for Our Work? The Gender of Work
What Is Work?

 
Measuring the World’s Work

 
A Man’s Job: Masculinity and Work

 
The Glass Ceiling and the Glass Escalator

 
Sex Segregation in the Workplace

 
Explaining Sex Segregation and the Gender Wage Gap

 
Transmen at Work

 
Comparable Worth and Other Solutions to the Gender Wage Gap

 
Big Questions

 
Gender Exercises

 
What Can You Do? Resources for Social Change

 
Terms

 
Suggested Readings

 
Works Cited

 
 
Chapter 10: How Does Gender Affect What You Watch, What You Read, and What You Play? The Gender of Media and Popular Culture
The Media: An Interesting Institution

 
Media Power Theory: We’re All Sheep

 
Transgender in the Media

 
Gender, Sexuality, and Slash Fiction

 
The Struggle Over Images

 
Sexuality in the Media

 
Soap Operas, Telenovelas, and Feminism

 
Masculinity and Video Games: Learning the Three Rs

 
The Battle of the Sexes and the Battle for the Remote Control

 
The Gender of Leisure

 
Big Questions

 
Gender Exercises

 
What Can You Do? Resources for Social Change

 
Terms

 
Suggested Readings

 
Works Cited

 
 
Chapter 11: How Does Gender Help Determine Who Has Power and Who Doesn’t? The Gender of Politics and Power
Power: Good and Bad

 
Coercive Power

 
Gender Rights and Human Rights?

 
Institutional Power: Nations and Gender

 
Summing Up

 
Big Questions

 
Gender Exercises

 
What Can You Do? Resources for Social Change

 
Terms

 
Suggested Readings

 
Works Cited

 

Supplements

Instructor Resource Site
edge.sagepub.com/ryle4e

SAGE Edge for instructors supports your teaching by making it easy to integrate quality content and create a rich learning environment for students with:
  • A password-protected site for complete and protected access to all text-specific instructor resources;
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides that offer flexibility when creating multimedia lectures; and
  • Test banks that provide a diverse range of ready-to-use options that save you time. You can also easily edit any question and/or insert your own personalized questions.

“This textbook is straightforward and to the point. I love how the questions are included on different pages for students to use in face-to-face or online discussions. I enjoyed the Theory Alert! feature."

Marisol White
Bakersfield College

“The book is extremely comprehensive in its coverage of the area of gender and sexuality. Particularly, noteworthy is the amount of attention and discussion given to transgendered issues.”

Zabedia Nazim
Ryerson University & Wilfrid Laurier University

“A comprehensive overview of information, simple but effective explanation of concepts and interesting and relevant examples.”

Michelle Altieri
County College of Morris

“Real strengths are its emphasis on masculinity, focus on sociological theory, and the examples.”

Clifford Leek
University of Northern Colorado
Key features
NEW TO THIS EDITION:
  • New tables help students organize and make sense of gender theories.
  • Additional discussions covering transgender issues include violence against trans women and specifically trans women of color, new research on transgender dating, power and politics as involved in transgender rights, and research on transgender families.
  • An expanded discussion in Chapter 1 explores new research on the complex, interactional relationship between biology and gender.
  • Chapter 5 includes a discussion of asexuality as well as the bisexual umbrella, including identities such as pansexual and demisexual.
  • Additional tables and graphics demonstrate the latest research and statistics on gender.

KEY FEATURES:

  • A global approach demonstrates the social construction of gender and the persistence of gender inequality around the world.
  • The perspective of gays, lesbians, bisexuals, and transgender individuals, as well as queer theory, is found throughout the book.
  • The growing scholarship on the study of men and masculinity is included.
  • Each chapter is filled with questions—starting with the chapter title itself—to promote active inquiry into the meaning and role of gender in our lives.
  • Cultural Artifact boxes push students to explore or further test the theories and concepts being discussed.
  • Question boxes serve as starting points for students and instructors in beginning their discussions and explorations of gender in their own lives
  • A Big Questions feature get students to apply concepts and theories, think about integrating concepts and ideas, and make connections between concepts, theories, and topics.
  • A Gender Exercise feature encourages students to become active learners and to engage in social science research techniques.
  • A Theory Alert! feature demonstrates how theories can be applied to specific topics and serve as examples and models of how these theories can be applied to specific situations.
  • Websites dedicated to addressing a variety of social problems related to gender are listed at the end of several chapters to provide a starting point for students interested in exploring social change.


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