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Real Research
Research Methods Sociology Students Can Use

Second Edition


March 2019 | 344 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Real Research: Research Methods Sociology Students Can Use is an innovative text that takes a holistic approach to the subject by discussing each step in the research process within the context of a particular method. With no generalizations about concepts that apply to only some research methods but not others, students can jump into the first research method within the first two weeks of class. After an overview of data collection in the first chapter, subsequent chapters focus on eight specific quantitative and qualitative methods most frequently used in sociology. The Second Edition includes a new chapter on focus groups, updated “Real Research” profiles of individuals using research methods in a wide range of careers, and examples of common student errors to streamline learning.



 
Acknowledgments
 
Chapter 1: Introduction
What Is Empirical Social Research?  
Why Is Research Important?  
Methods of Data Collection  
Quantitative and Qualitative Research  
Basic and Applied Research  
The Components of Research  
Reading This Text  
Summary Points  
 
Chapter 2: Interviewing
Methodology  
Theory  
Research Questions  
Literature Review  
Ethics  
Sampling  
Preparing for Data Collection  
Data Collection  
Data Analysis  
Conceptualizing and Operationalizing  
Evaluating the Quality of Data and Analysis  
Presenting the Results  
Summary Points  
 
Chapter 3: Observation and Ethnography
Methodology  
Theory  
Research Questions  
Literature Review  
Ethics  
Sampling  
Conceptualizing and Operationalizing  
Preparing for Data Collection  
Data Collection  
Data Analysis  
Evaluating the Quality of Data and Analysis  
Presenting the Results  
Summary Points  
 
Chapter 4: Surveys
Methodology  
Theory  
Research Questions  
Literature Review  
Conceptualizing and Operationalizing  
Sampling  
Ethics  
Preparing for Data Collection  
Data Collection  
Data Analysis  
Evaluating the Quality of Data and Analysis  
Presenting the Results  
Summary Points  
 
Chapter 5: Secondary Data Analysis
Methodology  
Theory  
Research Questions  
Literature Review  
Ethics  
Preparing for Data Collection  
Conceptualizing and Operationalizing  
Sampling  
Data Collection  
Data Analysis  
Evaluating the Quality of Data and Analysis  
Presenting the Results  
Summary Points  
 
Chapter 6: Existing Statistics Research
Methodology  
Theory  
Research Questions  
Ethics  
Preparing for Data Collection  
Conceptualizing and Operationalizing  
Sampling  
Data Collection  
Data Analysis  
Evaluating the Quality of Data and Analysis  
Presenting the Results  
Summary Points  
 
Chapter 7: Content Analysis
Methodology  
Theory  
Research Questions  
Literature Review  
Sampling  
Conceptualizing and Operationalizing  
Ethics  
Preparing for Data Collection  
Data Collection  
Data Analysis  
Evaluating the Quality of Data and Analysis  
Presenting the Results  
Summary Points  
 
Chapter 8: Experiments for Evaluation Research
Methodology  
Theory  
Research Questions  
Literature Review  
Choosing a Study Design  
Conceptualizing and Operationalizing  
Sampling  
Ethics  
Preparing for Data Collection  
Data Collection  
Data Analysis  
Evaluating the Quality of Data and Analysis  
Presenting the Results  
Summary Points  
 
Chapter 9: Focus Groups
Methodology  
Theory  
Research Questions  
Literature Review  
Sampling  
Conceptualizing and Operationalizing  
Ethics  
Preparing for Data Collection  
Data Collection  
Analysis  
Presenting the Results  
Summary Points  
 
Appendix A: Reviewing the Literature
Types of Sources  
Searching the Literature  
Reading Scholarly Articles  
Writing a Literature Review  
Plagiarism  
 
Appendix B: Writing a Research Proposal
Title  
Introduction and Literature Review  
Research Question  
Data Collection  
Data Analysis  
Implications  
Timeline  
Budget  
Style  
Guidelines and Formatting  
A “Seamless Whole”  
 
References
 
Index
 
About the Author
Key features

NEW TO THIS EDITION: 

  • A new chapter on focus groups increases the arsenal of research skills that students learn.
  • New features in this edition include tips and reminders in the margins and 35 new boxes and diagrams.
  • Decision-making trees help students apply the material to particular research contexts.
  • Examples of common student errors added to each chapter streamline learning.
  • Updated “Real Research” Profiles, featuring sociology graduates who have entered the workforce, show students the practical relevance of research methods.
  • The text integrates specific considerations for both basic and applied research throughout, making the material relevant to any research context.
  • A section on theory added to every chapter helps to students to understand the important theory-research relationship.
  • New Check Your Understanding exercises prompt students to immediately apply what they have just read.

KEY FEATURES:

  • Designed specifically for sociology students, with a balance between basic research (the majority of what students will read in their sociology classes) and applied research (the methods and designs they will use in career settings).
  • Each chapter presents a method in its entirety, allowing for maximum flexibility in teaching.
  • “Real Research Profiles” feature former students who use that particular method in their sociology-related career.
  • "Check Your Understanding" exercises incorporated throughout the chapters encourage students to immediately practice what they have read
  • Two appendices, one on reviewing the literature and the other on writing research proposals, expose students to useful, practical strategies including how to search online databases for existing literature, how to avoid plagiarizing, how to craft a literature review, and the aim and parts of a good research proposal.


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