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Research Methods for Psychological Science

Research Methods for Psychological Science

August 2021 | 480 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Written by experimental research expert, Dr. William J. Ray, Research Methods for Psychological Science introduces students to the principles and practice of conducting research in psychology in an engaging, story-telling format. Ray helps students understand how research increases our understanding of ourselves and our environment and how logic and best practices can increase our understanding of human behavior. Whether their future roles will be researchers, consumers of research, or informed citizens, students will learn the importance of developing testable hypotheses, how to evaluate new information critically, and the impact of research on ourselves and our society. Based on Ray’s influential textbook, Methods Toward a Science of Behavior and Experience, the book offers up-to-date pedagogy, structure, and exercises to reinforce the student’s learning experience.

1 What Is Science?
2 Introduction to the Methods of Science
3 Developing the Hypothesis
4 Ethics
5 Description of Behavior Through Numerical Representation.
6 Inferential Statistics: Making Statistical Decisions
7 Testing the Hypothesis: A Conceptual Introduction
8 Control: The Keystone of the Experimental Method
9 Applying the Logic of Experimentation: Between-Subjects Designs
10 Extending the Logic of Experimentation: Within-Subjects and Matched-Subjects Approaches
11 The Ecology of the Experiment: The Scientist And Research Participant In Relation To Their Environments
12 Quasi-Experimental, Correlational, and Naturalistic Observational Designs
13 Single-Subject Designs
14 Questionnaires, Survey Research, and Sampling
15 Sharing the Results
16 Beyond Method


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Key features


  • The latest information in the field—from research on COVID behaviors to social media to the open science movement—is presented along with key background information on history and ethics to show students where psychology research is going and where it has been.
  • A unique chapter on research ecology contextualizes research within the greater information ecosystem.
  • A storytelling approach filled with numerous examples keeps students engaged.
  • A logical organization that walks through the steps of developing a hypothesis, designing a study, analyzing the results, and sharing the results, matches the research process students will see in published reports and will use if they conduct their own research.
  • In-depth coverage of the scientific method focuses on generating testable hypotheses.
  • An up-to-date chapter on surveys captures the latest information on survey tools and techniques.
  • Scientific Resources and Techniques boxes provide hands-on tips for conducting research.
  • Chapter Outlines and Summaries preview where each chapter is going and recap key points.
  • Concept Checks throughout the chapters allow students to test themselves along their reader journeys and ensure understanding.
  • Key Terms and Concepts grouped by subject highlight the progression of information within each chapter.
  • Chapter-ending Review Questions ensure knowledge is retained, while Discussion Questions and Projects offer additional opportunities for students to develop their understanding of the research process.