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School Climate 2.0

School Climate 2.0
Preventing Cyberbullying and Sexting One Classroom at a Time

April 2012 | 216 pages | Corwin

Empower students and staff to prevent cyberbullying and sexting

Bullying is not new, but its venues have expanded to include social media and mobile phones. When students receive hurtful, threatening, or sexually explicit electronic messages, it affects their ability to concentrate on schoolwork. Renowned cyberbullying experts Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin connect the off-campus, high-tech behaviors of teens to the school environment and provide educators with a road map for developing a positive school climate that counteracts cyberbullying and sexting. School Climate 2.0 differentiates cyberbullying from traditional bullying and offers specific strategies for improving school climate, including

  • Building a sense of community
  • Peer mentoring
  • Social norming
  • Data-driven action plans
  • Youth grassroots campaigns
  • Multi-pronged policy and programming approaches by adults

Included are anecdotes, stories, and high-profile case examples that illustrate the research. The book's companion website features a Twitter feed and Facebook Fan Page with regular PreventionPoints you can put into action quickly, downloadable activities and worksheets, questions to facilitate staff and student discussions, and emerging best practices in school climate research and evaluation—powerful tools for bully-proofing your school.

Important Features of the Book  
Breakdown of Chapters  
About the Authors
1. Teens, Technology, and Trouble
The Story of Sam  
What Would Happen to Sam Today?  
Teens and Technology  
Technology in Schools  
Breakout Box: Delete Day  
Why Schools Must Respond to Cyberbullying and Sexting  
Technology Isn’t the Problem  
The Power of a Positive School Climate  
Discussion Questions  
2. School Climate: Where It Begins and Ends
What Exactly Is School Climate?  
Assessing Your School’s Climate  
Breakout Box: A Positive School Climate Makes Everything Possible  
Our School Climate Measure  
School Climate and Behaviors at School  
The Social Bond  
Breakout Box: School Climate and Its Effect on School Social Issues  
School Climate and Bullying  
Breakout Bok: The Benefits of a Positive School Climate  
Discussion Questions  
3. Adolescent Mistreatment in the 21st Century: An Introduction to Cyberbullying
Bullying at School  
Consequences of Bullying  
What Is Cyberbullying?  
Breakout Box: A Teenaged Target’s Cry for Help  
The Cyberbullied  
The Cyberbully  
Where Does Cyberbullying Occur?  
Correlates of Cyberbullying  
Cyberbullying and Self-Esteem  
Cyberbullying and Suicide  
Cyberbullying and School-Related Delinquency and Violence  
Unique Features of Cyberbullying  
Breakout Box: Decoding your Digital Footprint  
Breakout Box: Unique Characteristics of Cyberbullying  
The Relationship Between Traditional Bullying and Cyberbullying  
Discussion Questions  
4. Adolescent Relationships in the 21st Century: An Introduction to Sexting
Sexting in the News  
High Profile Incidents  
Breakout Box: Adolescent Anger Lands Teen on the Sex Offender Registry  
Why do Teens Engage in Sexting?  
Sexting Images Go Viral  
How Many Teens Really Participate in Sexting?  
National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy  
Cox Communications  
Pew Internet & American Life Project  
Crimes Against Children Research Center  
Our Own Survey  
Sexting: A Continuum of Behaviors  
Crimes Against Children Research Center Typology  
Sexting and the Law  
Breakout Box: Selected State Sexting Bills  
Discussion Questions  
5. School Climate and Online Misbehaviors
Breakout Box: School Climate and Cyberbullying  
School Climate and Behaviors Online  
Our Research  
Educators' Efforts Matter  
Whom Do Targets Tell About Their Experiences With Cyberbullying?  
Expectation of Discipline  
Discussion Questions  
6. Strategies for Improving Your School Climate
Top-Down Approach  
Know Their Names  
Community Building  
Small Teacher-Student Ratios  
Stay in the Loop  
Clearly Define What Is “Not Cool”  
Breakout Box: Staying in the Loop: What I’ve Learned by Listening and Understanding  
Monitor Behaviors and Respond Fairly and Consistently to Problems  
Encourage Active Student Participation in Decision Making  
Student-Teacher Evaluations  
Encourage Reporting of Any Inappropriate Behavior  
Cultivate Hope  
The Important Role of School Counselors  
Breakout Box: School Counselors Can Help  
Inform and Involve the Community  
Continue to Lay the Groundwork  
Use Resources Available to You  
Breakout Box: What YOU Can Do to Spark Climate Change in Your School  
Discussion Questions  
7. It Takes a Village: Social Norms, Bystanders, and Peer Mentoring
Social Norming  
An Overview of Social Norms Theory  
Social Norms Theory and Traditional Bullying  
Using Social Norming to Prevent Cyberbullying and Sexting  
Coordinate a Student Play  
Breakout Box: Using Stage Productions to Enhance School Climate  
Solidarity Walk or March  
Four Corners  
Breakout Box: Canadian Initiatives: Students Making a Difference Against Bullying  
Stop Standing By and Start Standing Up!  
Breakout Box: Minnesota Twins  
Peer Mentoring  
Discussion Questions  
8. Prevention Through Assessment: Taking the Pulse of Your School and Students
Survey Your Students  
Breakout Box: Talking Points: How to Conduct Research Among Your Students  
Breakout Box: Use Data to Guide Your Climate Improvement Efforts  
Survey Development  
Survey Administration  
Breakout Box: Assessment Leads to Better Understanding  
Don’t Forget About the Adults!  
Focus Groups  
Breakout Box: Sample Focus Group Questions  
Confidentiality, Consent, and Ethical Issues  
Discussion Questions  
Appendix A: Our Survey Questions  
Appendix B: Psychometric Properties for Cyberbullying Scale  
9. Effective Prevention Requires Effective Response
Can Schools Respond to Behaviors That Occur Away From Campus?  
Just Say No to “Zero Tolerance”: Utilize Informal Responses When Appropriate  
Natural and Logical Consequences  
Breakout Box: What Schools Should Do When Made Aware of a Cyberbullying Incident  
When Can Educators Search the Contents of Student Cell Phones?  
Special Considerations When Responding to Sexting Incidents  
Breakout Box: What Schools Should Do When Made Aware of a Sexting Incident  
Policy Issues  
Breakout Box: Elements of a Cyberbullying Policy  
Breakout Box: Elements of a School Sexting Policy  
When to Get Law Enforcement Involved  
Educate Students About the Consequences Before the Behavior  
Breakout Box: One School’s Response to Social Networking Drama  
A Call for Education and Outreach  
Discussion Questions  

"Amidst the hysteria surrounding cyberbullying and sexting, Hinduja and Patchin represent a sane, sensible voice that helps us all better understand these phenomena and what is really happening here. This book is filled with useful information and practical tips for those who seek to create positive school climates where bullying of all kinds is minimized. Every educator should buy it and read it.”

Kevin Jennings, Former Assistant Deputy Secretary of Education for Safe and Drug Free Schools

“It is critical that educators, school administrators, parents, and technology companies work together to promote positive behavior – online and off. This practical guide provides important information, backed up by careful research, about the ways that adults can help build constructive dialogues and relationships with students.”

Joe Sullivan, Chief Security Officer

“Working with schools around the country, I know firsthand how much pressure there is to find an “answer” to bullying in schools, whether because of recent laws mandating programs and training or the community demanding answers. It’s hard to know what resource is best. It’s especially confusing because a bullying-prevention industry has bloomed to take advantage of this need but so many of these programs lack content based on a realistic analysis. I’m not at all surprised that Justin Patchin and Sameer Hinduja have created the resource all schools should use in School Climate 2.0, either to meet the new legal requirements or truly do the hard and comprehensive work of creating a culture of dignity in a school. From understanding the true dynamics of cyberbullying, to outlining a commonsense strategic plan for educators that will work with their individual community, School Climate 2.0 to my mind is really the most important resource currently available. I will more than strongly advise every school I work with to use this book. Say it this way: if I could make School Climate 2.0 mandatory reading for every school administrator in the country, I would.”

Rosalind Wiseman, Author of Queen Bees and Wannabes

"A rarely seen compendium of school strategies that have worked, School Climate 2.0 moves past the headlines to offer a textured discussion of what we really need to strengthen school culture and improve teens’ and schools’ relationships to social media."

Rachel Simmons, Author of "Odd Girl Out"

"Blaming technology is easy. Addressing the socio-cultural dynamics that shape young people’s lives is hard. Yet, to address hard problems like bullying and sexting, this is precisely what we need to do. In School Climate 2.0 Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin flesh out the relationship between technologically mediated issues and school climate before offering valuable strategies for educators and community members to address problems in their schools. Both grounded and practical, this is a must-read for all who are scratching their heads about how to prevent bullying and sexting."

Danah Boyd, Senior Researcher
Microsoft Research

"Finally, a book that takes a holistic approach to the cyberbullying problem! There is no dividing line between school and home when it comes to the ways members of this generation relate to one another. A positive school climate can only help create a more positive home environment, and vice versa. This book gives readers specific guidance regarding how to prevent cyberbullying, sexting, and other problematic online behaviors."

John Halligan
Ryan’s Story Presentation LTD

"School Climate 2.0 is a wise and practically helpful book. The authors are national leaders in cyberbullying. They present a helpful overview to the problem and most importantly a series of concrete suggestions about how we can make our schools safer, more supportive and engaging. In addition, the book is filled with “voices from the field”, prevention points, discussion questions at the end of the chapter which all serve to make this volume practically helpful to educators. I highly recommend it!"

Jonathan Cohen, President
National School Climate Center

"By cutting through all the media hype and speculation, Hinduja and Patchin present an accurate and helpful analysis of issues related to young people’s use of technology. By pointing out that the vast majority of youth are using technology safely and responsibly, they’re able to focus on the real issues, the real problems, and the kids who need our help. By basing their advice on rigorous research, they are able to come up with strategies that are effective and appropriate. I’m especially pleased that the authors focus on social norms and school climate by sharing insights into how the overall climate of a school affects the behavior of everyone in it."

Larry Magid, Technology Journalist and Internet Safety Advocate

"This is an immensely helpful and well-sourced book. It gives a thorough introduction to adolescents’ use of new technologies and sexting and cyberbullying. It makes a strong case that school climate is a vital factor in regulating these abuses. There are excellent chapters on how practical intervention strategies can be implemented in schools. It will be a great resource for teachers, educators, and parents."

Peter K. Smith, Emeritus Professor
Unit for School and Family Studies, Goldsmiths, University of London, UK

"While Sameer Hinduja and Justin Patchin have a history of providing leadership in solid research and effective outreach on issues of youth risk in a digital age, in this book they have massively outdone their past excellence. Grounded in the understanding that the majority of young people make good choices online and effectively handle the negative situations that do occur, but that a minority of young people are at higher risk, Hinduja and Patchin craft recommendations for a positive school climate approach to help all young people learn to make good choices and assist their peers."

Nancy Willard
Center for Safe and Responsible Internet Use
Key features
  • Identifies the extent and nature of teen technology use
  • Breaks down what cyberbullying is and how it is different from traditional bullying, including the phenomenon of sexting
  • Includes powerful anecdotes, stories, and other cases from the popular press and the authors' research to help illustrate important points
  • Provides a road map for developing a positive climate at your school to reduce teen technology misuse, including concrete strategies for assessing and improving your school's climate
  • Offers numerous strategies to empower students and staff to prevent cyberbullying and sexting
  • Lists valuable resources (such as staff development guides, questions to facilitate further discussion and follow-up among your students, downloadable activities and worksheets, and more) on the authors' website at:

Sample Materials & Chapters


Chapter 1: Teens, Technology, and Trouble

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ISBN: 9781412997836

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