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Social Work Research and Evaluation
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Social Work Research and Evaluation
Examined Practice for Action



© 2017 | 344 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Social Work Research and Evaluation applies systematically developed research knowledge to social work practice and emphasizes the “doing” of social work as a reciprocal avenue for generating research evidence and social work knowledge. Using the Examined Practice Model, authors Elizabeth G. DePoy and Stephen F. Gilson present research as the identification of a problem and then proceed to evaluate the efficacy of social work practice in its resolution. Diverse theories, actions, and sets of evidence from a range of professional and disciplinary perspectives are included to underscore the importance of integrating evaluation and practice in research.
 
Chapter 1: Introduction to Examined Practice
Introduction to the Rationale for the Text  
Illustration of Examined Practice in Diverse Social Work Settings  
Roles and Responsibilities of “Examined Practitioners”  
 
Chapter 2: Problems, Issues and Needs (What, Why, How, When, Where)
Definition of Terms  
Thinking Processes of Problem and Issue Clarification  
Grounding Needs in Problem and Issues to be Resolved  
 
Chapter 3: Setting Goals and Objectives for Reflexive Intervention
Emergence of Goals and Objectives from Needs Statement  
Deriving Goals From Need Statements  
Action Process of Crafting Process Objectives  
Action Process of Crafting Outcome Objectives  
Charting Outputs  
Systematic Reflexive Intervention Processes  
Using the Three Traditions (Experimental-type, Naturalistic, Mixed Methods) in Reflexive Intervention  
Selecting a Tradition—Guiding Questions  
Illustration  
 
Chapter 4: Exploring Outcomes
Definition of Terms  
Purposes of Outcome Assessment  
Worth of Social Work  
Systematic Inquiry Using One or More of the Three Research Traditions  
Cost of Interventions  
 
Chapter 5: Sharing Examined Practice to Generate Social Work Knowledge
Definition of Terms  
Examples of Sharing Knowledge  
Sharing Social Work Knowledge  
The Science-Intuition Debate  
Why Share?  
When to Share?  
Where to Share?  
How to Share?  
 
Chapter 6: Two Design Traditions and then Mixing Them
Philosophical Foundation of Experimental-Type Research  
Philosophical Foundation of Naturalistic Inquiry  
Philosophical Foundation of Mixed Methods  
Implications of Philosophical Differences for Systematic Inquiry in Examined Practice  
Theory in Examined Practice  
Integrating the Two Research Traditions  
 
Chapter 7: The Role of Literature in Examined Practice
Purposes of Literature Review in Examined Practice  
How to Conduct a Literature Search  
 
Chapter 8: Questions, Hypotheses and Queries: The basis for Rigor Assessment
Research Questions in Experimental-Type Knowing  
Level 1: Questions That Seek to Describe Phenomena  
Level 2: Questions That Explore Relationships Among Phenomena  
Level 3: Questions That Test Knowledge  
Hypotheses  
Research Queries in Naturalistic Inquiry  
Developing Naturalistic Research Queries  
Integrating Research Approaches  
 
Chapter 9: Design in Both Traditions
Specific Experimental-Type Designs  
Variations of Experimental-Type Design  
Geographic Analysis  
Criteria for Selecting Appropriate and Adequate Experimental-Type Designs  
Summary of Experimental-Type Design  
Naturalistic Inquiry Designs  
Narrative Inquiry  
Mixed-Method Designs  
 
Chapter 10: Setting and Protecting the Boundaries of a Study
General Guidelines for Bounding Studies  
Subjects, Respondents, Informants, Participants, Locations, Conceptual Boundaries, Virtual Boundaries  
Protecting Boundaries  
What is an IRB and When Must It Be Involved?  
Principles for Protecting Human Subjects  
Full Disclosure  
Confidentiality  
Voluntary Participation  
The Belmont Report  
Informed Consent Process  
Boundary Setting in Experimental-Type Examined Practice Inquiry  
Sampling Process  
Probability Sampling  
Nonprobability Methods  
Sampling in the Virtual Environment  
Comparing Sample to Population  
Determining Sample Size  
Boundary Setting in Naturalistic Inquiry  
Guidelines for Determining “How Many”  
Process of Setting Boundaries and Selecting Informants  
Ethical Considerations  
Summary of Naturalistic Boundary Setting  
A Few Words About Mixed Methods  
 
Chapter 11: Obtaining Information
Principles of Information Collection in All Three Traditions  
Looking, Watching, Listening, Reading, and Recording  
Asking  
Materials, Artifacts, or Spaces  
Obtaining Information in Experimental-Type Traditions  
Obtaining Information in Naturalistic Traditions  
Information-Gathering Processes  
Information-Gathering Strategies  
Recording Obtained Information  
Accuracy in Collecting Information  
Mixing Methods  
 
Chapter 12: Analysis
What Is Statistical Analysis?  
Level 1: Descriptive Statistics  
Level 2: Drawing Inferences  
Level 3: Associations and Relationships  
Strategies and Stages in Naturalistic Analysis  
Stage One: Inception of Inquiry  
Stage Two: Formal Report Preparation  
Accuracy and Rigor in Naturalistic Analysis  
 
Chapter 13: Putting the Model to Work
Themes  
Exemplar #1—Janice  
Exemplar #2—Dean  
Exemplar #3—TAP (Tobacco Access Portal)  
Exemplar #4—Aesthetic Mobility Device Project  
Exemplar #5—Workplace Accessibility  
 
Glossary
 
Index

“Within my 38 years of teaching, the authors offer the most creative presentation I have ever read for a research methods text.”

Stephen Marson
Wake Forest University

“Breaks down research methods into easily digestible pieces for both instructors and students.”

Nicole M. Cavanagh
University of South Carolina
Key features
KEY FEATURES:

  • The Examined Practice Model takes students through the full sequence of social work evaluation research, from problem definition to sharing knowledge outcomes, to help students integrate research and practice.
  • A unique cognitive mapping tool links the possible causes and consequences of problems together to identify opportunities for professional activity, collaboration, and evaluation in any domain of social work practice.
  • Five easy-to-understand, detailed case examples illustrate how research, thinking, and action are linked to practice.
  • Presentation of the “social worker as knowledge creator” demonstrates that systematic capture of the practice of social work provides the knowledge base of the profession.
  • The final chapter details each of the text’s case examples from the beginning to the end of the Model to demonstrate examined practice throughout all phases of social work.




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