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Testing and Measurement
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Testing and Measurement
A User-Friendly Guide



August 2005 | 200 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
This step-by-step approach allows students to master testing and measurement concepts through practical exercises and feedback. Using humor, cartoons and real-world examples, Sharon E. Robinson Kurpius and Mary E. Stafford guide the reader through the essential components of measurement, starting with measurement scales and ending with reliability and validity. The authors show that everyone can learn testing and measurement concepts, and they make the learning process fun and non-threatening. For those who want to challenge themselves beyond the self-instructional exercises included throughout each chapter, data sets are provided as an aid to further learning. The book is invaluable for all introductory courses in measurement and testing at undergraduate and lower-level graduate level in the social and behavioral sciences.

 
List of Figures
 
List of Tables
 
A Note to Students
 
Acknowledgments
 
1. What Is a Number? Is a Rose Always a Rose?
Numbers and Scales  
Some Final Thoughts About Scales of Measurement  
Numbers and Response Formats  
Some Final Thoughts About Response Formats  
Numbers and Test Scores--How Do They Relate?  
Some Final Thoughts About Measurement Scales and Response Formats  
Key Terms  
Models and Self-instructional Exercises  
Words of Encouragement  
 
2. Frequencies: One Potato, Two Potato, Three Potato, Four
Ungrouped Frequency Distributions  
Grouped Frequency Distributions  
Cumulative Frequency Distribution  
Some Final Thoughts About Frequency Distributions  
Key Terms  
Models and Self-instructional Exercises  
Words of Encouragement  
 
3. The Distribution of Test Scores--The Perfect Body?
Kurtosis  
Skewness  
Some Final Thoughts About Distribution of Test Scores  
Key Terms  
Models and Self-instructional Exercises  
Words of Encouragement  
 
4. Central Tendencies and Dispersion--Coming Together or Growing Apart
Central Tendencies--The Inner Core of the Normal Curve  
The Mode  
The Median  
Medians and Modes for Grouped Frequency Data  
The Mean  
Some Final Points About Central Tendency  
Dispersion--Not All Bodies Are the Same  
Range  
Deviation Scores  
Variance  
Standard Deviation  
Means and Standard Deviations in the Real World  
Key Terms  
Models and Self-instructional Exercises  
Your New Best Friend--SPSS  
Words of Encouragement  
 
5. Standardized Scores--Do You Measure Up?
Percentiles--What They Mean in Measurement  
Percentile Ranks for Grouped Data  
Some Final Thoughts About Percentile Ranks  
Z Scores  
Why Transform a Raw Score to a Z Score?  
Other Standard Scores  
Key Terms  
Models and Self-instructional Exercises  
Your New Best Friend–SPSS  
Words of Encouragement  
 
6. Norms and Criterion Scores--Keeping Up With the Joneses or Not
Criterion-Referenced Tests--Do You Know as Much as You Should?  
Norm-Referenced Tests--Dying to Fit In  
Key Terms  
Models and Self-instructional Exercises  
Words of Encouragement  
 
7. Error Scores--The Truth, the Whole Truth, and Nothing but the Truth?
Test Theory  
Test-Theory Assumptions  
Key Terms  
Models and Self-instructional Exercises  
Words of Encouragement  
 
8. Building a Strong Test--One the Big Bad Wolf Can’t Blow Down
Item Difficulty  
Some Final Thoughts About Item Difficulty  
Item Discrimination  
Key Terms  
Models and Self-instructional Exercises  
Words of Encouragement  
 
9. Reliability--The Same Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow
The Mathematical Foundation of Reliability  
Types of Reliability Estimates  
Standard Error of Measurement  
Correlation Coefficients as Measures of Reliability  
Some Final Thoughts About Reliability  
Key Terms  
Models and Self-instructional Exercises  
Words of Encouragement  
 
10. Validity--What You See Is Not Always What You Get
Helping You Get What You See  
Sources of Validity Evidence  
The Marriage of Reliability and Validity--Wedded Bliss  
Interpreting the Validity of Tests--Intended and Unintended Consequences  
Some Final Thoughts About Validity  
Key Terms  
Models and Self-instructional Exercises  
Words of Encouragement  
 
11. The Perils and Pitfalls of Testing--Being Ethical
Your Own Competence  
Rights of Those Being Tested  
Potential Dangers  
Ryan's Rights  
 
Appendix
 
References
 
Index
 
About the Authors

It is a good textbook for beginning students.

Dr Paul Madak
Psychology, Univ of Northern British Columbia
June 18, 2012
Key features
  • Highly effective pedagogical features that take the student logically through the three-step, social learning theory model: presentation of concepts and information; modeling; and practice with immediate and direct feedback.
  • Full coverage of the major concepts presented in most introductory testing and measurement courses: numbers and distribution, frequencies, t tests, standardized scores, norms, criterion scores, error scores, design, reliability, and validity.
  • A brief list of terms, pictorials, and descriptions highlighting the major concepts within each chapter.
  • Self-tests that allow the student to practice on his or her own, without needing instructor feedback on the spot (i.e., solutions worked through at a very detailed level).

Sample Materials & Chapters


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