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The Psychology of Women and Gender

The Psychology of Women and Gender
Half the Human Experience +

Ninth Edition

© 2018 | 456 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

A psychology of women textbook that fully integrates transgender research, issues, and concerns!

With clear, comprehensive, and cutting-edge coverage, The Psychology of Women and Gender: Half the Human Experience + delivers an authoritative analysis of classical and up-to-the-minute research from a feminist, psychological viewpoint. Authors Nicole M. Else-Quest and Janet Shibley Hyde examine the cultural and biological similarities and differences between genders, noting how they are often a result of inequality. The Ninth Edition emphasizes rigorous methodology and reviewing and evaluating empirical evidence, helping demystify the scientific process in this field of study. Hands-on applications through case studies that integrate research from other disciplines give students further experience with key issues. This proven resource equips students with a strong foundation for understanding the dynamic influences of gender, sexual orientation, and ethnicity in the context of psychology and society, along with strategies for thinking critically about popular culture and using psychological science to improve people’s lives and promote gender equality.


1 Introduction
1. Why Study the Psychology of Women and Gender?  
2. Sex, Gender, Transgender, and Cisgender  
3. Sexism and Feminism  
4. Themes in the Psychology of Women and Gender  
5. Sources of Bias in Psychological Research  
6. Feminist Alternatives to Biased Research  
7. Chapter Previews  
8. Chapter Summary  
9. Suggestions for Further Reading  
2 Theoretical Perspectives on Gender
1. Psychoanalytic Theory  
2. Social Learning Theory  
3. Cognitive-Developmental Theory  
4. Gender Schema Theory  
5. Sociobiology and Evolutionary Psychology  
6. Social Role Theory  
7. Feminist Theories  
9. Chapter Summary  
10. Suggestions for Further Reading  
3 Gender Stereotypes and Gender Differences
1. Gender Stereotypes  
2. Meta-Analysis  
3. Psychological Gender Differences  
4. The Gender Similarities Hypothesis  
5. Androgyny  
6. Chapter Summary  
7. Suggestions for Further Reading  
4 The Intersection of Gender and Ethnicity
1. Recurring Themes  
2. Ethnic Group Labels  
3. An Ethnic/Cultural Critique of Psychological Research  
4. Guidelines for Research With People of Color  
5. Cultural Heritages of People of Color in the United States  
6. Gender Roles and Ethnicity  
7. Immigration  
8. Education  
9. Mental Health Issues  
10. Feminisms of Color  
11. Chapter Summary  
12. Suggestions for Further Reading  
5 Gender and Communication
1. Verbal Communication  
2. Nonverbal Communication  
3. How Women and Nonbinary People Are Treated in Language  
4. Toward Nonsexist Language  
5. In Conclusion  
6. Chapter Summary  
6 Gender and Emotion
1. Gender Stereotypes About Emotions  
2. Gender and Emotional Experience and Expression  
3. Emotional Competence  
4. Emotions Beyond the Binary  
5. The Socialization of Gendered Emotions  
6. Chapter Summary  
7. Suggestion for Further Reading  
7 Lifespan Development
1. Infancy  
2. Childhood  
3. Adolescence  
4. Emerging Adulthood  
5. Adulthood  
6. Later Adulthood  
7. Chapter Summary  
8. Suggestions for Further Reading  
8 Abilities, Motivation, and Achievement
1. Abilities  
2. Motivation: Expectancy-Value Theory  
3. Achievement  
4. The Gender Gap in STEM  
5. Chapter Summary  
6. Suggestion for Further Reading  
9 Gender and Work
1. Pay Equity and the Wage Gap  
2. Gender Discrimination and Workplace Climate  
3. Leadership and the Glass Ceiling  
4. Work and Family Issues  
5. Chapter Summary  
6. Suggestions for Further Reading  
10 Biology and Gender
1. Genes  
2. Basic Physiological Processes  
3. Sex Hormones  
4. The Brain  
5. Chapter Summary  
6. Suggestions for Further Reading  
11 Psychology, Gender, and Health
1. Gender and Health  
2. Menstruation  
3. Menopause  
4. Reproduction and Health  
5. Breast Cancer  
6. HPV and Cervical Cancer  
7. Trans Health Issues  
8. Chapter Summary  
9. Suggestions for Further Reading  
12 Gender and Sexuality
1. Physiology  
2. Psychological Aspects of Gender and Sexuality  
3. The Intersection of Gender and Race in Sexuality  
4. Sexual Disorders and Therapy  
5. Gender Similarities  
6. Chapter Summary  
7. Suggestions for Further Reading  
13 Gender and Sexual Orientation
1. Queer Theory  
2. Stereotypes and Discrimination  
3. Lesbian Culture  
4. Sexual Orientation Development and Fluidity  
5. Mental Health Issues  
6. Why Do Women Become Lesbian, Bi, or Straight?  
7. Differences Between Lesbians and Gay Men  
8. The Intersection of Sexual Orientation and Ethnicity  
9. Chapter Summary  
10. Suggestions for Further Reading  
14 Gender and Victimization
1. Rape  
2. Intimate Partner Violence  
3. Sexual Harassment  
4. Human Trafficking  
5. Child Sexual Abuse  
6. Looking Forward  
7. Chapter Summary  
8. Suggestions for Further Reading  
15 Gender and Mental Health Issues
1. Depression  
2. Alcohol- and Substance-Use Disorders  
3. Eating Disorders  
4. Sexism and Psychotherapy  
5. Psychotherapeutic Approaches  
6. Addressing the Mental Health Needs of People of Color  
7. Psychological Practice With Trans People  
8. Chapter Summary  
9. Suggestions for Further Reading  
16 The Psychology of Men and Masculinity
1. Masculinity and the Male Role  
2. The Gender Role Identity Paradigm  
3. The Gender Role Strain Paradigm  
4. Lifespan Development  
5. Male Sexuality  
6. Men of Color  
7. Health Issues  
8. Chapter Summary  
9. Suggestions for Further Reading  
17 Retrospect and Prospect
1. Future Research  
2. Feminism Revisited  
3. Re-visioning Theory  
4. The Continuing Feminist Revolution and Backlash  
5. Suggestions for Further Reading  
About the Authors


Instructor Resource Site
  • Sample syllabi—for semester and quarter courses—provide suggested models for instructors to use when creating the syllabi for their courses
  • A Microsoft® Word® test bank contains multiple choice, true/false, short answer and essay questions for each chapter. The test bank provides a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding
  • Editable, chapter-specific Microsoft® PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility in easily creating a multimedia presentation for your course
  • Carefully crafted lecture notes follow the structure of each chapter and can be used alongside the PowerPoint slides, providing an essential reference and teaching tool for course lectures
  • Lively and stimulating chapter-specific activity ideas reinforce active learning and critical thinking, and can be used in individual or group settings in the classroom or assigned as homework

“I find the text to be very comprehensive and user friendly. Students will appreciate the conclusions” 

Mary-Theresa Howard
University of Ottawa

“The text is comprehensive and is written in a student friendly manner. The content is current (which speaks to students). I particularly like the research boxes that can be used as assignments. The way that it is presented, students can clearly see how the assignments fit into the text.”

Barbara Carl
The Pennsylvania State University, Capital College

“This book is not only up-to-date, but expands on topics that receive only cursory mention in other books. It also not only mentions non-binary gender identity and expression, but it does spend time on discussion specific issues.”

Jeannie DiClementi
Purdue University-Fort Wayne

“Very clear, well focused and easy to follow; Good historical overview of foundational knowledge.” 

Chivi Kapungu
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

“Well-balanced approach to gender, easy to read and comprehend. Very student friendly.”

LeAnne Forquer Epling
University of Pikeville
Key features


  • An intersectionality approach integrated throughout reflects a more prominent force in gender and women’s studies that has made its way into psychology.
  • Inclusion of research on transgender and gender-nonconforming people takes into account the many changes that have taken place since the last edition to keep readers up to date on the latest developments.
  • Language consistent with new approaches to gender that critique the gender binary aligns with 2017 norms and makes the book more trans-inclusive.
  • New and expanded content areas:

o    Queer theory

o    The development of transgender and gender nonconforming children

o    Meta-analytic findings on psychological gender differences

o    Human trafficking

o    Updates related to the DSM–5

o    Structural forces on gender, such as employment discrimination laws and the Violence Against Women Act

o    Feminist biology and evolutionary psychology

o    Immigration

o    Cisgenderism

o    Sexist and misgendering language

o    Infertility

o    Miscarriage

o    Gender-affirming therapies

o    Brain gender mosaic

o    Gender and infectious disease

o    Gender dysphoria

o    Social backlash


  • Chapter-opening outlines provide students with the structure of the chapter to aid in their cognitive processing of it.
  • Chapter-ending Experience the Research boxes give students active experiences with research in the psychology of women and gender through assignable exercises.
  • Focus boxes draw from research, theory, and case studies examining key issues in depth; topics range from health at the intersection of gender and disability, to gender diversity and athletics, and the politics of psychiatric diagnosis.
  • A marginal glossary in each chapter and a comprehensive glossary at the end of the book help students master the meaning of important terms in the field.
  • Accompanying online resources on a password-protected companion site include a test bank, PowerPoint slides, and an instructor’s manual to save instructors time in preparing for their courses.



Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 1- Introduction

Chapter 11- Psychology, Gender, and Health

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