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Transportation Research Record

Transportation Research Record

Journal of the Transportation Research Board

eISSN: 21694052 | ISSN: 03611981 | Current volume: 2678 | Current issue: 4 Frequency: Monthly

Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board is one of the most cited and prolific transportation journals in the world, offering unparalleled depth and breadth in the coverage of transportation-related topics. The TRR publishes 12 issues annually of outstanding, peer-reviewed papers presenting research findings in policy, planning, administration, economics and financing, operations, construction, design, maintenance, safety, and more, for all modes of transportation. This site provides electronic access to a full compilation of papers since the 1996 series.

The Transportation Research Board is one of seven major program divisions of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The mission of the Transportation Research Board is to mobilize expertise, experience, and knowledge to anticipate and solve complex transportation-related challenges. The Board’s varied activities annually engage about 8,500 engineers, scientists, and other transportation researchers and practitioners from the public and private sectors and academia, all of whom contribute their expertise in the public interest. The program is supported by state transportation departments, federal agencies including the component administrations of the U.S. Department of Transportation, and other organizations and individuals interested in the development of transportation.

For more than 50 years, the Transportation Research Record has been internationally recognized as one of the preeminent peer-reviewed journals for transportation research papers from authors in the United States and from around the world. One of the most cited transportation journals, the TRR offers unparalleled depth and breadth in the coverage of transportation topics from both academic and practitioner perspectives. All modes of passenger and freight transportation are addressed in papers covering a wide array of disciplines, including policy, planning, administration, economics and financing, operations, construction, design, maintenance, safety, and more. The ideal TRR contribution clearly advances knowledge in its area of expertise, explicitly draws out the practical implications of the paper’s results, whether for immediate or longer-term application, and is well written with an engaging style.

Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board is owned by the National Academy of Sciences and is published by SAGE Publications, Inc., 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320.

Associate Editors
Soyoung Ahn University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA
Haitham Al-Deek University of Central Florida, USA
David Ballard GRA Inc., USA
Robert Bertini University of South Florida, USA
Chandra Bhat University of Texas at Austin, USA
Stacey Bricka NHTS, USA
Ralph Buehler Virginia Tech, USA
Tara Cavalline UNC Charlotte, USA
Joseph Chow NYU, USA
Allison Conway City University of New York, USA
Michael Cynecki Lee Engineering, USA
Ashim Debnath Deakin University, Australia
Eric Donnell Penn State University, USA
Mostafa Elseifi Louisiana State University, USA
Conrad Felice C. W. Felice, LLC, USA
Grigorios Fountas Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
Seyed Hooman Ghasemi Wood, USA
Dimitrios Goulias Univerisity of Maryland, USA
Susan Handy University of California at Davis, USA
Dennis Hinebaugh University of South Florida, USA
Mark W. Horner Florida State University, USA
Pat Hu US Department of Transportation, USA
Gerald Huber Asphalt Materials, Inc., USA
David S. Hurwitz Oregon State University, USA
Sherif Ishak Old Dominion University, USA
Tom Kazmierowski Golder Associates Ltd., Canada
Yung-Chen (Rex) Lai National Taiwan University, Taiwan
Duo Li Nottingham Trent University, UK
Hani Mahmassani Northwestern University, USA
Eyad Massad Texas A&M University, USA
Juan Medina The University of Utah, USA
Kenneth N. Mitchell U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, USA
Walaa S. Mogawer UMass Dartmouth, USA
Abolfazl (Kouros) Mohammadian University of Illinois Chicago, USA
Mehmet Ozbek Colorado State University, USA
Harold (Skip) Paul Lehigh University, USA
Bhagwant Persaud Ryerson University, Canada
Anand J. Puppala Texas A&M University, USA
Jonathan Rubin The University of Maine, USA
Paul Ryus Kittelson & Associates, USA
Susan Shaheen UC Berkeley, USA
Sushant Sharma Texas A&M University, USA
David Shinar Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
Jo Sias University of New Hampshire, USA
Steven Silkunas IPSE, USA
Frank Spielberg University of Pennsylvania, USA
David Suits NYSDOT Geotechnical Engineering Bureau, USA (Retired)
Omer Tatari University of Central Florida, USA
Erol Tutumluer University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Roger Wayson NYSDOT, USA
Yao-Jan Wu The University of Arizona, USA
Kun Xie Old Dominion University, USA
Handling Editors
Murad Abu-Farsakh Louisiana State University, USA
Chengbo Ai University of Massachusetts Amherst, USA
Sam Allen TRI Environmental, USA
Jason Anderson Portland State University, USA
Mike Anderson Asphalt Institute
Alex Apeagyei University of East London, UK
Shivam Arora University of Texas at Arlington, USA
Magdalena Asborno US Army Engineer Research and Development Center Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory, USA
Raul Avelar Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, USA
MD B. Sarder Bowling Green State University, USA
Anjan Ramesh Babu Auburn University, USA
Jesus Barajas University of California, Davis, USA
Elise Barrella Wake Forest University, USA
Phil Barutha University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA
Rahim Benekohal University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, USA
Thomas Bennert Rutgers University, USA
Caroline Bennett The University of Kansas, USA
Tejo V. Bheemasetti South Dakota Mines
Alex Bigazzi The University of British Columbia, Canada
Francesco Biondi University of Windsor, Canada
Tara Blakey Jacobs, USA
Roger Bligh Texas A&M Transportation Institute
Jeff Borowiec Texas A&M University, USA
John Bullough Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, USA
David Byers Quadrex Aviation, LLC, USA
Sam Cardoso ICAO – Technical Cooperation Programme, Canada
Pedro Carmargo Outer Loop Consulting, USA
Juan Antonio Carrasco Universidad de Concepción, Chile
Necati Catbas University of Central Florida, USA
Xiaoyue Cathy Liu The University of Utah, USA
Lynette Cheah Singapore University of Technology and Design Engineering Systems and Design, SG
Peter Chen Valley Transportation Authority, USA
Bhaskar Chitoori Boise State University, USA
Charisma Choudhury University of Leeds, England
Eleni Christofa University of Massachusetts Amherst, USA
Francesco Ciari Polytechnique Montreal, Canada
Giovanni Circella UC Davis, USA
Adam Cohen UC Berkeley, USA
Erdem Coleri Oregon State University, USA
Domenic Coletti HDR
Surya Congress North Dakota State University, USA
Carmelo D'Agostino Lund University, Sweden
Salvatore Damiano Cafiso University of Catania, Catania
Subashish Das Texas A&M Transportation Institute
Christopher Day University of Nottingham, UK
Marco Diana Politecnico di Torino, Italy
Tyler Dick University of Texas at Austin, USA
Jennifer Dill Portland State University, USA
Rebecca Dodder US Environmental Protection Agency, USA
T. Donna Chen University of Virginia, USA
Sherif El-Badawy Mansoura University, Egypt
Karim El-Basyouny University or Alberta - Edmonton, CA, USA
Naveen Eluru University of Central Florida, USA
Michael Elwardany Florida State University, USA
Mohamed ElZomor Florida International University, USA
Alireza Ermagun Mississippi State University, USA
Mike Estey City of Seattle
Wei (David) Fan The University of North Carolina at Charlotte, USA
Yaghoob Farnam Drexel Univeristy, USA
Conrad Felice C. W. Felice, LLC, USA
Nicholas Fiorentini University of Pisa, Italy
Eric J. Fitzsimmons Kansas State University, USA
Ghada M. Gad Cal Poly Pomona, USA
Lorena Garcia TAMKO
Timothy J. Gates Michigan State University, USA
Georgene Geary Georgia Institute of Technology, USA
Daba Gedafa University of North Dakota, USA
Srinivas Geedipally Texas A&M Transportation Institute, USA
Nikolas Geroliminis EPFL, Switzerland
Konstantinos Gkiotsalitis National Technical University of Athens Greece
Jodi Godfrey University of South Florida, USA
Tina Greenfield Iowa DOT, USA
Nicolas Grisham USDOT, USA
Jonathan Groeger Wood, USA
Jhony Habbouche Virginia Transportation Research Council, USA
Jessica Hafetz Mirman The University of Edinburgh, UK
Samer Hamdar George Washington University, USA
Maryam Hamidi Lamar University, USA
Jie Han The University of Kansas, USA
Chris Harper Colorado State University, USA
Hany Hassan Louisiana State University, USA
Qing He University of Buffalo, USA
Zhengbing He Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA
Jose Holguin-Veras Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA
Jia Hu Tongji University, China
Xianbiao Hu Penn State University, USA
Mohamed Zaki Hussein University of Central Florida, USA
David Jones UC Davis, USA
Johan Joubert Katholieke Universiteit , Belgium
Kohinoor Kar Arizona State University, USA
Alex Karner The University of Texas at Austin, USA
Ruimin Ke The University of Texas at El Paso, USA
Sharareh (Sherrie) Kermanshachi University of Texas, Arlington, USA
Aemal Khattak University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA
Jack Klodzinski Florida Dept. of Transportation, USA
Karthik Konduri University of Connecticut, USA
Alexandra Kondyli University of Kansas, USA
Jake Kononov DiExSys, USA
Beverly R. Kuhn Texas A&M University, USA
Changhyun Kwon University of South Florida, USA
Jayhyun Kwon Kennesaw State University, USA
Yung-Chen (Rex) Lai National Taiwan University, Taiwan
Chien Lan Virginia DOT, USA
Chien-Lun Lan National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, Taiwan
Ludovic Leclercq University of Lyon, France
Jaeyoung Lee Central South University, USA
Pengfei (Taylor) Li Mississippi State University, USA
Qing Li Texas Department of Transportation, USA
Wan Li Oak Ridge National Laboratory, USA
Zongzhi Li Illinois Institute of Technology, USA
Chen-Yu Lin National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, Taiwan, China
Jun Liu The University of Alabama, USA
Kai-Wei (Victor) Liu Texas A&M University, USA
Zhiyuan Liu Southeast University, China
Massimo Losa Università di Pisa, Italy
Eduardo Maeyama Kimley-Horn of DC, LLC, USA
Tracey Mayhew International Transport Workers' Federation, USA
Mehran Mazari Cal State LA, USA
Kevin McGhee Virginia Transportation Research Council, USA
Juan Medina The University of Utah, USA
Ronald Medlock High Steel Structures, LCC, USA
Mohammed Hashem Mehany Texas A&M University, USA
Monica Menendez NYU Abu Dhabi
Edith Arambula Mercado Texas A&M University, USA
Steven Meyers University of South Florida, USA
Mohammad Miralinaghi Illinois Institute of Technology, USA
Alfonso Montella University of Naples Federico II, Italy
Lindsey Morse Imperial College London, UK
Ahmad Mousa University of Nottingham Ningbo, China
Meysam Najimi Iowa State University, USA
James Nolan University of Saskatchewan, Canada
Khandker M. Nurul Habib University of Toronto, CA
Phillip Ooi University of Hawai'i at Manoa, USA
Osama Osman University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, USA
Shiqi Ou South China University of Technology, China
Yanfeng Ouyang University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Angelica Palomino University of Tennessee Knoxville, USA
Agnivesh Pani Indian Institute of Technology BHU Varanasi, India
Miguel Perez Virginia Tech, USA
Linda Pierce New Civil Engineer, USA
Kelly Pitera NTNU, Norway
Anuj K. Pradhan University of Massachusetts Amherst, USA
Ziyuan Pu Monash University, Australia
Sean Qian Carnegie Mellon University, USA
Xiao Qin University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, USA
Xiaobo Qu Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden
Gonzalo Rada Wood PLC, UK
Farshad Rajabipour Pennsylvania State University, USA
Mohammad Rashidi University of Texas-El Paso, USA
Punyaslok Rath University of Missouri, USA
Malcom Ray Roadsafe LLC, USA
Maria Rella Riccardi University of Naples Federico II, Italy
Eric Ross Federal Highway Administration, USA
Prasant Sahu Birla Institute of Technology and Science Pilani, India
Deborah Salon Arizona State University, USA
Nicolas Saunier Polytechnique Montréal, Canada
Peter Savolainen Michigan State University, USA
Tarek Sayed The University of British Columbia, Canada
Rober Scopatz VHB, USA
Brandan Scully Coastal & Hydraulics Lab of the Engineer
Ipek Sener Texas A&M University, USA
Omidreza Shoghli UNC Charlotte, USA
John Siekmeier Minnesota Department of Transportation, USA
Edward Smaglik Northern Arizona University, USA
Kurt Smith Applied Pavement Technology, Inc., USA
Samira Soleimani Louisiana State University, USA
Mena Souliman The University of Texas at Tyler, USA
Raghavan Srinivasan University of North Carolina, USA
P. S. Sriraj University of Illinois, Chicago, USA
Calyton Stambaugh Southern Illinois University, USA
Aleksander Stevanovic University of Pittsburgh, USA
Monique Stinson University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
Theodore Sussmann University of Hartford, USA
Vivek Tandon The University of Texas at El Paso, USA
Lorant (Lori) Tavasszy TU Delft, NL
Scott Taylor Michael Baker International, Inc, USA
Hani H. Titi University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, USA
Tomer Toledo Israel Institute of Technology, Israel
Daniel Tran University of Kansas, USA
Ioannis Tsapakis Texas A&M University, USA
Yelda Turkan Oregon State University, USA
Shane Turner  
Avinash Unnikrishnan Portland State University, USA
Vikash V. Gayah Penn State, USA
Chieh (Ross) Wang Oak Ridge National Laboratory, USA
Hao Wang Rutgers University, USA
Shuaian Wang The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
Xiaokun (Cara) Wang Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA
Xuesong Wang Tongi University, China
Kari Watkins Georgia Tech, USA
Brett Williams Center for Sustainable Energy, USA
Erica Wygonik RSG Inc., USA
Chenfeng Xiong Villanova Univeristy, USA
Di Yang Morgan State University, USA
Hong Yang Old Dominion University, USA
Hongtai Yang Southwest Jiaotong University, CN
Xianfeng (Terry) Yang The University of Utah, USA
George Yannis National Technical University of Athens, Greece
Shamsunnahar Yasmin Queensland University of Technology, Australia
Xinbao Yu The University of Texas at Arlington, USA
Lishengsa Yue University of Central Florida, USA
Wael Zatar Marshall University
Brian Zelenko WSP USA
Guohui Zhang University of Hawai'i at Manoa, USA
Yu Zhang University of South Florida, USA
Yunglong Zhang Texas A&M University, USA
Mo Zhao Virginia Department of Transportation, USA
Bo Zou University of Illinois Chicago, USA
Statistical Editors
Khaled Abdelghany Southern Methodist University, USA
Qing Chang Auburn University, USA
Aref Darzi University of Maryland at College Park, USA
Ishita Dash Vanderbilt University, USA
Woon Kim Federal Highway Administration, USA
Pei Li University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA
Yuandong Liu Oak Ridge National Laboratory, USA
Jiawei Lu Georgia Institute of Technology, USA
Wei Ma The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, HKSAR
Meiyu Pan Oak Ridge National Laboratory, USA
Puteri Paramita SUNCORP, AU
Ioannis Politis Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
Rimon Rafiah Economikr Consulting
Heng Wei University of Cincinnati, USA
Xingjing Xu University of Florida, USA
Jiguang Zhao Oregon Department of Transportation, USA

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