“Good coverage of concepts with understandable explanations of theory. Very user friendly with exercises to use in and out of class. Connects well with other communication classes through the application of other communication concepts to argumentation.”
—Christopher Leland, Azusa Pacific University
Argumentation in Everyday Life provides students with the tools they need to argue effectively in the classroom and beyond. Jeffrey P. Mehltretter Drury offers rich coverage of theory while balancing everyday applicability, allowing students to use their skills soundly. Drury introduces the fundamentals of constructing and refuting arguments using the Toulmin model and ARG conditions (Acceptability, Relevance, and Grounds). Numerous real-world examples are connected to the theories of rhetoric and argumentation discussed—enabling students to practice and apply the content in personal, civic, and professional contexts, as well as traditional academic debates. Encouraging self-reflection, this book empowers students to find their voice and create positive change through argumentation in everyday life.
Unique resources to help students navigate this complex terrain of argumentation:
- “The Debate Situation” offers students a birds-eye view of any given debate (or exchange of arguments between two or more people) organized around three necessary components: arguments, issues, and the proposition. The visual model of the debate situation illustrates how these features work together in guiding a debate and it lays the groundwork for understanding and generating arguments.
- Easy to Use Standards for Evaluating Arguments combine a prominent argument model (named after logician Stephen Toulmin) with a standards-based approach (the ARG conditions) to test of quality of an argument. The ARG conditions are three questions an advocate should ask of an argument in determining whether or not it is rationally persuasive. These questions are best served by research but don’t necessary require it, and thus they provide a useful posture for critically assessing the arguments you encounter.
- Multiple “Everyday Life” examples with an emphasis on context help students to connect the lessons more fully to their everyday life and encourages them to grapple explicitly with dilemmas arising in different contexts.
- “Find Your Voice Prompts” focus on choice & empowerment to offer strategies for students to choose which arguments to address and how to address them—empowering students to use argumentation to find their voice.
- “Build Your Skill Prompts” use objective applications to test how well students have learned the information. They offer a chance to apply the material to additional examples that students can check against the answers in Appendix II.
- Two application exercises at the end of each chapter encourage students to think critically about the content, discuss their thoughts with their peers, and apply the material to everyday situations.
|Argument, Debate, and Controversy|
|Why Study Argumentation?|
|Audiences and Co-Arguers|
|Spheres of Argument|
|The Debate Situation|
|Argumentation and Debate Ethics|
|Formal Logic vs. Everyday Argumentation|
|Strategies for Identifying Arguments|
|Strategies for Understanding Arguments|
|The Allure of “Evidence” and the Significance of “Support”|
|Gathering and Testing Information|
|Types of Support|
|Strategies for Using Support|
|Applying the Types of Argument to Everyday Life|
|Argument from Classification|
|Argument from Generalization|
|Argument from Cause and Consequence|
|Argument from Sign|
|Argument from Analogy|
|Argument from Authority|
|Additional Argument Types|
|Debating Fact Propositions|
|Debating Value Propositions|
|Debating Policy Propositions|
|A Productive Posture for Clash|
|The A Condition: Acceptability|
|The R Condition: Relevance|
|The G Condition: Sufficient Grounds|
|Applying the ARG Conditions through Refutation|
|Argument Fallacies & The ARG Conditions|
|Evaluating Cases and Controversies with the ARG Conditions|
|Evaluating Argument from Classification|
|Evaluating Argument from Generalization|
|Evaluating Argument from Cause and Consequence|
|Evaluating Argument from Sign|
|Evaluating Argument from Analogy|
|Evaluating Argument from Authority|
|Uncovering the ARG Conditions in Everyday Argumentations|
|Audience Analysis and Adaptation|
|Op-Eds and Letters to the Editor|
|Public Online Argumentation|
|A Note about Notetaking (or “Flowing”)|