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Crime and Criminal Justice

Crime and Criminal Justice
Concepts and Controversies

Second Edition
Additional resources:

January 2019 | 440 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

“The text is logically organized and easy to read and understand. Students will find the text intriguing as they move through the coverage of the controversies from the text.”—Michelle L. Foster, Kent State University

Updated with new content and current controversies that facilitate critical thinking, debate, and application of the concepts, Mallicoat’s Crime and Criminal Justice, Second Edition, provides accessible and concise coverage of all relevant aspects of the criminal justice system, as well as unique chapters on victims and criminal justice policy. Using an innovative format designed to increase student engagement and critical thinking, each chapter is followed by two Current Controversy debates that dive into a critical issue in criminal justice. These features challenge misconceptions by providing a balanced debate of both the pros and the cons of each issue and are followed by probing questions to help students think critically about timely topics. With contemporary examples that students can easily apply and a broad range of effective learning tools, this practical text helps students go beyond the surface toward a deeper understanding of the criminal justice system.

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    Part I: Foundations of Criminal Justice
    Chapter 1: Crime and Criminal Justice
    Stages of the Criminal Justice System

    Discretion and Ethics in the Criminal Justice System

    The Wedding Cake Model of Justice

    Models of Criminal Justice

    The Influence of the Media on the Criminal Justice System

    Chapter 2: Concepts of Law and Justice
    Types of Law

    Sources of Law

    Case Law

    Criminal Law

    Criminal Defenses

    Chapter 3: Defining and Measuring Crime
    Defining Crime

    Uniform Crime Reports

    National Incident-Based Reporting System

    National Crime Victimization Survey

    Self-Reported Offending Datasets

    Chapter 4: Explanations of Criminal Behavior
    What Is a Theory of Crime?

    Classical Theories of Crime

    Biological and Psychological Theories of Crime

    Sociological Theories of Crime

    Contemporary Theories of Crime

    Chapter 5: Victims and the Criminal Justice System
    Victims and Crime

    Theories of Victimization

    History of Victims’ Rights

    Victims in the Criminal Justice System

    Chapter 6: Criminal Justice Policy
    What Is Policy?

    Why Do We Need Criminal Justice Policies?

    How Do Criminal Justice Policies Develop?

    Politics and Criminal Justice Policy

    Research and Criminal Justice Policies

    Part II: Policing
    Chapter 7: Policing Organizations and Practices
    A Brief History of Policing

    Types of Police Organizations

    Women in Policing

    Racial and Ethnic Diversity in Policing

    What Do the Police Do?

    Strategies and Tactics of Policing

    Chapter 8: Issues in Policing
    Policing and the Law

    Ethical Dilemmas and Corruption

    Racial Profiling

    Use of Force

    Police Legitimacy

    Police Occupational Stress

    Part III: Courts
    Chapter 9: Courts and Crime
    Criminal Versus Civil Courts

    Jurisdiction and the Courts System

    Structure of the Courts

    Courtroom Participants and Their Duties

    Stages of a Criminal Court Case

    Chapter 10: Punishment and Sentencing
    Correctional Philosophies

    Determinate Sentencing

    Indeterminate Sentencing

    Mandatory Sentences

    Capital Punishment

    Part IV: Corrections
    Chapter 11: Prisons and Jails
    History of Jails and Prisons


    Types of Prisons

    Prison Security Levels

    Issues in Incarceration

    Legal Rights of Prisoners

    Chapter 12: Community Corrections


    Intermediate Sanctions


    Issues in Reentry

    Part V: Special Topics in Criminal Justice
    Chapter 13: Juvenile Justice
    History of the Juvenile Justice System

    Structure of the Juvenile Court

    Juvenile Waiver

    Demographics of Juvenile Offenders

    Chapter 14: Transnational Criminal Justice
    Transnational Crime


    Homeland Security

    Border Control



    Instructor Resource Site

    Instructors: The following online resources are included FREE with this text. For a brief demo, contact your sales representative today. mallicoatccj2e

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    • Our content delivered directly into your LMS
    •  Intuitive, simple format that makes it easy to integrate the material into your course with minimal effort
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    o    Diagnostic chapter pre tests and post tests that identify opportunities for improvement, track student progress, and ensure mastery of key learning objectives

    o    Test banks built on Bloom’s Taxonomy that provide a diverse range of test items with ExamView test generation

    o    Activity and quiz options that allow you to choose only the assignments and tests you want

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    • Chapter-specific discussion questions to help launch engaging classroom interaction while reinforcing important content
    • Assignable SAGE Premium Video (available via the interactive eBook version, linked through SAGE coursepacks) that is tied to learning objectives and produced exclusively for this text to bring concepts to life and appeal to different learning styles, featurin
      • Corresponding multimedia assessment options that automatically feed to your gradebook
      • Comprehensive, downloadable, easy-to-use Media Guide in the Coursepack for every video resource, lists the chapter to which the video content is tied, matches learning objectives and course outcomes, and provides a helpful description of the video content as well as assessment questions
      • Career insights from professionals in the field that expose students to the opportunities and challenges of potential careers in criminal justice
      • Criminal Justice news clips that bring extra coverage of current events into the book, connecting multiple brief news clips to core chapter content
      • Criminal Justice in Practice: Decision Making Scenarios that encourage a deeper understanding of key concepts by placing students in the role of criminal justice professionals in real-life situations
    • EXCLUSIVE, influential SAGE journal articles, built into course materials and assessment tools, that tie important research and scholarship to chapter concepts to strengthen learning
    • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides that offer flexibility when creating multimedia lectures so you don’t have to start from scratch but can customize to your exact needs
    • Lecture notes that summarize key concepts on a chapter-by-chapter basis to help you with preparation for lectures and class discussions
    • Integrated links to the interactive eBook that make it easy for your students to maximize their study time with this “anywhere, anytime” mobile-friendly version of the text. It also offers access to more digital tools and resources, including SAGE Premium Video
    • All tables and figures from the textbook





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    • Mobile-friendly practice quizzes allow for independent assessment by students of their mastery of course material.
    • Learning objectives reinforce the most important material.
    • Multimedia resources include timely and relevant video, audio, and web links to further explore topics and highlight responses to critical thinking questions.
    • EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter.

    “A well-written, concise overview of the main components of the CJS – not a lot of filler, does a great job of getting the basic elements like history and terminology across without being dry, focusing instead on issues.”

    Dan Dexheimer
    Boise State University

    “An excellent text for both instructor and students. Very contemporary and useful in today’s CJ world. I would adopt over my current book for sure.”

    Jeffrey M. O’Donnell
    Community College of Allegheny County

    “The book is exceptional and affordable for my students. And it had an entire chapter devoted to the nature of crime and criminality.”

    Mario Cano
    University of Texas at El Paso

    “The text is logically organized and easy to read and understand. Students will find the text intriguing as they move through the coverage of the controversies from the text.”

    Michelle L. Foster
    Kent State University

    “I would describe this textbook as being capable to deliver the basic information regarding the functions, procedures, and systems related to the criminal justice system. Additionally, this book is contemporary and relatable to students, and also easy for them to read and comprehend.”

    Rebecca Headley Konkel
    University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

    “Concise, informative, student friendly, and intelligent.”

    Robert M. Clark, Ph.D
    Pennsylvania Highlands Community College

    “…the book presents the most important information the Intro to CJ students need without overwhelming students with details.  Chapters are a reasonable length and easy to read.  And it is a reasonable price”

    Stacy K. Parker
    Associate Professor, Muskingum University

    A very thoughtful treatment of two autonomous but interrelated topics in criminology studies

    Professor Luis Sfeir-Younis
    Sociology Anthro Crim Dept, Eastern Michigan University
    December 21, 2019

    Found it met the needs for the course. Basic enough for an introduction course but allows for in depth lecture. Great online resources to assist with organizing the course as well!

    Professor Tiffany Fackler
    Sociology and Criminal Justice, Lebanon Valley College
    December 5, 2019
    Key features


    • Nearly 50% of the Current Controversy essays have been updated to expand student engagement and critical thinking skills as they explore the pros and cons of key issues in criminal justice, such as: Is Media a Credible Source on Crime?, Should the United States Increase Laws on Gun Control?, and Are Colleges and Universities the Best Place to Respond to Sexual Assault?
    • New Spotlight boxes provide additional examples to engage and inform students on important topics, such as: Sexual Harassment in Hollywood, Mandatory Arrest Policies, Lynching and Mass Incarceration, Michelle Carter, and the Boston Marathon Bombings. Each box includes critical thinking questions that help students apply the material and make important connections.
    • New content enables students to explore crucial topics in today’s field such as feminist criminology, the juvenile justice process, transnational crime, and the Trump Administration.
    • Updated statistics, graphs, and tables demonstrate to students the most recent data and trends in criminal justice.


    • Current Controversy debates written by recognized experts in their field encourage student engagement and critical thinking skills as they explore the pros and cons of emerging issues in criminal justice. 
    • Careers in Criminal Justice boxes offer students information on a broad range of careers from Research Analyst to Drug and Alcohol Counselor to help them start planning ahead for a future career in criminal justice.
    • Around the World boxes, followed by critical thinking questions that help students really apply the material, approach criminal justice from a real-world and international perspective using examples of criminal justice systems in countries outside the US.
    • Opening vignettes hook students' attention from the start by providing interesting examples that provoke student thinking about how the chapter material relates to the real world.
    • Unique chapters on Victims and Policy demonstrate how these often-overlooked topics impact the criminal justice system and broaden students’ understanding of the pivotal role of victims and policy. 
    • In-text learning tools, including learning objectives that guide students through the chapter, discussion questions and learning activities that further enhance application and recall, and recommended websites for further exploration, help students develop an in-depth understanding of the material.
    • An interactive eBook with original videos (including career videos, SAGE News Clips, and Criminal Justice in Practice: Decision-Making Scenarios) provide flexibility for different modes of instruction and appeals to students of all learning styles.
    • SAGE coursepacks allows instructors to import high-quality content into their school’s learning management system (LMS) with no access codes.
    • SAGE edge provides students helpful tools, including eFlashcards, practice quizzes, and more, in one easy-to-use online environment. 

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