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Introducing Survival and Event History Analysis
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Introducing Survival and Event History Analysis



January 2011 | 300 pages | SAGE Publications Ltd
Introducing Survival and Event History Analysis is an accessible, practical and comprehensive guide for researchers from multiple disciplines including biomedical, epidemiology, engineering and the social sciences.

Written for accessibility, this book will appeal to students and researchers who want to understand the basics of survival and event history analysis and apply these methods without getting entangled in mathematical and theoretical technicalities. Inside, readers are offered a blueprint for their entire research project from data preparation to model selection and diagnostics.

Engaging, easy to read, functional, and packed with enlightening examples, "hands-on" exercises, conversations with key scholars and resources for both students and instructors, Introducing Survival and Event History Analysis allows researchers to quickly master advanced statistical techniques. This unique book is written from the perspective of the "user," making it suitable as both a self-learning tool and graduate-level textbook.

Introducing Survival and Event History Analysis covers up-to-date innovations in the field, including advancements in the assessment of model fit, unobserved heterogeneity, recurrent events, and multilevel event history models. Practical instructions are also included for using the statistical programs of R, STATA and SPSS, enabling readers to replicate the examples described in the text.

 
The Fundamentals of Survival and Event History Analysis
Introduction: What Is Survival and Event History Analysis?

 
Key Concepts and Terminology

 
Censoring and Truncation

 
Mathematical Expression and Relation of Basic Statistical Functions

 
How Do the Survivor, Density and Hazard Function Relate?

 
Why Use Survival and Event History Analysis?

 
Overview of Survival and Event History Models

 
Exercises

 
 
Using R and Other Computer Programs for Survival and Event History Analysis
Introduction: Computer Programs for Survival and Event History Analysis

 
Conducting Serious Data Analysis: Life Lessons

 
Why Use R?

 
Downloading R on Your Personal Computer

 
Add-On Packages

 
Running R

 
Determining and Setting your Working Directory

 
Help and Documentation

 
Importing Data Into R

 
Working With Data: Opening and Accessing Variables from a Data Frame

 
Saving Output as File, Workspace and History and Quitting R

 
Exercises

 
 
Your First Session: Using the Survival Package and Exploring Data Via Descriptive Statistics and Graphs
Your First Session Using the 'Survival' Package In F

 
Loading and Examining the Survival Package and Rcmdrplugin.Survival Plug-In

 
Opening and Examining Data

 
The Surv Object: Packaging the 'Survival Variable'

 
Basic Descriptive Statistics

 
Descriptive Data Exploration with Graphs

 
Exercises

 
 
Data and Data Reconstruction
Introduction: Why Discuss Data and Data Preparation?

 
Sources of Event History Data

 
Single-Episode Data for Single Transition Analyses

 
Multi-Episode Data for Recurrent Event and Frailty Analyses

 
Subject-(Person)-Period Data for Discrete-Time Hazard Models

 
The Counting Process and Episode Splitting

 
A Note on Dates

 
Exercises

 
 
Non-Parametric Methods: Estimating and Comparing Survival Curves Using the Kaplan-Meier Estimator
Introduction

 
The Kaplan-Meier Estimator

 
Producing Kaplan-Meier Estimates

 
Plotting the Kaplan-Meier Survival Curve

 
Testing Differences Between Two Groups Using Survdiff

 
Stratifying the Analysis by a Covariate

 
Exercises

 
 
The Cox Proportional-Hazards Regression
Introduction: Why is The Cox Model So Popular?

 
The Cox Regression Model

 
Estimating and Interpreting The Cox Model with Fixed Covariates

 
The Cox Regression Model with Time-Varying Covariates

 
Exercises

 
 
Parametric Models
Introduction: What are Parametric Models and Why Use Them?

 
Proportional Hazards (Ph) Versus Accelerated Failure Time (Aft) Models

 
The Path to Choosing a Model

 
Estimating and Interpreting Parametric Survival Models

 
Exponential and Piecewise Constant Exponential Model

 
Weibull Model

 
Log-Logistic and Log-Normal Models

 
Additional Parametric Models

 
Finding the Best Fitting Parametric Model

 
Exercises

 
 
Model Building and Diagnostics
Introduction

 
Model Building and Selection of Covariates

 
Assessing the Overall Goodness of Fit of Your Model

 
What is Residual Analysis?

 
Testing Overall Model Adequacy: Cox-Snell Residuals

 
Testing the Proportional Hazards Assumption: Schoenfeld Residuals

 
Checking For Influential Observations: Score Residuals (Dfbeta Statistics)

 
Assessing Nonlinearity: Martingale Residual and Component-Plus-Residual Plots

 
Exercises

 
 
Correlated and Discrete-Time Survival Data: Frailty, Recurrent Events and Discrete-Time Models
Introduction

 
Shared Frailty: Modeling Recurrent Events and Clustering In Groups

 
Other Frailty Models: Unshared, Nested, Joint and Additive Models

 
Estimating Frailty Models in R

 
Example of Frailty Model Estimation and Interpretation

 
Discrete-Time and Count Models

 
Exercises

 
 
Multiple Events and Entire Histories: Competing Risk, Multistate Models and Sequence Analysis
Introduction

 
Competing Risk Models

 
Multistate Models

 
Sequence Analysis: Modeling Entire Histories

 
Exercises

 
Appendix : Datasets Used in this Book

 

This book is very useful for researchers and students

in different scientific areas – social sciences and humanities, medicine, in

general every science where studies measuring time changes in variables are

conducted...As the author explains, this book is written from the

perspective of an absolute beginner – comprehensible and with a lot of examples

in the text, tables and graphs. It goes beyond an introductory textbook on this

topic, because it presents not only non-parametric models, semi-parametric

models, parametric models, model-building and model diagnostics, but it is focused also on some more recent techniques like frailty and recurrent event

history models, discrete-time models, multistate models, competing risk

analysis and sequence analysis...Everyone who would like to start with Survival and

Event History analysis or to get more knowledge of Survival and Event History

analysis could do this by reading this book
Stanislava Yordanova Stoyanova
Methodspace



Excellent basic resource for students at the graduate level. The real plus is the reference to both R and Stata, which is a pragmatic approach given the current state of affairs when it comes to software.

Dr Mathew Creighton
School of Sociology, University College Dublin
March 7, 2018

Provides a great introduction to Survival analysis.

Dr Madhurima Sarkar
Communications Dept, Florida State University
October 5, 2011

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 1


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