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Introduction to Policing - Interactive eBook

Introduction to Policing - Interactive eBook

Fourth Edition
  • Steven M. Cox - Western Illinois University, USA
  • David Massey - Ocean Pines Police, Wor-Wic Community College
  • Connie M. Koski - Longwood University, USA
  • Brian D. Fitch - Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department, Woodbury University, California State University, Fullerton, USA

January 2019 | SAGE Publications, Inc

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This dynamic interactive eBook goes way beyond highlighting and note taking, giving you access to SAGE Premium Video—curated and produced specifically for Introduction to Policing, Fourth Edition. Read your mobile-friendly eBook and access SAGE Premium Video and multimedia tools anywhere, anytime across desktop, smartphone, and tablet devices. Simply click on icons in the eBook to experience a broad array of multimedia features, including:


  • VIDEO: Boost learning and bolster analysis with SAGE Premium Video. Recapping the fundamentals in every chapter, each video activity is paired with chapter learning objectives and tied to assessment via SAGE coursepacks, offering an engaging approach that appeals to diverse learners.

  • JOURNAL ARTICLES: Access articles from SAGE’s influential journals that offer important background and exposure to seminal work in your field of study.
  • SOCIAL SHARING AND FOLLOWING: Share notes and highlights with instructors and classmates who are using the same eBook, and “follow” friends and instructors as they make their own notes and highlights.
  • ONLINE CONTENT: Access more online content via links to important data, relevant background, and profiles that enrich key concepts in the text.





Part I: Foundations of Policing
Chapter 1: Policing in the United States
The Concept and Mandate of the Police  
Scope of the Law Enforcement Sector  
A Changing Landscape  
A Changing Workforce  
Additional Types of Police/Security  
Chapter 2: A Brief History of Police
English Roots of Policing  
The Evolution of Early U.S. Policing  
The Political Era  
The Reform Era  
The Era of Social Upheaval (1960s and 1970s)  
The Community-Policing Era (1980-2000)  
The Homeland Security Era (2001-Present)  
Some Contemporary Policing Strategies  
Policing in the Past, Present, and Future  
Chapter 3: Police Organization and Administration
Organizational Structures  
Police Militarization  
Operations Division  
Organizational Substructures  
Handling Change in Police Organizations  
Police Unions and Collective Bargaining  
Police Professionalism  
Part II: Police Operations
Chapter 4: Recruitment and Selection of Police Officers
The Importance of Recruitment and Selection  
Antidiscrimination Legislation  
Entry-Level Recruitment and Selection  
Testing of Candidates  
Supervisory Recruitment and Selection  
Recruitment and Selection of Police Chiefs  
Chapter 5: Police Training and Education
Police Education  
Research on College Education and Police Performance  
Police Training  
Types of Training  
Chapter 6: Police Work- Operations and Functions
Base Police Functions  
Styles of Policing  
Patrol Strength and Allocation  
Other Types of Patrol  
Evaluating Patrol  
Evaluating Police Performance  
Police and the Media  
Chapter 7: Contemporary Strategies in Policing
Community Policing  
Problem-Oriented Policing  
Research on Community- and Problem-Oriented Policing  
Criticism of Community Policing  
The Current Status of COP and POP  
Innovations in Policing Strategies  
Part III: Police Conduct
Chapter 8: The Police Culture and Work Stress
What is Culture?  
Analyzing Police Subculture  
Types of Stresses in Police Work  
Effects and Consequences of Police Stress  
Police Shootings and Critical Incidents  
Counteracting Police Stress  
Chapter 9: Law, Court Decisions, and the Police
The 1st Amendment  
The 2nd Amendment  
The 4th Amendment  
The 5th Amendment  
The 14th Amendment  
The Exclusionary Rule  
Police Use of Force  
The USA PATRIOT Act, Homeland Security, and Terrorism  
Chapter 10: Ethics and Decision Making
Police Discretion  
Ethics and Police Conduct  
Leadership and Improving Decision Making  
Chapter 11: Police Misconduct and Accountability
Other Types of Police Misconduct  
Research on Police Misconduct and Use of Force  
The Impacts of Misconduct  
Causes of Misconduct- Bad Apples or Bad Barrels?  
Misconduct: Management and Administrative Issues  
Part IV: Contemporary Issues in Policing
Chapter 12: Policing in a Diverse Society
Policing in a Multicultural and Multiethnic Society  
The Problem and Promise of Diversity  
Police-Community Conflict  
Public Image of the Police  
Police in the Community  
Women in Policing  
Minority Police Officers  
Chapter 13: Technology and the Police
The Costs and Benefits of Technology  
Video Cameras  
Surveillance Technology  
Crime Mapping  
Biological Identifiers  
Speed Detection Devices or Systems  
Armor and Weapons  
Chapter 14: Organized Crime, Homeland Security, and Global Issues
Transnational Crime  
White-Collar Crime  
Local Response to Terrorism and Transnational Organized Crime  
Chapter 15: Private Security
History and Background  
The Current Private Security Force  
Private and Contract Security Personnel  
Authority, Requirements, and Accountability  
Private Security Versus Public Police  
Coordinating Public Police and Private Security  
Part V: Looking Ahead
Chapter 16: The Future of Policing in the United States
The Changing Context  
Ongoing and Strategic Change  
Terrorism and Future Policing  
Key features


  • Updated chapter content includes several major new or ongoing impactful events and social trends, most notably recent high-profile police misconduct cases, the role of social media, the political shift in the country marked by the 2016 U.S. presidential election, and police use of force on unarmed civilians.
  • Increased coverage of women and minorities in law enforcement, with special consideration of recruitment and opportunities for promotion, gives students a broader perspective of modern police officers.
  • Research, statistics, and data have been updated where available, providing the most up-to-date and accurate snapshot of modern policing.
  • New Police Stories have been added to include a wider range of officer voices, providing students with inclusive, relevant police scenarios that humanize police officers’ experiences.
  • New Case in Point boxes bring concepts to life and highlight recent events, such as reform efforts in the Baltimore Police Department, an officer’s response to the Orlando Pulse Nightclub shooting, and a private security company’s alleged harsh treatment of protesters at the Dakota Access Pipeline.
  • New You Decide boxes present students with timely scenarios to analyze and critically reflect on, such as the First Amendment rights of demonstrators and Automated License Plate Readers and privacy. Several other You Decide boxes have been updated with current information and statistics.


  • Written and updated by an author team that includes former and current law enforcement officers, providing students with direct insights, stories, and experiences from practiced professionals.
  • You Decide boxes invite critical thinking by presenting realistic dilemmas in policing and encouraging students to propose possible new solutions.
  • Case in Point boxes use current events to illustrate one or more of each chapter’s major issues.
  • Exhibit boxes provide concrete examples to help students make real-world connections.
  • Police Stories boxes feature the experiences of current and previous law enforcement officers to show students how concepts discussed play out in the field.

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ISBN: 9781544364858